1974 Pacific typhoon season

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1974 Pacific typhoon season
1974 Pacific typhoon season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 9, 1974
Last system dissipatedDecember 24, 1974
Strongest storm
NameGloria
 • Maximum winds220 km/h (140 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure930 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions35
Total storms32
Typhoons16
Super typhoons0 (record low)
Total fatalitiesUnknown
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976

The 1974 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1974, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1974 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Systems[edit]

35 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 32 became tropical storms. 16 storms reached typhoon intensity, and none reached super typhoon strength.[1] This season is the most recent to have no super typhoons.[2]

Severe Tropical Storm Wanda (Atang)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
WandaJanuary111974.gif Wanda Pacific 1974 track.png
DurationJanuary 9 – January 14
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed on January 8 to the southwest of Palau.[1]By the next day, the disturbance was upgraded to a tropical depression and to a tropical storm. Wanda reached its peak intensity on January 10 as a 65 mph tropical storm. The storm was then downgraded to a tropical depression on January 11. Wanda then dissipated on January 14.[3]

Tropical Storm Amy[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
AmyMarch1719740024UTC.png Amy 1974 track.png
DurationMarch 13 – March 21
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

Amy did not strike land.

Severe Tropical Storm Babe[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
BabeApr2919742348UTC.png Babe 1974 track.png
DurationApril 25 – May 3
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Babe recurved before landing.

Typhoon Carla[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
CarlaMay419742352UTC.png Carla 1974 track.png
DurationMay 1 – May 8
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Carla recurved out at sea.

Tropical Depression 05W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
5-W 1974 track.png 
DurationJune 6 – June 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min) 

5W lasted two days and struck extremely north China.

Typhoon Dinah (Bising)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
DinahJune121974.png Dinah 1974 track.png
DurationJune 7 – June 14
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Dinah, which developed on June 7, hit Luzon on the 10th as an 80 mph typhoon. It continued northwestward, hit Hainan Island, crossed the Gulf of Tonkin, and dissipated over Vietnam. Dinah caused 73 casualties (with 33 missing), with $3 million in crop damage (1974 USD).

Severe Tropical Storm Emma (Klaring)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Emma 1974 track.png 
DurationJune 12 – June 19
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Emma stayed as a tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Freda[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Freda 1974 track.png 
DurationJune 20 – June 23
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Fred peaked as a moderate tropical storm.

Typhoon Gilda (Deling)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
GildaJuly419740045UTC.gif Gilda 1974 track.png
DurationJune 29 – July 8
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

When Tropical Storm Gilda, having weakened from a peak of 100 mph winds, crossed between Japan and South Korea in early July, it brought torrential rains and mudslides, killing 128 people (with 26 missing) and causing damage estimated at $1.5 billion (1974 USD).

Tropical Storm Harriet (Gading)[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Harriet 1974 track.png 
DurationJuly 14 – July 20
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Harriet did not affect land.

Severe Tropical Storm Jean (Heling)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
JeanearlyJuly191974.gif Jean 1974 track.png
DurationJuly 16 – July 21
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Jean stayed weak.

Typhoon Ivy (Iliang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
IvyearlyJuly191974.gif Ivy 1974 track.png
DurationJuly 16 – July 24
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

66 people were killed when Typhoon Ivy hit Luzon on July 20, the day before the 1974 Miss Universe was held in Manila. It continued northwestward, and hit southeastern China 2 days later.

Severe Tropical Storm Kim[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
KimJuly231974.gif Kim 1974 track.png
DurationJuly 23 – July 24
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Kim recurved.

Tropical Storm Lucy (Miding)[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Lucy 1974 track.png 
DurationAugust 8 – August 12
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Lucy hit China.

Typhoon Mary[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
MaryAugust171974.gif Mary 1974 track.png
DurationAugust 10 – August 26
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on August 10. It tracked to the northeast, then turned to the northwest where it became a tropical storm on the 11th. Mary's appearance resembled an extratropical cyclone due to vertical shear, and as the ridge built over Japan, Mary turned more to the west. Conditions were favorable enough for Mary to reach typhoon strength on the 18th, but it weakened to a tropical storm before hitting northeastern China on the 19th. A high pressure system over China forced now Tropical Depression Mary to the southeast, where it restrengthened into a tropical storm on the 24th. The storm turned to the northeast, briefly becoming a typhoon again on the 25th before weakening. Mary hit Japan on the 26th, and dissipated shortly thereafter. 3 lives were lost in Mary's path, with moderate damage occurring.

Tropical Depression 16W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
16-W 1974 track.png 
DurationAugust 13 – August 15
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

16W was just a tropical depression and also hit Thailand for a very brief moment.

Severe Tropical Storm Nadine (Norming)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
NadineAugust171974.gif Nadine 1974 track.png
DurationAugust 15 – August 18
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Nadine did not make landfall.

Typhoon Polly[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
PollyAugust311974.gif Polly 1974 track.png
DurationAugust 24 – September 8
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Polly hit Japan and northern China.

Tropical Depression 20W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
20-W 1974 track.png 
DurationAugust 26 – August 31
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

20W hit China.

Severe Tropical Storm Rose (Oyang)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
RoseAugust311974.gif Rose 1974 track.png
DurationAugust 27 – September 1
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Rose did not strike land.

Typhoon Shirley (Pasing)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
ShirleyearlySeptember81974.gif Shirley 1974 track.png
DurationSeptember 3 – September 11
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Shirley was a minimal typhoon.

Tropical Storm Trix[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Trix 1974 track.png 
DurationSeptember 4 – September 8
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Trix hit China.

Typhoon Virginia[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
VirginialateSeptember131974.gif Virginia 1974 track.png
DurationSeptember 11 – September 17
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Virginia did not hit land.

Severe Tropical Storm Wendy (Ruping)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Wendy 1974 track.png 
DurationSeptember 23 – September 30
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Wendy came near Taiwan and The Philippines.

Typhoon Agnes[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
AgnesSeptember2619740000UTC.png Agnes 1974 track.png
DurationSeptember 24 – October 2
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Agnes stayed away from land.

Typhoon Bess (Susang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
BessOct81974.png Bess 1974 track.png
DurationOctober 8 – October 14
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Bess crossed northern Luzon on October 10, crossed the South China Sea, and hit Hainan Island on the 13th. Bess continued westward, and dissipated over Vietnam on the 14th. The storm dumped heavy rains on its path, causing 26 deaths (with 3 missing) and $9.2 million (1974 USD) in damage. The name Bess was retired after this season.

Typhoon Carmen (Tering)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
CarmenOct161974.png Carmen Pacific 1974 track.png
DurationOctober 13 – October 20
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Carmen hit Luzon on October 16, just days after Bess hit. It continued northwestward, made landfall on southeastern China, turned south, and dissipated on the 20th. Typhoon Carmen caused sustained storm force winds in Hong Kong and 25 fatalities, with damage estimated at $13 million (1974 USD).

Typhoon Della (Uding)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
DellaOctober221974.png Della 1974 track.png
DurationOctober 20 – October 27
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Della passed near the Philippines.

Typhoon Elaine (Wening)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
ElaineOctober281974.png Elaine Pacific 1974 track.png
DurationOctober 23 – November 1
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

23 casualties and $21 million in damage can be attributed to 110 mph Typhoon Elaine hitting northern Luzon on October 27.

Severe Tropical Storm Faye (Yaning)[edit]

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Faye 1974 track.png 
DurationOctober 31 – November 5
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Faye hit the Philippines and Thailand.

Typhoon Gloria (Aning)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
GloriaNovember619741117UTCDMSP.gif Gloria 1974 track.png
DurationNovember 2 – November 10
Peak intensity220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Glorida moved onshore the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Hester[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Hester 1974 track.png 
DurationNovember 13 – November 15
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Hester formed in the South China Sea.

Typhoon Irma (Bidang)[edit]

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
IrmaNovember2619740635UTCDMSP.gif Irma 1974 track.png
DurationNovember 20 – December 3
Peak intensity215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

The last of the year's 8 typhoons to hit the Philippines made landfall on November 28 as a 100 mph typhoon. Irma, once a 135 mph typhoon, weakened over the islands and restrengthened into a typhoon in the South China Sea. It turned northward, and hit southern China as a weakening tropical storm on December 2, the latest date for a Chinese tropical storm landfall. Irma killed 11 people, and caused $7.3 million in damage (1974 USD).

Tropical Storm Judy[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Judy 1974 track.png 
DurationDecember 17 – December 19
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Judy developed in the South China Sea.

Tropical Storm Kit (Delang)[edit]

Tropical Storm (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Kit 1974 track.png 
DurationDecember 18 – December 24
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Kit hit the Philippines.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Annual Typhoon Report 1974" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
  2. ^ "Annual Tropical Cyclone Report 2011" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 14. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
  3. ^ "Tropical Storm #1". Unisys Weather. Retrieved 2016-12-05.

External links[edit]