1971 South Africa rugby union tour of Australia
The 1971 South Africa rugby union tour of Australia was a controversial six-week rugby union tour by the Springboks to Australia. Anti-apartheid protests came to being all around the country. The tour is perhaps most infamous for a state of emergency being declared in Queensland. In total, around 700 people were arrested whilst the Springboks were on tour.
The first games were then played in Adelaide and Perth, which were disrupted mainly by youth-led protesters. The third match was set to take place in Melbourne. A 5,000 strong crowd, made up mostly of university students, gathered in the streets of Melbourne to march on Olympic Park in protest. Police had set up a wall of units around the stadium, around 650 policemen many armed with batons and some on horseback. In Sydney, several people, including the Secretary of the New South Wales Builders Labourers Federation, attempted to saw down the goal posts at the Sydney Cricket Ground prior to the match. In addition, a gigantic anti-apartheid effigy was hung from the Sydney Harbour Bridge but subsequently cut down.
Queensland premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen declared a month-long state of emergency. The game was instead played at the Exhibition Ground, being moved from its original venue at Ballymore Stadium, as it was deemed easier to erect barricades at the Exhibition Ground. A two-metre chain wire fence was erected to separate players and spectators.
According to Meredith Burgmann and Peter McGregor, both leading firebrands, the rugby tour was a crucial target, but to stop the summer's cricketing visit was the ultimate goal. They were successful in this regard as the cricket tour was called off due to security reasons.
Scores and results list South Africa's points tally first.
|Western Australia||44||18||26 Jun 1971||Perth||Tour match|
|South Australia||43||0||30 Jun 1971||Adelaide||Tour match|
|Victoria||50||0||3 July 1971||Melbourne||Tour match|
|Sydney||21||12||7 July 1971||Sydney||Tour match|
|New South Wales||25||3||10 July 1971||Sydney||Tour match|
|New South Wales Country||19||3||14 July 1971||Orange||Tour match|
|Australia||19||11||17 July 1971||Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney||Test match|
|Australian Capital Territory||34||3||21 July 1971||Canberra||Tour match|
|Queensland||33||14||24 July 1971||Brisbane||Tour match|
|Junior Wallabies||31||12||28 July 1971||Brisbane||Tour match|
|Australia||14||6||31 Jul 1971||Exhibition Ground, Brisbane||Test match|
|Queensland Country||45||14||4 Aug 1971||Toowoomba||Tour match|
|Australia||18||6||7 Aug 1971||Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney||Test match|
South Africa won the Test Series 3–0
- 17 July 1971 – Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney,South Africa 19–11 Australia
South Africa: McCallum, Nomis, Cronje, Jansen, Viljoen, Visagie, J Viljoen, Du Plessis, Ellis, Greyling, Williams, Du Preez, Marais (c), Van Wyk and Sauermann
Tries by Hannes Viljoen, Joggie Viljoen and Jan Ellis. Ian McCallum 2 conversions and penalty and Piet Visagie drop goal.
Australia Captain Greg Davis
- 31 July 1971 – Brisbane Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, South Africa 14–6 Australia
- 7 August 1971 – Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney. South Africa 18–6 Australia
- Meredith Burgmann. Sydney Morning Herald. "The day apartheid was hit for six." 23 August 2008.
- Burghmann 2008.
- James Middleton, 17 November 1993, Greenleft Weekly, the rules: the campaign in Australia against apartheid, Retrieved 22 March 2015. This was an extensive interview conducted by Middleton with McGregor from the documentary Political Football, which concerned the anti-apartheid protests in Australia during the early 1970s.
- "The 1971 Springbok tour". blogs.sport24.co.za. 24 December 2011. Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Breaking the rules: the campaign in Australia against apartheid
- History Of The Game includes match image.