From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1979:
January [ edit ]
Continental Airlines inaugurates service between Houston, Texas, and Washington, D.C. January 1 –
Trans World Airlines becomes a subsidiary of Trans World Corporation, along with Canteen Corporation, Hilton International, Spartan Food Service, and Century 21 Real Estate. [2 ] January 12
Pilatus Aircraft acquires Britten-Norman.
Braniff International Airways becomes the only American airline to operate the Concorde as two Braniff pilots land an Air France and a British Airways Concorde simultaneously on parallel runways at Dallas-Fort Worth Regional Airport after flying from Washington Dulles International Airport in Virginia outside Washington, D.C, ceremonially inaugurating a new interchange service allowing the Concorde to operate over the United States. The service functions by having Air France and British Airways crews fly the aircraft from Europe to Washington Dulles, where the aircraft are temporarily leased and re-registered to Braniff and flown by Braniff crews as Braniff aircraft to Dallas-Fort Worth. The process is reversed on the return trip, with Braniff crews flying the planes as Braniff aircraft to Washington Dulles, where they are "sold" back and re-registered to Air France and British Airways before being flown back to Europe by French and British crews. Braniff begins revenue service with the Concorde between Dallas-Fort Worth and Washington Dulles on January 13, charging 10 percent more than it charges for first class on its Boeing 727s flying the route. [3 ] January 30 –
Varig Boeing 707-320C PP-VLU, a cargo plane, disappears over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after departing Tokyo 's Narita International Airport. Its wreck is never found. Lost along with the six people on board are 153 paintings by Manabu Mabe. The captain had been the pilot of Varig Flight 820, which had crashed in France in 1973.
February [ edit ]
McDonnell Douglas completes the last A-4 Skyhawk. In the 25 years since the first prototype flew in 1954, the Douglas Aircraft Company and McDonnell Douglas have built 2,960 Skyhawks. [4 ] February 12 – Members of the
Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) shoot down Air Rhodesia Flight 827, the Vickers Viscount Umniati, with a Strela 2 ( NATO reporting name "SA-7 Grail") surface-to-air missile in the Vuti African Purchase Area of Rhodesia east of Lake Kariba, killing all 59 people on board. February 18 – Flying from
Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod in Sandwich, Massachusetts, in bad weather to rescue a crewman in distress aboard the Japanese fishing vessel Kasei Maru #18, the United States Coast Guard Sikorsky HH-3F Pelican helicopter CG-1432 loses power and ditches in heavy seas in the North Atlantic Ocean 180 nautical miles (207 mi; 333 km) southeast of Nantucket, Massachusetts. One Canadian Armed Forces and three U.S. Coast Guard personnel aboard die; Kasei Maru No. 18 rescues one U.S. Coast Guard crewman and recovers the bodies of the other four men. February 26 – Production of the
A-4 Skyhawk ends after 26 years, with the delivery of the 2,690th and final aircraft to the United States Marine Corps. February 28 – Since January 1,
Tanzania has shot down 19 Ugandan aircraft during the Uganda-Tanzania War. The losses drive the Ugandan Air Force out of the war. [5 ]
March 10 – The
United States Air Force sends Boeing E-3 Sentry airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft to monitor the civil war in Yemen. March 14 –
Alia Royal Jordanian Flight 600 a Boeing 727 crashes during a thunderstorm at Doha International Airport, Qatar, 45 killed. March 14 – A
British-built Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory in Beijing, China, killing an estimated 200 people, including a dozen crew and passengers and scores of victims in the factory. [6 ] March 25 –
Qantas retires its last Boeing 707 and becomes the world's first airline with a fleet made up exclusively of Boeing 747s. March 29 –
Quebecair Flight 255, a Fairchild F-27, suffers an engine explosion minutes after takeoff from Québec City Jean Lesage International Airport in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. While attempting to return to the airport, the airliner crashes into a hillside, killing 17 of the 24 people on board. March 31 – 550 senior officers of the Iranian armed forces, many of the them
Iranian Air Force and Iranian Army generals, have been killed or driven out of military service since the Iranian Revolution deposed the Shah of Iran on 11 February. [7 ]
April 4 –
Trans World Airlines Flight 841, a Boeing 727-31 with 89 people on board on a flight from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City to Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport in Minneapolis, Minnesota, suddenly rolls sharply to the right over Saginaw, Michigan, and goes into a spiral dive from 39,000 feet (12,000 m) including two 360-degree rolls despite corrective measures taken by both the autopilot and the human pilot, losing 34,000 feet (10,000 m) of altitude in 63 seconds before the flight crew manages to pull out of the dive at 5,000 feet (1,500 m). Eight passengers suffer minor injuries caused by exposure to high G forces. The plane makes an emergency landing at Detroit, Michigan, without further incident.
May 1 –
Continental Airlines inaugurates service to the South Pacific, flying from Los Angeles, California, to Australia via Honolulu, American Samoa, Fiji, and New Zealand. May 7 –
Beechcraft announces its intention to re-enter the commuter airliner market. It had last produced a commuter airliner in late 1977. [8 ] May 16 – A
New York Airways Sikorsky S-61 helicopter tips over while taking on passengers at the Pan Am Building in New York City, killing four. The heliport is closed permanently after the accident. May 25 –
American Airlines Flight 191, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 crashes at O'Hare International Airport, Chicago shortly after take-off after its number one engine detaches during its takeoff, killing all 271 on board and two more on the ground, making it the deadliest air disaster in American history. May 27 – The
prime minister of Mauritania, Ahmed Ould Bouceif, dies in an airplane crash in the Atlantic Ocean off Dakar, Senegal.
Iraqi Air Force aircraft bomb several Iranian villages near the northern Iran- Iraq border which Iraq suspects house Kurdish rebels. [9 ]
Continental Airlines inaugurates service linking Denver, Colorado, with Washington, D.C., Las Vegas, Nevada, and San Francisco and San Jose, California. It also begins service between Houston, Texas, and Tampa, Florida. June 6 – In the wake of the May 25 crash of
American Airlines Flight 191, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration revokes the Douglas DC-10's type certificate, grounding all DC-10s pending modifications to their slat actuation and position systems and stall warning and power supply changes. Until July 13, all U.S. DC-10s will remain grounded and foreign DC-10s will be prohibited from operating in the United States. June 12 – Flying the
from Gossamer Albatross Folkestone Warren, England, to a French beach south of Cap Gris-Nez in 2 hours 49 minutes, Bryan Allen becomes the first person to cross the English Channel in a pedal-powered aircraft. [10 ] June 17 –
Air New England Flight 248, a de Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 300, crashes at Camp Greenough in the Yarmouth Port section of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, while on approach to a landing at Barnstable Municipal Airport in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. The pilot, Air New England co-founder George Parmenter, dies, but the other nine people on board all survive, including author Robert Sabbag. June 20
Nikola Kavaja, a Serbian nationalist and anti- communist, hijacks American Airlines Flight 293, a Boeing 727, shortly before it lands in Chicago, Illinois, intending to gain control of an aircraft that he can crash into Yugoslav Communist Party headquarters in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. He allows the passengers and most of the crew to debark, then orders the crew to fly the 727 to LaGuardia Airport in New York City. There he demands and receives a Boeing 707, which he orders to be flown to Shannon, Ireland, where he intends to take control of the 707 for the suicide flight to Belgrade, but the hijacking ends when he surrenders to authorities in Shannon. U.S. Navy
Lieutenant Donna L. Spruill pilots a Grumman C-1 Trader to an arrested landing aboard the aircraft carrier USS , becoming the first female U.S. Navy pilot to carrier-qualify in Independence (CV-62) fixed-wing aircraft. [11 ] June 27 –
Israeli Air Force F-15 Eagles shoot down four Syrian Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21s. These are the first kills for the F-15.
July 1 –
North Central Airlines and Southern Airways merge to form Republic Airlines, with headquarters at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport in Minneapolis, Minnesota. July 11 – A
Garuda Indonesia Fokker F-28 Fellowship crashes into Mount Sibayak on Sumatra in Indonesia, killing all 61 people on board. July 13 – The U.S.
Federal Aviation Administration restores the Douglas DC-10's type certificate, allowing U.S. DC-10s to fly and foreign DC-10s to operate in the United States for the first time since June 6. July 23 – The British government announces plans to
privatise British Airways and publicly sell British Aerospace shares. July 27 –
Israeli Air Force Kfir C.1 fighters escorting reconnaissance aircraft over Lebanon encounter Syrian Air Force MiG-21 ( NATO reporting name "Fishbed-J") fighters and shoot one down with a Shafrir-2 air-to-air missile. It is the only aerial victory by a Kfir C.1 in Israeli service. [12 ] July 31
Dan-Air Flight 0034, a Hawker Siddeley HS 748, crashes into the sea while attempting to take off from Sumburgh Airport on the Shetland Mainland in Scotland, drowning 17 of the 47 people on board.
Western Airlines Flight 44, a Boeing 737-200, mistakenly lands at Buffalo, Wyoming, instead of its intended destination, which is Sheridan, Wyoming. No one is injured, and the only damage is to the tarmac at the airport, which was not designed to support the weight of the jetliner. The incident prompts a legal battle and subsequent landmark aviation ruling in in Ferguson v. NTSB June 1982. [13 ]
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
October 30 – Sir
Barnes Wallis, inventor of the bouncing bomb, geodetic airframe, and earthquake bomb, dies at the age of 82. October 31 –
Western Airlines Flight 2605, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10, mistakenly lands on a closed runway in fog at Benito Juarez International Airport in Mexico City, Mexico, strikes a parked truck, crashes, and bursts into flames. Seventy-two of the 89 people on board die.
November [ edit ]
November 4 – The
Iranian hostage crisis begins as Iranian students take over the United States Embassy in Tehran. The United States quickly halts all spare-parts shipments and technical assistance to the Iranian Air Force and imposes an embargo on Iran, and the United Kingdom also cuts off most military shipments to Iran. [7 ] November 11 –
Hawaiian Airlines celebrates 50 years of accident-free air passenger service. [15 ] November 15 – A bomb planted by the
Unabomber in the cargo hold of a Boeing 727 operating as American Airlines Flight 444 from Chicago, Illinois, to Washington, D.C., malfunctions, failing to detonate but giving off large quantities of smoke. Twelve of the 78 people on board are treated for smoke inhalation. The attack brings the Federal Bureau of Investigation into the Unabomber investigation for the first time because attacking the airliner is the Unabomber 's first federal crime. November 26 – A
flight attendant reports a fire aboard Pakistan International Airlines Flight 740, a Boeing 707-340C, 18 minutes after takeoff from Jeddah International Airport in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The fire spreads rapidly, causing panic in the passenger cabin and incapacitating the flight crew and the aircraft crashes, killing all 156 people on board. November 28
December [ edit ]
First flights [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 112.
^ TWA History Timeline
^ The Braniff Pages: Au Revoir, Concorde
^ Golan, John, "Heinemann's Hot Rod," Aviation History, January 2015, p. 30.
^ Brogan, Patrick, The Fighting Never Stopped: A Comprehensive Guide to Global Conflict Since 1945, New York: Vintage Books, 1990, ISBN 0-679-72033-2, p. 111.
^ "200 reported killed in Peking plane crash". . 15 May 1979 Star-News . Retrieved . 6 June 2011
^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 34.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 103.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 27.
^ Calder, Nigel, The English Channel, New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1986, ISBN 0-14-010131-4, p. 189.
^ a b Chronology of Significant Events in Naval Aviation: "Naval Air Transport" 1941 – 1999
^ Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 12.
^ "678 F2d 821 Ferguson v. National Transportation Safety Board." Openjurist, 2012. Retrieved: May 9, 2012.
^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 66.
^ Aviation Hawaii: 1970-1979 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 56.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 151.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 61.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 372.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 257.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 343.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 58.
^ Taylor 1980, p. 412.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Taylor, 1980, p. .
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 102.