1972 Summer Paralympics medal table

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A postage stamp featuring a red image of an archer with drawn bow sat in a wheelchair, on a yellow background
A German postage stamp released at the time of the Games

The 21st International Stoke Mandeville Games, later known as the 1972 Summer Paralympics (also known as the XXI World Games for the Paralysed) was an international multi-sport event held in Heidelberg, West Germany, from August 2 to 11, 1972, in which athletes with physical disabilities competed against one another.[1] [2] The German Disabled Sports Association planned to stage the Games in Munich following the 1972 Olympic Games, however the Olympic village in Munich was designated to be closed and converted into private apartments. The organisers tried to arrange for alternative accommodation for the athletes but when this was not possible the city of Heidelberg stepped in with an invite to stage the Games at the University of Heidelberg's Institute for Physical Training.[3]

In total 575 medals were awarded in 187 events in 10 different sports. Of the 42 competing National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) 31 won at least one medal. The host nation won the most gold medals, with 28, and the United States won the most total medals with 74.[4] Rhodesia competed at these Games, winning 12 medals, but did not take part at the 1972 Summer Olympics after their invitation was withdrawn by the International Olympic Committee, four days before the opening ceremony, in response to African countries' protests against the Rhodesian regime.[4][5][6] This medal table ranks the competing NPCs by the number of gold medals won by their athletes.

Notable gold medallists included Canadian Eugene Reimer, who set a world record in discus with a throw of 29.91 metres and also won a gold medal in the pentathlon and silver in the 4×60 metres wheelchair relay.[3][7] A crowd of 4,000 watched the United States defeat defending champions Israel 59–58 to take the gold medal in men's wheelchair basketball.[3] Zipora Rubin-Rosenbaum of Israel won a gold medal in the women's javelin throw 5 event, with a new world record of 18.50 metres, and also won a silver medal in the shot put.[3][8][9]

Medal table[edit]

The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and is consistent with IPC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a NPC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IPC country code.

Two bronze medals were awarded in each table tennis and lawn bowls event.[10][11] Some athletics and swimming events did not award silver or bronze medals.[12][13]

   *   Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the Sort both.gif icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 West Germany* a28 b17 b22 b67
2 United States b17 a27 a30 a74
3 Great Britain c16 c15 c21 c52
4 South Africa d16 e12 e13 d41
5 Netherlands e14 d13 f11 e38
6 Poland f14 f12 j7 f33
7 France g10 h8 d15 g33
8 Israel h9 g10 h9 h28
9 Italy i8 o4 m5 l17
10 Jamaica j8 s3 o4 n15
11 Australia k6 g9 g10 i25
12 Austria l6 i6 k6 k18
13 Canada m5 j6 i8 j19
14 Sweden n5 k6 l6 m17
15 Japan o4 l5 r3 o12
16 South Korea p4 u2 x1 v7
17 Rhodesia q3 m5 p4 p12
18 New Zealand r3 t3 s3 r9
19 Switzerland s3 v2 q4 s9
20 Argentina t2 p4 t3 t9
21 Ireland u2 q4 u2 u8
22 Norway v1 n5 n5 q11
23 Belgium w1 x1 v2 w4
23 Yugoslavia x1 y1 w2 x4
25 India y1 zw0 zx0 zw1
25 Kenya z1 zx0 zy0 zx1
27 Spain zv0 r4 zz0 y4
28 Finland zw0 w2 z1 z3
29 Hong Kong zx0 zv1 z1 zv2
30 Czechoslovakia zy0 zy0 zv1 zy1
30 Hungary zz0 zz0 zw1 zz1
Total 188 187 200 575

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992". International Wheelchair & Amputee Sports Federation. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Paralympic Games History – Summer". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Heidelberg 1972". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Medal Standings Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "1972: Rhodesia out of Olympics". BBC News. 22 August 1972. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Radwanski, George (23 August 1972). "Olympics: Rhodesia Expelled". The Montreal Gazette. p. 1. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Eugene Reimer's profile on paralympic.org
  8. ^ Zipora Rubin-Rosenbaum's profile on paralympic.org
  9. ^ "Results Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games Athletics Women's Javelin 5". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Medallists Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games Table Tennis". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Medallists Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games Lawn Bowls". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Medallists Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games Athletics". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Medallists Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games Swimming". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 9 June 2011.