1977 South African Grand Prix
|Race 3 of 17 in the 1977 Formula One season|
|Date||5 March 1977|
|Official name||XXIII South African Grand Prix|
Transvaal Province, South Africa
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.104 km (2.550 mi)|
|Distance||78 laps, 320.112 km (198.908 mi)|
|Driver||John Watson||Brabham-Alfa Romeo|
|Time||1:17.63 on lap 7|
The 1977 South African Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Kyalami on 5 March 1977. The race is principally remembered for the accident that resulted in the deaths of race marshal Frederick Jansen van Vuuren and driver Tom Pryce. It was also the last race for Carlos Pace, who was killed in an aircraft accident less than two weeks later.
James Hunt continued his streak of pole positions, with Carlos Pace alongside and Niki Lauda next. Hunt led off at the start, with Lauda and local driver Jody Scheckter following him after Pace struggled. The order stayed put until the seventh lap when Lauda took the lead and was never passed again, with Scheckter taking second from Hunt 11 laps later.
During lap 22, two marshals ran onto the track after the Shadow of Renzo Zorzi suffered engine failure. The second marshal, Fredrik Jansen van Vuuren, was hit by the car of Tom Pryce and killed instantly by the collision; the fire extinguisher he was holding flew from his hands and hit Pryce in the face, killing and nearly decapitating him.
The race continued, however, and Lauda won, his first victory since his near-fatal crash at the 1976 German Grand Prix the previous year. South African Scheckter was second, and Patrick Depailler's six-wheeler took third from Hunt in the closing laps.
The eventual race winner was Austrian Niki Lauda, his first win since his near fatal accident during the 1976 German Grand Prix. At first he announced it was the greatest victory of his career, but when told on the victory podium of Pryce's death, he said that "there was no joy after that".
On lap 22, the Shadow-Ford of Italian driver Renzo Zorzi retired from the race with engine failure and moved off the track on the left side. Moments after the car came to a halt on a blind brow, the engine caught fire. Reacting to the emergency, two fire marshals carrying fire extinguishers ran across the track to put out the blaze as the race continued. As they did so, Pryce, in the other Shadow car, and Hans-Joachim Stuck, driving a March-Ford, crested the rise. Stuck's leading car swerved, narrowly missing the first marshal, but Pryce, who was unsighted behind the German, had no time to react before hitting the second marshal, Frederick Jansen van Vuuren, who was killed instantly.
At the moment of impact of the car with the marshal, the fire extinguisher that Jansen van Vuuren had been holding hit Pryce's head, killing him instantly and nearly decapitating him. The Shadow then continued down the main straight at speed with Pryce's body still seated behind the wheel. The car finally left the track at the first corner, taking the Ligier of Jacques Laffite out of the race in the process. The incident was filmed by a broadcast crew covering the race.
Lauda's Ferrari was barely able to finish the race after his car had picked up part of the wreckage from Pryce's accident in the underside of its monocoque. This damaged the car's water system and at the end of the race, the team found that only a third of the usual twelve liters of water remained in the system. Both the warnings for oil pressure and water temperature had been flashing at Lauda for the final 25 laps, in the car which he later described as 'completely gone'.
Jansen van Vuuren's injuries were so severe that, initially, his body was only identified after the race director had summoned all of the race marshals and Van Vuuren was not among them.
The sport reacted with sorrow at the loss of two young men. Tyrrell mechanic Trevor Foster viewed the incident from a distance, later recalling
|“||I can remember quite vividly [Pryce's] teammate's car had already pulled off to the side of the track and it had started a small fire. Then the next thing I can remember is seeing Tom's car coming down the straight. I can almost remember now a momentary lift of the throttle much earlier than you would have expected and I looked and I saw something fly up from the car, which tragically turned out to be the marshal.||”|
David Tremayne, a veteran biographer and motor sports journalist, recalled the feelings of disbelief and horror following the aftermath of the incident;
|“||The tragedy itself – the sheer randomness of it – is so hard to take and still is. You tend to focus your anger on someone and for a long time it would be focused on a 19-year-old kid, called Jansen van Vuuren, who ran across the track.||”|
The event was included in the motor racing film The Quick and the Dead.
|2||20||Jody Scheckter||Wolf-Ford||78||+ 5.2||5||6|
|3||4||Patrick Depailler||Tyrrell-Ford||78||+ 5.7||4||4|
|4||1||James Hunt||McLaren-Ford||78||+ 9.5||1||3|
|5||2||Jochen Mass||McLaren-Ford||78||+ 19.9||13||2|
|6||7||John Watson||Brabham-Alfa Romeo||78||+ 20.2||11||1|
|7||19||Vittorio Brambilla||Surtees-Ford||78||+ 23.6||14|
|8||12||Carlos Reutemann||Ferrari||78||+ 26.7||8|
|9||22||Clay Regazzoni||Ensign-Ford||78||+ 46.2||16|
|10||28||Emerson Fittipaldi||Fittipaldi-Ford||78||+ 1:11.7||9|
|11||18||Hans Binder||Surtees-Ford||77||+ 1 Lap||19|
|12||6||Gunnar Nilsson||Lotus-Ford||77||+ 1 Lap||10|
|13||8||Carlos Pace||Brabham-Alfa Romeo||76||+ 2 Laps||2|
|14||30||Brett Lunger||March-Ford||76||+ 2 Laps||23|
|15||14||Larry Perkins||BRM||73||+ 5 Laps||22|
|Ret||16||Tom Pryce||Shadow-Ford||22||Fatal Accident||15|
|Ret||17||Renzo Zorzi||Shadow-Ford||21||Fuel Leak||20|
|Ret||3||Ronnie Peterson||Tyrrell-Ford||5||Fuel System||7|
Championship standings after the race
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
- Tremayne, David (2006). The Lost Generation: The Brilliant but Tragic Lives of Rising British F1 Stars Roger Williamson, Tony Brise and Tom Pryce. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 239. ISBN 1-84425-205-1.
- "Formula 1: List of Deaths". F1 Complete. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009.
- Hutchinson, Jeff (1977). Autosport. Haymarket. p. 12.
- "North East Wales Sport – quotes". BBC. 24 March 2006. Archived from the original on 3 January 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "1977 South African Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
1977 Brazilian Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1977 United States Grand Prix West
1976 South African Grand Prix
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1978 South African Grand Prix