April 1979 – The Israeli developed and produced battle tank Merkava was first introduced to the IDF forces.
22 March – The Knesset approves the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt.
26 March – In a ceremony at the White House, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel sign a peace treaty. Egypt thus becomes the first Arab country to officially recognize Israel.
The most prominent terror attacks committed against Israelis during 1979 include:
22 April – 1979 Nahariya attack: A group of four PLF militants, led by the 16-year-old Samir Kuntar, enter Israel from Lebanon by boat and infiltrate the Israeli town of Nahariya, located ten kilometers south of the Lebanese border. The squad murder four Israeli civilians, including three members of one family: Danny Haran and his children, Einat Haran (age four) and Yael Haran (age two).
13 November – Israeli Ambassador to Portugal Ephraim Eldar was wounded during an attack carried out by Palestinian militants. During the attack a security guard was killed and an embassy chauffeur and local policeman were injured.
Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets