1971 in the United Kingdom
|1971 in the United Kingdom|
|1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, television and music|
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Publications
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 1 January – the Divorce Reform Act 1969 came into effect, allowing couples to divorce after a separation of two years (five if only one of them agrees). A divorce can also be granted on the grounds that the marriage has irretrievably broken down, and it is not essential for either partner to prove "fault". It is revealed on 19 January 1972 that the number of divorces in Britain during 1971 exceeded 100,000 for the first time.
- 2 January – Ibrox disaster: a stairway crush at the Rangers vs. Celtic football match at Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow killed 66 and left many more injured.
- 3 January – BBC Open University broadcasts began.
- 8 January – Tupamaros kidnapped Geoffrey Jackson, British ambassador to Uruguay, in Montevideo; they kept him captive until September.
- 12 January – the Hertfordshire house of Robert Carr, Secretary of State for Employment, was bombed. Nobody was injured.
- 14 January – "the Angry Brigade", an extremist group, admitted responsibility for the bombing of Robert Carr's house, as well as planting a bomb at the Department of Employment offices at Westminster.
- 20 January – the first ever postal workers' strike took place, led by UPW General Secretary Tom Jackson, in an attempt to win a 19.5% pay rise.
- 21 January – after collapsing in March 1969 a newly reconstructed Emley Moor transmitter in West Yorkshire starts again. Now a concrete tower, at 1084 feet (330.4m), it is Britain's tallest freestanding structure.
- 23 January – the first Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, in Singapore, gave Britain permission to sell weapons to South Africa.
- 1 February – the Broadcast receiver licence was abolished for radios.
- 3 February – Tyneside-set British crime film Get Carter starring Michael Caine premièred (in Los Angeles).
- 4 February – Rolls-Royce went bankrupt and was nationalised.
- 11 February – the UK, along with the USA, the USSR and others signed the Seabed Treaty, outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor.
- 15 February
- 24 February – Home Secretary Reginald Maudling announced the Immigration Bill that is set to strip Commonwealth immigrants of their right to remain in the United Kingdom. The bill is supported by Enoch Powell, but the former shadow cabinet minister continued to demand a massive voluntary repatriation scheme for the immigrants.
- 1 March – an estimated 120,000 to 250,000 "kill the bill" protesters went on strike against the 1971 Industrial Relations Act in London.
- 7 March – following the recent protests in London, some 10,000 striking workers protested in Glasgow against the Industrial Relations Bill.
- 8 March – the Postal workers' strike ended after 47 days.
- 1 April – the United Kingdom lifted all restrictions on gold ownership. Since 1966 Britons were banned from holding more than four gold coins or from buying any new ones, unless they held a licence.
- 11 April – ten British Army soldiers were injured in rioting in Derry, Northern Ireland.
- 15 April – the planned Barbican Centre was given the go-ahead.
- 18 April – there was a serious fire at Kentish Town West railway station. The station remained closed until 5 October 1981.
- 19 April – unemployment reached a post-Second World War high of nearly 815,000.
- 27 April
- Eight members of the Welsh Language Society went on trial for destroying English language road signs in Wales.
- British Leyland launched the Morris Marina which succeeded the Minor (a smaller model, production of which ceased after 23 years with 1.6 million sold) and Oxford models and was similar in size to the Ford Cortina (to which it had been designed as a direct competitor), Vauxhall Victor and Hillman Hunter. It has 1.3 and 1.8 litre petrol engines, rear-wheel drive and a choice of four-door family saloon and two-door coupé body styles, with a five-door estate set to follow in the next two years.
- 1 May
- 2 May – the Daily Mail was relaunched as a tabloid.
- 8 May – Arsenal won the FA Cup final with a 2–1 win over Liverpool at Wembley Stadium. Substitute Eddie Kelly became the first substitute to score in an FA Cup final, and it was only the second time this century (and the fourth time ever) that an English team has completed the double of the Football League First Division and the FA Cup.
- 11 May – the Daily Sketch, Britain's oldest tabloid newspaper, was withdrawn from circulation after 62 years. It has been absorbed by the Daily Mail.
- 20 May – Chelsea F.C., last year's FA Cup winners, won the European Cup Winners' Cup with a 2–1 win over Real Madrid of Spain in Athens, Greece.
- 23 May – Jackie Stewart won the Monaco Grand Prix.
- 7 June – the children's show Blue Peter buried a time capsule in the grounds of BBC Television Centre, due to be opened on the first episode of the year 2000.
