1980–81 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season

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1980–81 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season
1980-1981 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed November 8, 1980
Last system dissipated May 4, 1981
Strongest storm
Name Alice-Adelaide
 • Maximum winds 205 km/h (125 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 940 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83

The 1980–81 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season was an average cyclone season.

Systems[edit]

Intense Tropical Cyclone Alice-Adelaide[edit]

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Adelaide Nov 8 1980 0121Z.png Alice-Adelaide 1980 track.png
Duration November 3 – November 14
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Formed on November 3, just south of Selat Mentawai then moved southwestward before reaching a peak intensity of 110 knots (125 mph, 205 km/h) and a minimum pressure of 940.0 hectopascals (27.76 inHg) on November 8. On November 12 the storm began to move northwestward and two days later dissipated over the open Indian Ocean.

Moderate Tropical Storm Bettina[edit]

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bettina Dec 1 1980 0433Z.png Bettina 1980 track.png
Duration November 22 – December 1
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 

Bettina formed on November 22, over the central Indian Ocean. It moved south-southwestward and reached a peak intensity of 50 knots (60 mph, 90 km/h) on November 26. It made landfall as a tropical storm over Mozambique and weakened shortly after on December 1.

Tropical Cyclone Bert-Christe[edit]

Tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Christe Nov 29 1980 0154Z.png Bert-Christelle 1981 track.png
Duration November 24 – December 9
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Formed on November 24 over the open Indian Ocean it moved in a mostly southwest direction, though it did curve a few times. It reached a peak intensity of 80 knots (90 mph, 150 km/h) and a pressure of 965.0 hectopascals (28.50 inHg) on November 29. Christe made landfall on Madagascar on December 9 as a tropical depression.

Tropical Depression Diana[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg Diana 1980 track.png
Duration December 17 – December 19
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

Diana existed from December 7 to December 19.

Tropical Depression Edwige[edit]

Tropical depression (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Edwige Dec 31 1980 0328Z.png Edwige 1980 track.png
Duration December 28 – January 1
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 

Edwige brushed Madagascar.

Intense Tropical Cyclone Florine[edit]

Very intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Florine Jan 7 1981 0409Z.png Florine 1981 track.png
Duration January 3 – January 11
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (10-min)  973 hPa (mbar)

Toward the beginning of January, the ITCZ was active to the northeast of Madagascar, spawning a circulation east of Agalega that became a depression on January 3. On the next day, the system was named Florine. Steered between a ridge to its northwest and northeast, the system moved erratically until January 5, when Florine began a steady movement to the south and later southwest. The change in trajectory was because the ridge to Florine's northeast had weakened. On January 6, the intensifying storm passed just west of St. Brandon, where a station recorded sustained winds of 115 km/h (71 mph) and gusts of 148 km/h (92 mph). A day later, the outer eyewall of Florine moved across Réunion island, while the center of the eye passed 25 km east of Sainte-Rose. Roland Garros Airport recorded a minimum pressure of 973 mbar (28.7 inHg), the lowest on the island. A landfall was spared due to a shift in trajectory to the south-southeast caused by a passing cold front.[1] Also around this time, the cyclone reached its peak intensity according to the JTWC; the agency estimated peak winds of 195 km/h (120 mph), based on a Dvorak rating of 5.5.[2][3] The MFR estimated peak 10 minute winds of 220 km/h (140 mph).[1] Florine weakened as it accelerated ahead of a polar trough, and was no classifiable as a tropical cyclone on January 10. The remnants passed west of Île Amsterdam on the next day and continued southeastward.[1][2]

Florine's close passage to Réunion caused injuries to two people. The high winds, peaking at 234 km/h (145 mph) at Plaine des Cafres, affected the island alongside heavy rainfall. Precipitation totals ranged from 100 mm (4 in) near the coast to 1,161 mm (45.7 in) at Foc-Foc. High tides reached 5.2 m (17 ft) at the coast in La Possession. Cyclone Florine destroyed crops and 95 houses. It caused injuries to two people and left around 500 people homeless. The storm knocked down 2000 phone lines and caused disruptions to the power network. Cilaos and Salazie became isolated during the storm, requiring assistance by helicopter. In nearby Mauritius, winds peaked at 137 km/h (85 mph).[1]

Moderate Tropical Storm Gaelle[edit]

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gaelle Jan 16 1981 0225Z.png Gaelle 1981 track.png
Duration January 14 – January 18
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 

Gaelle existed from January 14 to January 18.

Moderate Tropical Storm Helyette[edit]

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Helyette Feb 3 1981 0407Z.png Helyette 1981 track.png
Duration January 28 – February 6
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 

Helyette made landfall in Madagascar.

Severe Tropical Storm Iadine[edit]

Severe tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Iadine Feb 20 1981 0425Z.png Iadine 1981 track.png
Duration February 16 – February 25
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min) 

Iadine also made landfall in Madagascar.

Cyclone Johanne[edit]

Johanne existed from March 1 to March 11.

Cyclone Klara[edit]

Klara existed from March 28 to April 8.

Cyclone Lisa[edit]

Lisa existed from April 6 to April 16.

See also[edit]

  • Atlantic hurricane seasons: 1980, 1981
  • Eastern Pacific hurricane seasons: 1980, 1981
  • Western Pacific typhoon seasons: 1980, 1981
  • North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons: 1980, 1981

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tropical Cyclone Florine 4-10 January. National Climatic Data Center (Report). Global tropical/extratropical cyclone climatic atlas. 1996. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b Kenneth R. Knapp; Michael C. Kruk; David H. Levinson; Howard J. Diamond; Charles J. Neumann (2010). 1981 Florine (1981003S11059). The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS): Unifying tropical cyclone best track data (Report). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 2016-11-20. 
  3. ^ John W. Diercks; Robert C. Weir; Mary K. Kopper. Forecast Verification and Reconnaissance Data for Southern Hemisphere Tropical Cyclones (July 1980 through June 1982) (PDF) (Report). Tech Note. 82–1. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved November 20, 2016.