1973 in Israel

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Events in the year 1973 in Israel.



Yom Kippur War:

  • 6 October – Yom Kippur War: The fourth and largest Arab–Israeli conflict begins, as Egypt and Syria initiate a surprise attack on Israeli forces in the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Hebrew calendar. Jordan, Iraq and other Arab nations support the Epyptian-Syrian war effort but do not take part in the conflict.
  • 8 October –
    • Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
    • The 188t brigade (Barak brigade), which played an important role in slowing the Syrian advance, is outnumbered and overwhelmed and, as a result, is almost completely destroyed as the Southern Golan Heights region is captured by the Syrian forces.
  • 12 October – US President Richard Nixon authorizes Operation Nickel Grass, an overt strategic airlift to deliver weapons and supplies to Israel, after the Soviet Union began sending arms to Egypt and Syria.
  • 17 October – The Arab Oil Embargo against several countries which allegedly support Israel triggers the 1973 energy crisis.
  • 21–22 October – Third Battle of Mount Hermon: towards the end of the war, Israeli troops manage to capture the Israeli outpost and the Syrian outpost on Mount Hermon.
  • 11 November – Egypt and Israel sign a United States-sponsored cease-fire accord.


Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1973 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian Arab terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1973 include:

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 1973 include:

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

  • 22 January – Yaakov Dori (born 1899), Russian (Ukraine)-born first Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.
  • 15 March – Mark Dvorzhetski (born 1908), Russian (Lithuania)-born Israeli physician and historian.
  • 24 March – Haim Hazaz (born 1898), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli novelist.
  • 18 May – Avraham Shlonsky (born 1900), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli poet and editor.
  • 1 July – Yosef Alon (born 1929), Israeli pilot, co-founder of the Israeli Air Force, assassinated.
  • 8 July – Ben-Zion Dinur (born 1884), Russian (Ukraine)-born Israeli educator, historian and politician.
  • 13 October – Major General Albert Mandler (born 1929), Austrian-born Israeli major general, killed by Egyptian artillery fire during the Yom Kippur War.
  • October - Lieutenant Colonel Avraham Lanir (born 1940), the highest ranking Israeli fighter pilot to fall into enemy hands. He was tortured to death by his Syrian captors.
  • 17 October – Naftali Herz Tur-Sinai (born 1886), Austro-Hungarian (Galicia)-born Israeli biblical scholar, author and linguist.
  • 1 December – David Ben-Gurion (born 1886), Russian (Poland)-born Israeli politician and first Prime Minister of Israel.

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Associated Press (1 July 2007). "Discovery of CIA tip on Israeli envoy's killer could revive 1973 case". Haaretz. Retrieved 2 December 2008. 
  3. ^ "Major Terror Attacks (1952-2003)." Jewish Virtual Library.
  4. ^ Chronologies of modern terrorism. pg 185.
  5. ^ Assassination in Khartoum. David A. Korn. pg 49
  6. ^ Chronologies of modern terrorism. pg 189
  7. ^ J. Bowyer Bell, Irving Louis Horowitz (2005) Assassin: Theory and Practice of Political Violence, pp137, Transaction Publishers ISBN 1-4128-0509-0 Retrieved 4 May 2010

External links[edit]