- 14 June
- 15 June
- Several Labour run councils threatened to increase rates in order to continue the free supply of milk to school children aged over seven years, in reaction to Thatcher's plans to end free milk supply to school children of that age group. Thatcher defends her plans, saying that the change will free more money to be spent on the construction of new school buildings.
- Upper Clyde Shipbuilders entered liquidation.
- 20 June – Britain announced that Soviet space scientist Anatoli Fedoseyev had been granted asylum.
- 21 June – Britain began new negotiations for EEC membership in Luxembourg.
- 24 June – the EEC agreed terms for Britain's proposed membership and it was hoped that the nation will join the EEC next year.
- 25–27 June – the first Reading Festival "of jazz and progressive music" took place.
- 1 July – the film Sunday Bloody Sunday is released, one of the first mainstream British films with a bisexual theme.
- 6 July – police launched a murder investigation after three French tourists are found shot dead in Cheshire.
- 8 July – two rioters were shot dead by British troops in Derry, Northern Ireland.
- 13 July – Barlaston man Michael Bassett, 24, was found dead in his fume-filled car. Police identified him as their prime suspect in the recent triple French tourist murder in Cheshire.
- 14 July – the Criminal Damage Act abolished the – theoretically capital – offence of arson in royal dockyards.
- 23 July – the final section of London Underground's Victoria line, from Victoria to Brixton, was opened by Princess Alexandra.
- 29 July – the United Kingdom opted out of the Space Race, with the cancellation of its Black Arrow launch vehicle.
- 30 July – Upper Clyde Shipbuilders workers began to take control of the shipyards in a work-in under the leadership of Jimmy Reid.
- 6 August – Chay Blyth became the first person to sail around the world east to west against the prevailing winds.
- 9 August – British security forces in Northern Ireland detained hundreds of guerrilla suspects and put them into Long Kesh prison - the beginning of an internment without trial policy. Twenty died in the riots that followed, including eleven in Ballymurphy Massacre.
- 11 August – Prime Minister Edward Heath participated in the British victory in the Admiral's Cup yacht race.
- 14 August – The Who released their critically acclaimed album Who's Next.
- 15 August – showjumper Harvey Smith was stripped of his victory in the British Show Jumping Derby by judges for making a V sign.
- 1 September – the pre-decimal penny and threepence ceased to be legal tender.
- 3 September – Qatar gained independence from the United Kingdom. Unlike most nearby emirates, it declined to become part of either the United Arab Emirates or Saudi Arabia.
- 7 September – the death toll in The Troubles of Northern Ireland reached 100 after three years with the death of 14-year-old Annette McGavigan, who was fatally wounded by a gunshot in crossfire between British soldiers and the IRA.
- 9 September – British Ambassador Geoffrey Jackson was freed after being held captive for eight months by extreme left-wing guerrillas in Uruguay.
- 21 September – the television music show The Old Grey Whistle Test was aired for the first time on BBC 2.
- 24 September – Britain expelled 90 Russian diplomats for spying, following revelations made by a KGB defector; fifteen are not allowed to return.
- 1 October – Godfrey Hounsfield's invention, the CAT scan, was used for the first time on a patient at a hospital in Wimbledon.
- 13 October – the British Army began destroying roads between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland as a security measure.
- 21 October
- 23 October – two women were shot dead by soldiers in Belfast as their car failed to stop at a checkpoint.
- 28 October:
- The House of Commons voted in favour of joining the EEC by a vote of 356-244.
- Immigration Act 1971 restricted immigration, particularly primary immigration into the U.K. and introduced the status of right of abode into U.K. law.
- The United Kingdom became the sixth nation successfully to launch a satellite into orbit using its own launch vehicle, the Prospero (X-3) experimental communications satellite (built at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough), using a Black Arrow carrier rocket from Woomera Launch Area 5 in South Australia.
- 30 October – the Democratic Unionist Party was founded by the Rev. Ian Paisley in Northern Ireland.
- 31 October – a bomb, probably planted by the Angry Brigade, exploded at the top of the Post Office Tower in London.
- 10 November – the 10-route Spaghetti Junction motorway interchange was opened north of Birmingham city centre, incorporating the A38 (M) (Aston Expressway) and the southern section of the M6 motorway. The interchange would have a total of 12 routes when the final stretch of the M6 was opened the following year.
- 22 November – Cairngorm Plateau Disaster: Five children and one adult die on the Cairngorm Plateau.
- 2 December – the Queen's yearly allowance was increased from £475,000 to £980,000.
- 4 December – McGurk's Bar bombing: Fifteen people were killed and seventeen injured in a bomb attack that destroyed a bar in Belfast, the highest death toll from a single incident in the city during "The Troubles". The Ulster Volunteer Force are believed to have been behind the bombing.
- 10 December – Dennis Gabor won the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention and development of the holographic method".
- 16 December – Banking and Financial Dealings Act passed. It updates the definition of bank holidays in the U.K.
- 29 December – the United Kingdom gave up its military bases in Malta.
- 30 December – the seventh James Bond film – Diamonds Are Forever – was released. Sean Connery, who appeared in the first five films before being succeeded by George Lazenby for On Her Majesty's Secret Service in 1969, returned to the role for one final appearance.
- Inflation stood at a 30-year high of 8.6%.
- The government introduced a policy of "Competition and Credit Control", lifting quantitative limits on lending by retail banks and allowing them greater freedom to offer savings accounts.
- The government imposed a rent freeze.
- David Hockney's acrylic painting Mr and Mrs Clark and Percy was completed.
- Oil overtook coal as the most consumed fuel in Britain for the first time.
- Gerda Charles's novel The Destiny Waltz (winner of the first Whitbread Award for fiction)
- Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel Nemesis.
- E. M. Forster's novel Maurice (posthumous).
- Frederick Forsyth's novel The Day of the Jackal.
- Roger Hargreaves' children's book Mr. Tickle, first of the Mr. Men series.
- Spike Milligan's comic autobiography Adolf Hitler: My Part in His Downfall.
- V. S. Naipaul's novel In a Free State.
- Terry Pratchett's novel The Carpet People.
- Paul Scott's novel The Towers of Silence, third of the Raj Quartet.
- Keith Thomas' study Religion and the Decline of Magic: studies in popular beliefs in sixteenth and seventeenth century England.
January – March
- 1 January – Suzanne Virdee, BBC newsreader
- 5 January – Jayne Middlemiss, British television presenter
- 6 January – Charlie Neil, British regional TV weather reader
- 7 January – Joanne Malin, British television presenter
- 12 January – Jay Burridge, British artist and television presenter
- 14 January – Yiolanda Koppel, British television presenter
- 15 January – Lara Cazalet, British actress
- 20 January – Gary Barlow, singer
- 21 January – Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player
- 23 January – Scott Gibbs, rugby player and sportscaster
- 30 January – Darren Boyd, actor
- 31 January – Patrick Kielty, Northern Irish comedian and television presenter
- 2 February – Michelle Gayle, singer and actress
- 3 February – Sarah Kane, English playwright (died 1999)
- 13 February – Sonia, English pop singer
- 16 February – Amanda Holden, British actress
- 16 February – Steven Houghton, British actor and singer
- 23 February – Melinda Messenger, British television presenter and model
- 7 March – Rachel Weisz, British actress
- 23 March – Gail Porter, British television presenter.
- 27 March – David Coulthard, Scottish race car driver
- 31 March – Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor
April – June
- 2 April – Jason Lewry, cricketer
- 3 April – Douglas Carswell, Conservative politician and MP for Harwich
- 11 April – John Leech, Liberal Democrat politician, Shadow Transport Spokesperson, and MP for Manchester Withington
- 16 April – Belinda Stewart-Wilson, actress
- 18 April – David Tennant, Scottish actor
- 9 May
- 23 May – George Osborne, Conservative politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and MP for Tatton
- 27 May – Paul Bettany, actor
- 28 May – Richard Gunn, journalist and motoring writer
- 3 June – Julian Sturdy, politician
- 5 June – Susan Lynch, Northern Irish actress
- 20 June – Brandon Lewis, English lawyer and politician
- 22 June – Gary Connolly, English rugby player
- 25 June – Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer
July – September
- 2 August – Michael Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
- 9 August – Kate Sanderson, British television presenter and newsreader
- 26 August – Gaynor Faye, British actress
- 31 August – Kirstie Allsopp, British television presenter
- 1 September – Daniel Hannan, Conservative British politician and MEP for the South East England region
- 2 September – Lisa Snowdon, English fashion model, actress and television presenter
- 13 September
- 17 September – Parmjit Dhanda, British Labour politician and MP for Gloucester
- 24 September – Es Devlin, British set designer
- 25 September – Jessie Wallace, British actress
- 28 September – Liza Walker, British actress
- 29 September – Mackenzie Crook, English actor
October – December
- 9 October – Simon Atlee, British fashion photographer (died 2004)
- 13 October – Sacha Baron Cohen, British comedian
- 16 October – Craig Phillips, British reality show star, Winner of Big Brother UK in 2000
- 30 October – John Alford, British actor and singer
- 8 November – Michael Jeffrey, English footballer
- 22 November
- 1 December – Emily Mortimer, British actress
- 5 December – Ashia Hansen, British athlete
- 23 December – Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite and television presenter (died 2017)
- 25 December – Dido, English singer
- Kate Dickie, Scottish actress
January – March
- 12 January – John Tovey, British admiral of the fleet (born 1885)
- 24 January – St. John Greer Ervine, Northern Irish dramatist and author (born 1883)
- 28 January – Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (born 1896)
- 6 March – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (born 1921)
- 7 March – Stevie Smith, English poet (born 1902)
April – June
- 20 April – Cecil Parker, English film actor (born 1897)
- 1 May – Violet Jessop, survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic (born 1887)
- 15 May – Sir Tyrone Guthrie, English film director, producer and writer (born 1900)
- 20 May – Waldo Williams, Welsh language poet (born 1904)
- 6 June – Edward Andrade, English poet and physicist (born 1887)
- 10 June – Michael Rennie, English actor (born 1909)
- 25 June – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (born 1880)
July – September
- 1 July
- 19 July – John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, businessman (born 1886 in the United States)
- 27 July – Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (born 1924)
- 30 August – Peter Fleming, travel writer and brother of Ian Fleming (born 1907)
October – December
- 11 November – A. P. Herbert, politician and writer (born 1890)
- 17 November – Gladys Cooper, actress, (born 1888)
- 12 December
- 21 December – Charles C. Banks, pilot (born 1893)
- "A brief history of divorce". The Guardian. London. 19 September 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- "1971: Sixty-six die in Scottish football disaster". BBC News. 2 January 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: British minister's home bombed". BBC News. 12 January 1971. Archived from the original on 16 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: Britain allowed to sell arms to S Africa". BBC News. 23 January 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Beckett, Andy (2009). When the Lights Went Out: Britain in the Seventies. London: Faber. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-571-22136-3.
- "1971: Post strike ends with pay deal". BBC News. 8 March 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: Protest disrupts Welsh language trial". BBC News. 27 April 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Taylor, Euan (1971-04-27). "Morris Marina comes in 10 versions". Evening Times. Glasgow. p. 15. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 330. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- "1971: Britain's oldest tabloid closes". BBC News. 11 May 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "Chelsea 2–1 Real Madrid". Mirror Football. Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "1971: Councils defy Thatcher milk ban". BBC News. 15 June 1971. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Provisional liquidator is appointed for Upper Clyde Shipbuilders". The Times (58200). London. 16 June 1971. p. 18.
- "1971: Suicide note reveals murder confession". BBC News. 14 July 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
- "1971: British troops shoot Londonderry rioters". BBC News. 8 July 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Green, Oliver (1988). The London Underground - An Illustrated History. Ian Allan. p. 59. ISBN 0-7110-1720-4.
- Murray, Ian (31 July 1971). "Workers seize control of shipyard on the Clyde". The Times (58238). London. p. 1.
- "1971: Sailor's record 'wrong way' voyage". BBC News. 6 August 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: NI activates internment law". BBC News. 9 August 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: 'V-sign' costs rider victory". BBC News. 15 August 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: British diplomat freed after eight months". BBC News. 9 September 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: Army blasts N Ireland border roads". BBC News. 13 October 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Duguld, Mark. "Edna the Inebriate Woman (1971)". screenonline. BFI. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- "1971: Two women shot at Belfast checkpoint". BBC News. 23 October 1971. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: Bomb explodes in Post Office tower". BBC News. 31 October 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Carr, Gordon (2010). The Angry Brigade. Oakland, CA: PM Press. ISBN 978-1-60486-049-8.
- "M6 Junction 6". route6. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
- "1971: Six dead in Scottish mountain tragedy". BBC News. 22 November 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "1971: Bomb demolishes crowded Belfast pub". BBC News. 4 December 1971. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1971". Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Davies, Glyn (1996). A History of Money from ancient times to the present day (rev. ed.). Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1351-5.