1975 Cannes Film Festival
|Opening film||A Happy Divorce|
|Awards||Palme d'Or (Chronique
des Années de Braise)
|No. of films||22 (In Competition)
13 (Out of Competition)
9 (Short Film)
|Festival date||9 May 1975– 23 May 1975|
The 28th Cannes Film Festival was held from 9 to 23 May 1975. The Palme d'Or went to the Chronique des Années de Braise by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina. In 1975, a new section, "Les Yeux fertiles", which was non-competitive, was introduced. This section, along with sections "L'Air du temps" and "Le Passé composé" of the next two years, were integrated into Un Certain Regard in 1978.
The following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1975 feature film competition:
- Jeanne Moreau (actress) Jury President
- André Delvaux (director)
- Anthony Burgess (writer)
- Fernando Rey (actor)
- George Roy Hill (director)
- Gérard Ducaux-Rupp (producer)
- Léa Massari (actress)
- Pierre Mazars (journalist)
- Pierre Salinger (writer)
- Youlia Solntzeva (actress)
In competition - Feature film
The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or:
- Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore by Martin Scorsese
- Aloïse by Liliane de Kermadec
- The Amulet of Ogum (O Amuleto de Ogum) by Nelson Pereira dos Santos
- Cher Victor (Ce cher Victor) by Robin Davis
- Chronicle of the Years of Fire (Chronique des années de Braise) by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina
- Do You Hear the Dogs Barking? (Ignacio) by François Reichenbach
- Electra, My Love (Szerelmem, Elektra) by Miklós Jancsó
- The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle) by Werner Herzog
- A Happy Divorce (Un Divorce heureux) by Henning Carlsen
- Lenny by Bob Fosse
- Lotte in Weimar by Egon Günther
- Man Friday by Jack Gold
- Mariken van Nieumeghen by Jos Stelling
- Les Ordres by Michel Brault
- The Passenger (Professione: reporter) by Michelangelo Antonioni
- Pastoral: To Die in the Country (Den-en ni shisu) by Shūji Terayama
- Scent of a Woman (Profumo di donna) by Dino Risi
- Section spéciale by Costa Gavras
- The Story of Sin (Dzieje grzechu) by Walerian Borowczyk
- They Fought for Their Country (Oni srazhalis za rodinu) by Sergei Bondarchuk
- A Touch of Zen (Xia nu) by King Hu
- Yuppi du by Adriano Celentano
Films out of competition
The following films were selected to be screened out of competition:
- A Csodalatos Mandarin by Miklós Szinetár
- A faból faragott királyfi by Ádám Horváth
- Anna Karenine by Margarita Pilikhina
- The Day of the Locust by John Schlesinger
- Galileo by Joseph Losey
- Georges Braque ou le temps différent by Frédéric Rossif
- India Song by Marguerite Duras
- Je t'aime, tu danses by François Weyergans
- Trollflojten by Ingmar Bergman
- The Maids by Christopher Miles
- Moses und Aron by Jean-Marie Straub
- The Romantic Englishwoman by Joseph Losey
- Tommy by Ken Russell
Short film competition
- La Corrida by Christian Broutin
- Dariou Tebe Zvezdou (Je te gonne en cadeau une étoile) by Fedor Hitrouk
- Don't by Robin Lehman
- L'empreinte by Jacques Cardon
- Kolory Zycia (Les couleurs de la vie) by Piotr Szpakowicz
- Lautrec by Geoff Dunbar
- Pedestrians by Andrew Ruhl
- Revisited by Joyce Borenstein
- W.O.W. (Women of the World) by Faith Hubley
International Critics' Week
- Assassination in Davos (Konfrontation) by Rolf Lyssy (Switzerland)
- Brother Can You Spare a Dime? by Philippe Mora (U.K.)
- Vase de noces by Thierry Zeno (Belgium)
- Hester Street by Joan Micklin Silver (United States)
- Knots by David I. Munro (U.K.)
