1982 Individual Speedway World Championship

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1982 Individual Speedway World Championship
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The 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship.

The 1982 World Final was held in Los Angeles in the United States. This was the only time the Individual World Final was held outside of England or Europe before the advent of the Speedway Grand Prix series in 1995.

The 400 metres (440 yards) speedway track for the Final was laid out over the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum's existing athletics track. The event was held in front of a crowd of approximately 40,000 people, the largest ever motorcycle speedway attendance in the United States.

Controversy[edit]

Heat 14 of the championship proved to be the most controversial race of the night. After a slow start which saw defending champion Bruce Penhall, and England's Kenny Carter in 3rd and 4th places behind 1976 World Champion Peter Collins and Australian Phil Crump, both riders fought their way past Crump and into 2nd and 3rd behind Collins. Carter moved under Penhall into 2nd place at the end of the 2nd lap, and both riders proceeded to bump each other down the front straight with Carter emerging in front. Carter then went wide through turn 1 which allowed Penhall to come back underneath him. Carter then fell coming onto the back straight and went through the fence causing the race to be stopped. Norwegian referee Torrie Kittlesen then excluded Carter from the race for causing the stoppage. Carter protested claiming that Penhall had hit him in the corner causing him to come off his bike and walked back to the start line in an effort to stop the re-run going ahead without him. Officials and his manager Ivan Mauger were then forced to remove Carter from the track.

Although not shown in the television broadcast of the event, amateur video footage shot from the stands in turns 1 & 2 vindicated Kittlesen's decision. The footage showed that Penhall and Carter did not touch in the turn and that the Englishman had gone down on his own, though years later the debate still rages on about who was at fault.[1] In a television interview with American broadcaster Ken Squier soon after the heat, Kittlesen told that he excluded Carter as he believed the Englishman had fallen without help from Penhall. He also said that the rough riding such as seen from Penhall and Carter on the front straight was to be expected in a World Final. Phil Crump, who had the best view of the incident as he was directly behind the pair, allegedly agreed with the decision to exclude Carter.

Penhall went on to win the re-run from Collins and Crump. In a twist, the result in the re-run ultimately cost Collins' younger brother Les the World Championship in what was his first and only World Final appearance. Had Penhall finished second in Heat 14 behind Peter Collins, and with later results, he and Les Collins could have finished with 13 points each which would have seen the pair in a runoff for the championship. Les Collins had inflicted Penhall's only loss of the meeting when he out-rode the American in Heat 4 in what many believe was a major upset. Additionally, if Penhall had been excluded from Heat 14 and not Carter, Les Collins would likely have won the title as he had finished with 2 point lead over third placed American Dennis Sigalos. Had Penhall only finished on 11 points he would have had a runoff with fellow American Kelly Moran for third place.

In another controversial decision, two races later Kittlesen excluded Czechoslovakia's Vaclav Verner after a clash with West Germany's Georg Hack, the incident being almost a carbon copy of the Penhall / Carter incident. However, on this occasion it was the rider who stayed on his bike, Verner, who was excluded (though video evidence available to Kittlesen at the time clearly showed Verner's back wheel taking out Hack's front wheel).

British Qualification[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
Preliminary Round
13 April United KingdomWeymouth United Kingdom Simon Wigg United Kingdom Ian Clark United Kingdom Dave Perks
25 April United KingdomRye House United Kingdom Bob Garrad United Kingdom Nigel Flatman United Kingdom Steve Naylor
25 April United KingdomBoston United Kingdom Colin Cook United Kingdom Mark Countrey United Kingdom Robin Hollingworth
27 April United KingdomCrayford United Kingdom Steve Wilcock United Kingdom Mike Ferreira United Kingdom Barry Thomas
29 April United KingdomOxford United Kingdom Derek Harrison United Kingdom Tim Hunt United Kingdom Neil Collins
7 May United KingdomPeterborough United Kingdom Simon Wigg United Kingdom Mark Countrey United Kingdom Mike Ferreira
Semi-Finals
14 May United KingdomHackney United Kingdom Les Collins United Kingdom John Louis United Kingdom Dave Jessup
14 May United KingdomBirmingham United Kingdom Alane Grahame United Kingdom Kenny Carter United Kingdom Andy Grahame
Final
2 June United KingdomCoventry United Kingdom Andy Grahame United Kingdom Alan Grahame United Kingdom Kenny Carter result

British Final[edit]

Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21
1 United Kingdom (7) Andy Grahame 14 3 3 3 3 2 14 1
2 United Kingdom (9) Alane Grahame 13 3 2 2 3 3 13 2
3 United Kingdom (14) Kenny Carter 12 2 3 3 2 2 12 3
4 United Kingdom (12) Phil Collins 11 2 3 2 1 3 11 4
5 United Kingdom (16) Chris Morton 10 3 1 3 2 1 10 5
6 United Kingdom (5) Peter Collins 10 2 3 3 1 1 10 6
7 United Kingdom (4) Les Collins 9 0 2 2 2 3 9 7
8 United Kingdom (10) Dave Jessup 8 E 2 0 3 3 8 8
9 United Kingdom (2) Michael Lee 7 3 1 1 2 0 7 9
10 United Kingdom (1) Paul Woods 6 2 1 1 0 2 6 10
11 United Kingdom (6) Mike Ferreira 6 1 0 2 1 2 6 11
12 United Kingdom (13) John Davis 5 0 0 1 3 1 5 12
13 United Kingdom (15) Simon Wigg 4 1 2 0 0 1 4 13
14 United Kingdom (11) Malcolm Holloway 3 1 1 0 1 0 3 14
15 United Kingdom (3) Kevin Jolly 2 1 0 1 0 0 2 15
16 United Kingdom (8) John Louis 0 0 0 0 E E 0 16
R1 United Kingdom (R1) Gordon Kennett 0 0 R1
R2 United Kingdom (R2) Malvyn Taylor 0 0 R2
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21

m - exclusion for exceeding two minute time allowance • t - exclusion for touching the tapes • x - other exclusion • e - retired or mechanical failure • f - fell • ns - non-starter • nc - non-classify

gate A - inside gate B gate C gate D - outside

Swedish Qualification[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
Semi-Finals
7 May SwedenMotala Sweden Lillebror Johansson Sweden Lennart Bengtsson Sweden Anders Michanek
9 May SwedenGislaved Sweden Richard Hellsen Sweden Hans Danielsson Sweden Tommy Nilsson
Final
25 May SwedenMalilla Sweden Richard Hellsen Sweden Lennart Bengtsson Sweden Uno Johansson
26 May SwedenStockholm Sweden Richard Hellsen Sweden Tommy Nilsson Sweden Bjorn Andersson
27 May SwedenMariestad Sweden Tommy Nilsson Sweden Lillebror Johansson Sweden Uno Johansson

Australian Qualification[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
Queensland Final
28 November 81 AustraliaAyr Australia Steve Koppe Australia Merv Janke Australia John Titman
Southern Zone Final
2 January AustraliaMelbourne Australia Phil Crump Australia Danny Kennedy Australia Terry Tulloch
Northern Zone Final
3 January AustraliaRockhampton Australia Gary Guglielmi Australia Billy Sanders Australia John Titman
Australian Final
13 Marth AustraliaBrisbane Australia Billy Sanders Australia Phil Crump Australia Gary Guglielmi

Australian Final[edit]

Pos. Rider Heat Scores Total
1 Australia Billy Sanders 3,3,3,3,3 15
2 Australia Phil Crump 3,3,3,3,2 14
3 Australia Gary Guglielmi 1,3,3,3,1 11
4 Australia Steve Regeling 2,2,1,3,3 11
5 Australia John Titman 3,2,2,2,2 11
6 Australia Ron Schleib 1,3,2,1,3 10
7 Australia Phil Herne 2,2,3,2,1 10
8 Australia Neil Coddington 3,1,2,0,2 8
9 Australia Glyn Taylor 2,1,1,2,X 6
10 Australia Peter Byrne 1,0,0,0,3 4
11 Australia Les Sawyers 2,X,0,2,0 4
12 Australia Mark Johns 0,1,0,1,2 4
13 Australia Graeme Robertson 0,2,0,1,1 4
14 Australia David Foot 1,1,1,0,1 4
15 Australia Steve Baker 0,0,2,0,0 2
16 Australia Peter Carswell 0,0,1,1,0 2
R1 Australia Mark Stevens
R2 Australia Gary Finglas

New Zealand Qualification[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
South Island Final
16 January New ZealandChristchurch New Zealand Larry Ross New Zealand Roger Wright New Zealand Alan Mason
North Island Final
24 January New ZealandKihikihi New Zealand Mitch Shirra New Zealand David Bargh New Zealand John Godall
New Zealand Final
27 February New ZealandChristchurch New Zealand Larry Ross New Zealand Ivan Mauger New Zealand Mitch Shirra

New Zealand Final[edit]

Pos. Rider Heat Scores Total
1 New Zealand Larry Ross 15
2 New Zealand Ivan Mauger 14
3 New Zealand Mitch Shirra 13
4 New Zealand David Bargh 12
5 New Zealand Alan Mason 11
6 New Zealand Roger Wright 10
7 New Zealand Max Brown 9
8 New Zealand Greame Stapleton 8
9 New Zealand Kevin Browne 6
10 New Zealand Trevor Chapman 5
11 New Zealand Graham Taylor 4
12 New Zealand Greg Joynt 4
13 New Zealand Gavin Rhodes 4
14 New Zealand Lance Begbie 2
15 New Zealand Steve Hann 1
16 New Zealand Vayne Brown 0
R1 New Zealand Philip McClintock 2
R2 New Zealand Craig Blacket 0

