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- January – Sega releases Heavyweight Champ, the first video game to feature hand-to-hand fighting. It uses controls that simulate throwing actual punches.
- February – Sega releases Road Race, a racing video game that introduces pseudo-3D, forward-scrolling, third-person graphics.
- April – Taito releases Speed Race Twin, a sequel to Speed Race that allows simultaneous two-player competitive dual-screen gameplay and uses colour graphics.
- April – Atari releases Breakout, whose prototype was designed by Apple Computer cofounders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, to video arcades.
- August – Sega releases Man T.T., also known as Moto-Cross, an early motorbike racing game, using a pseudo-3D, forward-scrolling, third-person perspective, similar to Road Race. It also introduces haptic feedback, causing the handlebars to vibrate during collisions. Sega-Gremlin re-brands it as Fonz.
- October – Atari releases Night Driver, a first-person perspective racing video game.
- October – Gremlin releases Blockade, the first of what become known as snake games.
- Exidy releases Death Race, a racing game based on the film Death Race 2000, to video arcades. The game sparks a public outcry over violence in video games, and is banned in many areas.
- While working at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab, Don Woods discovers and expands Will Crowther's Adventure. Later in the year, James Gillogly ports Woods's version of the interactive fiction title from Fortran to the C programming language for Unix-based computers.
- ^ a b Thomas, Donald A. Jr (2005). "–1976–". ICWhen.com. Archived from the original (shtml) on 2008-02-12. Retrieved 18 February 2006.
- ^ TV Games Probed, Reading Eagle (December 21, 1976)
- ^ http://www.gamefaqs.com/arcade/567840-heavyweight-champ/data
- ^ a b Spencer, Spanner, The Tao of Beat-'em-ups, EuroGamer, Feb 6 2008, Accessed Feb 23, 2009
- ^ Ashcraft, Brian, (2008) Arcade Mania! The Turbo-Charged World of Japan's Game Centers, (Kodansha International), p. 94
- ^ Nadia Oxford, 20 Years of Street Fighter, 1UP.com, 12/11/2007
- ^ http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=road-race&page=detail&id=14493
- ^ a b Road Race at the Killer List of Videogames
- ^ http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=speed-race-twin&page=detail&id=19477
- ^ Speed Race Twin at the Killer List of Videogames
- ^ http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=man-t.t.&page=detail&id=26084
- ^ Moto-Cross at the Killer List of Videogames
- ^ Mark J. P. Wolf (2008), The video game explosion: a history from PONG to PlayStation and beyond, p. 39, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 0-313-33868-X
- ^ Fonz at the Killer List of Videogames
- ^ http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=night-driver-upright-model&page=detail&id=26054
- ^ Gonzalez, Lauren. "When Two Tribes Go to War: A History of Video Game Controversy / The Major Offenders". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2007-07-17. Retrieved 18 February 2006.
- ^ Adams, Rick. "A history of 'Adventure'". The Colossal Cave Adventure page. Retrieved 17 February 2006.
- ^ "Fairchild Video Entertainment System/Channel F". ClassicGaming.com. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 18 February 2006.
- ^ Winter, David (2006). "Coleco Telstar". PONG-Story. Archived from the original on 2 March 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2006.
- ^ Hansen, Dale (2002). "1292 Advanced Programmable Video System FAQ version APVS.01". Archived from the original (text) on 2010-05-13. Retrieved 18 February 2006.