1972 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1972.

Mollusca[edit]

New bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Concavodonta[2]

Gen nov

Valid

Babin & Melou

Ordovician

 Europe

new genus for Nucula ponderata

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Azendohsaurus[3]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Dutuit

Late Triassic

 Morocco

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeornithomimus[5]

gen nov

Valid

Russell

Late Cretaceous

Iren Dabasu Formation

 China

an ornithomimid

Dromiceiomimus[5]

gen nov

valid?

Russell

Maastrichtian

Horseshoe Canyon Formation

 Canada

an ornithomimid, possibly a synonym of Ornithomimus

Gallimimus[6]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Osmólska, Roniewicz Barsbold

Late Cretaceous

Nemegt Formation

 Mongolia

an ornithomimid

"Thotobolosaurus"[7]

Nomen nudum.

Ellenberger

Late Triassic

 Lesotho

informal name for undescribed ?prosauropod

Vulcanodon[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Raath

Early Jurassic

 Zimbabwe

a sauropod

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anserobranta tarabukini [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

An Anatidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Aptenodytes ridgeni [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

 New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Apus submelba [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Middle Pleistocene

MQ 2A

 Hungary

An Apodidae.

Ardeagrandis arborea [9]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

An Ardeidae.

Eostrix martinellii [12]

Sp. nov.

valid

Larry D. Martin

Craig C. Black

Early Eocene

Wind River Formation

 USA:

 Wyoming

An Strigiformes, Protostrigidae Wetmore, 1933.

Mergus connectens [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Czech Republic;

 Romania

An Anatidae.

Miocitta galbreathi [13]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Miocene

Kenmesaw Local Fauna

 USA:

 Colorado

A Corvidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Otis kalmani [11]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1a

 Romania

An Otididae.

Paraptenodytes brodkorbi [14]

Sp. nov.

Synonym of Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895).

George G. Simpson

Early Miocene

Patagonian Formation

 Argentina

A Spheniscidae, placed in synonymy with Paraptenodytes robustus (Ameghino, 1895) by Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, 2005,[15] but Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka, 2006 disagree with her and say it needs another genus.[16] .

Phalacrocorax lautus [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Phalacrocoracidae.

Probalearica moldavica [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Gruidae, transferred to the genus Grus by Jíří Mlíkovský, 2002.[17]

Protocitta ajax [13]

Sp. nov.

valid

Pierce Brodkorb

Late Pliocene

Blancan

 USA:

 Texas;

 Kansas

A Corvidae, sometimes placed in the genus Calocitta G. R. Gray, 1841.

Pygoscelis tyreei [10]

Sp. nov.

valid

George G. Simpson

Late Pliocene

Waititaran

 New Zealand

A Spheniscidae.

Rustaviornis georgicus [18]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

valid

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

G. K. Meladze

Late Miocene

Sarmantian

Hipparion Fauna

 USSR:

 Georgia

A Phasianidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Strix collongensis [19]

Sp. nov.

valid

Peter Ballmann

Middle Miocene

Mn 5

 France

A Strigidae, transferred to and made the type species of the new genus Alasio by Jirí Mlíkovský, 1998.[20]

Surnia capeki [21]

Sp. nov.

valid

Dénes Jánossy

Early Pleistocene

MQ 1b

 Czech Republic

A Strigidae.

Tertiariaporphyrula lungi [9]

Sp. nov.

valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

I. M. Ganya

Late Miocene

MN 9-11

 USSR:

 Moldova

A Rallidae, transferred to the genus Palaeoaramides Lambrecht, 1933 by Storrs L. Olson, 1977.[22] Subsequently, made the type species of a separate genus Mioporphyrula by Zelenkov (2015).[23]

Tyto noeli [24]

Sp. nov.

valid

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Tytonidae.

Tyto riveroi [25]

Sp. nov.

valid

Oscar Arredondo

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Tytonidae.

Newly named onithodirans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Lewisuchus[26]

gen et sp nov

valid

Romer

Ladinian

Chañares Formation

 Argentina

a Silesaurid.

synapsids[edit]

Newly named therapsids[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Regisaurus[27]

valid

mendrez

triassic

 South Africa

a regisaurid.

Regisaurus jacobi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Sánchez, T.M. (1999). "New Late Ordovician (Early Caradoc) Bivalves from the Sierra de Villicum (Argentine Precordillera)". Journal of Paleontology. 73 (1): 66–76. JSTOR 1306745. 
  3. ^ Dutuit, J.M. 1972. Decouverte d'un dinosaure ornthischien dans le Trias supericur de l'Atlas occidental marocain. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris D275: pp. 2841-2844.
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  5. ^ a b Russell, D.A. 1972. Ostrich dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Western Canada. Can. J. Earth Sci. 9: pp. 375-402.
  6. ^ Osmolska, H., E. Roniewicz, and R. Barsbold. 1972. A new dinosaur Gallimimus bullatus, n. gen. n. sp. (Ornithomimidae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Palaeontol. Polonica 27: pp. 103-143.
  7. ^ Ellenberger, P. 1972. Contribution a la classification des pistes de vertebres du Trias: les types du Stormberg d’Afrique du Sud (I). Palaeovertebrata Memories Extraord(1972): pp. 1-152.
  8. ^ Raath, M.A. 1972. Fossil vertebrate studies in Rhodesia: a new dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from near the Trias-Jurassic Boundary. Arnoldia Rhodesia. 5 (30): 1-37.
  9. ^ a b c d e Evgeny N. Kurochkin & I. M. Ganya (1972). "[Birds of the Middle Sarmatian of Moldavia.]". Pozvonochnye neogena i plestocena Moldavii. Kishinev: Shtiintsa: 45–70. 
  10. ^ a b George G. Simpson (1972). "Pliocene Penguins from North Canterburry, New Zealand". Records of the Canterburry Museum. 9: 159–182. 
  11. ^ a b c Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála". Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.). 20: 35–64. 
  12. ^ Larry D. Martin & Craig C. Black (1972). "A New Owl from the Eocene of Wyoming" (PDF). Auk. 89 (4): 887–888. doi:10.2307/4084122. 
  13. ^ a b Pierce Brodkorb (1972). "Neogene Fossil Jays from the Great Plains" (PDF). Condor. 74 (3): 347–349. doi:10.2307/1366596. 
  14. ^ George G. Simpson (1972). "Conspectus of Patagonian Fossil Penguins" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 2488: 1–37. 
  15. ^ Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche (2005). "Systematic revision of Arthrodytes Ameghino, 1905 (Aves, Spheniscidae) and its assignment to the Paraptenodytinae". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte. 2005 (7): 404–414. 
  16. ^ Sara Bertelli, Norberto P. Giannini & Daniel T. Ksepka (2006). "Redescription and Phylogenetic Position of the Early Miocene Penguin Paraptenodytes antarcticus from Patagonia" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3525: 1–36. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2006)3525[1:rappot]2.0.co;2. 
  17. ^ Jíří Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press. 2002: 1–407. 
  18. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich & G. K. Meladze (1972). "Rustaviornis georgicus gen. et sp. n., a New Fossil Bird from the Hipparion Fauna of Georgia". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 17: 373–388. 
  19. ^ Peter Ballmann (1972). "Les Oiseaux Miocènes de Vieux-Collonges" (PDF). Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon. 50: 93–101. 
  20. ^ Jirí Mlíkovský (1998). "Two New Owls (Aves: Strigidae) from the Early Miocene of the Czech Republic, with Comments on the Fossil History of the Subfamily Striginae" (PDF). Buteo. 10: 5–21. 
  21. ^ Dénes Jánossy (1972). "Die Mittelpleistozäne Vogelfauna der Stránská Skála" (PDF). Anthropos, Studia Musei Moraviae, Brno (N.S.). 20: 35–64. 
  22. ^ Storrs L. Olson (1977). "A Synopsis of the Fossil Rallidae" (PDF). In: Rails of the World: A Monograph of the Family Rallidae by S.D. Ripley: 509–525. 
  23. ^ Nikita V. Zelenkov and Evgeny N. Kurochkin (2015). "КЛАСС AVES". In E.N. Kurochkin, A.V. Lopatin and N.V. Zelenkov (eds). Ископаемые позвоночные России и сопредельных стран. Ископаемые рептилии и птицы. Часть 3 / Fossil vertebrates of Russia and adjacent countries. Fossil Reptiles and Birds. Part 3. GEOS. pp. 86–290. ISBN 978-5-89118-699-6. 
  24. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Nueva Especie de Ave Fósil (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Superior de Cuba" (PDF). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales. 29: 415–431. 
  25. ^ Oscar Arredondo (1972). "Especie Nueva de Lechuza Gigante (Strigiformes: Tytonidae) del Pleistoceno Cubano" (PDF). Boletin de la Sociedad Venezolana Ciencias Naturales. 30: 129–140. 
  26. ^ Romer, A.S. 1972. The Chanares (Argentina) Triassic Reptile Fauna. XIV. Lewisuchus admixtus, gen. et sp. nov., a further Thecodont from the Chanares Beds. Breviora 390: pp. 1-13.
  27. ^ C. H. Mendrez. 1972. On the skull of Regisaurus jacobi, a new genus and species of Bauriamorpha Watson and Romer 1956 (=Scaloposauria Boonstra 1953), from the Lystrosaurus-zone of South Africa.