1973 Tour de France
Route of the 1973 Tour de France
|Dates||30 June – 22 July|
|Stages||20 + Prologue, including six split stages|
|Distance||4,090 km (2,541 mi)|
|Winning time||122h 25' 34"|
The 1973 Tour de France was the 60th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 30 June and 22 July, with 20 stages covering a distance of 4,090 km (2,541 mi). Eddy Merckx, winner of the previous four editions, did not start the 1973 Tour, partly to avoid angry French fans and partly to please his sponsor; instead he rode and won the 1973 Vuelta a España and the 1973 Giro d'Italia. In his absence, Luis Ocaña dominated the race, winning with a margin of more than 15 minutes.
In 1973, a new team classification was added: the team points classification, calculated by adding the three best stage rankings per team; it would be calculated until 1988.
- 1 Teams
- 2 Pre-race favourites
- 3 Route and stages
- 4 Race overview
- 5 Classification leadership
- 6 Final standings
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 Bibliography
- 10 External links
The teams entering the race were:
The winner of the previous four editions, Eddy Merckx had changed sponsors to the Italian Molteni. His contract said that he had to start in the 1973 Vuelta a España and the 1973 Giro d'Italia, and Merckx thought it was impossible to start in three grand tours in one year, so he stayed away from the Tour. Ocana, who was in great shape, was now the main favourite, with Fuente, Poulidor and Thevenet as his biggest threats. Ocana was not the clear favorite; he had already crashed out of the Tour three times, and he was seen as fragile. Zoetemelk had changed teams, because he did not have the full support of his team leader. Among the Italian riders absent were world champion Marino Basso and former Tour winner Felice Gimondi.
Route and stages
After the 1972 Tour de France, there were rumours that the 1973 Tour would become easier, to suit French cyclist Cyrille Guimard better. However, when the 1973 Tour route was announced in December 1972, the organisation had included three more mountains compared to 1972. The race started on 30 June, and had two rest days, in Divonne-les-Bains and Pyrénées 2000.
|P||30 June||Scheveningen (Netherlands)||7.1 km (4.4 mi)||Individual time trial||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)|
|1a||1 July||Scheveningen (Netherlands) to Rotterdam (Netherlands)||84 km (52 mi)||Plain stage||Willy Teirlinck (BEL)|
|1b||Rotterdam (Netherlands) to Sint-Niklaas (Belgium)||137.5 km (85.4 mi)||Plain stage||José Catieau (FRA)|
|2a||2 July||Sint-Niklaas (Belgium)||12.4 km (7.7 mi)||Team time trial||Watney–Maes Pils|
|2b||Sint-Niklaas (Belgium) to Roubaix||138 km (86 mi)||Plain stage||Eddy Verstraeten (BEL)|
|3||3 July||Roubaix to Reims||226 km (140 mi)||Plain stage||Cyrille Guimard (FRA)|
|4||4 July||Reims to Nancy||214 km (133 mi)||Plain stage||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)|
|5||5 July||Nancy to Mulhouse||188 km (117 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|6||6 July||Mulhouse to Divonne-les-Bains||244.5 km (151.9 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jean-Pierre Danguillaume (FRA)|
|7 July||Divonne-les-Bains||Rest day|
|7a||8 July||Divonne-les-Bains to Gaillard||86.5 km (53.7 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|7b||Gaillard to Méribel||150.5 km (93.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)|
|8||9 July||Moûtiers to Les Orres||237.5 km (147.6 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|9||10 July||Embrun to Nice||234.5 km (145.7 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Vicente López Carril (ESP)|
|10||11 July||Nice to Aubagne||222.5 km (138.3 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Michael Wright (GBR)|
|11||12 July||Montpellier to Argelès-sur-Mer||238 km (148 mi)||Plain stage||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|12a||13 July||Perpignan to Thuir||28.3 km (17.6 mi)||Individual time trial||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|12b||Thuir to Pyrénées 2000||76 km (47 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)|
|14 July||Pyrénées 2000||Rest day|
|13||15 July||Bourg-Madame to Luchon||235 km (146 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|14||16 July||Luchon to Pau||227.5 km (141.4 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pedro Torres (ESP)|
|15||17 July||Pau to Fleurance||137 km (85 mi)||Plain stage||Wilfried David (BEL)|
|16a||18 July||Fleurance to Bordeaux||210 km (130 mi)||Plain stage||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|16b||Bordeaux||12.4 km (7.7 mi)||Individual time trial||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)|
|17||19 July||Sainte-Foy-la-Grande to Brive-la-Gaillarde||248 km (154 mi)||Plain stage||Claude Tollet (FRA)|
|18||20 July||Brive-la-Gaillarde to Puy de Dôme||216.5 km (134.5 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|19||21 July||Bourges to Versailles||233.5 km (145.1 mi)||Plain stage||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|20a||22 July||Versailles||16 km (9.9 mi)||Individual time trial||Luis Ocaña (ESP)|
|20b||Versailles to Paris||89 km (55 mi)||Plain stage||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)|
|Total||4,090 km (2,541 mi)|
Zoetemelk won the opening prologue, one second ahead of Poulidor. In the first part of the next stage, Teirlinck won and took over the lead. Ocana and Herman Van Springel fell down when a dog crossed the road, but both suffered no serious damage. In the second part of that stage, Van Springel bridged the gap to Catieau, who had escaped. Van Springel did all the work to stay away, while Catieau did not help his team captain's rival. They stayed away until the end of the stage, where Catieau won the sprint, and Van Springel became the new race leader.
In the third stage, a group with Guimard and Ocana escaped. Van Springel, Zoetemelk, Fuentes, Thevenet and Poulidor were not in that group, and had to chase them. The group stayed away, Guimard won the sprint and Catieau became the race leader. More important for the final result was that Ocana won more than two minutes on Zoetemelk, and more than seven minutes on Fuente.
In stage seven, when the first mountains were climbed, Ocana attacked, and only Zoetemelk could follow. A few kilometers from the summit, Zoetemelk had to let Ocana go, and Ocana finished solo. Ocana became the new race leader, almost three minutes ahead of Zoetemelk. In the eighth stage, Ocana and Fuente both attacked. Ocana and Fuente did not like each other, and when Fuente stopped working, Ocana was angry, especially when Fuente passed him just before the top of the Izoard to steal the points for the mountain classification. When Fuente had a flat tire, Ocana did not wait for him, and left him behind, beating him by one minute at the finish line. All the others were far behind: Thevenet and Martinez followed after seven minutes, the other pre-race favourites after twenty minutes.
In the thirteenth stage, Poulidor crashed, and was taken away with a helicopter. In the sixteenth stage, the cyclists were slower than expected, and finished one hour after the latest time schedule. The train that they should have taken had already left, and they had to use buses.
In the time trial in stage 17, Fuente lost his second place in the general classification to Thevenet. Fuente tried to take it back in the mountain stage 18, but he failed and even lost some time.
Three cyclists tested positive during the 1973 Tour de France:
- Barry Hoban, after the 9th stage
- Claude Baud, after the 13th stage
- Michel Roques, after the 18th stage
All three received a fine of 1000 Swiss Francs, one-month suspension and ten minutes penalty time in the general classification.
