1971 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A

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Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Season 1971
Champions Atlético Mineiro
1st Campeonato Brasileiro title
1st Brazilian title
Copa Libertadores
de América
Atlético Mineiro
São Paulo
Matches played 229
Goals scored 419 (1.83 per match)
Top goalscorer Dario (15 goals)
1970
1972

The 1971 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (officially the Primeiro Campeonato Nacional de Clubes, "First National Championship of Clubs") was the first official Brazilian football championship, and 15th edition overall of the Série A following the Taça Brasil and Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa tournaments (which have been considered by the Brazilian confederation as valid national tournaments since 2010). Organized by the Brazilian Confederation of Sports (CBD), it was won by Atlético Mineiro.

While the tournament represented the top tier of Brazilian football, its name was "Division Extra", with "First Division" instead used by the second-tier tournament (since known as Campeonato Brasileiro Série B).[1]

Background[edit]

During the 1960s, two tournaments were used to pick Brazil's representative at the Copa Libertadores: Taça Brasil (1959-1968), a single-elimination tournament between the state champions; and Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (1967-1970), divided in two separate group phases with teams mostly from the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Both tournaments had a format that barely covered the entire country and had regional phases that diminished fan support, leading to dissatisfaction from both the team owners and the Brazilian Confederation of Sports (CBD), who organized the championship. In 1970, the Brazil national football team won the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, becoming the first three-time world champion. Seeing the valorization of Brazilian football, president Emílio Médici and the Brazilian media pushed CBD towards a true national tournament. With a format inspired by the European tournaments, the tournament would feature 20 teams.[2] The format of the national tournament was still close to the 1970 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, with the state of Ceará being the only addition to the seven featured in the Robertão's final edition. Some of the shunned federation states, led by Goiás, even created their own parallel national tournament, the Torneio Integração da CBD.[3]

Competition format[edit]

The season was divided into three phases:

  • The First Phase saw the twenty teams divided into two groups of ten. Despite being divided into groups, the phase was contested in a single round-robin format, with each team playing the others once. The top six teams in each group advanced to the Second Phase.
  • The Second Phase saw the twelve qualified teams divided into three groups of four. The teams within each group played each other in a double round-robin format. The top team from each group advanced to the Final Phase.
  • The Final Phase saw the three team play each other team once. The team with the most points at the end of the round was declared the champion.

Teams[edit]

Twenty clubs participated in this championship (home city in parenthesis):

First phase[edit]

Group A standings[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Corinthians 19 10 6 3 29 16 +13 26 Advanced to the Second Phase
2 Cruzeiro 19 7 9 3 26 12 +14 23
3 Internacional 19 7 9 3 21 16 +5 23
4 Coritiba 19 10 2 7 21 18 +3 22
5 Palmeiras 19 8 6 5 20 14 +6 22
6 Vasco da Gama 19 6 7 6 11 12 −1 19
7 Santa Cruz 19 3 11 5 17 23 −6 17
8 Fluminense 19 5 6 8 12 13 −1 16
9 Portuguesa 19 6 3 10 16 24 −8 15
10 Ceará 19 2 5 12 5 25 −20 9

Group B standings[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Grêmio 19 8 7 4 18 11 +7 23 Advanced to the Second Phase
2 Atlético Mineiro 19 7 9 3 27 16 +11 23
3 America-RJ 19 7 7 5 23 17 +6 21
4 Santos 19 7 7 5 17 11 +6 21
5 Botafogo 19 5 10 4 15 16 −1 20
6 São Paulo 19 6 7 6 16 19 −3 19
7 Bahia 19 5 8 6 14 16 −2 18
8 Flamengo 19 4 10 5 13 17 −4 18
9 América-MG 19 2 9 8 11 19 −8 13
10 Sport Recife 19 4 4 11 10 27 −17 12

Second phase[edit]

Group A[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 São Paulo 6 3 3 0 6 2 +4 9 Advanced to the Final Phase
2 Corinthians 6 2 1 3 4 5 −1 5
3 America-RJ 6 1 3 2 4 4 0 5
4 Cruzeiro 6 1 3 2 2 5 −3 5

Group B[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Atlético Mineiro 6 3 1 2 10 6 +4 7 Advanced to the Final Phase
2 Internacional 6 3 1 2 7 7 0 7
3 Santos 6 2 2 2 7 5 +2 6
4 Vasco da Gama 6 1 2 3 4 10 −6 4

Group C[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Botafogo 6 3 2 1 11 6 +5 8 Advanced to the Final Phase
2 Grêmio 6 2 2 2 6 7 −1 6
3 Palmeiras 6 1 4 1 7 6 +1 6
4 Coritiba 6 1 2 3 2 7 −5 4

Final phase[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
1 Atlético Mineiro 2 2 0 0 2 0 +2 4
2 São Paulo 2 1 0 1 4 2 +2 2
3 Botafogo 2 0 0 2 1 5 −4 0

December 15
São Paulo 4–1 Botafogo
Forlán Goal 61'
Terto Goal 65' (86)
Toninho Goal 71'
Ney Oliveira Goal 53'
Morumbi, São Paulo
Attendance: 33.930
Referee: Armando Marques

December 19
Botafogo 0–1 Atlético Mineiro
Dario Goal 61'
Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: 46.458
Referee: Armando Marques

Final standings[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Atlético Mineiro 27 12 10 5 39 22 +17 34 Finalists
2 São Paulo 27 10 10 7 26 23 +3 30
3 Botafogo 27 8 12 7 27 27 0 28
4 Corinthians 25 12 7 6 33 21 +12 31 Eliminated in the Second Phase
5 Internacional 25 10 10 5 28 23 +5 30
6 Grêmio 25 10 9 6 24 18 +6 29
7 Palmeiras 25 9 10 6 27 20 +7 28
8 Cruzeiro 25 8 12 5 28 17 +11 28
9 Santos 25 9 9 7 24 16 +8 27
10 Coritiba 25 11 4 10 23 25 −2 26
11 America-RJ 25 8 10 7 27 21 +6 26
12 Vasco da Gama 25 7 9 9 15 22 −7 23
13 Bahia 19 5 8 6 14 16 −2 18 Eliminated in the First Phase
14 Flamengo 19 4 10 5 13 17 −4 18
15 Santa Cruz 19 3 11 5 17 23 −6 17
16 Fluminense 19 5 6 8 12 13 −1 16
17 Portuguesa 19 6 3 10 16 24 −8 15
18 América-MG 19 2 9 8 11 19 −8 13
19 Sport Recife 19 4 4 11 10 27 −17 12
20 Ceará 19 2 5 12 5 25 −20 9

References[edit]

  1. ^ Túnel do Tempo (Portuguese)
  2. ^ "Exclusivo: Vai Mudar Tudo em Nosso Futebol". Placar (31): 34–36. 16 October 1970. 
  3. ^ Stein, Leandro (2 April 2014). "Da criação do Brasileirão aos elefantes brancos, como o futebol entrou no Plano de Integração Nacional" (in Portuguese). Trivela - Universo Online.