1977 Open Championship

Coordinates: 55°18′58″N 4°49′55″W / 55.316°N 4.832°W / 55.316; -4.832
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1977 Open Championship
Tournament information
Dates6–9 July 1977
LocationAyrshire, Scotland
Course(s)Ailsa Course, Turnberry
Tour(s)European Tour
PGA Tour
Statistics
Par70[1]
Length6,875 yards (6,286 m)[1]
Field156 players
87 after 1st cut
64 after 2nd cut[1]
Cut150 (+10) (1st cut)
221 (+11) (2nd cut)[1]
Prize fund£100,000[1]
$170,000
Winner's share£10,000
$17,000
Champion
United States Tom Watson
268 (−12)
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 Turnberry is located in Scotland
 Turnberry
 Turnberry
Turnberry is located in South Ayrshire
Turnberry
Turnberry

The 1977 Open Championship was the 106th Open Championship, held 6–9 July on the Ailsa Course at Turnberry, Scotland. Tom Watson won the second of his five Open titles by one stroke over runner-up Jack Nicklaus.[2] The two played together in the final two rounds and had separated themselves from the field under clear skies, leading this Open to be remembered as the "Duel in the Sun." This was the first Open held at Turnberry, which renamed its 18th hole after the duel.[3][4] Three months earlier, Watson had held off Nicklaus to win his first green jacket at the Masters.

In the second round, Mark Hayes rebounded from his opening 76 (+6) with 63 to establish a new single round record at The Open Championship by two strokes. The previous record of 65 was set by Henry Cotton in the second round in 1934 at Royal St. George's and later equaled by nine others.[5][6] Lightning briefly interrupted play in the third round on Friday.[7]

Americans dominated the final leaderboard, filling the top eight spots and eleven of the first twelve.[8][9] The first page of the leaderboard was loaded with future members of the World Golf Hall of Fame.

The leader after 36 holes, Roger Maltbie, finished with 80 for 289 (+9), in a tie for 26th place.

The previous year, Watson was defending champion, but missed the 54-hole cut after an 80 in the third round, while Nicklaus finished in a tie for second.

Duel in the Sun[edit]

Watson's victory is considered by many to be the finest tournament played in the latter half of the 20th century. After two rounds, he and Nicklaus were one shot out of the lead, in a four-way tie for second, and were paired for the third round on Friday.[6] Both shot five-under 65 for 203 (−7), three shots clear of Ben Crenshaw and six ahead of the remainder of the field after 54 holes.[10][11][12]

Paired again for the final round on Saturday afternoon, Nicklaus birdied twice and was up by three strokes after four holes. Watson birdied three of the next four to pull even at two-under for the round, then bogeyed the ninth hole to fall one back at the turn. Nicklaus birdied the 12th hole to go two strokes ahead, then Watson birdied 13 and the par-3 15th, rolling in a putt from off the green to even up the round at three-under.[13]

After halving the 16th with pars, it was on to the reachable par-5 17th, where Nicklaus missed the green to the right but chipped his third to four feet (1.2 m) from the cup. Watson missed an eagle putt and tapped in for birdie, but then Nicklaus two-putted for par to go a stroke down with one hole remaining. On the 18th tee, Watson drove to an ideal position in the fairway, but Nicklaus went right and into the rough. Watson's 7-iron approach stopped pin-high and two feet left of the flag, and with Nicklaus in trouble, appeared to seal the victory. But Nicklaus slashed his 8-iron recovery onto the front of the green and sank his 35-foot (11 m) putt for a remarkable birdie and a bogey-free 66. Now needing a seventh birdie of the round to avoid an 18-hole playoff, Watson sank the two-footer for his second straight 65, second Open, and third major title. With birdies on four of the final six holes, his total of 268 was eight strokes better than the previous best score in the Open.[3][4]

Watson and Nicklaus finished well ahead of the other challengers, and shot the same score every day, except on Saturday. The third place finisher, reigning U.S. Open champion Hubert Green, shot a final round 67 and was a distant ten strokes behind Nicklaus, who won his third Open (and third career grand slam) the following year at St. Andrews.[13]

Course[edit]

Ailsa Course

Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Ailsa Craig 355 4 10 Dinna Fouter 452 4
2 Mak Siccar 428 4 11 Maidens 177 3
3 Blaw Wearie 462 4 12 Monument 391 4
4 Woe-Be-Tide 167 3 13 Tickly Tap 411 4
5 Fin Me Oot 411 4 14 Risk-An-Hope 440 4
6 Tappie Toorie 222 3 15 Ca' Canny 209 3
7 Roon The Ben 528 5 16 Wee Burn 409 4
8 Goat Fell 427 4 17 Lang Whang 500 5
9 Bruce's Castle 455 4 18 Ailsa Hame ^ 431 4
Out 3,455 35 In 3,420 35
Source:[14] Total 6,875 70

^ The 18th hole was renamed "Duel in the Sun" in 2003.

