1972 college football season

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The 1972 NCAA University Division football season saw the USC Trojans, coached by John McKay, go undefeated and win the national championship as the unanimous choice of the fifty AP panelists. Eighth-ranked in the preseason, the Trojans were narrowly voted #1 in the first AP poll, and stayed out front for the rest of the year.

During the twentieth century, the NCAA had no playoff for the major college football teams in the University Division, which became Division I in 1973 (and Division I-A in 1978). The NCAA Football Guide, however, did note an "unofficial national champion" based on the top ranked teams in the "wire service" (AP and UPI) polls. The "writers' poll" by Associated Press (AP) was the most popular, followed by the "coaches' poll" by United Press International) (UPI). Through the 1973 season, the UPI issued its final poll in early December before the bowls, but since 1968 (and 1965) the AP Trophy was withheld until the postseason was completed. The AP poll in 1972 consisted of the votes of fifty sportswriters, though not all of them voted in every poll. Those who cast votes would give their opinion of the ten best teams. Under a point system of twenty points for first place, nineteen for second, etc., the "overall" ranking was determined.

This season was historically significant because it was the first in which freshmen were eligible to play varsity football in the University Division. The NCAA had historically prohibited freshmen from varsity competition, except during the U.S. involvement in World War II. In 1968, the NCAA allowed freshman eligibility in the University Division in all sports, except football and basketball, and extended the rule to those sports effective with the 1972–73 academic year.

Rule changes[edit]

  • Kickoffs that land in the end zone untouched by the receivers are blown dead and the ball put in play by the receiving team at their own 20-yard line (touchback).
  • Official time-outs are called for players who are "obviously injured." Previously, teams were charged a time-out for an injured player.
  • Fouls committed by the team not in possession of the ball behind the dead-ball spot are enforced from the dead-ball spot.
  • Jerseys must be replaced if the numbers are no longer readable. (Tear-aways were popular for backs & receivers, later prohibited)
  • Mouthpieces are made mandatory starting with the 1973 season.

Conference and program changes[edit]

NCAA structure[edit]

This was the last season for the "University" and "College" divisions. For the 1973 season, the NCAA created the three-division structure that exists today with teams and conferences designated accordingly:

Five years later in 1978, Division I was subdivided (for football only) into I-A and I-AA. In 2006, these were renamed Division I FBS and FCS, respectively. Many of the teams and conferences now in FCS (Big Sky, Ohio Valley, SWAC, Yankee) were initially in Division II and moved up to I-AA.

Membership changes[edit]

School 1971 Conference 1972 Conference
Appalachian State Mountaineers Independent Southern
McNeese State Cowboys Independent Southland
New Mexico State Aggies Independent Missouri Valley
Trinity (TX) Tigers Southland Independent

Program changes[edit]

September[edit]

  • On September 9, #1 Nebraska lost 20–17 on a late field goal to unranked UCLA at night in Los Angeles and dropped to tenth place. #2 Colorado beat California 20–10. #3 Ohio State was idle, and #4 Arkansas lost 31–10 to #8 USC in Little Rock. #5 Penn State had not begun its season and fell to sixth. #7 Alabama beat Duke 35–12 in Birmingham, reached the top five, as did #6 Oklahoma, which had not yet played a game and moved up two slots. In the next poll, USC received 13 first place votes, and Colorado and Oklahoma had 12 apiece, but USC had a narrow lead in points, 779 to Colorado's 769. The poll was: 1.USC 2.Colorado 3.Ohio State 4.Oklahoma 5.Alabama
  • September 16: #1 USC trounced Oregon State 51–6, and #2 Colorado was idle. #3 Ohio State blanked Iowa 21–0, and #4 Oklahoma shut out Utah State 49–0. #5 Alabama was idle, and #7 Tennessee took its place in the next poll: 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Colorado 4.Ohio State 5.Tennessee
  • September 23: #1 USC won 55–20 at Illinois, and #2 Oklahoma crushed Oregon 68–3. #3 Colorado won 38–6 at Minnesota, #4 Ohio State was idle, and #5 Tennessee beat Wake Forest 45–6. The poll was 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Colorado 4.Tennessee 5.Ohio State
  • September 30: #1 USC played another Big Ten opponent, beating Michigan State 51–6 at the Coliseum in Los Angeles. #2 Oklahoma beat Clemson 52–3, having outscored its first three opponents 169–6. #3 Colorado lost 31–6 at Oklahoma State, and #4 Tennessee lost 10–6 to Auburn in Birmingham. #5 Ohio State beat North Carolina 29–14. #6 Alabama beat Vanderbilt 48–21, and #8 Michigan defeated Tulane 41–7, and both returned to the top five. The poll was 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Ohio State 4.Alabama 5.Michigan

