|Relegated||FC Vorwärts FrankfurtBSG Wismut Gera|
|European Cup||Dynamo Dresden|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||1. FC Magdeburg|
|UEFA Cup||Berliner FC Dynamo1. FC Lokomotive LeipzigFC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|Goals scored||528 (2.9 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Klaus Havenstein (15)|
Klaus Havenstein of BSG Chemie Böhlen was the league's top scorer with 15 goals, while Jürgen Croy of BSG Sachsenring Zwickau won the seasons East German Footballer of the year award for a record third time.
On the strength of the 1977–78 title Dresden qualified for the 1978–79 European Cup where the club was knocked out by FK Austria Wien in the quarter finals. Second-placed club 1. FC Magdeburg qualified for the 1978–79 European Cup Winners' Cup as the seasons FDGB-Pokal winners and was knocked out by Baník Ostrava in the quarter finals. For the first time three East German clubs qualified for the 1978–79 UEFA Cup with third-placed Berliner FC Dynamo being knocked out in the first round by Red Star Belgrade while fourth-placed 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig lost to Arsenal, also in the first round and fifth-placed FC Carl Zeiss Jena was defeated by MSV Duisburg in the second round.
|2||1. FC Magdeburg||26||16||6||4||52||17||+35||38|
|3||Berliner FC Dynamo||26||14||7||5||54||25||+29||35|
|4||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||13||6||7||57||34||+23||32|
|5||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||26||13||5||8||53||32||+21||31|
|6||Hallescher FC Chemie||26||11||8||7||44||34||+10||30|
|8||1. FC Union Berlin||26||9||6||11||27||36||-9||24|
|9||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt||26||7||9||10||23||35||-12||23|
|10||BSG Sachsenring Zwickau||26||8||7||11||22||45||-23||23|
|11||BSG Wismut Aue||26||8||6||12||22||47||-25||22|
|12||BSG Chemie Böhlen||26||6||8||12||34||51||-17||20|
|13||FC Vorwärts Frankfurt||26||3||9||14||19||35||-16||15|
|14||BSG Wismut Gera||26||1||4||21||17||75||-58||6|
|League champion &Qualified for the European Cup||FDGB-Pokal winners & Qualified for the European Cup Winners' Cup||Qualified for the UEFA Cup||Relegated to DDR-Liga|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 92
- "European Competitions 1978-79". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Oberliga 1977–78". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German) Historic German league tables