1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

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1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed October 20, 1980
Last system dissipated December 17, 1980
Seasonal statistics
Depressions 5
Deep depressions 5
Cyclonic storms 5
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982

The 1980 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was part of the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) releases unofficial advisories. An average of five tropical cyclones form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November.[1] Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.[2]

Systems[edit]

Tropical Storm One (1B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
01B Oct 17 1980 0244Z.jpg Cyclone 01B 1980 track.png
Duration October 10 – October 20
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min) 

The first storm of the season began its life on October 10 in the Bay of Bengal. It executed an anticyclonic loop to the west, and became a tropical storm before hitting eastern Sri Lanka on the 17th. It continued westward, and ultimately dissipated over the Arabian Sea on the 20th.

Unknown Two (2B)[edit]

02B Oct 17 1980 0243Z.jpg Cyclone 02B 1980 track.png
Duration October 16 – October 19
Peak intensity Winds not specified 

On October 18, a storm of unknown intensity hit eastern India, dissipating the next day.

Tropical Storm Three (3A)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
03A Nov 17 1980 0255Z.jpg Cyclone 03A 1980 track.png
Duration November 12 – November 19
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min) 

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression off the western Indian coast on November 12. It tracked generally northwestward, slowly organizing into a tropical storm on the 17th. The storm turned to the northeast, where it dissipated over the northeastern Arabian Sea.

Tropical Storm Four (4B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
04B Dec 3 1980 0200Z.png Cyclone 04B 1980 track.png
Duration December 3 – December 7
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min) 

A storm of unknown intensity persisted in the western Bay of Bengal from December 3 to the 7th, remaining well offshore of any landmass.

Tropical Storm Five (5B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Cyclone 05B 1980 track.png
Duration December 12 – December 17
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

The last storm of the season formed in the central Bay of Bengal on December 12. It moved east-southeastward, then turned to the west where it briefly became a tropical storm. The storm struck eastern Sri Lanka, and dissipated over the island on the 17th.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: What is the annual frequency of Cyclones over the Indian Seas? What is its intra-annual variation?". Indian Meteorological Department. 2012. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Bulletins Issued by Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) - Tropical Cyclones, New Delhi" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. May 25, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2012. 

External links[edit]