October[edit]

  • October 7: #1 USC won 30–21 at Stanford; the nine-point margin of victory was the closest of their perfect season. #2 Oklahoma was idle, and #3 Ohio State won 35–18 at California. #4 Alabama won 25–7 at Georgia and #5 Michigan beat Navy 35–7. The poll was 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Alabama 4.Ohio State 5.Michigan
  • October 14: #1 USC went back to winning big, 42–14 over California. #2 Oklahoma shut out rival Texas 27–0 at Dallas, and #3 Alabama beat Florida 24–7. #4 Ohio State beat Illinois 25–7, and #5 Michigan blanked Michigan State 10–0, but dropped to sixth, replaced by #6 Nebraska, which rolled over Missouri 62–0. The poll was 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Alabama 4.Ohio State 5.Nebraska
  • October 21: #1 USC beat Washington 34–7, but #2 Oklahoma yielded its first touchdown of the season at Colorado, and eventually fell 20–14. #3 Alabama won at Tennessee 17–10, #4 Ohio State won at Wisconsin 28–20, and #5 Nebraska won 56–0 at Kansas to continue its rise in the polls. #6 Michigan won 31–7 at Illinois and returned to the top five. The poll was 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Nebraska 4.Ohio State 5.Michigan
  • October 28: #1 USC won 18–0 at Oregon, its only shutout in a perfect season. #2 Alabama beat Southern Mississippi 48–11 in Birmingham, and #3 Nebraska registered its fourth consecutive shutout, 34–0 at Oklahoma State. Including a 77–7 win at Army, the Cornhuskers had outscored their opponents 271–14 after their opening loss. #4 Ohio State handled Indiana 44–7, and #5 Michigan beat Minnesota 27–19. The poll was 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Nebraska 4.Michigan 5.Ohio State

November[edit]

  • November 4: #1 USC beat Washington State 44–3 in Seattle, and #2 Alabama defeated Mississippi State 58–14. #3 Nebraska won 33–10 at Colorado, #4 Michigan won 21–7 at Indiana, and #5 Ohio State beat Minnesota 27–19. The poll remained unchanged at: 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Nebraska 4.Michigan 5.Ohio State
  • November 11: #1 USC had the week off, and #2 Alabama beat LSU 35–21 at Birmingham. #3 Nebraska visited Iowa State and played to a 23–23 tie. #4 Michigan won 31–0 at Iowa to extend its record to 9–0. #5 Ohio State lost 19–12 at Michigan State, and #7 Oklahoma beat Missouri 17–6 to return to the top five. The poll was: 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Michigan 4.Oklahoma 5.Nebraska
  • November 18: #1 USC beat #14 UCLA, 24–7, and #2 Alabama beat Virginia Tech 52–13. #3 Michigan got past Purdue 9–6, #4 Oklahoma won 31–7 at Kansas and #5 Nebraska beat Kansas State 59–7. The top nine stayed unchanged; the top five: 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Michigan 4.Oklahoma 5.Nebraska
  • November 25: #1 USC and #2 Alabama were idle, while #3 Michigan (10–0) and #9 Ohio State (9–1) met at Columbus to determine the Big Ten title and the Rose Bowl berth. Ohio State won 14–11, and #4 Oklahoma returned the favor of last year's Game of the Century, and beat #5 Nebraska 17–14 on the road in Lincoln. Oklahoma accepted a bid to the Sugar Bowl to face #6 Penn State, which beat visiting Pittsburgh 49–27 to close its regular season at 10–1. The poll: 1.USC 2.Alabama 3.Oklahoma 4.Ohio State 5.Penn State
  • December 2: #1 USC closed its regular season at home with a 45–23 win over Notre Dame to finish at 11–0. #2 Alabama (10–0) was preparing to do the same as it met Auburn (8–1) in their annual Iron Bowl rivalry game in Birmingham. Auburn spoiled perfection, beating Alabama 17–16, and #3 Oklahoma closed its regular season with a 10–1 record after a 38–15 win over Oklahoma State. #4 Ohio State and #5 Penn State had both finished their regular seasons. The final regular season poll was: 1.USC 2.Oklahoma 3.Ohio State 4.Alabama 5.Penn State.

