|1982 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.
- January 1 – In Malaysia and Singapore, clocks are adjusted to the same time zone, UTC+8 (GMT+8.00).
- January 13 – Air Florida Flight 90 crashes shortly after takeoff into the 14th Street Bridge in Washington, D.C., United States, then falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
- January 18 – 1982 Thunderbirds Indian Springs Diamond Crash: Four Northrop T-38 aircraft of the United States Air Force crash at Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field, Nevada, killing all 4 pilots.
- January 26
- January 27 – The Garret FitzGerald government of the Republic of Ireland is defeated 82–81 on its budget; the 22nd Dáil Éireann is dissolved.
- January 30 – The first computer virus, the Elk Cloner, written by 15-year old Rich Skrenta, is found. It infects Apple II computers via floppy disk.
- February 1 – Senegal and The Gambia form a loose Senegambia Confederation.
- February 2 – The Hama massacre begins in Syria.
- February 3 – Syrian president Hafez al-Assad orders the army to purge the city of Harran of the Muslim Brotherhood.
- February 5 – London-based Laker Airways collapses, leaving 6,000 stranded passengers and debts of $270 million.
- February 7 – Iraqi club Al-Shorta win the 1982 Arab Club Champions Cup with a 4–2 aggregate win over Al-Nejmeh in the final.
- February 9 – Japan Airlines Flight 350 crashes in Tokyo Bay due to thrust reversal on approach to Tokyo International Airport, killing 24 among the 174 people on board.
- February 15 – The oil platform Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing all 84 rig workers aboard.
- February 18 – The Republic of Ireland general election gives a boost to Fianna Fáil.
- February 24 – In South Africa, 22 National Party MPs, led by Andries Treurnicht, vote for no confidence in P. W. Botha.
- February 25 – The European Court of Human Rights rules that teachers who cane, belt or tawse children against the wishes of their parents are in breach of the Human Rights Convention.
- March 2 – Decentralisation in France: the Law of Decentralisation creates the administrative regions of France (régions).
- March 9 – Charles Haughey becomes Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland.
- March 10
- March 16 – Claus von Bülow is found guilty of the attempted murder of his wife by a court in Newport, Rhode Island.
- March 18 – A legal case brought by Mary Whitehouse against the National Theatre of Britain concerning alleged obscenity in the play The Romans in Britain ends after the Attorney General intervenes.
- March 19 – Argentine scrap metal workers (infiltrated by marines) raise the flag of Argentina on South Georgia and the Falkland Islands, two British overseas territories.
- March 24 – Hussain Muhammad Ershad seizes power in Bangladesh.
- March 29
- April 1 – The 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands begins when Argentine forces land near Stanley, beginning the Falklands War.
- April 2 – Rex Hunt, the British governor of the Falkland Islands, surrenders the islands to Argentine forces, leading to their occupation.
- April 3 – Invasion of the Falkland Islands: Argentine forces begin the invasion of South Georgia.
- April 17 – Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: By Proclamation of the Queen of Canada on Parliament Hill, Canada patriates its constitution, gaining full political independence from the United Kingdom; included is the country's first entrenched bill of rights.
- April 24 – German singer Nicole wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1982 (held in Britain) with the song Ein Bisschen Frieden.
- April 25 – Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula in accordance with the Egypt–Israel peace treaty of 1979.
- April 26 – Falklands War: British troops retake South Georgia Island during Operation Paraquet.
- April 30 – The Bijon Setu massacre takes place in broad daylight at a railway crossing in India.
- May 1 – A crowd of over 100,000 attends the first day of the 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee, which is kicked off with an address by President Ronald Reagan. Over 11 million people attend during its 6-month run.
- May 2
- Falklands War: The British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sinks the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano, killing 323 sailors. Operation Algeciras, an attempt to destroy a Royal Navy warship in Gibraltar, fails.
- The Weather Channel airs on cable television in the United States as the first 24-hour all-weather network.
- May 4 – Falklands War: HMS Sheffield is hit by an Argentine Exocet missile and burns out of control; 20 sailors are killed. The ship sinks on May 10.
- May 8 – French-Canadian racing driver Gilles Villeneuve is killed during qualifying for the 1982 Belgian Grand Prix.
- May 12 – Spanish priest Juan María Fernández y Krohn tries to stab Pope John Paul II with a bayonet during the latter's pilgrimage to the shrine at Fátima.
- May 16 – The New York Islanders sweep the Vancouver Canucks in four games to win the 1982 Stanley Cup Finals in ice hockey.
- May 18 – Falklands War: The British Special Air Service launches Operation Plum Duff, a reconnaissance mission preliminary to Operation Mikado, which is planned to destroy three Argentinean Exocet missiles and five Super Étendard fighter-bombers. Both Operation Plum Duff and Operation Mikado are called off after the Plum Duff insertion is revealed by a helicopter landing in Chile.
- May 21
- May 23 – Falklands War: HMS Antelope is lost.
- May 24
- May 25 – British ships HMS Coventry and SS Atlantic Conveyor are sunk during the Falklands War; Coventry by two A-4C Skyhawks and Atlantic Conveyor by two Exocets.
- May 26 – Aston Villa F.C. wins the European Cup, beating Bayern Munich 1–0 after a 69th-minute goal by Peter Withe in Rotterdam.
- May 28–29 – Falklands War: Battle of Goose Green: British forces defeat a larger Argentine force.
- May 30
- Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany's admission in 1955.
- Indianapolis 500: 1973 winner Gordon Johncock wins his second race over 1979 winner Rick Mears by 0.16 seconds. Leading to the closest finish to this date, Mears draws alongside Johncock with a lap remaining, after erasing a seemingly insurmountable advantage of more than 11 seconds in the final 10 laps, in what Indianapolis Motor Speedway historian Donald Davidson and Speedway public address announcer Tom Carnegie later call the greatest moment in the track's history.
- June 6 – The 1982 Lebanon War begins: Israeli forces under Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their "Operation Peace for the Galilee," eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut. The United Nations Security Council votes to demand that Israel withdraw its troops from Lebanon.
- June 8
- Falklands War: British supply ship RFA Sir Galahad is destroyed during the Bluff Cove Air Attacks
- VASP Flight 168, a Boeing 727 passenger jet, crashes into a forest hillside in Fortaleza in Brazil, killing 137.
- The Los Angeles Lakers defeat the Philadelphia 76ers in six games to win the 1982 NBA Finals.
- June 11 – E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial is released in the United States; this will become the biggest box-office hit for the next 11 years.
- June 12 – The Nuclear Disarmament Rally, an event against nuclear weapon proliferation, draws 750,000 to New York City's Central Park. Jackson Browne, James Taylor, Bruce Springsteen and Linda Ronstadt attend. An international convocation at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine features prominent peace activists from around the world and afterward participants march on Fifth Avenue to Central Park for the rally.
- June 13
- June 14 – Argentine surrender in the Falklands War: Argentine forces in the capital, Stanley, surrender to British forces.
- June 18 – Argentine military dictator Leopoldo Galtieri resigns in the wake of his country's defeat in the Falklands War.
- June 20 – Falklands War ends with British forces retaking the South Sandwich Islands.
- June 24 – British Airways Flight 9 suffers a temporary four-engine flameout and damage to the exterior of the plane after flying through the otherwise undetected volcanic ash plume from Indonesia's Mount Galunggung.
- July 4 – Four Iranian diplomats are kidnapped upon Israel's invasion of Lebanon.
- July 6 – A lunar eclipse (umbral duration 236 min and total duration 106 min, the longest of the 20th century) occurs.
- July 9 – Pan Am Flight 759 (Boeing 727) crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 146 on board and 8 on the ground.
- July 11 – Italy beats West Germany 3–1 to win the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain.
- July 16 – In New York City, the Reverend Sun Myung Moon is sentenced to 18 months in prison and fined $25,000 for tax fraud and conspiracy to obstruct justice.
- July 20 – Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings: the Provisional IRA detonates 2 bombs in central London, killing 8 soldiers, wounding 47 people, and leading to the deaths of 7 horses.
