Great Synagogue of Rome attack

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Coordinates: 41°53′31″N 12°28′41″E / 41.8920°N 12.4780°E / 41.8920; 12.4780

Great Synagogue of Rome attack
19821009TerrorismVictimsMemorial.JPG
Memorial to the victim of the attack on 9 October 1982 in Rome
Locationthe Great Synagogue of Rome in Rome, Italy
Date9 October 1982
11:55 am
TargetItalian Jews
Attack type
Grenade and mass shooting attack
Weaponshand grenades[1]
submachine guns[1]
Deaths1
Injured37 civilians[1]
Victim2-year-old toddler (Stefano Gaj Taché) was killed
Perpetrators5 armed Palestinian militants of the Abu Nidal Organization[1]

The Great Synagogue of Rome attack, which was carried out by armed Palestinian terrorists at the entrance to the Great Synagogue of Rome, took place on 9 October 1982 at 11:55 a.m. A 2-year-old toddler, Stefano Gaj Taché, was killed in the attack, while 37 civilians were injured.

Attack[edit]

The attack took place at the Great Synagogue of Rome in the historic district of Rome on Saturday morning, at 11:55 a.m.[2] As the families of the local Jewish community began leaving with their children from the back entrance to the synagogue,[3] five[1][4] elegantly dressed[4] armed Palestinian attackers walked calmly[4] up to the back entrance of the synagogue and threw at least three[4] hand grenades[1] at the crowd, and afterwards sprayed the crowd with sub-machine gun fire.[1] Eyewitnesses at the scene stated that the hand grenades bounced off the steps and exploded in the street.[3]

A 2-year-old toddler, Stefano Gaj Taché, was killed in the attack after being hit by shrapnel.[1] In addition, 37 civilians were injured, among them Stefano's brother, 4-year-old Gadiel Taché, who was shot in the head and chest.[1][5]

Eyewitnesses at the scene stated that after the attack, the attackers left the scene in a red Volkswagen and a white Austin.[6]

Perpetrators[edit]

No group claimed responsibility for the attack.[7] Nevertheless, one of the assailants was identified as Osama Abdel al-Zomar, an alleged member of the Abu Nidal terrorist organization.[8][9] Al-Zomar was later on arrested in Greece, for illegal smuggling of explosives.[10] Although al-Zomar was convicted by an Italian court for his part in the 1982 attack (while he was in Greek custody),[10] nevertheless, the Greek authorities denied an Italian extradition request and instead deported him in 1989 to Libya,[8][9][11] where Abu Nidal's home base was located,[8] and where he is believed to be living.[12]

Aftermath[edit]

A plate has been fixed at the entrance to the synagogue in commemoration of the 1982 Great Synagogue of Rome attack.

On 3 February 2015, during the message to the Italian Parliament following his taking of the oath as President of the Republic, Sergio Mattarella remembered the attack with these words: "(Italy) has paid several times, in a not too distant past, the price of hate and intolerance. I want to remember only one name: Stefano Taché, who was killed in the cowardly terrorist attack on the synagogue in Rome in October 1982. He was only two years old. He was our baby, an Italian baby".[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  2. ^ "BOY, 2, IS KILLED AND 34 ARE HURT". The New York Times. 10 October 1982. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Spokane Chronicle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "The Tuscaloosa News - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Daytona Beach Morning Journal - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  6. ^ "Spokane Chronicle - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Youngstown Vindicator - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  8. ^ a b c "Greece And Terrorism". tribunedigital-orlandosentinel. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Italy Jews Angry With Gadhafi Over Plan to Meet on Shabbat". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Italy Gives Arab a Life Term In a 1982 Synagogue Attack". Reuters. 24 May 1989. Retrieved 5 March 2016 – via The New York Times.
  11. ^ "The Victoria Advocate - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Italy - Italy daily News, Weather, All you need to know about Italy". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  13. ^ "New Italian president remembers young Jewish victim of Rome terrorism". JTA. Rome. 4 February 2015.

External links[edit]