In 1972, only the Rose Bowl (Big Ten vs. Pac-8) and Cotton Bowl (SWC winner) had rigid conference tie-ins. Thus, Big 8 champion Oklahoma passed up an Orange Bowl invitation to play in the Sugar Bowl, while SEC champion Alabama passed the Sugar to meet Texas in the Cotton. For the first time, the Sugar Bowl was played at night on New Year's Eve, rather than New Year's Day afternoon. With two consecutive victories in the Orange Bowl, #9 Nebraska was invited to a third against #12 Notre Dame.

Conference standings[edit]

1972 ACC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 12 North Carolina $ 6 0 0     11 1 0
No. 17 NC State 4 1 1     8 3 1
Maryland 3 2 1     5 5 1
Duke 3 3 0     5 6 0
Clemson 2 4 0     4 7 0
Virginia 1 5 0     4 7 0
Wake Forest 1 5 0     2 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll[2]
1972 Big 8 football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 2 Oklahoma $ 6 1 0     11 1 0
No. 4 Nebraska $ 5 1 1     9 2 1
No. 16 Colorado 4 3 0     8 4 0
Oklahoma State 4 3 0     6 5 0
Missouri 3 4 0     6 6 0
Iowa State 2 4 1     5 6 1
Kansas 2 5 0     4 7 0
Kansas State 1 6 0     3 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
  • Due to a dispute over Oklahoma forfeiting games, both OU and Nebraska claim this title.
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Big Ten football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 6 Michigan + 7 1 0     10 1 0
No. 9 Ohio State + 7 1 0     9 2 0
Purdue 6 2 0     6 5 0
Michigan State 5 2 1     5 5 1
Minnesota 4 4 0     4 7 0
Indiana 3 5 0     5 6 0
Illinois 3 5 0     3 8 0
Iowa 2 6 1     3 7 1
Wisconsin 2 6 0     4 7 0
Northwestern 1 8 0     2 9 0
  • + – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Ivy League football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Dartmouth $ 5 1 1     7 1 1
Yale 5 2 0     7 2 0
Penn 4 3 0     6 3 0
Cornell 4 3 0     6 3 0
Harvard 3 3 1     4 4 1
Princeton 2 4 1     3 5 1
Columbia 2 4 1     3 5 1
Brown 1 6 0     1 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Mid-American Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Kent State $ 4 1 0     6 5 1
Bowling Green 3 1 1     6 3 1
Western Michigan 2 2 1     7 3 1
Miami (OH) 2 3 0     7 3 0
Toledo 2 3 0     6 5 0
Ohio 1 4 0     3 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Missouri Valley Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 18 Louisville + 4 1 0     9 1 0
Drake + 4 1 0     7 5 0
West Texas State 3 1 0     5 5 0
Tulsa 3 1 0     4 7 0
Memphis State 3 2 0     5 5 1
Wichita State 2 4 0     6 5 0
New Mexico State 1 3 0     2 9 0
North Texas State 0 7 0     1 10 0
  • + – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Pacific-8 football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 1 USC $ 7 0 0     12 0 0
No. 15 UCLA 5 2 0     8 3 0
No. 19 Washington State 4 3 0     7 4 0
Washington 4 3 0     8 3 0
California 3 4 0     3 8 0
Oregon 2 5 0     5 6 0
Stanford 2 5 0     6 5 0
Oregon State 1 6 0     2 9 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Pacific Coast Athletic Association football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
San Diego State $ 4 0 0     10 1 0
Pacific (CA) 3 1 0     8 3 0
Fresno State 1 3 0     6 4 1
Long Beach State 1 3 0     5 6 0
San Jose State 1 3 0     4 7 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 SEC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 7 Alabama $ 7 1 0     10 2 0
No. 5 Auburn 6 1 0     10 1 0
No. 11 LSU 4 1 1     9 2 1
No. 8 Tennessee 4 2 0     10 2 0
Georgia 4 3 0     7 4 0
Florida 3 3 1     5 5 1
Ole Miss 2 5 0     5 5 0
Kentucky 2 5 0     3 8 0
Mississippi State 1 6 0     4 7 0
Vanderbilt 0 6 0     3 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Southern Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
East Carolina $ 6 0 0     9 2 0
Richmond 5 1 0     6 4 0
William & Mary 4 2 0     5 6 0
The Citadel 4 3 0     5 6 0
Davidson 2 3 1     3 7 1
VMI 1 5 0     2 9 0
Furman 1 6 0     2 9 0
Appalachian State 0 3 1     5 5 1
  • $ – Conference champion
1972 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 3 Texas $ 7 0 0     10 1 0
Texas Tech 4 3 0     8 4 0
SMU 4 3 0     7 4 0
Arkansas 3 4 0     6 5 0
Rice 3 4 0     5 5 1
Baylor 3 4 0     5 6 0
TCU 2 5 0     5 6 0
Texas A&M 2 5 0     3 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 WAC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 13 Arizona State $ 5 1 0     10 2 0
BYU 5 2 0     7 4 0
Utah 5 2 0     6 5 0
Arizona 4 3 0     4 7 0
Wyoming 3 4 0     4 7 0
New Mexico 2 4 0     3 8 0
Colorado State 1 4 0     1 10 0
UTEP 1 6 0     2 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 NCAA University Division independents football records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
No. 10 Penn State         10 2 0
No. 14 Notre Dame         8 3 0
Utah State         8 3 0
West Virginia         8 4 0
Florida State         7 4 0
Northern Illinois         7 4 0
Rutgers         7 4 0
No. 20 Georgia Tech         7 4 1
Air Force         6 4 0
Army         6 4 0
Virginia Tech         6 4 1
Houston         6 4 1
Tulane         6 5 0
Temple         5 4 0
Colgate         5 4 1
Holy Cross         5 4 1
Syracuse         5 6 0
Miami (FL)         5 6 0
Dayton         4 6 1
Boston College         4 7 0
Navy         4 7 0
South Carolina         4 7 0
Southern Miss         3 7 1
Xavier         2 8 0
Cincinnati         2 9 0
Villanova         2 9 0
Pittsburgh         1 10 0
Rankings from AP Poll

Bowl games[edit]

Major bowls[edit]

Sunday, December 31, 1972
Monday, January 1, 1973

BOWL
SUGAR #2 Oklahoma Sooners 14 #5 Penn State Nittany Lions 0
COTTON #7 Texas Longhorns 17 #4 Alabama Crimson Tide 13
ROSE #1 USC Trojans 42 #3 Ohio State Buckeyes 17
ORANGE #9 Nebraska Cornhuskers 40 #12 Notre Dame Fighting Irish 6

The final AP poll in January was: 1. USC (12–0), 2. Oklahoma (11–1), 3. Texas (10–1), 4. Nebraska (9–2–1), 5. Auburn (10–1) [3][4]

Other bowls[edit]

BOWL City State Date Winner Score Runner-up
SUN El Paso Texas December 30 #16 North Carolina 32–28 Texas Tech
GATOR Jacksonville Florida December 30 #6 Auburn 24–3 #13 Colorado
TANGERINE Orlando Florida December 29 Tampa 21–18 Kent State
ASTRO-BLUEBONNET Houston Texas December 30 #11 Tennessee 24–17 #10 LSU
LIBERTY Memphis Tennessee December 18 Georgia Tech 31–30 Iowa State
PEACH Atlanta Georgia December 29 N.C. State 49–13 #18 West Virginia
FIESTA Tempe Arizona December 23 #15 Arizona State 49–35 Missouri

Source:[5]

  • Prior to the 1975 season, the Big Ten and Pac-8 conferences allowed only one postseason participant each, for the Rose Bowl.

Other champions[edit]

College Division[edit]

Prior to 1973, the NCAA was divided into two divisions, University and College. College Division teams (also referred to as "small college") were ranked in polls by the AP (a panel of writers) and by UPI (coaches). The national champion(s) for each season were determined by the final poll rankings, published at or near the end of the regular season, before any bowl games were played.

College Division final polls[edit]

Both the UPI and AP panels ranked Delaware (10–0) first, followed by Louisiana Tech (11–0), and Cal Poly SLO (8–0–1).[6][7] Louisiana Tech later defeated Tennessee Tech in the Grantland Rice Bowl, while Cal Poly SLO lost to North Dakota in the Camellia Bowl. Delaware declined an invitation to face Massachusetts (7–2) in the Boardwalk Bowl, and did not play in the postseason.[8]

College Division bowls[edit]

The postseason consisted of four bowls as regional finals, all played on December 10.

Bowl Region Location Winning team Losing team Ref
Boardwalk East Atlantic City, NJ Massachusetts 35 UC Davis 14 [12]
Grantland Rice Mideast Baton Rouge, LA Louisiana Tech 35 Tennessee Tech 0 [13]
Pioneer Midwest Wichita Falls, TX Tennessee State 29 Drake 7 [14]
Camellia West Sacramento, CA North Dakota 38 Cal Poly SLO 21 [15][16]

Conference standings[edit]

1972 Big Sky football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Montana State $ 5 1 0     8 3 0
Idaho State 4 1 0     7 4 0
Boise State 3 3 0     7 4 0
Montana 3 3 0     3 8 0
Idaho 2 3 0     4 7 0
Weber State 2 4 0     5 5 0
Northern Arizona 0 4 0     3 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
  • No Big Sky teams advanced to the postseason
1972 California Collegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
UC Riverside + 3 0 0     9 1 0
Cal Poly + 3 0 0     8 1 1
Cal State Fullerton 2 2 0     7 4 0
Valley State 1 3 0     6 5 0
Cal Poly Pomona 0 4 0     4 6 0
  • + – Conference co-champions
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
UC Davis $ 5 0 0     6 2 2
Humboldt State 4 1 0     7 3 0
Chico State 2 3 0     4 5 0
Cal State Hayward 2 3 0     2 8 0
San Francisco State 1 4 0     3 8 0
Sacramento State 1 4 0     2 8 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1972 Southland Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Louisiana Tech $ 5 0 0     12 0 0
Texas–Arlington 4 1 0     5 6 0
McNeese State 3 2 0     8 3 0
Lamar 3 2 0     8 3 0
SW Louisiana 1 4 0     5 6 0
Arkansas State 1 4 0     4 7 0
Abilene Christian 1 4 0     3 8 0
Rankings from AP Poll
1972 Yankee Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team   W   L         W   L  
UMass $   5 0         9 2  
Connecticut   4 1         4 5  
Vermont   3 2         4 5  
New Hampshire   2 3         4 5  
Maine   1 4         3 6  
Rhode Island   0 5         3 7  
  • $ – Conference champion
Rankings from AP Poll

NAIA[edit]

In the NAIA Division I championship, East Texas State (now Texas A&M-Commerce) beat Carson-Newman 21-18. Missouri Southern beat Northwestern College (of Iowa) 21-14 for the NAIA Division II crown.

Black College National Championship[edit]

Grambling State defeated North Carolina Central in the inaugural Pelican Bowl to capture the 1972 black college football national championship.[17]

Minor conference champions[edit]

Conference Champion Record
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Adrian
Alma
4–1–0

Heisman Trophy[edit]

The Big Eight Conference dominated the Heisman race in 1972,
as the top three were from Nebraska & Oklahoma:

  1. Johnny Rodgers, WB - Nebraska, 1310 points
  2. Greg Pruitt, RB - Oklahoma, 966
  3. Rich Glover, MG - Nebraska, 652
  4. Bert Jones, QB - LSU, 351
  5. Terry Davis, QB - Alabama, 338
  6. John Hufnagel, QB - Penn State, 292
  7. George Amundson, RB - Iowa State, 219
  8. Otis Armstrong, RB - Purdue, 208
  9. Don Strock, QB - Virginia Tech, 144
  10. Gary Huff, QB - Florida State, 138

Source:[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?appollid=407
  2. ^ "1972 Atlantic Coast Conference Year Summary". sports-reference.com. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Hey, guess what? USC acclaimed poll champs". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. January 3, 1973. p. 31. 
  4. ^ CFB Data Warehouse - final AP polls - 1970-79
  5. ^ "Bowl games at a glance". Spokesman-Review. November 22, 1972. p. 15. 
  6. ^ "UPI Names Delaware College Div. Grid King," Pacific Stars and Stripes, Nov. 24, 1972, p19
  7. ^ "AP Poll Picks Hens as Little Big Men," Pacific Stars and Stripes, Nov. 25, 1972, p19
  8. ^ "Hens Scratch Bowl..."Paid subscription required. Philadelphia Daily News. November 22, 1972. Retrieved February 22, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  9. ^ UPI (November 22, 1972). "Delaware Names As Small College National Champs"Paid subscription required. The Brownsville Herald. Brownsville, Texas. Retrieved February 25, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  10. ^ AP (November 23, 1972). "Delaware Top Squad"Paid subscription required. The Clarion-Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. Retrieved February 25, 2017 – via newspapers.com. 
  11. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/active/t/tennessee_state/1970-1974_yearly_results.php
  12. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/bowls/bowl_results.php?bowlid=36
  13. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/bowls/bowl_results.php?bowlid=127
  14. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/bowls/bowl_results.php?bowlid=235
  15. ^ http://www.cfbdatawarehouse.com/data/bowls/bowl_results.php?bowlid=328
  16. ^ "Cal Poly upset". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. December 10, 1972. p. 4B. 
  17. ^ AP Staff Reporters (December 3, 1972). "Grambling wins and claims title". New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved January 11, 2011. 
  18. ^ Heisman.com - 1972 - Johnny Rodgers
  19. ^ "Johnny Rodgers Heisman winner". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. December 6, 1972. p. 17.