- July 23
- The International Whaling Commission decides to end commercial whaling by 1985–1986.
- Torrential rain and mudslides in Nagasaki, Japan, destroy bridges and kill 299.
- Twilight Zone accident: During filming of Twilight Zone: The Movie, actor Vic Morrow and 2 child actors die in a helicopter stunt accident in California.
- July 31 – Beaune coach crash: In Beaune, France, 53 persons, 46 of them children, die in a highway accident (France's worst).
- August 1 – Attempted coup against government of Daniel Arap Moi in Kenya.
- August 2 – The Helsinki Metro, the first rapid transit system in Finland, opens to the general public.
- August 4 – The United Nations Security Council votes to censure Israel because its troops are still in Lebanon.
- August 7 – Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Spadolini resigns.
- August 12 – Mexico announces it is unable to pay its large foreign debt, triggering a debt crisis that quickly spreads throughout Latin America.
- August 13 – In Hong Kong, health warnings on cigarette packets are made statutory.
- August 17 – The first compact discs (CDs) are produced in Germany.
- August 20 – Lebanese Civil War: A multinational force lands in Beirut to oversee the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon.
- September 14
- September 18
- September 19 – The first emoticons are posted by Scott Fahlman.
- September 21
- The first International Day of Peace is proclaimed by the (United Nations).
- In the United States, the National Football League Players Association calls a strike, the first in-season work stoppage in the National Football League's 63-year history. The strike lasts for 57 days, reduces the regular season from 16 games to 9, and forces an expanded 16-team playoff tournament.
- September 23 – Amine Gemayel, brother of Bachir, is elected president of Lebanon.
- September 24 – The Wimpy Operation, the first act of armed resistance against Israeli troops in Beirut.
- September 25 – In Israel, 400,000 marchers demand the resignation of Prime Minister Menachem Begin.
- September 26 – Thermals take Australian parachutist Rich Collins up to 2,800 metres (9,200 ft) during a jump; he almost blacks out due to lack of oxygen. He releases his main parachute to fall to a lower altitude and lands by his reserve parachute.
- September 29 The Chicago Tylenol murders occur when an unknown killer laces Tylenol with Potassium Cyanide that kills seven in Chicago, Illinois.
- October 1
- October 8
- October 11 – The Mary Rose, flagship of Henry VIII of England that sank in 1545, is raised from the Solent.
- October 20 – Luzhniki disaster: During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death.
- October 27 – In Canada, Dominion Day is officially renamed Canada Day.
- October 28 – The Socialist Party wins the election in Spain; Felipe González is elected Prime Minister.
- November 3
- November 6 – Cameroon president Ahmadou Ahidjo resigns, replaced by Paul Biya who has ruled Cameroon ever since.
- November 8 – Kenan Evren becomes the seventh president of Turkey as a result of the constitution referendum. His former title was "head of state".
- November 11 – In Lebanon, the first Tyre headquarters bombing kills between 89 and 102 people.
- November 12 – In the Soviet Union, former KGB head Yuri Andropov is selected to become the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Leonid I. Brezhnev who had died two days earlier.
- November 14 – The leader of Poland's outlawed Solidarity movement, Lech Wałęsa, is released from 11 months of internment near the Soviet border.
- November 20
- The General Union of Ecuadorian Workers (UGTE) is founded.
- University of California, Berkeley executes "The Play" in a college football game against Stanford. Completing a wacky 57-yard kickoff return that includes five laterals, Kevin Moen runs through Stanford band members who have prematurely come onto the field. His touchdown stands and California wins 25–20.
- November 24 – Representatives from 88 countries gather in Geneva to discuss world trade and ways to work toward aspects of free trade.
- November 27 – Yasuhiro Nakasone becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
- November 28
- The Edmonton Eskimos win an unprecedented 5th consecutive Grey Cup – a feat yet unaccomplished by any professional football franchise – to win the 70th Grey Cup, defeating the Toronto Argonauts 32–16.
