The Black Hawks got off to a quick start, as through their first 25 games, Chicago had a league best record of 17-3-5, earning 39 points. The club continued their torrid pace, as they had a 25-6-6 record through their first 37 games before going into a slump where they lost five of their next seven games. Chicago would attempt to strengthen their club, acquiring Curt Fraser from the Vancouver Canucks for former first round draft pick Tony Tanti. The Black Hawks continued their winning ways, and finished the season with a 47-23-10 record, earning 104 points, and finishing in first place in the Norris Division, fourth overall in the NHL. This marked the first time since 1973-74 that the Hawks finished with over 100 points.
Offensively, Chicago was led by Denis Savard, who scored 35 goals and a club record 121 points. Steve Larmer had a breakout season, scoring 43 goals and 90 points, while finishing with a team high +44 rating. Al Secord scored a team high 54 goals, and finished with 86 points, as well as leading the team with 180 penalty minutes. Darryl Sutter reached the 30 goal plateau for the second time in his career, as he finished with 31 goals and 61 points. On defence, Doug Wilson led the way, scoring 18 goals and 69 points, while Doug Crossman had 13 goals and 53 points.
In goal, Murray Bannerman appeared in 41 games, going 24-12-5 with a 3.10 GAA, while earning four shutouts. Tony Esposito split time with him, playing in 39 games, going 23-11-5 with a 3.46 GAA and one shutout.
The Black Hawks opened the playoffs with a best-of-five Norris Division semi-final series against the St. Louis Blues, who finished the season with a 25-40-15 record, earning 65 points, which was 39 fewer than the Black Hawks. Chicago eliminated the Blues in the 1982 NHL Playoffs. The series opened with two games at Chicago Stadium, and with the Black Hawks taking a 2-0 lead into the third period, the Blues stunned Chicago, scoring four unanswered goals, winning the series opener by a 4-2 score. The Black Hawks rebounded in the second game, led by Denis Savard and his two goals in a 7-2 blowout victory to tie the series up at 1-1. The series shifted to The Checkerdome in St. Louis, Missouri for the next two games, and the Black Hawks, who scored two first period goals, were able to hold off the Blues for a close 2-1 victory in the third game of the series. Murray Bannerman made 25 saves as Chicago took the series lead. In the fourth game, Steve Larmer broke a 3-3 tie midway through the third period, while Darryl Sutter scored an empty netter to clinch the series for the Black Hawks, defeating the Blues 5-3 in the game, and 3-1 in the series.
Chicago Black Hawks 4, Minnesota North Stars 1
In the best-of-seven Norris Division finals, the Black Hawks faced the Minnesota North Stars, who finished second in the division with a 40–24–16 record, earning 96 points, eight fewer than Chicago. In the first round of the playoffs, the North Stars defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs in four games. In the 1982 Stanley Cup Playoffs, the Black Hawks eliminated Minnesota in the first round. The series opened with two games at Chicago Stadium, and in the series opener, the two teams were tied at 2–2 after the second period. In the third, the Black Hawks' Curt Fraser broke the tie with just under seven minutes remaining, followed by a goal by Denis Savard and an empty-net goal by Doug Wilson to win the game 5–2 and take the early series lead. In the second game, the Black Hawks were paced by Denis Savard and Steve Larmer, who each recorded four-point games, to defeat the North Stars 7–4 and send the series to Minnesota up 2–0. The next two games were played at the Met Center in Bloomington, Minnesota, and the North Stars, led by three points by Brad Maxwell and 23 saves by Gilles Meloche, cut the Black Hawks lead in half with a 5–1 victory. In the fourth game, Minnesota took a 3–0 lead midway through the second period before Chicago responded with three goals, two by Tom Lysiak, to send the game into overtime. In the extra period, the Black Hawks' Rich Preston was the hero, as Chicago completed the comeback, defeating the North Stars 4–3, and taking a 3–1 series lead back to Chicago. In the fifth game, the Black Hawks, who had two shorthanded goals, defeated the North Stars, 5–2, winning the series four games to one.
The Black Hawks advanced to the Campbell Conference finals for the second consecutive year, this time facing the Edmonton Oilers. Edmonton finished the season with a 47-21-12 record, earning 106 points, two more than the Hawks. In the post-season, the Oilers swept the Winnipeg Jets in the first round, and defeated the Calgary Flames in five games in the Smythe Division finals. The series opened with two games at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, Alberta, and the Oilers, led by a five point game from Wayne Gretzky, easily defeated the Black Hawks 8-4 to take the first game of the series. In the second game, the Oilers continued their dominance, as Glenn Anderson had four goals, while Mark Messier had three, leading Edmonton to an 8-2 win. The series shifted to Chicago Stadium for the next two games, and Edmonton held a 2-0 lead after two periods in the third game. Chicago responded with goals by Steve Larmer and Denis Savard to tie the game, however, the Oilers Glenn Anderson broke the tie late in the third, leading Edmonton to a 3-2 victory, as the Oilers took a 3-0 series lead. Edmonton stormed out of the gate in the fourth game, taking an early 4-0 lead, as they coasted to a 6-3 victory, sweeping the Black Hawks out of the playoffs.