Round summaries[edit]

First round[edit]

Wednesday, 6 July 1977

Place Player Score To par
1 United States John Schroeder 66 −4
2 England Martin Foster 67 −3
T3 United States Jack Nicklaus 68 −2
United States Lee Trevino
United States Tom Watson
T6 Spain Seve Ballesteros 69 −1
United States Gaylord Burrows
United States Johnny Miller
T9 United States George Burns 70 E
United States Raymond Floyd
England Tommy Horton
Taiwan Hsu Chi-san
United States Hale Irwin
Australia Ian Stanley

Source:[15]

Second round[edit]

Thursday, 7 July 1977

Place Player Score To par
1 United States Roger Maltbie 71-66=137 −3
T2 United States Hubert Green 72-66=138 −2
United States Jack Nicklaus 68-70=138
United States Lee Trevino 68-70=138
United States Tom Watson 68-70=138
T6 England Peter Butler 71-68=139 −1
United States Mark Hayes 76-63=139
T8 Spain Seve Ballesteros 69-71=140 E
United States George Burns 70-70=140
England Howard Clark 72-68=140
United States Ben Crenshaw 71-69=140
Taiwan Hsu Chi-san 70-70=140
United States John Schroeder 66-74=140

Source:[6][16]
Amateurs: Garner (+13), McEvoy (+13), Powell (+13), Carrick (+15), Lyle (+15), Pierse (+16), Wilson (+16), Cosh (+21), Chapman (+25).

Third round[edit]

Friday, 8 July 1977

Place Player Score To par
T1 United States Jack Nicklaus 68-70-65=203 −7
United States Tom Watson 68-70-65=203
3 United States Ben Crenshaw 71-69-66=206 −4
T4 England Tommy Horton 70-74-65=209 −1
United States Gaylord Burrows 69-72-68=209
United States Roger Maltbie 71-66-72=209
T7 United States Johnny Miller 69-74-67=210 E
United States Lee Trevino 68-70-72=210
T9 United States Raymond Floyd 70-73-68=211 +1
United States Mark Hayes 76-63-72=211

Source:[10][11]

Final round[edit]

Saturday, 9 July 1977

Place Player Score To par Money (£)
1 United States Tom Watson 68-70-65-65=268 −12 10,000
2 United States Jack Nicklaus 68-70-65-66=269 −11 8,000
3 United States Hubert Green 72-66-74-67=279 −1 6,000
4 United States Lee Trevino 68-70-72-70=280 E 5,000
T5 United States George Burns 70-70-72-69=281 +1 4,250
United States Ben Crenshaw 71-69-66-75=281
7 United States Arnold Palmer 73-73-67-69=282 +2 3,750
8 United States Raymond Floyd 70-73-68-72=283 +3 3,500
T9 United States John Schroeder 66-74-73-71=284 +4 2,875
United States Mark Hayes 76-63-72-73=284
United States Johnny Miller 69-74-67-74=284
England Tommy Horton 70-74-65-75=284

Source:[8][17]

Scorecard[edit]

Final round

Hole   1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11  12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Par 4 4 4 3 4 3 5 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 5 4
United States Watson −7 −6 −6 −6 −7 −7 −8 −9 −8 −8 −8 −8 −9 −9 −10 −10 −11 −12
United States Nicklaus −7 −8 −8 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −9 −10 −10 −10 −10 −10 −10 −11
United States Green +2 +1 +1 +1 E E E E −1 −1 −1 −1 E E E E −1 −1

Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par

Birdie Bogey

Source:[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. pp. 59, 203. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  2. ^ Jenkins, Dan (18 July 1977). "A braw brawl for Tom and Jack". Sports Illustrated. p. 28.
  3. ^ a b Deford, Frank (14 July 1986). "The best against the best". Sports Illustrated. p. 58.
  4. ^ a b Garrity, John (28 July 2008). "The Duel in the Sun: Watson vs. Nicklaus at Turnberry in 1977". Golf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Hayes' 63 an Open record". Glasgow Herald. 8 July 1977. p. 24.
  6. ^ a b c "Hayes shoots Open record". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. 8 July 1977. p. 19.
  7. ^ Ritche, Murray (9 July 1977). "Lee Trevino relives his nightmare as lightning storm sweeps Open". Glasgow Herald. p. 1.
  8. ^ a b "1977 Open Championship results". databasegolf.com. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Jack's best shot not good enough". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). (wire services). 10 July 1977. p. 1B.
  10. ^ a b "Classic duel set in British Open". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 9 July 1977. p. 33.
  11. ^ a b Jacobs, Raymond (9 July 1977). "Nicklaus, Watson in a two-man tussle". Glasgow Herald. p. 16.
  12. ^ "Battle of Britain: Nicklaus vs. Watson". Chicago Tribune. wire services. 9 July 1977. p. 1, sec. 2.
  13. ^ a b "Tom Watson wins; Jack Nicklaus' best one stroke short". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. 10 July 1977. p. D1.
  14. ^ "British Open bywords: 'lang whang, tickly tap'". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. 6 July 1977. p. 2, sec. 4.
  15. ^ "Longshot U.K. Open leader blasts 'star' system". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. 7 July 1977. p. 23.
  16. ^ Jacobs, Raymond (8 July 1977). "An All-American drive for Open". Glasgow Herald. p. 24.
  17. ^ "How they finished". Glasgow Herald. 11 July 1977. p. 20.

External links[edit]

55°18′58″N 4°49′55″W / 55.316°N 4.832°W / 55.316; -4.832