1982 El Salvador earthquake
|UTC time||1982-06-19 06:21:58|
|Local date||19 June 1982|
|Duration||25 s (shaking felt)|
|Depth||82 km (51 mi)|
|Areas affected||El Salvador|
|Total damage||$5 million|
|Max. intensity||VII (Very strong)|
The 1982 El Salvador earthquake occurred southeast of San Salvador on 19 June at 00:21 local time (06:21 UTC). This undersea earthquake struck offshore in the Pacific Ocean and had a surface wave magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong). Occurring adjacent to a subduction zone at the Middle America Trench, this normal-slip shock left at least 16 and as many as 43 people dead, and many injured, and also inflicted $5 million in damage.
Near the Salvadorian coast, the Cocos Plate is subducting beneath the Caribbean Plate at the Middle America Trench. This earthquake was an intra-slab, normal-slip subduction earthquake in the subducting plate. The subduction zone and a local system of faults along the volcanic chain are two major sources of the earthquakes in El Salvador.
The mechanism of this earthquake had many similarities with the El Salvador earthquake of 13 January 2001.
The intensity in San Salvador reached VII (Very strong). The most affected cities are San Salvador, Ahuachapán, Concepción de Ataco, Comasagua, San Miguel, San Pedro Nonualco, and San Juan Tepezontes. This earthquake could be felt in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, with intensities V (Moderate) in Guatemala City, Guatemala, IV (Light) in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, V in Managua, Nicaragua, and III (Weak) in San José, Costa Rica.
- White, R. A.; Ligorría, J. P.; Cifuentes, I. L. (2004), "Seismic history of the Middle America subduction zone along el Salvador, Guatemala, and Chiapas, Mexico: 1526–2000", Special Paper 375: Natural Hazards in el Salvador, 375, pp. 379–396, doi:10.1130/0-8137-2375-2.379, ISBN 978-0-8137-2375-4
- USGS (4 September 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
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- López, M.; Bommer, J.; Méndez, P. (2004). The Seismic Performance of Bahareque Dwellings in El Salvador (PDF). 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 1–6, 2004.
- Martínez-Díaz, J. J.; Álvarez-Gómez, J. A.; Benito, B.; Hernández, D. (2004), "Triggering of destructive earthquakes in el Salvador" (PDF), Geology, 32 (1): 65–68, Bibcode:2004Geo....32...65M, doi:10.1130/G20089.1
- Bommer, J. J.; Benito, M. B.; Ciudad-Real, M.; Lemoine, A.; López-Menjı́Var, M. A.; Madariaga, R.; Mankelow, J.; Méndez De Hasbun, P.; Murphy, W.; Nieto-Lovo, M.; Rodrı́Guez-Pineda, C. E.; Rosa, H. (2002), "The el Salvador earthquakes of January and February 2001: Context, characteristics and implications for seismic risk" (PDF), Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 22 (5): 389–418, doi:10.1016/S0267-7261(02)00024-6, archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011
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- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Ministerio de Obras Públicas; Centro de Investigaciones Geotécnicas; Departamento de Sismología (1982), Informe técnico sobre aspectos sismológicos del terremoto en El Salvador, del 19 de junio de 1982, Documento 00158 (in Spanish)