1978 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised faeces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1978.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[3] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[4]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
Amtosaurus[5] Nomen dubium.
  • Tumanova
Coloradia[6] Valid taxon

PReoccupied by Blake 1863. Renamed Coloradisaurus.

Lesothosaurus[7] Valid taxon Possible junior synonym of Fabrosaurus.
Micropachycephalosaurus[8] Valid taxon
Ohmdenosaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Wild
"Roccosaurus"[10] Nomen nudum. Junior synonym of Melanorosaurus.

van Heerden vide:

  • Anderson
  • Cruickshank
Saurornitholestes[11] Valid taxon
Yangchuanosaurus[12] Valid taxon
  • Li X. M.
  • Zhou S.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Geosternbergia

Valid

Miller

Peteinosaurus

Valid

Wild

Humans[edit]

  • A paleoanthropological team led by Mary Leakey finds 3.5 million year old human footprints.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Garfield, et al. (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 0-07-088739-X. 
  2. ^ "Previous Work," Trexler (2001); page 300.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  5. ^ Kurzanov, S.M. and T.A. Tumanova. 1978. On the structure of the endocranium in some anylosaurs from Mongolia [in Russian]. Paleontol. Zh. 1978: pp. 90-96.
  6. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1978. Coloradia brevis n. gen. et. n. sp. (Saurischia, Prosauropoda), dinosaurio Plateosauridae de la Formacion Los Colorados Triasico superior de La Rioja, Argentina. Ameghiniana 15: pp. 327-332.
  7. ^ Galton, P.M. 1978. Fabrosauridae, the basal family of ornithischian dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithopoda). Paläont. Z. 52 (1/2): pp. 138-159.
  8. ^ Dong, Z. 1978. A new genus of Pachycephalosauria from Laiyang, Shantung. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 16: pp. 225-228.
  9. ^ Wild, R. 1978. Ein Sauropoden-Rest (Reptilia, Saurischia) aus dem Posidonienschiefer (Lias, Toarcium) von Holzmaden. Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paleontologie) 41: pp. 1-15.
  10. ^ van Heerden vide Anderson, J. M., and A.R.I. Cruickshank. 1978. The biostratigraphy of the Permian and the Triassic. Part 5. A review of the classification and distribution of Permo-Triassic tetrapods. Palaeontographica Africana 21: pp. 15- 44.
  11. ^ Sues, H -D. 1978. A new small theropod dinosaur from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Alberta, Canada. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. London 62: pp. 381-400.
  12. ^ Dong, Z., Y. Chang, X. Li, and S. Zhou. 1978. Note on a new carnosaur (Yangchuanosaurus shangyouensis gen. et sp. nov.) from the Jurassic of Yangchuan District, Szechuan Province. Kexue Tongbao 23: pp. 298-302.

References[edit]

  • Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.