1978–79 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1978–79 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season
1978-1979 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed November 19, 1978
Last system dissipated May 9, 1979
Strongest storm
Name Celine and Idylle
 • Maximum winds 165 km/h (105 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 927 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 10
Total storms 6
Tropical cyclones 4
Intense tropical cyclones 2
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81

The 1978–79 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season was an average cyclone season. The season officially ran from November 1, 1978, to April 30, 1979.

Systems[edit]

Tropical Cyclone Angele[edit]

Tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Angele Dec 19 1978 0011Z.png Angele 1978 track.png
Duration December 13 – December 29
Peak intensity 150 km/h (95 mph) (10-min)  941 hPa (mbar)

Angele form on December 13, while stationed in the middle of the Mozambique Channel. It traveled north and gradually organized into a tropical storm while performing a tight counter-clockwise loop. On December 18 Angele intensified into a tropical cyclone before making landfall on Mozambique. Angele weakened to a tropical storm while over land, but re-intensified back to a tropical cyclone as it re-emerged into the Mozambique channel. The cyclone moved south and quite abruptly, on December 23, moved to the northeast. On December 24 Angele reached a peak intensity as a category three cyclone. The system weakened slightly before making landfall on Madagascar two days later. The weak storm moved over the open Indian Ocean and translated into an extra-tropical storm.

Angele is responsible for four deaths and 2,500 people homeless in Mozambique. In Madagascar 70 people were killed by the storm's passage.[1]

Cyclone 03S[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
03S Dec 20 1978 0915Z.png 03S 1978 track.png
Duration December 24 (Entered basin) – December 26
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

03S entered the basin on December 24 and lasted until December 26.

Tropical Cyclone Benjamine[edit]

Tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Benjamine Jan 5 1979 1135Z.png Benjamine 1979 track.png
Duration January 3 – January 14
Peak intensity 150 km/h (95 mph) (10-min)  941 hPa (mbar)

Benjamine existed from January 3 to January 14.

Intense Tropical Cyclone Celine[edit]

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Celine Feb 9 1979 1036Z.png Celine 1979 track.png
Duration January 31 – February 12
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  927 hPa (mbar)

Celine existed from January 31 to February 12.

Tropical Depression Dora[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Dora Feb 5 1979 0024Z.png Dora 1979 track.png
Duration February 4 – February 12
Peak intensity 50 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Dora existed from February 4 to February 12.

Moderate Tropical Storm Estelle[edit]

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Estelle Feb 14 1979 1125Z.png Estelle 1979 track.png
Duration February 10 – February 18
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

Estelle existed from February 10 to February 18.

Tropical Depression Fatou[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Fatou Feb 14 1979 1126Z.png Fatou 1979 track.png
Duration February 14 – February 16
Peak intensity 50 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Fatou existed from February 14 to February 16.

Tropical Depression Gelie[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gelie Mar 9 1979 1049Z.png Gelie 1979 track.png
Duration March 8 – March 14
Peak intensity 50 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Gelie existed from March 8 to March 14.

Tropical Depression Helios[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Helios Mar 26 1979 1116Z.png Helios 1979 track.png
Duration March 26 – March 28
Peak intensity 50 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Helios existed from March 26 to March 28.

Intense Tropical Cyclone Idylle[edit]

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Idylle Apr 8 1979 1041Z.png Idylle 1979 track.png
Duration April 4 – April 13 (Exited basin)
Peak intensity 170 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  927 hPa (mbar)

Idylle developed on April 4 and left the basin on April 13.

See also[edit]

  • Atlantic hurricane seasons: 1978, 1979
  • Eastern Pacific hurricane seasons: 1978, 1979
  • Western Pacific typhoon seasons: 1978, 1979
  • North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: 1978, 1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2013). "Historical event review". Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved 23 April 2013.