1976 in comics
|Years in comics|
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- 1 Events
- 2 Deaths
- 3 Conventions
- 4 Awards
- 5 First issues by title
- 6 Canceled titles
- 7 Initial appearance by character name
- 8 References
- American Splendor, Harvey Pekar's long-running autobiographical comic book title, publishes its debut issue.
- Fantagraphics Books, Inc. founded by Gary Groth and Michael Catron.
- Bloodstar, based on a short story by Robert E. Howard and illustrated by Richard Corben, published by Morning Star Press. It is possibly the first graphic novel to call itself a “graphic novel” in print.
- Chandler: Red Tide, an illustrated novel by Jim Steranko, published by Pyramid Books.
- Flying Buttress Publications (later to be known as NBM Publishing) is founded in Syracuse, N.Y. by Terry Nantier.
- Superman vs. the Amazing Spider-Man, the first major intercompany crossover, is co-published by DC Comics and Marvel Comics.
- Jenette Kahn replaces Carmine Infantino as DC Comics' publisher and editorial director.
- DC revives All Star Comics with issue #58, continuing the numbering from the original 1940 series (ignoring the numbering from All-Star Western). Written by Gerry Conway, with art by Ric Estrada and Wally Wood.
- With issue #244 — after an eight-year hiatus — DC revives Blackhawk, which began in 1944 under Quality Comics, was acquired by DC in 1957, and stopped publishing in 1968.
- Marvel Super Action, a Curtis Magazines one-shot, edited by Archie Goodwin, is released.
- The first episode of Lo scimmiotto (The monkey), by Silverio Pisu and Milo Manara, reduction of the Chinese classic Journey to the West, appears on the Italian magazine alterlinus.
- In France, Adèle and the beast, by Jacques Tardi, first album of The Extraordinary Adventures of Adèle Blanc-Sec, is released by Casterman.
- March 1: The first episode of Moebius's The Airtight Garage is prepublished in Métal Hurlant.
- DC Comics raises the prices of its standard comics from 25 cents to 30 cents, keeping the page-count at 36.
- Gerry Conway succeeds Marv Wolfman as Marvel Comics editor-in-chief in March 1976, but holds the job only briefly, relinquishing the post before the month is out, succeeded in turn by Archie Goodwin.
- The Warlord, with issue #2 (March /April cover date), goes on hiatus until October /November (DC Comics)
- With issue #45, DC revives Metal Men, which itself was a 1973 revival of a 1963 series which had stopped publishing in 1969.
- In France, The demon of the Eiffel Tower, by Jacques Tardi, second album of The Extraordinary Adventures of Adèle Blanc-Sec, is released by Casterman.
- April 25: the first episode of Obelix and Co., by Goscinny and Uderzo, appears on the Nouvel Observateur.
- Superman #300: "Superman, 2001!" — an imaginary story featuring a Superman who came to Earth in 1976 — by Cary Bates, Elliot S! Maggin, Curt Swan, and Bob Oksner. (DC Comics)
- Star Spangled War Stories #200, featuring the Unknown Soldier and Enemy Ace, edited by Joe Orlando. (DC Comics)
- The Incredible Hulk #200: "An Intruder in the Mind!" by Len Wein, Sal Buscema, and Joe Staton. (Marvel Comics)
- July 29: The first episode of Phil Collins' Leonardo is published.
- July 31: Lank Leonard's Mickey Finn comes to a close after 40 years of syndication.
- Captain America #200: Special Bicentennial issue, by Jack Kirby and Frank Giacoia.
- X-Men #100: "Greater Love Hath No X-Man..." by Chris Claremont and Dave Cockrum.
- With issue #90, DC revives the title Green Lantern (calling it Green Lantern, co-Starring Green Arrow), which began in 1960 and stopped publishing in 1972.
- Superman #302: The first issue with the restored credit that Superman was "created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster."
- The first strips of Nilus, by the Origone brothers, appear on the Italian magazine Il mago.
- September 25: First issue of the British comics magazine Roy of the Rovers is published. It will run until 1993.
- The Joe Kubert School of Cartoon and Graphic Art, founded by Joe & Muriel Kubert, begins teaching its first class of students, some of whom include Stephen R. Bissette, Thomas Yeates, and Rick Veitch.
- With issue #9 (September /October ), DC suspends publication of Claw the Unconquered; it picks up again with issue #10 in 1978.
- Following DC's lead, Marvel Comics raises the prices of its standard comic book from 25 cents to 30 cents, keeping the page-count at 36.
- I promessi paperi (The betrothed ducks), by Edoardo Segantini and Giulio Cherchini, parody of Alessandro Manzoni’s The bethrothed, with Donald Duck and Daisy as Renzo and Lucia, appears on Topolino.
- October: The first issue of the British comics magazine Captain Britain Weekly is published, featuring the debut of Chris Claremont and Alan Davis' Captain Britain.
- October: The final issue of the British comics magazine Valiant is published.
- Il Corriere dei ragazzi (the Corriere della sera’s supplement for teen-agers) is renamed Corrier Boy and changes radically the editorial formula, with more articles and fewer comics. The new trend will lead to the qualitative decline and the closure of the magazine.
- The first episode of On the false earths, by Pierre Christin and Jean-Claude Mezieres, appears on Pilote magazine.
- The final issue of the Belgian comics magazine Samedi-Jeunesse is published.
- Marvel cancels 6 ongoing titles: Amazing Adventures (vol. 2), Chamber of Chills, Jungle Action, Marvel Feature, Skull the Slayer, and the Curtis Magazines title Unknown Worlds of Science Fiction.
- With issue #44, DC revives Teen Titans vol. 1, which began in 1966 and stopped publishing in 1973.
- Sergio Bonelli publishes the collection Un uomo un avventura (A man, an adventure), introducing in Italy the self-contained graphic novel; the first issue is The man of Khartoum by Sergio Toppi, followed the next month by The man of Zululand, by Gino d’Antonio. In the subsequent years, all the most important Italian cartoonists (from Pratt to Bonvi, from Crepax to Manara) give their contribution to the series.
- Sandopaper e la perla di Labuan (Sandoduck and the pearl of Labuan), by Michele Gazzari and Giovan Battista Carpi, parody of Emilio Salgari’s The tigers of Mompracem, with Donald Duck as Sandokan, appears on Topolino.
- Marvel Comics launches its third ongoing Spider-Man series, Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man.
- The first episode of Colombo, tragedia di un bighellone (Colombo, a dallier’s tragedy), by Francesco Tullio Altan, appears on the Italian magazine Linus. The comic mocks mercilessly Cristoforo Colombo, here seen as a greedy and vulgar adventurer and a pedophile too.
- January 22: Fletcher Hanks, American comics artist (Tabu, Wizard of the Jungle, Big Red McLane, Stardust the Super Wizard, Space Smith, Fantomah, Mystery Woman of the Jungle), dies at age 88, from hypothermia.
- Fred Meagher, American comics artist (drew various western comics), passes away at age 73.
- February: Willy Murphy, American comics artist (Flamed-Out Funnies), dies of pneumonia at around age 38.
- March 8: Romer Zane Grey, American animator and comics writer (King of the Royal Mounted), dies at age 66.
- March 24: E.H. Shepard, British illustrator and cartoonist (Wind in the Willows, Winnie the Pooh, Punch), passes away at age 96.
- April 1: Max Ernst, German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, poet and comics artist (Une Semaine de Bonté), dies at age 84.
- May: Cecil Jensen, American cartoonist and comics artist (Little Debbie), passes away at age 74.
- June 5: Henk Backer, Dutch comics artist (Yoebje en Achmed, Tripje en Liezebertha), passes away at age 77.
- June 19: Mike Arens, American animator and comics artist (Disney comics, continued Scamp), dies at age 60.
- June 21: Albert Dubout, French illustrator, caricaturist, sculptor, cartoonist and comics artist, passes away at age 71.
- June 25: Mike Hubbard, Irish-British comics artist (Jane Bond, Secret Agent, continued Jane), dies at age 74.
- July 5: Frank Bellamy, British comics artist (Fraser of Africa, Heros the Spartan, Garth, continued Dan Dare), dies at age 59.
- September 6: Hans Ducro, Dutch comics artist (created the spin-off comic Sjors en de Verschrikkelijke Sneeuwman), passes away at age 52.
- December 5: Tack Knight, American animator and comics artist (My Big Brudder, Baby Sister, Li'l Folks), dies at age 81.
- December 27: André Daix, French animator and comics artist (Professeur Nimbus), dies at age 75.
Specific date unknown
- Gérard Dorville, French comics artist (Alfred, Auguste et Popaul), passes away at age 42 or 43.
- Clyde Lewis, American comics artist (Hold Everything, Herky, Snickeroos (Pvt. Buck)), passes away at age 65/75 or 66/76.
- Jack Monk, British comics artist (Buck Ryan), passes away at age 71 or 72.
- Frank Roberge, American comics artist (Noodnik, Mr. Fitz's Flats), may have died in this year. If so he would have been 59 or 60 years old.
- George Storm, American comics artist (Bobby Thatcher), dies at age 82 or 83.
- Ed Verdier, American comics artist (Little Annie Rooney), dies at age 88 or 89.
- Pittcon '76 (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
- January: Cincinnati Comic Convention (Netherland Hilton, Cincinnati, Ohio) — 2nd annual show; guests include Frank Brunner, Steve Gerber, Mary Skrenes, and Martin Pasko
- February 27–29: Super DC Con '76 (Americana Hotel, New York City) — organized by Phil Seuling to celebrate Superman's birthday; guests include Jerry Siegel, Joe Shuster, and Julius Schwartz
- March 19–21: Comics 101 (Mount Royal Hotel, London, England) — organized by Denis Gifford to celebrate the 101st year of British comics; guests include John M. Burns, Ron Embleton, Don Lawrence, Frank Hampson, Alan Class, Mick Anglo, Stanley White, and Steve Dowling; presentation of the Ally Sloper Awards
- April: Mid-America Comic Convention (Holiday Inn North, Cincinnati, Ohio) — 2nd annual show
- April 23–25: Marvel-Con '76 (Hotel Commodore, New York) — 2nd annual show; guests include Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, Roy Thomas, and John Buscema
- April 30–May 2: Underground '76 (Pauley Ballroom, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California) — another iteration of Berkeleycon (first held in 1973), organized by Clay Geerdes/Comix World
- June 11–14: D-Con (Sheraton Hotel, Dallas, Texas)
- Summer: Atlanta Fantasy Fair (Marriott Downtown, Atlanta, Georgia) — official guests include Frank Brunner, Steve Gerber, Dick Giordano, and Kenneth Smith
- July: Omnicon (Convention Center Ramada Inn, Louisville, Kentucky) — produced by Don Rosa and James Van Hise; guests include Frank Brunner, DeForest Kelley, and Michael Kaluta
- July 2–6: Comic Art Convention (McAlpin Hotel, 34th Street and Broadway, New York City)
- July 2–4: Konvention of Alternative Komix (Birmingham, England) — underground comix convention produced by the Birmingham Arts Lab; guests include Chris Welch, Steve Bell, Bryan Talbot, Mike Higgs, Suzy Varty, and Hunt Emerson
- July 21–25: San Diego Comic-Con (El Cortez Hotel, San Diego, California) — 3,000+ attendees, special guests include Sergio Aragonés, Mel Blanc, Milton Caniff, Rick Griffin, Dale Messick, Joe Shuster, Noel Sickles, Don Thompson, Maggie Thompson
- August 6–8: Chicago Comicon (Playboy Towers Hotel, Chicago, Illinois) — produced by Joe Sarno and Mike Gold. Special guests: Stan Lee, Jenette Kahn, Harvey Kurtzman, Mike Grell, and Tim Conrad
- August 21–22: Comicon '76 (British Comic Art Convention) (Regent Centre Hotel, London, England) — organized by Rob Barrow; guests include Paul Neary and Tony Weare; convention booklet features artwork by Dave Gibbons, John Bolton, Kevin O'Neill, Paul Neary, Brian Bolland, Ron Embleton, John M. Burns, Brian Lewis, Martin Asbury, Frank Hampson, John Romita, Sr., Bryan Talbot, and Hunt Emerson
- September 3–5: Spectrum Con 76 (Dunffey's Royal Coach Inn, Sugarland, Texas) — guests include Jim Steranko and Pat Boyette
- September 12: Comic Rama Con (Bergenfield/Dumont Jewish Center, Bergenfield, New Jersey) — guests include Jerry Iger
- September 18–19: OrlandoCon '76 (International Inn, Orlando, Florida) — guests include Jack Davis, Harvey Kurtzman, and Floyd Gottfredson
- October: Detroit Triple Fan Fair (Detroit, Michigan) — 11th edition of the fair; guests include Joe Kubert, John G. Fuller, and Mike Nasser
- October 1–3: Fourth Dimension Con (Kent State University, Kent, Ohio) — guests include Frederick Pohl, Will Eisner, Val Mayerik, Paul Gulacy, and Harlan Ellison
- October 22–24: Newcon '76 (Howard Johnson's 57 Hotel, Boston, Massachusetts) — guests include Jim Steranko, Michael Kaluta, Dick Giordano, Harvey Kurtzman, Gil Kane, and Carl Barks
- November 20–21: Sonjacon (Travel Lodge, Mt. Laurel, New Jersey) — two-day convention dedicated to Red Sonja, produced by Delaware Valley Comic's Art Convention; official guests include Frank Thorne, Dave Cockrum, and Gene Colan
- November 26–28: Big Comicon Creation Convention (Statler Hilton Hotel, New York City) — 4,500 attendees; official guests include Ralph Bakshi, Jenette Kahn, Michael Kaluta, Jeff Jones, Gil Kane, Steve Gerber, Nicola Cuti, Bob Smith, Alex Niño, Martin Pasko, Marv Wolfman, Jim Steranko, Howard Chaykin, Joe Staton, Jerry Iger, and Len Wein
Two British comics fans, Mike Conroy and Richard Burton, create the Eagle Awards, named after the long-running Brish comic title Eagle. The first set of awards are presented in 1977 at Comicon '77 for comics published in 1976:
- Favourite Comic Book (Dramatic): Uncanny X-Men
- Favourite Comic Magazine (Dramatic): Savage Sword of Conan
- Favourite Team: Uncanny X-Men
- Favourite Comic Book (Humor): Howard the Duck, by Steve Gerber'
- Favourite New Comic: Howard the Duck, by Steve Gerber'
- Favourite Single Comic Book Story: "Four Feathers of Death! : or Enter the Duck," Howard the Duck #3, by Steve Gerber and John Buscema'
- Favourite Continued Comic Story: Master of Kung Fu #48-51 by Doug Moench and Paul Gulacy
- Favourite Comic Book Character: Conan the Barbarian'
- Favourite Comicbook Writer: Roy Thomas
- Favourite Comics Writer (UK): Chris Claremont'
- Favourite UK Title: House of Hammer
- Roll of Honor: Stan Lee
First issues by title
DC Super Stars: mostly reprint title.
- Release: March. Editor: E. Nelson Bridwell.
Four Star Spectacular: reprint title.
- Release: March/April. Editor: E. Nelson Bridwell.
- Release: February/March. Writers: Jack Kirby, Steve Sherman, and Martin Pasko. Artists: Jack Kirby and Pablo Marcos.
- Release: November. Writer: E. Nelson Bridwell. Artists: Ric Estrada, Joe Orlando, and Vince Colletta.
- Release: Jan. Editor: Vincent Fago.
Release: June. Editor: Edizioni Altamira (Sergio Bonelli)
- Release: February by D. C. Thomson & Co. Ltd.
- Release: July by Hakusensha
Release: March.by Edizioni Cenisio (Italy).
- Doomsday + 1, with issue #6 (May) — revived in 1978 as a reprint title
- Midnight Tales, with issue #18 (May)
- 1st Issue Special, with issue #13 (April )
- Beowulf, Dragon Slayer, with issue #6 (March )
- Blitzkrieg, with issue #5 (September /October )
- The Joker, with issue #9 (September /October )
- Kong the Untamed, with issue #5 (February/March)
- Man-Bat, with issue #2 (February/March)
- Phantom Stranger vol. 2, with issue #41 (February/March)
- Plop!, with issue #24 (November /December )
- Swamp Thing, with issue #24 (August /September )
- Tarzan Family, with issue #66 (November /December )
- Tor, with issue #6 (March/April)
Gold Key Comics
- Golden Comics Digest, with issue #48 (January )
- Walt Disney Comics Digest, with issue #57 (February )
- Little Dot, with issue #164 (April )
- Little Lotta, with issue #120 (May)
- Playful Little Audrey, with issue #121 (April )
- Amazing Adventures vol. 2, with issue #39, Marvel cancels the anthology title (November )
- Astonishing Tales, with issue #36 (July)
- Chamber of Chills, with issue #25 (November )
- Jungle Action, with issue #24 (November )
- Marvel Feature vol. 2, with issue #7 (November )
- Skull the Slayer, with issue #8 (November )
- Unknown Worlds of Science Fiction, with issue #6 (Curtis Magazines, November )
Initial appearance by character name
- Ace of Spades, in The Joker #05 (February)
- Atomic Skull (Albert Michael), in Superman #303 (September)
- Black Spider, in Detective Comics #463 (September)
- Blackrock, in Action Comics #458 (April)
- Bumblebee (Karen Beecher), in Teen Titans #45 (December)
- Calculator, in Detective Comics #463 (September)
- Captain Stingaree, in Detective Comics #460 (June)
- Codename: Assassin, in 1st Issue Special #11 (February)
- Deborah Camille Darnell, in Secret Society of Super Villains #01 (May/June)
- Duela Dent, in Batman Family #06 (July/August )
- Grimbor the Chainsman, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #221 (November)
- Isis, in Isis #01 (October /November )
- Earthman, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #218 (July)
- Kobra, in Kobra #01 (February)
- Laurel Kent, in Superboy #217 (June)
- Machiste, in The Warlord #02 (March)
- Paul Kirk III in Secret Society of Super-Villains #01 (June)
- Outsiders, in 1st Issue Special #10 (January)
- Power Girl, in All Star Comics #58 (January /February)
- Ragman, in Ragman #01 (August /September )
- Revenger, in
- Starfire, in Starfire #01 (August)
- Mikaal Tomas, in 1st Issue Special #12 (March)
- Skull, in Superman #301 (July)
- Leslie Thompkins, in Detective Comics #457 (March)
- Tyroc, in Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes #216 (April)
- Wendy and Marvin, in Super Friends #1 (November)
- Amphibian, in Avengers #145 (March)
- Aron, in Captain Marvel #39 (July)
- Black Talon (Samuel Barone), in Avengers #152 (October)
- Black Tom Cassidy, in Uncanny X-Men #101 (October)
- Blizzard (Gregor Shapanka), in Iron Man #86 (May)
- Jamie Braddock, in Captain Britain Weekly #9 (September)
- Dmitri Bukharin, in Iron Man #109 (April)
- Bullseye, in Daredevil #131 (March)
- Captain Britain, in Captain Britain Weekly #1 (October 13)
- Captain Ultra, in Fantastic Four #177 (December)
- Condor, in Nova #2 (October)
- Corruptor, in Nova #4 in (December)
- Darkstar, in Champions #7 (August)
- Jean DeWolff, in Marvel Team-Up #48 (August)
- The Eternals, in The Eternals #1 (July)
- Guardsman (Michael O'Brien), in Iron Man #82 (January)
- Hellcat, in The Avengers #144 (February )
- Human Fly (Richard Deacon), in The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #10
- Hurricane (Albert Potter), in Captain Britain #3 (October 27)
- Jigsaw, in The Amazing Spider-Man #162 (November)
- Shen Kuei, in Master of Kung Fu #38 (March)
- Mirage, in The Amazing Spider-Man #156 (May)
- Lilandra Neramani, in X-Men #97 (February)
- Nova, in Nova #1 (September)
- Psylocke, in Captain Britain #8 (December)
- Rampage, in Champions #5 (April)
- Amanda Sefton, in Uncanny X-Men #98 (April)
- Star-Lord, in Marvel Preview #4 (January)
- Big Sleeping, in Il mago (April)
- Kandrax, druid by the extraordinary psychic powers, antagonist of Zagor (June)
- Kriss Boyd, by Nevio Zeccara, agent of the Galactic Security Council gifted with paranormal powers, on Il giornalino (October)
- Stefi (Stefania Morandini), by Grazia Nidasio, younger sister of Valentina Mela Verde, on Il corriere dei piccoli (October)
- Storm (Don Lawrence), in Storm
- Bloodstar. (The Morning Star Press Ltd., 1976): "BLOODSTAR is a new, revolutionary concept — a graphic novel, which combines all the imagination and visual power of comic strip art with the richness of the traditional novel."
- McAvennie, Michael (2010). "1970s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Along with artist Ric Estrada, [Gerry] Conway also introduced the DC Universe to the cousin of Earth-2's Superman, Kara Zor-L a.k.a. Power Girl.
- Daniels, Les Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics Harry N. Abrams, Inc. 1991 ISBN 0-8109-3821-9 p. 176
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 170: "For the first time since 1947, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's names were back in Superman comics, and listed as the Man of Steel's co-creators."
- "Nilus - L'esilarante antico Egitto a fumetti dei fratelli Origone". www.slumberland.it. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Dahlen, Chris (July 23, 2009). "Interview: Steve Bissette". The A.V. Club. http://www.avclub.com/articles/steve-bissette,30751/. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
- Medda, Michele (July 10, 2016). "FUORI CAMPO - il blog di Michele Medda: UN SETTIMANALE IRRIPETIBILE (2003)". FUORI CAMPO - il blog di Michele Medda. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- "Un Uomo un'Avventura - uBC "Enciclopedia online del fumetto"". www.ubcfumetti.com. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- "Colombo, la tragedia di un bighellone nella scanzonata versione di Altan". www.slumberland.it. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Grimes, Paul. "Fantasy Boom: The Profits Are Real; Fantasy Boom: $50,000 a Weekend, $2 Million a Year," New York Times (May 30, 1976).
- Skinn, Dez. "Early days of UK comics conventions and marts," Archived 2012-02-01 at the Wayback Machine DezSkinn.com. Accessed Mar. 3, 2013.
- Fratz, Doug. "TNJ Listings," The New Nostalgia Journal #28 (Aug. 1976), p. 39.
- 1/2-page ad for the fair, The Buyer's Guide to Comics Fandom #152 (October 15, 1976).
- Lopez, Rosemary. "Red Sonja, Star Of the Comics Fans," New York Times (Nov. 14, 1976).
- Grimes, Paul. "2 Collegians Get an 'A' In Comic Books," New York Times (Nov. 26, 1976),
- "Marvel Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel Team-Up #69 (May 1978).
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "In February , editor and cover artist Joe Kubert helmed Blitzkrieg #1, a unique anthology about World War II as seen through the eyes of the enemy. The first issue featured stories by writer Robert Kanigher, artist Ric Estrada, and storyteller Sam Glanzman."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 170: "Writer Paul Levitz and artist Ric Estrada kicked Karate Kid out of the Legion of Super-Heroes - and the Thirtieth century - so that he could headline his own series."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "Writer Robert Kanigher's origin of the frayed hero was pieced together into moody, coarse segments by Joe Kubert and Nestor, Frank, and Quico Redondo."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 170: "Scribe Gerry Conway and artist Pablo Marcos assembled a group of DC's most wanted for an ongoing series.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "Hanna-Barbera's animated Super Friends proved so successful that DC brought the concept full circle, adapting the show into a comic. Scribe E. Nelson Bridwell and artist Ric Estrada crafted the inaugural issue."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 169: "Writer/artist Mike Grell returned to Skartaris, the land of eternal light, and unveiled the first of the Warlord's exploits in his own series."
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "The first issue [was] written by Elliot S! Maggin with spot-on likenesses rendered by Jack Sparling."
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 175. ISBN 978-0756641238.
Jack Kirby's most important creation for Marvel during his return in the 1970s was his epic series The Eternals.
- Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 174 "[Steve] Gerber and artist Frank Brunner quickly brought Howard back...in his own comic book."
- Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 176: "Seeking to create a new teenage Marvel super hero in the tradition of Spider-Man, writer Marv Wolfman and artist John Buscema presented Richard Rider, alias Nova."
- Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 175: "In March , a new super hero series began called Omega the Unknown, created by writers Steve Gerber and Mary Skrenes and artist Jim Mooney. The title character was an alien humanoid, who rarely spoke and served as protector to an eerily precocious young boy."
- Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 177: "Spider-Man already starred in two monthly series: The Amazing Spider-Man and Marvel Team-Up. Now Marvel added a third, Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man, initially written by Gerry Conway with art by Sal Buscema and Mike Esposito."
- Englehart, Steve (n.d.). "Star-Lord". SteveEnglehart.com. Archived from the original on August 24, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- "Big Sleeping, fumetto umoristico-noir di Daniele Panebarco". www.slumberland.it. Retrieved 2019-05-16.
- "uBC". www.ubcfumetti.com. Retrieved 2019-05-16.