1976 Anapa mid-air collision
Memorial to the victims of the accident
|Date||9 September 1976|
|Summary||Mid-air collision caused by ATC error|
|Site||Black Sea, 37 km south of Anapa, Krasnodar |
|Total fatalities||70 (all)|
An Aeroflot Antonov An-24RV, similar to the one involved
|Flight origin||Gomel Airport, Belorussian SSR|
|Stopover||Donetsk Airport, Ukrainian SSR|
|Destination||Sochi Airport, Russian SFSR|
An Aeroflot Yakolev Yak-40, similar to the one involved
|Flight origin||Rostov-on-Don Airport, Russian SFSR|
|Destination||Kerch Airport, Ukrainian SSR|
The 1976 Anapa mid-air collision was the collision of Aeroflot Flight 7957 (an Antonov An-24RV) and Aeroflot Flight 31 (a Yakolev Yak-40) on 9 September 1976, off the coast of Anapa in the Soviet Union. All 70 people on the two aircraft were killed in the crash. The primary cause of the accident was determined to be error by the air traffic controller; investigators never recovered the fuselage of the Yak-40.
Aeroflot Flight 7957 was an Antonov An-24 registered as CCCP-46518 with 47 passengers and 5 crew members aboard. The aircraft was constructed in Kiev and first flew in 1973. At the time of the accident, the aircraft had sustained a total of 6,107 flight hours and 4,626 pressurization cycles.
Of the five crew members aboard, the cockpit crew consisted of:
- Captain Mikhail Gutanov (Михаил Михайлович Гутанов)
- Co-pilot Anatoly Buryi (Анатолий Антонович Бурый)
- Flight engineer Vladimir Pimenov (Владимир Александрович Пименов)
- Navigator Sergey Artemyev (Сергей Леонидович Артемьев)
Aeroflot Flight 30 was a Yakolev Yak-40 registered as CCCP-87772 with 14 passengers and 4 crew members aboard. The aircraft was constructed in 1970 at the Saratov Aviation Plant and transferred to Aeroflot shortly thereafter. At the time of the accident the aircraft had sustained 6,842 flight hours and 7,174 pressurization cycles.
The cockpit crew of the Yak-40 consisted of:
- Captain Anatoli Ledenev (Анатолий Семенович Леденев)
- Co-pilot Vladimir Gapon (Владимир Яковлевич Гапон)
- Flight engineer Kevor Sandulyan (Кеворк Каспарович Сандулян)
The Yakolev Yak-40 departed from Rostov-on-Don Airport at 12:47 Moscow time and proceeded on the route to Kerch. The air traffic controller in charge of the Western section of Krasnodar had been working for more than six hours by 13:30:44, the time the Yak-40 entered his sector of airspace while at an altitude of 5,700 meters. After receiving confirmation from the controller the Yak-40 continued the flight path and reported passing the Novodmitrievskaya non-directional beacon at 13:34 and remained at an altitude of 5,700 meters. After passing that point the flight was supposed to decrease altitude in accordance with the flight plan, but the controller was busy managing other flights so he let the flight continue on to the Gelenjik-Kerch part of the route at the 5,700-meter altitude. At 13:43 the Yak-40 reported passing Gelendzhik and stated its altitude to be 5,700 meters, to which the controller responding by granting it permission to proceed with the Anapa transverse but yet again forgot to instruct the aircraft to change altitude.
The Antonov An-24 departed from Donetsk Airport at 12:56 for the flight to Sochi. At 13:32 the crew reported entering the Western section of Krasnodar on the Primorsko-Akhtarsk traverse at an altitude of 5,700 meters – the same altitude as the Yak-40 in the same section of airspace. The controller responded by permitting the An-24 to proceed to Anapa and keep the current altitude, then gave permission for the aircraft to continue on to Dzhubga without changing altitude.
At 13:51:05 Moscow time, the An-24 and Yak-40 collided in the air at an altitude of 5,700 meters, severing the tail sections of both aircraft. Both aircraft broke apart in mid-air and the wreckage fell into the Black Sea. All 70 people in the two aircraft were killed in the accident. The wreckage of the An-24 and the tail section of the Yak-40 were found in the Black Sea at a depth of 500–600 meters (1,600–2,000 ft). Most of the dead from the An-24 were recovered from the water but no bodies from the Yak-40 were found nor was the fuselage of the Yak-40 recovered.
The cause of the accident was determined mostly from radio and ground communications. The primary cause of the accident was described as a violation of the rules for maintaining separation between aircraft by the air traffic controller. Secondary causes of the accident were failure of both crews to remain sufficiently alert and a lack of appropriate situational analysis leading up to the accident.
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- "The clash over the Black Sea Yak-40 and An-24RV. 1976". en.avia.pro. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
- "Яковлев Як-40 Бортовой №: СССР-87772". russianplanes.net. Archived from the original on 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
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