- Al Ahly SC won the African Cup of Champions club (today known as the CAF Champions League) for the first time after defeating Ghanaian Asante Kotoko
- November 30 – Michael Jackson releases his sixth studio album, Thriller, in the United States, which will go on to be the best-selling album of all time at 110 million units sold worldwide.
- December 1 – Miguel de la Madrid takes office as President of Mexico.
- December 2 – At the University of Utah, 61-year-old retired dentist Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart (he lives for 112 days with the device).
- December 4 – The People's Republic of China adopts its current constitution.
- December 7 – The first U.S. execution by lethal injection is carried out in Texas.
- December 8 – The December murders occur in Suriname.
- December 11 – Swedish pop group ABBA make their final public performance on the British TV programme The Late, Late Breakfast Show.
- December 13 – The 6.2 Mw North Yemen earthquake shakes southwestern Yemen with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing 2,800.
- December 16 – The United Freedom Front bombs an office of South African Airways in Elmont, NY and an IBM office in Harrison, NY. Two police officers suffer hearing damage. In March 1984, the UFF claims responsibility for the IBM building bombing, stating that the company was targeted because of its business in South Africa under Apartheid.
- December 22 – The Indian Ocean Commission (Commission de l'Océan Indien, COI) is created by the Port Louis Agreement.
- December 26 – Time magazine's Man of the Year is given, for the first time to a non-human, the computer.
- The population of the People's Republic of China alone exceeds 1 billion, making China the first nation to have a population of more than a billion.
- A global surplus of crude oil causes gasoline prices to collapse.
- Ciabatta bread is invented by a baker in Verona, Italy.
Births and deaths
- Physics – Kenneth G. Wilson
- Chemistry – Aaron Klug
- Medicine – Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
- Literature – Gabriel García Márquez
- Peace – Alva Myrdal, Alfonso García Robles
- Economics – George Stigler
- Trivers, R. L. & Newton, H. P. "The crash of flight 90: doomed by self-deception?" Science Digest (November 1982): pp. 66–67, 111.
- "Elk Cloner". SearchSecurity. June 2004. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
- Human Rights Law Journal: HRLJ. N.P. Engel. 1982. p. 221.
- De Montricher, Nicole (July 1995). "Decentralization in France". Governance. 8 (3): 405–418. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0491.1995.tb00217.x.
- The Jupiter Effect.
- Noguchi, Thomas T. (1985). Coroner at Large. Simon and Schuster. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-671-54462-1.
- "1982: Judge halts 'obscenity' trial". BBC News. March 18, 1982. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
- Brenton, Howard (January 28, 2006). "Look back in anger". The Guardian. London. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
- U.S. Library of Congress. "Bangladesh - THE ERSHAD PERIOD". Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Moreno, Isidoro J Ruiz (1987). Comandos en acción (in Spanish). Emecé editores. p. 21.
- Freedman, Lawrence (2005). The Official History of the Falklands Campaign: The origins of the Falklands war. Routledge. pp. 13–14. ISBN 0-7146-5206-7.
- Keith Sullivan (January 1, 1998). Education and Change in the Pacific Rim: meeting the challenges. Symposium Books Ltd. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-1-873927-33-5.
- Kurt Pätzold; Manfred Weissbecker (2002). Schlagwörter und Schlachtrufe: aus zwei Jahrhunderten deutscher Geschichte (in German). Militzke. p. 136. ISBN 978-3-86189-270-0.
- J.B.A Bailey (September 2, 2003). Field Artillery And Fire Power. Routledge. p. 149. ISBN 1-135-47811-2.
- The Illustrated Weekly of India. Published for the proprietors, Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1985. p. 14.
- East Tennessee Historical Society (2002). "20th Anniversary of the 1982 World's Fair". The Knoxville News-Sentinel Co. Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- "20th Anniversary of the 1982 World's Fair". History. The Knoxville News-Sentinel Co. 2002. Archived from the original on December 5, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- Wheeler, W Bruce (March 1, 2018). "Knoxville World's Fair of 1982". Tennessee Encyclopedia. Tennessee Historical Society. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- "20th Anniversary of the 1982 World's Fair". Timeline. The Knoxville News-Sentinel Co. 2002. Archived from the original on January 1, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- Golowanow, Łukasz (May 4, 2012). "Pocisk, który nie wybuchł – czyli zatopienie HMS Sheffield" [The missile that did not explode – the sinking of HMS Sheffield]. Konflikty.pl (in Polish). Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Weatherboy Team Meteorologist (May 2, 2020). "Weather Channel Celebrates 38th Birthday". Weatherboy. Isarithm LLC. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY | 4 | 1982: Argentines destroy HMS Sheffield". BBC. 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "The horrifying crash that snapped the life from race..." United Press International, Inc. May 9, 1982. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "Pope John Paul 'wounded' in 1982". Europe. BBC News. October 16, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Diamond, Dan, ed. (2008). "This Date in Stanley Cup History". Total Stanley Cup: 2008 Playoff Media Guide (PDF). Dan Diamond and Associates, Inc. p. 95. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "The SAS vs The Exocets". Elite UK Forces. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Finlan, Alastair (October 16, 2009). Special Forces, Strategy and the War on Terror: Warfare By Other Means. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-134-18043-1. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "REPORT OF THE BOARD OF INQUIRY INTO THE LOSS OF HMS ARDENT" (PDF). August 6, 1982. pp. 3–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2015. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "HMS Ardent Association". Archived from the original on April 7, 2005. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "LOSS OF HMS ANTELOPE - BOARD OF INQUIRY" (PDF). August 11, 1982. pp. 2–3. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 24, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "Iran celebrates anniversary of liberating Khorramshahr". Alalam News Network. May 24, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Temko, Ned (December 30, 1982). "From Brezhnev to Andropov: why the transition has been so smooth". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Burke, Damien. "25th May 1982". HMS Coventry D118. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "Board of Inquiry (REPORT): Loss of SS Atlantic Conveyor" (PDF). July 21, 1982. pp. 1 - 5-2 - 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 12, 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- Roberts, Maj. Brice (2016). Mission Command During the Falklands War: Opportunities and Limitations (PDF) (Report). Defense Technical Information Center. pp. 27–31. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
- Howard Morley Sachar (1988). A History of Israel: Volume II: from the Aftermath of the Yom Kippur War. Oxford University Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-19-504623-6.
- "Top Films of All-Time". filmsite.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
- Kerri McCaffety; Lynn Powers (1999). Obituary Cocktail: The Great Saloons of New Orleans. Winter Books. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-9653145-9-6.
- Tapio Tolmunen (2002). Mutkatonta matkaa vuodesta 1982. Raka spår från år 1982 (in Finnish). Helsinki: Helsingin kaupungin liikennelaitos. pp. 43–44. ISBN 951-8926-84-0.
- "Helsinki City Transport - About HKL - History - A brief history of the metro". Helsinki City Transport. March 19, 2012. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- Clarence Tsui, South China Morning Post, 12/12/99, "From ads to ashes." (Archive)
- Journal of Meteorology. Artetech International. 2002. p. 284.
- Michael Curtis (1993). Introduction to Comparative Government. HarperCollins College Publishers. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-06-500552-3.
- Margaret Rule; Mary Rose Trust (1993). The Mary Rose: A Guide to the Exhibition and Ship. Mary Rose Trust. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-9511747-2-2.
- Marotta, David John (October 11, 2017). "Volker's Bear: The Bear Market Of 1982". Forbes.
- Brown, Merrill (November 4, 1982). "Dow Industrials Soar to a Record of 1,065.49". The Washington Post.
- Radio Free Europe Research. Radio Free Europe. 1983. p. 3.
- "1982 – Edmonton Eskimos 32, Toronto Argonauts 16". Archived from the original on December 31, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- "Bombs Rock I.B.M. Building And Airline Office". The New York Times. December 17, 1982.
- "Terrorist Claim Bombing of IBM Building". Schenectady Gazette. March 21, 1984.
- China Trade News. National Council for US-China Trade. 1983. p. 10.