1974 London–Sahara–Munich World Cup Rally
|1974 London–Sahara–Munich World Cup Rally|
UDT World Cup Rally
|Host country|| United Kingdom |
|Rally base||London |
|Dates run||5 – 25 May 1974|
|Stage surface||Tarmac and Gravel|
|Overall distance||19,300 km (12,000 miles)|
|Overall winner|| Ken Tubman |
Total Citroën Australia
|Crews||52 at start, 19 at finish|
The 1974 London–Sahara–Munich World Cup Rally, known also under the commercial identity of 1974 UDT World Cup Rally, was the second and final of the World Cup Rallies to be held. Drawing inspiration from the 1974 FIFA World Cup which was held in Munich, the rally began in London, Great Britain and travelled to Munich, Germany, via Nigeria. It was won by the privateer Australian crew of Jim Reddiex, Ken Tubman and André Welinski, driving a Citroën DS.
70 cars entered the race - 19 finished. The number of cars entering was lower than the 1970 London to Mexico World Cup Rally as the 1973 oil crisis and the resultant drop in global car sales had its effect on motorsport budgets. Many of the manufacturer teams of the 1970 event did not take part four years later. An error in the navigation notes of the event, caused by the end of a road in Algeria being extended several miles in between the compilation of the notes and the rally taking place saw the majority of competitors becoming lost in the Algerian Sahara Desert. This, in combination with the most gruelling terrain ever traversed by an international rally to that point saw only seven cars travel the full distance south into Nigeria, with only five then completing the full competition distance to Germany. Of the remainder of the "Kano Seven". the Lancia Fulvia of Shekhar Mehta and Lofty Drews suffered engine problems on the return leg from Kano to Tamanresset, was towed to Tunis and air-freighted to Salzburg to take part in the final part of the event. The V8 Jeep crewed by Americans Brian Chuchua, Douglas Fortin and Richard Clark made it through Africa, but crashed out of the event following a collision with a large dog in Turkey.
The majority of the competition did not complete the southernmost leg of the rally, south of the Tamanrasset rally point. Aerial searches for lost competing vehicles were conducted and eventually all cars were accounted for with no casualties. Some competitors abandoned the route and found their own way out of Africa. Notably former Grand Prix racer Stirling Moss and his co-drivers Mike Taylor and Allan Sell in their Mercedes-Benz arrived at an Algerian military fort with no water to find it abandoned. Moss and his crew-mates were unable to continue until the arrival of a water convoy in the following days.
Time penalties quickly climbed into large figures during the stages held in Africa with the majority of the field finishing with over a week's worth of time penalties at the finish. The gap between the winning Citroën DS over the first of the factory supported Peugeots that finished second, third and fourth was over 28 hours. The 19th and last classified finisher acquired over 450 hours of time penalties, approximately 18 days behind the winners.
Route and scoring
The course covered approximately 18,000 miles (29,000 km) through Europe and northern Africa before returning to Europe. Some of the principal towns and cities visited were, in order:
- London, England
- Southampton, England
- Le Havre, France
- Bilbao, Spain
- Córdoba, Spain
- Tangier, Morocco
- Béchar, Algeria
- Adrar, Algeria
- In Salah
- In Guezzam
- Assamakka, Niger
- Kano, Nigeria
- Tahoua, Niger
- In Guezzam, Algeria
- In Aménas
- Fort-Saint, Tunisia, near Ghadames, Libya
- Gabès, Tunisia
- Trapani, Italy
- Izmir, Turkey
- Thessaloniki, Greece
- Split, Yugoslavia
- Munich, Germany
The course included many special stages, some over 500 miles (800 km) long. Time penalties were given for exceeding set times on the special stages, as well as for other infractions of the rules, and the cars' positions determined by the penalties awarded rather than lowest cumulative times.
|1||46||Total Citroën Australia|| Ken Tubman
|Citroën DS 23||15 h 27 min 30 s|
|2||58||Team Aseptogyl|| Christine Dacremont
|Peugeot 504 TI||43 h 55 min 1 s|
|3||19||Team Aseptogyl|| Robert Neyret
|Peugeot 504 TI||61 h 25 min 41 s|
|4||69||Team Aseptogyl|| Claudine Trautmann [fr]
|Peugeot 504 TI||78hr 35min 41sec|
|5||23||David Howes Racing|| James Ingleby
|Jeep CJ-6||123hr 58min 23sec|
|6||32||Automobile Club de France|| Patrick Vanson
|Citroën DS 23||212hr 40min 47sec|
|7||3||Service Garage (Barnsley)|| Eric Jackson
|Ford Escort Mexico||235hr 36min 14sec|
|8||66||Turkish National Team|| Ali Sipahi
|Murat-Fiat 124||245hr 20min 25sec|
|9||54||Basil Wadman|| Basil Wadman
|Peugeot 504 TI||245hr 55min 26sec|
|10||7||Esso Uniflo Citroën Paris|| Claude Laurent
|Citroën GS||249hr 21min 3sec|
|11||56||Castrol Team Canada|| Ed Golz
|BMW 2002 Alpina||263hr 19min 51sec|
|12||1||Ortlinghaus Werke|| Rainer Ising
|Range Rover||287hr 25min 11sec|
|13||36||Brut Team Australia|| Evan Green
|Leyland P76||294hr 38min 14sec|
|14||13||Gary Whitcombe|| Gary Whitcombe
|Rover 3500S||303hr 2min 1sec|
|15||29||White Horse Rally Team|| Andrew Cowan
|Ford Escort RS2000 Mark I||311hr 20min 0sec|
|16||14||APLUB Team Brasil|| Carlos Weck
|Volkswagen Brasilia||324hr 11min 49sec|
|17||59||Castrol Team Canada|| Kurt Reinhardt
|BMW 2002 Alpina||351hr 2min 42sec|
|18||24||Bryan Wood|| Bryan Wood
|Ford Escort Mexico||378hr 33min 3sec|
|19||65||Derek Tullet|| Derek Tullet
|Ford Capri||455hr 34min 8sec|
Only 19 cars finished the event, with only five cars completing the full rally distance. The route included a 171 km loop in the Hoggar mountains on the southbound transition of Algeria; of the "Kano Seven" only the winning Citroën and the Lancia Fulvia of Shekhar Mehta and Lofty Drews completed this part of the course. The Escort of Eric Jackson and Bob Bean also completed the loop, but although they started the leg to Kano, they turned back for Tamanrasset after incurring suspension damage in Niger.
- BRADY, JAMES (2013-04-01). "Sherrard rallies to help in devil appeal". The Examiner. Retrieved 2020-09-06.
- Michael Scarlett. "UDT World Cup Rally CITROEN The story behind a remarkable achievement w/Autocar 1974".
- Cesar, Luis. "Historic Rally & Classic Race Cars: UDT 1974 London-Sahara-Münich World Cup Rally". Historic Rally & Classic Race Cars. Retrieved 2020-09-06.
- Green, Evan. A Bootful of Right Arms.
- Claudine Bouchet married two rally racing drivers first Patrick Vanson, and second René Trautmann. She used their surnames on marriage.
- World Cup Rally, Graham Robson, The Car magazine no. 25, 1985, Orbis Publishing Ltd.
- Luis Cesar. "UDT 1974 London-Sahara-Münich World Cup Rally".