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1977 European Cup Final

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1977 European Cup Final
1977 European Cup final logo.jpg
Match programme cover
Event 1976–77 European Cup
Date 25 May 1977
Venue Stadio Olimpico, Rome
Referee Robert Wurtz (France)
Attendance 52,078

The 1977 European Cup Final was an association football match between Liverpool of England and Borussia Mönchengladbach of Germany on 25 May 1977 at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy (the venue was decided in Bern by the UEFA Executive Committee on 17 September 1976).[1] The showpiece event was the final match of the 1976–77 season of Europe's premier cup competition, the European Cup. Both teams were appearing in their first European Cup final, although the two sides had previously met in the 1973 UEFA Cup Final, which Liverpool won 3–2 on aggregate over two legs.

Each club needed to progress through four rounds to reach the final. Matches were contested over two legs, with a match at each team's home ground. Liverpool's victories varied from close affairs to comfortable victories. They beat the previous season's runners-up Saint-Étienne by a single goal over two legs, while they defeated FC Zürich 6–1 on aggregate in the semi-final. Borussia Mönchengladbach's route to the final was more difficult; all but one of their ties were won by a margin of just one goal.

Watched by a crowd of 57,000, Liverpool took an early lead through Terry McDermott, but Allan Simonsen equalised for Mönchengladbach early in the second half. Liverpool regained the lead midway through the second half with a goal from Tommy Smith, and Phil Neal ensured Liverpool won the match 3–1 to secure their first European Cup. The victory was a year after they had won the UEFA Cup, which meant that Bob Paisley became the first manager to win the UEFA Cup and European Cup in successive seasons.

Route to the final[edit]


Round Opposition First leg Second leg Aggregate score
1st Crusaders 2–0 (h) 5–0 (a) 7–0
2nd Trabzonspor 0–1 (a) 3–0 (h) 3–1
Quarter-final Saint-Étienne 0–1 (a) 3–1 (h) 3–2
Semi-final FC Zürich 3–1 (a) 3–0 (h) 6–1

Liverpool were the reigning UEFA Cup champions, they had beaten Belgian team Club Brugge 4–3 on aggregate to win the 1975–76 UEFA Cup.[2] Liverpool entered the competition as English champions having won the 1975–76 Football League First Division.[3] They were drawn against the Northern Irish champions Crusaders in the first round. The first leg was a home tie at Anfield, which Liverpool won 2–0 courtesy of a Phil Neal penalty and a John Toshack goal. The second leg away at Seaview, was won 5–0 by Liverpool. Four of the goals were scored within nine minutes of the end of the match, to make the scoreline seem more one-sided than the match actually was.[4] Liverpool won the tie 7–0 and were drawn against Turkish champions Trabzonspor in the second round. The first leg was played in Turkey at Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium. Liverpool's plan was to try to avoid defeat, however that plan failed when Trabzonsor were awarded a penalty midway through the second half. Trabzonspor converted the subsequent penalty and won the match 1–0. Liverpool recovered in the second leg at Anfield. Three goals early in the first half meant they won the match 3–0 to win the tie 3–1 on aggregate and progress to the quarter-finals.[5]

Liverpool's opponents in the quarter-finals were the previous year's beaten finalists Saint-Étienne of France. The first leg was at the Stade Geoffroy-Guichard. As in the previous round Liverpool lost the away leg 1–0. The return leg at Anfield is considered one of Liverpool's most memorable European matches.[6] Liverpool scored in the second minute of the match through Kevin Keegan to level the tie. Early in the second half Saint-Étienne equalised through Dominique Bathenay. The goal meant that the tie was 2–1 in the French team's favour and due to the away goals rule, Liverpool needed to score two goals to progress to the semi-finals. Liverpool scored again midway through the second half to make the score 2–2 on aggregate. With 18 minutes remaining David Fairclough replaced John Toshack. After 12 minutes on the pitch, the "supersub" had struck... again. Liverpool went on to win the match 3–1 and the tie 3–2 to progress to the semi-finals.[7] Liverpool's opponents in the semi-finals were Swiss champions FC Zürich. The first leg at the Letzigrund was won 3–1 by Liverpool, after they had initially gone a goal behind. Liverpool won the second leg at Anfield 3–0 to win the tie 6–1 on aggregate and ensure their participation in the final.[8]

Borussia Mönchengladbach[edit]

Round Opposition First leg Second leg Aggregate score
1st Austria Vienna 0–1 (a) 3–0 (h) 3–1
2nd Torino 2–1 (a) 0–0 (h) 2–1
Quarter-final Club Brugge 2–2 (h) 1–0 (a) 3–2
Semi-final Dynamo Kyiv 0–1 (a) 2–0 (h) 2–1

Borussia gained entry to the competition as a result of winning the 1975–76 Fußball-Bundesliga.[9] Their opposition in the first round were Austrian champions Austria Vienna. The away leg at the Franz Horr Stadium ended in a 1–0 defeat for Borussia. The return leg at the Bökelbergstadion saw Borussia win 3–0 courtesy of goals from Uli Stielike, Rainer Bonhof and Jupp Heynckes. A 3–1 aggregate victory meant that Borussia would face Italian champions Torino in the second round.[10] Borussia won the first leg away from home at the Stadio Olimpico di Torino 2–1. The second leg finished 0–0, which was enough for Borussia to progress to the quarter-finals courtesy of a 2–1 aggregate victory.[10]

Borussia's oppostition in the quarter-finals was Belgian champions Club Brugge. The first leg at the Bökelbergstadion saw Borussia concede two goals in the first half. However, they scored two goals in the second half courtesy of Christian Kulik and Allan Simonsen to secure a 2–2 draw. Despite this, Club Brugge had the advantage due to them having two away goals. Borussia knew that they had to score in the second leg at the Jan Breydel Stadium to have any chance of progressing to the semi-finals. The first half was goalless, and with six minutes of the second half remaining Wilfried Hannes scored the goal Borussia needed. The match finished 1–0 and a 3–2 aggregate victory meant they progressed to the semi-finals.[10] Their opposition were Soviet champions Dynamo Kyiv. The first leg at the Central Stadium was won 1–0 by Dynamo. Borussia again needed to score to stay in the competition. Midway through the second half, Rainer Bonhof scored to make the tie 1–1 on aggregate. With eight minutes remaining and the tie heading for extra time, Hans-Jürgen Wittkamp scored to give Borussia a two-goal lead. The score remained the same and Borussia progressed to their first European Cup final with a 2–1 aggregate victory.[10]



The 1977 final was the first time Liverpool and Borussia Mönchengladbach had reached the showpiece match. The clubs had faced each other before in the final of a European competition; the 1973 UEFA Cup Final. A match which Liverpool won 3–2 on aggregate.[11] Despite this being both clubs first European Cup final they had both won European competitions. In addition to their UEFA Cup victory over Borussia, Liverpool had won the previous season's UEFA Cup, beating Club Brugge 4–3 on aggregate.[12] Borussia were successful in the 1974–75 UEFA Cup; they beat FC Twente of the Netherlands 5–1 on aggregate.[13]

Liverpool entered the match as English champions; they had won the 1976–77 Football League for a record tenth time by a single point from Manchester City and Ipswich Town.[14] Liverpool had also progressed to the final of the 1976–77 FA Cup against Manchester United. Liverpool had the opportunity to win an unprecedented Treble of League, FA Cup and European Cup. However, it was not to be as Liverpool lost the FA Cup final 2–1.[15] Borussia entered the match as German champions; they had won the 1976–77 Fußball-Bundesliga by a single point from Schalke and Eintracht Braunschweig.[16] Borussia were aiming to become the second German team to win the European Cup after Bayern Munich had won the three previous finals.[17]

The first chance of the match was for Borussia; Rainer Bonhof saw his shot come back off the post. In the 24th minute, Borussia player Herbert Wimmer suffered an injury and had to be replaced by Christian Kulik.[18] Three minutes later Ian Callaghan won the ball in midfield and passed to Steve Heighway on the right wing. Heighway cut inside from a wing and passed into space for Terry McDermott who scored the opening goal of the match.[19] Borussia began to exert more of an influence on the game after Liverpool's goal, however they were unable to equalise before the end of the first half.[19]

Seven minutes after the restart Borussia had equalised. A stray Jimmy Case pass was picked up by Allan Simonsen, who advanced towards goal and scored to level the match at 1–1. Moments later, Liverpool thought they had won a penalty when Kevin Keegan seemed to have been brought down by Berti Vogts, however the referee waved play on.[18] Five minutes after their goal, Simonsen crossed the ball from the wing, it was met by Uli Stielike whose shot was saved by Liverpool goalkeeper Ray Clemence.[18] Two minutes later Liverpool regained the lead. They won a corner on the left side of the pitch, Heighway delivered the ball into the penalty area, which was met at the near post by Tommy Smith to give Liverpool a 2–1 lead in what was his 600th appearance for the club.[20] Soon afterwards Bonhof appeared to have brought Heighway down in the penalty area, but the referee again waved play on.[19] However, in the 82nd minute Liverpool were awarded a penalty when Vogts brought Kevin Keegan down. Phil Neal scored the subsequent penalty to give Liverpool a 3–1 lead.[21] No further goals were scored and Liverpool won their first European Cup.


