1975 Cricket World Cup

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Prudential Cup '75
Prudential Cup 75 logo.svg
Dates 7 June – 21 June
Administrator(s) International Cricket Conference
Cricket format One Day International
Tournament format(s) Round robin and Knockout
Host(s) England England
Champions  West Indies (1st title)
Runners-up  Australia
Participants 8
Matches played 15
Attendance 158,000 (10,533 per match)
Most runs New Zealand Glenn Turner (333)
Most wickets Australia Gary Gilmour (11)
1979

The 1975 Cricket World Cup (officially called the Prudential Cup '75) was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.

The tournament was sponsored by Prudential Assurance Company and had eight participating countries: the six Test-playing teams of the time (Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan and the West Indies), plus leading Associate nations Sri Lanka and, for the only time, East Africa. The teams were divided into two groups of four, with each team playing the other teams in their group once; the top two from each group qualified for the semi-finals, with the winners of these matches meeting in the final. Each match consisted of 60 overs per team and was played in traditional white clothing and with red balls; all were played during the day and hence started early.

The concept of ODI cricket was still in the early stages and in the years between 1971 and 1975, only 18 such matches between the Test playing nations had been contested.

England, New Zealand West Indies and Australia were the teams to qualify for the semi-finals, making this the only World Cup thus far in which no team from the Indian subcontinent made this stage. Australia defeated England and the West Indies beat New Zealand, before the West Indies, the pre-tournament favourites, defeated Australia in the final at Lord's by 17 runs to become the first World Cup winners.

The opening match of the tournament featured one of the most bizarre batting efforts in one-day history, by India's Sunil Gavaskar. After England scored 334/4, with Dennis Amiss making 137, Gavaskar batted through the full 60 overs for 36 not out, prompting several pitch invasions from unhappy Indian fans.

Format[edit]

The format of the first world cup was 2 groups of four teams each, and each team playing each other. The top two team from each group then advance to the semi-finals, where the winners then advance (qualified) for the finals.

The first Cricket World Cup was played in England on seven different venues. A total of 16 matches were played in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, including two semi-finals and a final.[1]

Participants[edit]

Highlighted were the countries participated in the 1975 Cricket World Cup.
  Qualified as full member of ICC
  Qualified by invitation

The following 8 teams qualified for the final tournament. Sri Lanka and East Africa were the only two teams without Test status.

Team Method of qualification Previous best performance Rank Group
 England Host Debut 1 A
 India Full Members Debut 5 A
 Australia Debut 3 B
 Pakistan Debut 6 B
 West Indies Debut 2 B
 New Zealand Debut 4 A
 Sri Lanka Invitation Debut B
 East Africa Debut A

Venues[edit]

London London
Lord's Cricket Ground The Oval
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,500
Lord's Pavilion.jpg The Oval Pavilion.jpg
Birmingham Manchester
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Old Trafford Cricket Ground
Capacity: 21,000 Capacity: 19,000
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Pavillion.jpg Old Trafford Pavilion.JPG
Nottingham Leeds
Trent Bridge Headingley
Capacity: 15,350 Capacity: 14,000
Trent Bridge Pavilion End.jpg Headingley Cricket Stadium.jpg

Squads[edit]

Group stage[edit]

Group A[edit]

Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
 England 3 3 0 0 4.94 12
 New Zealand 3 2 1 0 4.07 8
 India 3 1 2 0 3.24 4
 East Africa 3 0 3 0 1.90 0
7 June 1975
England 
334/4 (60 overs)
v
 India
132/3 (60 overs)
Dennis Amiss 137 (147)
Syed Abid Ali 58/2 (12 overs)
Gundappa Viswanath 37 (59)
Peter Lever 16/1 (10 overs)
England won by 202 runs
Lord's, London
Umpires: David Constant (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: Dennis Amiss (Eng)

7 June 1975
New Zealand 
309/5 (60 overs)
v
 East Africa
128/8 (60 overs)
Glenn Turner 171 (201)
Parbhu Nana 34/1 (12 overs)
Frasat Ali 45 (123)
Dayle Hadlee 21/3 (12 overs)
New Zealand won by 181 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Glenn Turner (NZ)

11 June 1975
England 
266/6 (60 overs)
v
 New Zealand
186 (60 overs)
Keith Fletcher 131 (147)
Richard Collinge 43/2 (12 overs)
John Morrison 55 (85)
Tony Greig 45/4 (12 overs)
England won by 80 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Keith Fletcher (Eng)

11 June 1975
East Africa 
120 (55.3 overs)
v
 India
123/0 (29.5 overs)
Jawahir Shah 37 (84)
Madan Lal 15/3 (9.3 overs)
India won by 10 wickets
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Arthur Jepson (Eng)
Player of the match: Farokh Engineer (Ind)

14 June 1975
England 
290 (60 overs)
v
 East Africa
94 (52.3 overs)
Dennis Amiss 88 (116)
Zulfiqar Ali 63/3 (12 overs)
Ramesh Sethi 30 (102)
John Snow 11/4 (12 overs)
England won by 196 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: John Snow (Eng)

14 June 1975
India 
230 (60 overs)
v
 New Zealand
233/6 (58.5 overs)
Syed Abid Ali 70 (98)
Brian McKechnie 49/3 (12 overs)
Glenn Turner 114* (177)
Syed Abid Ali 35/2 (12 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Glenn Turner (NZ)

Group B[edit]

