1972 in architecture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The year 1972 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
- March 16 - Demolition of the Pruitt–Igoe public housing project designed by Minoru Yamasaki in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, begins; the event represents the end of modern architecture, according to critic Charles Jencks.
- November 15 - St George's Church, Southport, UK, is designated a Grade II listed building.
- date unknown
- January - The South Tower (2WTC) of the World Trade Center in New York City, the second tallest building in the world at this time, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, opens to its first tenants. The North Tower (1WTC) is also completed in this year.
- April 17 - The Wells Fargo Center (opened as First National Bank Tower) in Portland, Oregon, United States, designed by Charles Luckman and Associates.
- May 26 - Olympiastadion (Munich) for the 1972 Summer Olympics in Germany, designed by Gunter Behnisch with roof structure by Frei Otto.
- October 4 - Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas, designed by Louis Kahn.
- May 10 The Catedral de Maringá in Maringá, Paraná, Brazil is completed and is one of the tallest churches/ cathedrals in the world.
- June 8 - KUNSTEN Museum of Modern Art Aalborg, Denmark, by Alvar and Elissa Aalto and Jean-Jacques Baruël.
- 55 Water Street, designed by Emery Roth and Sons and Lee Jablin, Lower Manhattan, New York City, USA.
- Brunswick Centre in London, designed by Patrick Hodgkinson.
- Chase Tower in Phoenix, designed by Welton Becket and Associates is completed, becoming the tallest building in the southwest United States.
- Robin Hood Gardens council housing complex in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, UK, designed by Alison and Peter Smithson.
- Trellick Tower in North Kensington, London, UK, by Ernő Goldfinger.
- Brion-Vega Cemetery, San Vito d'Alvitole, Italy, by Carlo Scarpa.
- Centraal Beheer, Apeldoorn, Netherlands, by Herman Hertzberger.
- Phillips Exeter Academy Library, Exeter, New Hampshire, USA, by Louis Kahn.
- Commerce Court West in Toronto, Ontario, Canada is completed and becomes the tallest building in the British Commonwealth (1972-1975).
- Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco, California, United States.
- One Penn Plaza in New York City, New York, United States.
- The Fernmeldeturm Frauenkopf (Stuttgarter Fernmeldeturm) in Stuttgart, Germany.
- The Camlica TV Tower in Istanbul, Turkey.
- The Dorint Hotel Tower in Augsburg, Germany is completed and opened.
- Olivetti UK regional offices in Carlisle, Derby, Dundee and Belfast, designed by Edward Cullinan.
- Library of Downside Abbey, Somerset, UK, designed by Francis Pollen.
- AIA Gold Medal - Pietro Belluschi
- Architecture Firm Award - Caudill Rowlett Scott
- RAIA Gold Medal - Ted Farmer
- RIBA Royal Gold Medal - Louis Kahn
- AIA Twenty-five Year Award - Baldwin Hills Village
- John Betjeman - A Pictorial History of English Architecture.
- Robert Venturi, Steven Izenour and Denise Scott Brown - Learning from Las Vegas.
- January 9 - Liang Sicheng, Chinese architect (born 1901)
- February 11 - Jan Wils, Dutch architect (born 1891)
- February 24 - Sven Markelius, Swedith modernist architect (born 1889)
- June 19 - Elisabeth Scott, British architect, designer of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-upon-Avon, the first important public building in Britain to be designed by a female architect. (born 1898)
- November 25 - Hans Scharoun, German organic and expressionist architect (born 1893)
- December 14 - Yoshikazu Uchida, Japanese architect and structural engineer (born 1885)
- Jencks, Charles (1984). The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. New York: Rizzoli. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-8478-0571-6. ISBN 0847805719. Film from the demolition is featured in the 1983 Godfrey Reggio movie Koyaanisqatsi.
- Historic England. "Church of St George (United Reformed) (1379676)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- McCarter, Robert (2005). Louis I. Kahn. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-4045-9.
- Pedersen, Simon Ostenfeld. "KUNSTEN Museum of Modern Art Aalborg". 1001 stories of Denmark. Danish Agency for Culture. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- Richardson, Albert (22 April 1932). "Shakespeare Memorial Theatre". The Builder 142: 718. Quoted in Walker (1999: 257).