Liverpool England 3–1 West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
McDermott Goal 28'
Smith Goal 64'
Neal Goal 82' (pen.)
Report Simonsen Goal 52'
Attendance: 52,078[10]
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)
Borussia Mönchengladbach[22]
GK 1 England Ray Clemence
RB 2 England Phil Neal
LB 3 Wales Joey Jones
CB 4 England Tommy Smith
LM 5 England Ray Kennedy
CB 6 England Emlyn Hughes (c)
CF 7 England Kevin Keegan
CM 8 England Jimmy Case
CF 9 Republic of Ireland Steve Heighway
RM 10 England Ian Callaghan
CM 11 England Terry McDermott
GK 12 England Peter McDonnell
FW 13 England David Fairclough
FW 14 England David Johnson
MF 15 England Alan Waddle
DF 16 England Alec Lindsay
England Bob Paisley
Liverpool vs Borussia Mönchengladbach 1977-05-25.svg
GK 1 West Germany Wolfgang Kneib
CB 2 West Germany Berti Vogts (c)
CB 3 West Germany Hans Klinkhammer
SW 4 West Germany Hans-Jürgen Wittkamp
RM 5 West Germany Rainer Bonhof
CM 6 West Germany Horst Wohlers Substituted off 79'
CF 7 Denmark Allan Simonsen
LM 8 West Germany Herbert Wimmer Substituted off 24'
CM 9 West Germany Uli Stielike Yellow card 86'
DM 10 West Germany Frank Schäffer
CF 11 West Germany Jupp Heynckes
GK West Germany Wolfgang Kleff
MF 15 West Germany Wilfried Hannes Substituted in 79'
MF 12 West Germany Christian Kulik Substituted in 24'
FW West Germany Kalle Del'Haye
FW West Germany Herbert Heidenreich
West Germany Udo Lattek


  1. ^
  2. ^ "UEFA Cup won for second time". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 19 December 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Felton, Paul (22 July 2001). "England 1975–76". Rec. Sport. Soccer. Statistics. Foundation. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Hale & Ponting (1992, p. 108)
  5. ^ Kelly (1988, p. 119)
  6. ^ Hale & Ponting (1992, p. 109)
  7. ^ Kelly (1988, p. 120)
  8. ^ Liversedge (1991, p. 184)
  9. ^ "Archive 1975/76". Deutscher Fussball–Bund (DFB). 6 September 2000. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Zea, Antonio; Haisma, Marcel (9 January 2008). "European Champions' Cup". Rec. Sport. Soccer. Statistics. Foundation. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "1972/73: Reds reach European goal". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "1975/76: Keegan lifts Liverpool again". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  13. ^ "1974/75: Heynckes gives Weisweiler perfect send-off". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Kelly (1988, p. 184)
  15. ^ "Liverpool find demands of treble too great". Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  16. ^ "Tabelle Round 34" (in German). Deutscher Fussball-Bund. 20 November 2000. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  17. ^ Stokkermans, Karel (2 June 2010). "European Champions' Cup". Rec. Sports. Soccer. Statistics. Foundation. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c Liversedge (1991, p. 185)
  19. ^ a b c Kelly (1988, p. 125)
  20. ^ Liversedge (1991, p. 186)
  21. ^ Graham (1985, p. 101)
  22. ^ a b Wilson (2008, p. 281)


  • Graham, Matthew (1985). Liverpool. Hamlyn Publishing Group. ISBN 0-600-50254-6. 
  • Hale, Steve; Ponting, Ivan (1992). Liverpool in Europe. London: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-569-7. 
  • Kelly, Stephen F. (1988). You'll Never Walk Alone. London: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 0-356-19594-5. 
  • Liversedge, Stan (1991). Liverpool: The Official Centenary History. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group. ISBN 0-600-57308-7. 
  • Wilson, Jonathan (2008). Inverting the Pyramid: The History of Football Tactics. Orion. ISBN 978-1-4091-0204-5. 

External links[edit]