1971 in Bangladesh
|See also:||1971 in Pakistan|
1971 in East Pakistan
Other events of 1971
List of years in Bangladesh
1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1971st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 971st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1970s decade. The year 1971 was the year when Bangladesh achieved independence and emerged as a sovereign country.
- President: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (starting 17 April)
- Prime Minister: Tajuddin Ahmad (starting 17 April)
|Climate data for Bangladesh in 1971|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.5
|Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA)|
- 2 March – First hoisting of the National flag of Bangladesh (initial version) at the Dhaka University by Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union (DUCSU) leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab.
- 7 March – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman makes his historic freedom speech.
- 25 March – Pakistan Army launches Operation Searchlight at midnight on the 25th, marking the start of the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities. Sheikh Mujib is arrested. (to 26 March)
- 26 March – Sheikh Mujib declares the independence of Bangladesh before his arrest by Pakistani Army.
- 27 March – Major Ziaur Rahman broadcasts the declaration of independence on behalf of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman over the radio.
- 31 March – Kushtia resistance begins.
- 2 April – Jinjira genocide
- 10 April – Formation of a provisional Bangladesh government-in-exile.
- 12 April – M. A. G. Osmani takes command of the Bangladesh Armed Forces.
- 17 April – The government-in-exile takes oath at Mujibnagar.
- 18 April – Battle of Daruin, Comilla and Battle of Rangamati-Mahalchari waterway, Chittagong Hill Tracts.
- 5 May – Gopalpur massacre, workers slain by the Pakistani Army
- 20 May – Chuknagar massacre by the Pakistan Army.
- 24 May – Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra radio station established in Kolkata.
- 11 July – Sector Commanders Conference 1971. (to 17 July)
- 16 August – Operation Jackpot, Bangladesh naval commando operation.
- 20 August – Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman attempts to defect after hijacking a fighter plane.
- 13 October – Dhaka guerrillas kill Abdul Monem Khan, governor of East Pakistan.
- 28 October – Battle of Dhalai Outpost, Srimongol.
- 9 November – Six small ships constitute the first fleet of Bangladesh Navy.
- 16 November – Battle of Ajmiriganj, an 18‑hour encounter between MB Freedom Fighters and the Pakistan army.
- 20 November – Battle of Garibpur between India and the Pakistan Army. (to 21 November)
- 21 November – Mitro Bahini, a joint force of Bangladesh and Indian troops formed.
- 22 November – Battle of Boyra, involving Pakistani and Indian air force.
- 3 December – Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 breaks out. Bangladesh Air Force destroys Pakistani oil depots.
- 4 December – India officially invades East Pakistan.
- 6 December – India becomes the first country to recognize Bangladesh. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra radio station becomes Bangladesh Betar.
- 7 December – Liberation of Jessore, Sylhet and the Moulovi Bazar.
- 9 December – Chandpur and Daudkandi liberated.
- 10 December – Liberation of Laksham. Two Bangladeshi ships sunk mistakenly by Indian air attack.
- 11 December – Liberation of Hilli, Mymensingh, Kushtia and Noakhali.
- 14 December – Selective genocide of nationalist intellectuals, liberation of Bogra.
- 16 December – Surrender of the Pakistan army and liberation of Dhaka.
- 22 December – The provisional government of Bangladesh arrives in Dhaka from exile.
The Shadhin Bangla Football Team was formed by Bangladesh Krira Samity of the Bangladeshi government in exile shortly after the start of liberation war in 1971. This is the first instance of a Bangladesh national football team in any form. The team toured throughout India playing a total of 16 friendly matches to raise international awareness and economic support for the liberation war.
The Shadhin Bangla football team captain Zakaria Pintoo, was the first person to hoist the Bangladesh flag outside the territorial Bangladesh. By the end of the 16th match the team had contributed Tk 5 lac to Muktijuddho Fund in 1971.
- "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
- Glassie, Henry and Mahmud, Feroz.2008.Living Traditions. Cultural Survey of Bangladesh Series-II. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Dhaka. p.580
- Shazu, Shah Alam (23 March 2017). "My art expresses how I feel about life". The Daily Star.
- Sarwat, Nadia (25 July 2008). "Asaduzzaman Noor and the leading ladies". The Daily Star.