Team Pld W L NR RR Pts
 West Indies 3 3 0 0 4.35 12
 Australia 3 2 1 0 4.43 8
 Pakistan 3 1 2 0 4.45 4
 Sri Lanka 3 0 3 0 2.78 0
7 June 1975
Australia 
278/7 (60 overs)
v
 Pakistan
205 (53 overs)
Ross Edwards 80* (94)
Naseer Malik 37/2 (12 overs)
Majid Khan 65 (76)
Dennis Lillee 34/5 (12 overs)
Australia won by 73 runs
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Dennis Lillee (AUS)

7 June 1975
Sri Lanka 
86 (37.2 overs)
v
 West Indies
87/1 (20.4 overs)
Somachandra de Silva 21 (54)
Bernard Julien 16/2 (12 overs)
Roy Fredericks 33 (38)
Somachandra de Silva 33/1 (8 overs)
West Indies won by 9 wickets
Old Trafford, Manchester
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Jepson (Eng)
Player of the match: Bernard Julien (WI)

11 June 1975
Australia 
328/5 (60 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
276/4 (60 overs)
Alan Turner 101 (113)
Somachandra de Silva 60/2 (12 overs)
Sunil Wettimuny 53 (102)
Ian Chappell 14/2 (4 overs)
Australia won by 52 runs
The Oval, London
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Alan Turner (AUS)

11 June 1975
Pakistan 
266/7 (60 overs)
v
 West Indies
267/9 (59.4 overs)
Majid Khan 60 (108)
Viv Richards 21/1 (4 overs)
Deryck Murray 61* (76)
Sarfraz Nawaz 44/4 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 1 wicket
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: David Constant (Eng) and John Langridge (Eng)
Player of the match: Sarfraz Nawaz (Pak)

14 June 1975
Australia 
192 (53.4 overs)
v
 West Indies
195/3 (46 overs)
Ross Edwards 58 (74)
Andy Roberts 39/3 (10.4 overs)
Alvin Kallicharran 78 (83)
Ashley Mallett 35/1 (11 overs)
West Indies won by 7 wickets
The Oval, London
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and David Constant (Eng)
Player of the match: Alvin Kallicharran (WI)

14 June 1975
Pakistan 
330/6 (60 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
138 (50.1 overs)
Zaheer Abbas 97 (89)
Tony Opatha 67/2 (12 overs)
Anura Tennekoon 30 (36)
Imran Khan 15/3 (7.1 overs)
Pakistan won by 192 runs
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
Umpires: Arthur Jepson (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Zaheer Abbas (Pak)

Knockout stage[edit]

Semi-finals Final
18 June – Leeds
  England 93  
  Australia 94/6  
 
21 June – London
      Australia 274
    West Indies 291/8
18 June – London
  New Zealand 158
  West Indies 159/5  

Semi-finals[edit]

In the best World Cup performance to date by a bowler, Gary Gilmour took 6/14, as England were bowled out for 93 (36.2 overs), after having fallen to 37/7. Australia initially suffered a collapse just as dramatic, falling to 39/6, before Gilmour (28 from 28 balls, 5 fours) brought them home in a fantastic all-round performance.

The West Indies won the toss and sent New Zealand in to bat first. New Zealand batted well against the bowling at first, reaching 98/1. However, when captain Glenn Turner (36 from 74 balls, 3 fours) and Geoff Howarth (51 from 93 balls, 3 fours) fell, breaking a second-wicket partnership of 90 runs, New Zealand lost 9/60 to fall to 158 (all out, 52.2 overs). The West Indies responded, with Alvin Kallicharan (72 from 92 balls, 7 fours, 1 six) and Gordon Greenidge (55 from 95 balls, 9 fours, 1 six) sharing a second-wicket partnership of 125 runs, that brought the West Indies to their target.

18 June 1975
England 
93 (36.2 overs)
v
 Australia
94/6 (28.4 overs)
Mike Denness 27 (60)
Gary Gilmour 14/6 (12 overs)
Gary Gilmour 28* (28)
Chris Old 29/3 (7 overs)
Australia won by 4 wickets
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: Bill Alley (Eng) and David Constant (Eng)
Player of the match: Gary Gilmour (Aus)

18 June 1975
New Zealand 
158 (52.2 overs)
v
 West Indies
159/5 (40.1 overs)
Geoff Howarth 51 (93)
Bernard Julien 27/4 (12 overs)
Alvin Kallicharran 72 (92)
Richard Collinge 28/3 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 5 wickets
The Oval, London
Umpires: Lloyd Budd (Eng) and Arthur Fagg (Eng)
Player of the match: Alvin Kallicharran (WI)

Final[edit]

In the final, the West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs, after an accomplished innings from captain Clive Lloyd (102 from 85 balls, 12 fours, 2 sixes). The Australian innings was marked by top-order batsmen being run out when going for runs after misfields. A total of five of their team were run out, three by Vivian Richards. There was no 'Man of the Series' awarded in 1975.

21 June 1975
West Indies 
291/8 (60 overs)
v
 Australia
274 (58.4 overs)
Clive Lloyd 102 (85)
Gary Gilmour 48/5 (12 overs)
Ian Chappell 62 (93)
Keith Boyce 50/4 (12 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
Lord's, London
Umpires: Dickie Bird (Eng) and Tom Spencer (Eng)
Player of the match: Clive Lloyd (WI)

Statistics[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]