There were several classifications in the 1973 Tour de France, three of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1973.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1973, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified by yellow caps. For the first time, there was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the combination classification|
|1||Luis Ocaña (ESP)||Bic||122h 25' 34"|
|2||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 15' 51"|
|3||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 17' 15"|
|4||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)||Gitane–Frigécrème||+ 26' 22"|
|5||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Sonolor||+ 30' 20"|
|6||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Rokado–De Gribaldy||+ 32' 01"|
|7||Michel Périn (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 33' 02"|
|8||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Bic||+ 35' 51"|
|9||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||+ 36' 18"|
|10||Régis Ovion (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 36' 59"|
|1||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Rokado–De Gribaldy||187|
|2||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)||Gitane–Frigécrème||168|
|3||Luis Ocaña (ESP)||Bic||145|
|4||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||139|
|5||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Flandria–Carpenter–Shimano||139|
|6||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||110|
|7||Gerard Vianen (NED)||Gitane–Frigécrème||110|
|8||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Sonolor||109|
|9||Mariano Martínez (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||89|
|10||Jacques Esclassan (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||89|
|1||Pedro Torres (ESP)||La Casera–Peña Bahamontes||225|
|2||José Manuel Fuente (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||216|
|3||Luis Ocaña (ESP)||Bic||192|
|4||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||119|
|5||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Sonolor||107|
|6||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)||Gitane–Frigécrème||83|
|7||Vicente López Carril (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||80|
|8||Joaquim Agostinho (POR)||Bic||46|
|9||Francisco Galdós (ESP)||Kas–Kaskol||46|
|10||Mariano Martínez (FRA)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||38|
|1||Joop Zoetemelk (NED)||Gitane–Frigécrème||20|
|2||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Sonolor||26|
|3||Bernard Thévenet (FRA)||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||33|
|4||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Rokado–De Gribaldy||50|
|5||Fernando Mendes (POR)||Flandria–Carpenter–Shimano||55|
Intermediate sprints classification
|1||Marc Demeyer (BEL)||Flandria–Carpenter–Shimano||105|
|2||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||70|
|3||Willy Teirlinck (BEL)||Sonolor||60|
|4||Raymond Riotte (FRA)||Sonolor||28|
|5||Robert Mintkiewicz (FRA)||Sonolor||16|
|1||Bic||369h 31' 55"|
|2||Peugeot–BP–Michelin||+ 20' 23"|
|3||Kas–Kaskol||+ 20' 42"|
|4||Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson||+ 23' 04"|
|5||Rokado–De Gribaldy||+ 1h 40' 42"|
|6||Sonolor||+ 1h 45' 56"|
|7||Gitane–Frigécrème||+ 1h 58' 57"|
|8||La Casera–Peña Bahamontes||+ 2h 01' 50"|
|9||Flandria–Carpenter–Shimano||+ 2h 09' 21"|
|10||De Kova–Lejeune||+ 3h 09' 21"|
- "Italianen mijden Tour de France". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 4 June 1973. p. 21. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "60ème Tour de France 1973" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Fotheringham, Alasdair (30 July 2014). "Another Tour of Absences: Tour de France 1973". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour De France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 73–81. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Tour de France 1973 wordt zwaar karwei". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 14 December 1972. p. 29. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Augendre 2016, p. 64.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Augendre 2016, p. 109.
- Béoutis, Didier (23 November 2008). "Luis Ocaña sur le pavés de Querenaing - Tour de France 1973" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Béoutis, Didier (23 November 2008). "Luis Ocaña écrase le Tour - Tour de France 1973" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Hoban betrapt". Nieuwsblad van het noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 16 July 1973. p. 19. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Tweede dopinggeval in Tour de France". Leeuwarder courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 20 July 1973. p. 19. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Dopinggeval". Leeuwarder courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 24 July 1973. p. 13. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
- "De Ronde in cijfers" [The Tour in numbers]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). Concentra. 23 July 1973. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1973" [Information about the Tour de France from 1973]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Cunningham, Josh (4 July 2016). "History of the Tour de France jerseys". Cyclist. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Clasificaciones oficiales". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 23 July 1973. p. 19. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "Noteer ook..." Gazet van Antwerpen. Concentra. 23 July 1973. p. 18. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Augendre, Jacques (2016). Guide historique [Historical guide] (PDF). Tour de France (in French). Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Nauright, John; Parrish, Charles (2012). Sports around the world: History, culture, and practice. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-300-2.
Media related to 1973 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons