1980 United States Census

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Twentieth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
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Census Logo
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 1, 1980
Total population 226,545,805
Percent change Increase 11.4%
Most populous state California
23,669,000
Least populous state Alaska
400,000

The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census.[1]

Census questions[edit]

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents:[2]

  • Address
  • Name
  • Household relationship
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Whether of Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household."[3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability[edit]

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

Rank State Population
1  California 23,669,000
2  New York 17,557,000
3  Texas 14,228,000
4  Pennsylvania 11,867,000
5  Illinois 11,419,000
6  Ohio 10,797,000
7  Florida 9,739,000
8  Michigan 9,259,000
9  New Jersey 7,364,000
10  North Carolina 5,874,000
11  Massachusetts 5,737,000
12  Indiana 5,491,000
13  Georgia 5,464,000
14  Virginia 5,346,000
15  Missouri 4,917,000
16  Wisconsin 4,706,000
17  Tennessee 4,591,000
18  Maryland 4,216,000
19  Louisiana 4,203,000
20  Washington 4,130,000
21  Minnesota 4,077,000
22  Alabama 3,891,000
23  Kentucky 3,661,000
24  South Carolina 3,119,000
25  Connecticut 3,107,000
26  Oklahoma 3,026,000
27  Iowa 2,914,000
28  Colorado 2,890,000
29  Arizona 2,718,000
30  Oregon 2,632,000
31  Mississippi 2,520,000
32  Kansas 2,363,000
33  Arkansas 2,285,000
34  West Virginia 1,950,000
35  Nebraska 1,570,000
36  Utah 1,461,000
37  New Mexico 1,299,000
38  Maine 1,125,000
39  Hawaii 985,000
40  Rhode Island 948,000
41  Idaho 945,000
42  New Hampshire 921,000
43  Nevada 799,000
44  Montana 787,000
45  South Dakota 690,000
46  North Dakota 654,000
x  District of Columbia 638,000
47  Delaware 596,000
48  Vermont 512,000
49  Wyoming 471,000
50  Alaska 400,000

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States' population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 46 (p. 52 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  3. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York, New York: Basic Books. p. 246. ISBN 0-465-04195-7. 

External links[edit]