- The Musician Killer (L’Assassin musicien) by Benoît Jacquot (France)
- The Peaceful Age (L'età della pace) by Fabio Carpi (Italy)
- Allonsanfan by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani (Italy)
- The Battle of Chile (part 1) (La batalla de Chile: La lucha de un pueblo sin armas - Primera parte: La insurrección de la burguesía) by Patricio Guzman (Chile, Cuba)
- Black Angel (Der schwarze Engel) by Werner Schroeter (Germany)
- Chac by Rolando Klein (Panama)
- Conjugal Warfare (Guerra conjugal) by Joaquim Pedro de Andrade (Brazil)
- Di Assimanton Aformin by Tassos Psarras (Greece)
- Fox and His Friends (Faustrecht der Freiheit) by Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Germany)
- French Provincial (Souvenirs d’en France) by André Téchiné (France)
- Hauptlehrer Hofer by Peter Lilienthal (Germany)
- Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles by Chantal Akerman (Belgium, France)
- The Last Day of School Before Christmas (L'ultimo giorno di scuola prima delle vacanze di Natale) by Gian Vittorio Baldi (Italy)
- Milestones by Robert Kramer, John Douglas (United States)
- Njangaan (The Disciple) by Mahama Johnson Traoré (Senegal)
- Les oeillets rouges d'avril by Véra Belmont (France)
- Das Ruckendekollete by Jan Nemec (Switzerland)
- Shazdeh Ehtedjab (Prince Ehtedjab) by Bahman Farmanara (Iran)
- Strah by Matjaz Klopcic (Yugoslavia)
- Strike! (Streik!) by Oddvar Bull Tuhus (Norway)
- Sunday Too Far Away by Ken Hannam (Australia)
- The Texas Chain Saw Massacre by Tobe Hooper (United States)
- The Travelling Players (O Thiassos) by Theo Angelopoulos (Greece)
- Les vautours by Jean-Claude Labrecque (Canada)
- Zone Interdite by Ahmed Lallem (Algeria)
- Short films
- 16+- (Chofuku-Ki) by Shuji Terayama (Japan)
- 350 by Philippe Pilard (France)
- Echos d'Alger 1955 by Frank Cassenti (France)
- L'Economie des sentiments by Daniel Jouanisson (France)
- Manosolfa by Sandra Coelho de Souza (Brazil)
- Monopolis by Claude Dubrana, J.P. Zirn (France)
- Tadii by Nooradin Zarrin Kelk (Iran)
The following films and people received the 1975 Official selection awards:
- Palme d'Or: Chronicle of the Years of Fire (Chronique des Années de Braise) by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina, Algeria
- Grand Prix: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle) by Werner Herzog
- Award for Best Director: Costa Gavras for Section spéciale and Michel Brault for Les Ordres
- Award for Best Actress: Valerie Perrine for Lenny
- Award for Best Actor: Vittorio Gassman for Scent of a Woman (Profumo di donna)
- Short Film Palme d'Or: Lautrec by Geoff Dunbar
- Special Jury Prize: Daryu tebe zvezdu by Fyodor Khitruk
- FIPRESCI Prize:
Commission Supérieure Technique
- Prize of the Ecumenical Jury: The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle) by Werner Herzog
- "Posters 1975". festival-cannes.fr 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013.
- "Awards 1975: All Awards". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013.
- "Official Selection 1975: All the Selection". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013.
- "28ème Festival International du Film - Cannes". cinema-francais.fr (in French). Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "1975 - Parfums de Cannes". cannes-fest.com (in French). Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "1976 - Les Affranchis (Goodfellas)". cannes-fest.com (in French). Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "Festival de Cannes: Les différentes catégories de sélections". francofolies.over-blog.es. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "Cannes Festival In Subdued Mood". nytimes.com. May 13, 1975. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "The copening films at Cannes". vodkaster.com (in French). Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "The closing films at Cannes". vodkaster.com (in French). Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "Juries 1975: Long film". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- "14e Selecion de la Semaine de la Critique - 1975". archives.semainedelacritique.com. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- "Quinzaine 1975". quinzaine-realisateurs.com. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- "FIPRESCI Awards 1975". fipresci.org. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
- "Jury Œcuménique 1977". cannes.juryoecumenique.org. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
- INA: Jeanne Moreau, president of the 1975 jury (interview in French) Jean Moreau states in the interview that more important than even the Main Selection have become the events of the Parallel Section (Directors' Fortnight, International Critics' Week, and Marché du Film) which make possible the existence of the Festival.