1970 Pacific hurricane season

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1970 Pacific hurricane season
1970 Pacific hurricane season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed May 30, 1970
Last system dissipated November 8, 1970
Strongest storm
Name Lorraine
 • Maximum winds 100 mph (155 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 963 mbar (hPa; 28.44 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 21
Total storms 19
Hurricanes 5
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
0
Total fatalities 0 direct, 22 indirect
Total damage Unknown
Pacific hurricane seasons
1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972

The 1970 Pacific hurricane season began on May 15, 1970 in the east Pacific, and on June 1, 1970 in the central Pacific. It ended on November 30, 1970. These dates conventionally delimit the period of time when tropical cyclones form in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

This season had an above average number of storms. There were twenty-one tropical cyclones, of which eighteen reached tropical storm strength. Four storms became hurricanes, of which none reached major hurricane strength. In the central Pacific, one hurricane and one tropical depression formed. One of the depressions crossed the dateline to become a typhoon.

Storms[edit]

Tropical Storm Norma (1970) Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Hurricane Adele[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
AdeleJun119702106z.jpg Adele 1970 track.png
Duration May 30 – June 7
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min) ≤ 992 mbar (hPa)

An area of low pressure lacked strong convection until May 30, when it strengthened into Tropical Depression One-E. On May 31, the storm further intensified into Tropical Storm Adele, the first named storm and Hurricane of the season. Adele tracked westward, as it strengthened into a hurricane on June 1. It reached its peak intensity later that day. As Adele moved west, A hostile environment caused it to weaken into a Tropical Storm. Adele further weakened, and it was downgraded into a depression on June 7. It was degenerated into an open trough, and it dissipated on June 7. Despite that it remained away from any land masses, Adele was retired after this season for unknown reasons.

Tropical Storm Blanca[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
BlancaJun1019702213z.jpg Blanca 1970 track.png
Duration June 10 – June 12
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

The tropical disturbance that became Blanca was first noted on June 8 from satellite pictures. The new disturbance would reach tropical storm strength 24 hours later. Blanca moved in a northwest direction throughout its short life, dissipating on June 12.

Tropical Storm Connie[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
ConnieJun1719702222z.jpg Connie 1970 track.png
Duration June 17 – June 21
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Near the same location where Hurricane Adele formed two weeks earlier, a disturbance was noted on June 13. The disturbance abruptly became a tropical storm on June 17. The newly named Connie moved slowly to the northwest, reaching a peak intensity of 50 mph (80 km/h) on June 18. Connie started weakening on June 19, finally dissipating on June 21 after stalling 118 mi (190 km) from Clarion Island.

Tropical Depression Dolores[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression Dolores 1970.JPG Dolores 1970 track.png
Duration June 19 – June 20
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min) 

A disturbance first noted on June 19 had efficient outflow to be called a tropical depression. Satellite photos taken the same day revealed cloud structure that resembled a tropical storm forming, resulting in the system being called Dolores. The day after, no traces of a storm or of "Dolores" were found by reconnaissance. Post season analysis revealed Dolores to have only been a tropical depression.

Tropical Storm Eileen[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
EileenJun281970.jpg Eileen 1970 track.png
Duration June 26 – June 30
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

A tropical depression formed just off the southern coast of Mexico on June 26. It headed northwestward, reaching storm strength on June 28. The next day, Eileen turned to the northeast, reached a peak of 45 mph (72 km/h) winds, and hit western Mexico.

Hurricane Francesca[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
FrancescaJuly61970ITOS1.gif Francesca 1970 track.png
Duration July 1 – July 10
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min) ≤ 991 mbar (hPa)

Francesca was a Category 3 hurricane which was, for a period of time, obscured by a cap of clouds above the hurricane's eye, distorting the appearance of the hurricane. The precursor disturbance to Hurricane Francesca was first noticed on July 1. The system became a tropical depression later that day and reached tropical storm strength the next day. On July 3, data from a ship indicated winds of near 100 mph (160 km/h), which indicate a storm of Category 2 strength, near the center of Francesca. The cloud cap, which remained over the hurricane since it first became a hurricane, started to move off the lower clouds around the center of the system around July 5. A center fix was obtained, but the maximum sustained winds were unobtainable from the sea surface because of cloud cover in and around the center. Francesca started weakening on July 6, a fact made clear by reconnaissance which indicated that the system had weakened to a tropical storm. The further weakening was obscured by the cloud cover. The final reconnaissance on the weakening system was reported on July 8, two days before Francesca dissipated.

Tropical Storm Gretchen[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
GretchenJuly1719702151z.gif Gretchen 1970 track.png
Duration July 14 – July 21
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Gretchen was first noticed on satellite imagery on July 14. From then on out, Gretchen was a hard storm to predict, leading to large errors in forecasting. The storm dissipated on July 21.

Tropical Storm Helga[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
HelgaJuly1719702151z.gif Helga 1970 track.png
Duration July 16 – July 20
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

The system that became Helga was first noticed on July 16. The next day, reconnaissance found a minimal tropical storm with winds of only 40 mph (64 km/h). Based on satellite imagery, Helga was believed to be gaining strength as it approached Baja California. At one point during intensification, the storm abruptly started weakening, and on July 19, after stalling less than 118 miles (190 km) south of the tip of Baja California, Helga dissipated.

Tropical Storm Ione 1[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ione2Jul2519702141ITOS1.gif Ione 2 1970 track.png
Duration July 22 – July 26
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical depression developed off the southern coast of Mexico on July 22. A larger, more active, and intensifying tropical cyclone was spotted by satellite at 2235 on the 24th near 17°N., 111°W. When the expanding circulation of this storm center reached the area of lone No. 1, winds in the latter area decreased and lone No. 1 disappeared abruptly. The second storm, also called lone, moved north-northwestward and began to weaken. Her top winds were apparently reached about the time of the picture on the 24th which indicated speeds of 55 or 60 kn. Maximum winds on the 25th were 45 kn. near 20. N.,112°W. These winds decreased to 25 kn. the next day as storm activity faded rapidly near 16 N., 113°W'. What was unusual about the system was that another tropical storm developed just to its northeast on July 24. That storm, also named Ione, tracked northward, reaching a peak of 60 mph (97 km/h) winds before dissipating on July 25. Operationally, these were considered to be the same storm.

Tropical Storm Ione 2[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ione1Jul2519702141ITOS1.gif Ione 1 1970 track.png
Duration July 24 – July 25
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

A tropical depression was discovered near 14°N.,102°W., at 1800 on July 22, but it became disorganized as seen on satellite pictures the next day. Later events indicate it was splitting into two tropical cyclones, both of which were to attain tropical storm strength. The tropical storm first called lone was encountered by the KANIKAWA MARU at 2100 on July 24. That ship was buffeted by 48-kn southeasterly winds and 15-ft seas near 21°N, 107°W. The storm washed out the next day.[1]

Tropical Storm Joyce[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Joyce 1970.JPG Joyce 1970 track.png
Duration July 29 – August 4
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

A broad, flat low-pressure area persisted south of Baja California after Ione dissipated. On July 29, a small low circulation developed with a center about 120 nautical miles (220 km) south of Manzanillo. The system was given the name Joyce after winds of 40 mph (64 km/h) were reported by a ship. In a similar way to Hurricane Francesca, Tropical Storm Joyce's low level center was unclear due to a cap of cirrus clouds. Joyce reached its peak intensity on July 31 with winds of near 60 mph (97 km/h) before weakening, becoming a depression on August 1. Joyce dissipated on August 4.

Tropical Storm Kristen[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Sat19700807itos1Kristen.png Kristen 1970 track.png
Duration August 5 – August 8
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Kristen was a loosely organized storm that formed from a disturbance that was causing squalls near the Mexican coast. Tropical storm-force winds were found on August 5. Kristen was tracked by ship reports and satellite pictures. Kristen reached its peak intensity of 50 mph (80 km/h) winds on August 6. The storm dissipated on August 8 while over cold water.

Hurricane Lorraine[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
LorraineAug2219702300UTCITOS1.gif Lorraine 1970 track.png
Duration August 16 – August 27
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Lorraine, which formed on August 16 south of Mexico, intensified to a hurricane on the 20th. Two days later over open waters, it reached a peak of 95 mph (153 km/h) winds, but estimates from the Central Pacific Hurricane Center estimated it had winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). Without a chance to strengthen further, Lorraine weakened, finally dissipating on August 27 due to dry air.

Tropical Storm Maggie[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Maggie.JPG Maggie 1970 track.png
Duration August 20 – August 27
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

A flat low-pressure system appeared in an area of showers to the west-southwest of hurricane Lorraine around 1800 on the 20th. The French refrigerated cargo carrier BIAFRA was buffeted by 38-kn southerly winds, with a barometer reading 1006 mbar, near 13'N, 132'W, by the soon to be named tropical storm Maggie at 0000 on the 21st. Maggie intensified slowly while moving west-northwestward at 9 kn; her maximum winds were estimated at 55 kn at 0300 on the 25th. Maggie passed about 80 mi south of the island of Hawaii on the 25th, dumping torrential rains over the big island. Rainfall amounts ranged from 10 to 15 in on the windward side of the island from the Hamuka coast to Puna and from 1 to 7 in on the leeward side. Maggie was downgraded to a tropical depression at 0900 on the 26th near 18N, 157W. A westward turn saved Hawaii from a direct hit, but Maggie still brought strong surf and heavy yet beneficial rain to the island of Hawaii. There is some evidence that the remains of Maggie redeveloped into Hurricane Dot in the Central Pacific on September 1.

