1982 Flores earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1982 Flores earthquake
1982 Flores earthquake is located in Indonesia
1982 Flores earthquake
1982 Flores earthquake is located in Flores
1982 Flores earthquake
UTC time1982-12-25 12:28:02
ISC event587394
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateDecember 25, 1982 (1982-12-25)
Local time20:28
Duration7 seconds
Magnitude5.9 Mw [1]
Depth10 km (6 mi) [1]
Epicenter8°22′S 123°04′E / 8.36°S 123.07°E / -8.36; 123.07Coordinates: 8°22′S 123°04′E / 8.36°S 123.07°E / -8.36; 123.07 [1]
TypeStrike-slip [2]
Total damage$1.45 million [2]
Casualties13 dead [2]
390 injured [2]

The 1982 Flores earthquake struck the island of Flores in Indonesia on December 25. Registering a moment magnitude of 5.9, according to the International Seismological Centre, it created landslides and was reportedly accompanied by a tsunami. The earthquake killed thirteen people and left 390 injured, also destroying 1,875 houses[3] and 121 other buildings.[4] The villages of Layahong and Oyong Barang were damaged by seven seconds of shaking.[5]

The Lesser Sunda Islands lie in a region with frequent seismicity, and there is a history of tsunamis in the area. Both the subduction of the Australian Plate and the crust in the Flores Sea could be responsible for this activity.[6]

The five most affected districts were evacuated of 6,000 people. The local and regional governments were petitioned for supplies like tents, medicine, and food. The earthquake was followed by several aftershocks.[4]

In 1992, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck the island. It was the deadliest earthquake of the year, killing roughly 2,500 people.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ISC (2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ a b c d USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
  3. ^ "Significant Earthquakes of the World: 1982". United States Geological Survey. January 5, 2010. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Flores Quake Toll Rises to 13". New Straits Times. December 30, 1982. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  5. ^ "Quake Kills 4, Injures 49". The Press-Courier. December 27, 1982. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  6. ^ Ismanto, W. & Prajuto (1989). "Penyebaran Gempa Bumi di Nusa Tenggara Dan Sekitarnya". Majalah Ikatan Ahli Geologi Indonesia (in Indonesian). 12 (1).
  7. ^ "Significant Earthquakes of the World:1992". United States Geological Survey. January 5, 2010. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2011.

External links[edit]