1975 Hawaii earthquake

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1975 Hawaii earthquake
1975 Hawaii earthquake is located in Hawaii
1975 Hawaii earthquake
Date November 29, 1975 (1975-11-29)
Origin time 14:47:43 [1]
Magnitude 7.4 Mw [1]
Depth 10 km (6.2 mi) [1]
Epicenter 19°26′N 155°09′W / 19.44°N 155.15°W / 19.44; -155.15Coordinates: 19°26′N 155°09′W / 19.44°N 155.15°W / 19.44; -155.15 [1]
Areas affected Hawaii
United States
Total damage $4–4.1 million [2][3]
Max. intensity VIII (Severe) [3]
Tsunami 14.3 m (47 ft) [4]
Casualties 2 dead [3]
several–28 injured [3][4]

The 1975 Hawaii earthquake occurred on November 29 with a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). The shock affected several of the Hawaiian Islands and resulted in the deaths of two people and up to 28 injured. Significant damage occurred in the southern part of the Big Island totaling $4–4.1 million and it also triggered a small brief eruption of Kilauea volcano.

The event generated a large tsunami that was as high as 47 feet (14 m) and was detected in Alaska, California, Japan, Okinawa, Samoa, and on Johnston and Wake Islands. Significant changes to the shorelines along the southern coast of the Big Island with subsidence of 12 feet (3.7 m) was observed, causing some areas to be permanently submerged. The source of the event was the Hilina Slump, which was also responsible for the more powerful 1868 Hawaii earthquake and tsunami.

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