Tropical Storm Norma[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Norma (1970).JPG Norma 1970 track.png
Duration August 31 – September 6
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

Norma was an indirect but essential cause of a flood disaster in Arizona that became known as the "Labor Day Storm of 1970". A depression formed August 31 and rapidly intensified into a tropical storm. Moving rapidly, it headed out to sea before slowing down and weakening. Norma's circulation fed humid unstable air into a large extratropical cyclone over Arizona. As Norma dissipated, record rains fell over the state from September 4 to September 6.

The rains were deadly. There were a total of 22 deaths, including 14 from a flash flood on a creek. The damage amounted to over 1 million dollars.

Hurricane Dot[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dot 1970 track.png 
Duration September 1 – September 4
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

A tropical disturbance, possibly the remnants of Tropical Storm Maggie, became a tropical depression on September 1 to the northwest of Hawaii. It moved to the northwest, coming within miles of the International Date Line and Midway Island but remaining in the Central Pacific. Dot turned to the northeast, reaching tropical storm strength on September 2 and hurricane strength September 3 before being absorbed by a cold core system the next day. When Dot became a hurricane at 35° north, it became the highest latitude for a storm to reach hurricane strength east of the International Dateline. This record was soon eclipsed by Hurricane 12 of the 1975 season. A flight flown into Dot also flew into Typhoon Clara.

Tropical Storm Orlene[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Orlene 1970 track.png 
Duration September 7 – September 9
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

65 mph (105 km/h) Tropical Storm Orlene hit Mexico in eastern Oaxaca on September 8, having maintained a northeast track for its short lifetime.

Hurricane Patricia[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Patriciaoct819702304UTCITOS1.gif Patricia 1970 track.png
Duration October 4 – October 11
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Patricia was a strong Category 2 hurricane with winds of 95 mph, Patricia formed on October 4 and dissipated on October 11.

Tropical Storm Rosalie[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
RosalieOct2219702249UTCITOS1.gif Rosalie 1970 track.png
Duration October 21 – October 23
Peak intensity 55 mph (90 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Rosalie's existence was confirmed on October 21 by observation from a ship. Reconnaissance on the 22nd reported a central pressure of 1006 mb. After a slight regeneration on the 23rd, Rosalie began rapid dissipation, finally dissipating on the 23rd.

Tropical Storm Selma[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
SelmaNov319702234ITOS1.gif Selma 1970 track.png
Duration November 1 – November 8
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

The final storm of the season, Tropical Storm Selma, developed on November 1 to the southwest of Mexico. It meandered to the north, turning to the northeast and northwest before heading southeastward and dissipating on November 8.

1970 Storm names[edit]

These names were used for storms that formed in the east Pacific Ocean this season. It is the same list used in the 1966 season. Names not retired from this list were used again in the 1974 season. Storms were named Norma, Orlene, Patricia, Rosalie, and Selma for the first time this season. Names not used this year are marked in gray.

One storm, Ione, was treated as one storm operationally but was found to have been two storms in post-analysis. Another storm, Dolores, was found to have been a tropical depression in post-season analysis and shouldn't have been named.

  • Adele
  • Blanca
  • Connie
  • Dolores
  • Eileen
  • Francesca
  • Gretchen
  • Helga
  • Ione
  • Joyce
  • Kristen
  • Lorraine
  • Maggie
  • Norma
  • Orlene
  • Patricia
  • Rosalie
  • Selma
  • Toni (unused)
  • Viviam (unused)
  • Winona (unused)

The central Pacific used names and numbers from the west Pacific's typhoon list. One name— Dot— was required.

The name Adele was retired from this list for no particular reason. It was replaced in the 1974 season with Aletta.

This is the only time that the name Kristen was used. In the 1966 season the name Kirsten was used. It was changed to Kristen this year, perhaps due to a clerical error. In the 1974 season, it reverted to Kirsten.

Administrative Changes[edit]

This is the first season that the Redwood City-based Eastern Pacific Hurricane Center started issuing advisories on tropical cyclones in the eastern north Pacific. It replaced the previous forecaster, Fleet Weather Central.

The Central Pacific Hurricane Center started to issue advisories on tropical cyclones in its area of responsibility this season. It replaced the Joint Hurricane Warning Center.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Climatological Data National Summary 1970

External links[edit]