|Champions||Berliner FC Dynamo|
|Relegated||1. FC Union Berlin BSG Chemie Leipzig|
|European Cup||Berliner FC Dynamo|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||FC Carl Zeiss Jena|
|UEFA Cup||Dynamo Dresden 1. FC Magdeburg FC Vorwärts Frankfurt|
|Goals scored||525 (2.88 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Dieter Kühn (21)|
Dieter Kühn of 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig was the league's top scorer with 21 goals, while Hans-Ulrich Grapenthin of FC Carl Zeiss Jena took out the seasons East German Footballer of the year award.
On the strength of the 1979–80 title BFC Dynamo qualified for the 1980–81 European Cup where the club was knocked out by Baník Ostrava in the second round. Third-placed club FC Carl Zeiss Jena qualified for the 1980–81 European Cup Winners' Cup as the seasons FDGB-Pokal winners and lost to Dinamo Tbilisi in the final, becoming only the second East German team to reach a final in a European Cup competition. Second-placed Dynamo Dresden qualified for the 1980–81 UEFA Cup where it was knocked out in the third round by Standard Liège while fourth-placed 1. FC Magdeburg lost to Torino F.C. and fifth-placed FC Vorwärts Frankfurt was eliminated by VfB Stuttgart, both in the second round.
|1||Berliner FC Dynamo||26||20||3||3||72||16||+56||43|
|3||FC Carl Zeiss Jena||26||13||6||7||41||24||+17||32|
|4||1. FC Magdeburg||26||12||6||8||45||37||+8||30|
|5||FC Vorwärts Frankfurt||26||11||8||7||41||40||+1||30|
|6||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||26||11||7||8||50||34||+16||29|
|7||Hallescher FC Chemie||26||12||4||10||38||37||+1||28|
|8||BSG Sachsenring Zwickau||26||9||4||13||27||42||-15||22|
|9||BSG Wismut Aue||26||8||4||14||26||42||-16||20|
|12||FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt||26||6||6||14||33||38||-5||18|
|13||1. FC Union Berlin||26||6||4||16||18||44||-26||16|
|14||BSG Chemie Leipzig||26||4||7||15||21||58||-37||15|
|League champion & Qualified for the European Cup||FDGB-Pokal winners & Qualified for the European Cup Winners' Cup||Qualified for the UEFA Cup||Relegated to DDR-Liga|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- fuwo, page: 92
- "European Competitions 1980–81". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "DDR-Oberliga 1979–80". Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables