1977 in Bangladesh

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1977
in
Bangladesh

Centuries:
Decades:
See also:Other events of 1977
List of years in Bangladesh

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

The year 1977 was the 6th year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was also the first year of the Government of Ziaur Rahman. In this year while the new President had to deal with a number of mutiny and overthrow attempts, he also managed to consolidate his power through a referendum, and promoted a nineteen-point political and economic program focusing on population control, food security, education and rural development.[1]

Incumbents[edit]

President Ziaur Rahman
Ziaur
Rahman

Demography[edit]

Demographic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1977[2]
Population, total 74,925,896
Population density (per sq. km) 575.6
Population growth (annual %) 2.6%
Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female) 104.1
Urban population (% of total) 11.6%
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 45
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 16.1
Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births) 211.1
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 51.1
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 6.7

Economy[edit]

Key Economic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1977[2]
National Income
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
GDP $9.7 billion BDT149.3 billion
GDP growth (annual %) 2.7%
GDP per capita $128.8 BDT1,993
Agriculture, value added $4.7 billion BDT73.0 billion 48.9%
Industry, value added $1.6 billion BDT25.0 billion 16.7%
Services, etc., value added $3.3 billion BDT51.3 billion 34.4%
Balance of Payment
Current US$ Current BDT % of GDP
Current account balance -$281.0 million -2.9%
Imports of goods and services $1,203.9 million BDT18.5 billion 12.4%
Exports of goods and services $540.6 million BDT10.5 billion 7.0%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows $7.0 million 0.1%
Personal remittances, received $78.9 million 0.8%
Total reserves (includes gold) at year end $241.5 million
Total reserves in months of imports 2.3

Note: For the year 1977 average official exchange rate for BDT was 15.38 per US$.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bangladesh in 1977
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
20.4
(68.7)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.3
(79.3)
27.2
(81.0)
28.
(82)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
26.1
(79.0)
23.8
(74.8)
19.3
(66.7)
24.9
(76.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.1
(0.16)
32.
(1.3)
42.
(1.7)
299.3
(11.78)
328.1
(12.92)
527.8
(20.78)
493.
(19.4)
293.2
(11.54)
178.1
(7.01)
159.6
(6.28)
34.
(1.3)
25.
(1.0)
2,416.1
(95.12)
Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA)[3]

Events[edit]

JA8033, the aircraft involved in the hijacking in 1977
  • 21 April: Zia replaces Sayem as the President.
  • 30 May: Zia wins 98.9 percent of votes in referendum on his continuance as president.[4]
  • 3 June: Supreme Court justice Abdus Sattar becomes vice president.
  • 1 September: Formation of Bangladesh Nationalist Party(BNP).
  • 28 September: A Japan Airlines Flight 472 en route from Mumbai to Tokyo was hijacked by 5 Japanese Red Army terrorists shortly after takeoff, and forced the plane to land at then Zia International Airport.[5] The terrorists' demand of $6 million and release of 6 JRA terrorists from Japanese prison was met by the Japanese Prime Minister.[6] Bangladesh Air Force was deployed to control the situation in the ground and to facilitate negotiations.[5]
  • 30 September: A mutiny breaks out in Bogra.
  • 2 October: The mutiny is quelled, but is followed by another failed attempt to overthrow Zia in Dhaka.
  • A five-year treaty is signed with India on water sharing.[7]
  • Bangladesh became an Associate member of the International Cricket Council.[8]

Sports[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bangladesh: A Country Study: The Zia Regime and Its Aftermath, 1977-82". Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "World Development Indicators". The World Bank. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Title Unknown". Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  5. ^ a b "JAL 1977 plane hijack in Dhaka: Japanese filmmaker to make documentary". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Japanese Red Army member's life sentence to stand". Japan Times. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
  7. ^ Haq, Enamul (2012). "Ganges Water Sharing". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ Cricket in Bangladesh
  9. ^ "List of Champions". Atsushi Fujioka for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 October 2018.