Intercontinental Round[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
Danish Final
11 May DenmarkFredericia DenmarkErik Gundersen DenmarkBo Petersen DenmarkHans Nielsen
American Final
12 June United StatesLong Beach United States Dennis Sigalos United States Shawn Moran United States Kelly Moran
Scandinavian Final
4 July DenmarkFjelsted Denmark Hans Nielsen Denmark Erik Gundersen Denmark Bo Petersen
Overseas Final
4 July United KingdomWhite City United Kingdom Dave Jessup United Kingdom Kenny Carter United States Bruce Penhall
Intercontinental Final
23 July SwedenVetlanda United Kingdom Les Collins United Kingdom Kenny Carter United States Dennis Sigalos

Danish Final[edit]

  • May 11, 1982
  • Denmark Fredericia
  • First 6 to Scandinavian final
Pos. Rider Total
1 Denmark Erik Gundersen 13+3
2 Denmark Bo Petersen 13+2
3 Denmark Hans Nielsen 13+1
4 Denmark Ole Olsen 11
5 Denmark Preben Eriksen 10
6 Denmark Tommy Knudsen 10
7 Denmark Finn Thomsen 9
8 Denmark Bent Rasmussen 8
9 Denmark Jens Rasmussen 7
10 Denmark Alf Busk 7
11 Denmark Finn Rune Jensen 5
12 Denmark Helge R. Hansen 4
13 Denmark Jens Henry Nielsen 4
14 Denmark John Eskilden 3
15 Denmark Hans Albert Klinge 3
16 Denmark Rene Chistiansen 0

American Final[edit]

  • June 12, 1982
  • United States Long Beach
  • First 3 to Overseas final plus 1 reserve
Pos. Rider Heat Scores Total
1 United States Dennis Sigalos 3,3,3,3,3 15
2 United States Shawn Moran 2,2,3,3,3 13+3
3 United States Kelly Moran 3,2,2,3,3 13+2
4 United States Scott Autrey 3,3,3,2,2 13+1
5 United States John Cook 1,3,1,3,2 10
6 United States Mike Faria 2,1,2,2,3 10
7 United States Bobby Schwartz 3,3,1,X,1 8
8 United States Mike Curosco 0,2,3,1,1 7
9 United States Brad Oxley 2,1,0,1,2 6
10 United States Alan Christian 2,F,2,1,0 5
11 United States Gene Woods 1,0,2,E,1 4
12 United States Mike Bast X,2,1,0,0 3
13 United States Steve Lucero 1,0,0,2,0 3
14 United States Dave Sims 0,E,1,0,1 2
15 United States Steve Gresham 1,1,0,-,- 2
16 United States Paul Orlandi 0,1,F,-,- 1
R1 United States Keith Christo 2,2 4
R2 United States John Sandona 0,1,0 1

Scandinavian Final[edit]

  • July 4, 1982
  • Denmark Fjelsted
  • First 6 to Intercontinental final + 1 reserve
Pos. Rider Total
1 Denmark Hans Nielsen 12+3
2 Denmark Erik Gundersen 12+2
3 Denmark Bo Petersen 11+3
4 Finland Kai Niemi 11+2
5 Denmark Ole Olsen 11+1
6 Sweden Jan Andersson 10+3
7 Denmark Tommy Knudsen 10+2
8 Sweden Richard Hellsen 10+1
9 Denmark Preben Eriksen 10+0
10 Sweden Lillebror Johansson 6
11 Sweden Bjorn Andersson 5
12 Finland Ari Koponen 5
13 Sweden Tommy Nilsson 3
14 Finland Pekka Hautamaeki 2
15 Norway Dag Haaland 1
16 Norway Roy Otto 1

Overseas Final[edit]

Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21
1 United Kingdom (2) Dave Jessup 13 2 3 3 3 2 13 1
2 United Kingdom (16) Kenny Carter 12 1 2 3 3 3 12 2
3 United States (12) Bruce Penhall 11 3 3 2 3 0 11 3
4 New Zealand (10) Larry Ross 10 2 1 3 1 3 10 4
5 United Kingdom (8) Andy Grahame 8 1 1 2 3 1 8 5
6 United States (13) Kelly Moran 8 2 1 1 2 2 8 6
7 United States (3) Dennis Sigalos 8 0 3 0 2 3 8 7
8 Australia (14) Phil Crump 8 0 2 3 0 3 8 8
9 United Kingdom (5) Les Collins 7 3 2 1 0 1 7 9 3
10 United Kingdom (1) Peter Collins 7 3 0 0 2 2 7 10 2
11 United States (6) Shawn Moran 7 2 0 1 3 1 7 11 1
12 United Kingdom (9) Alan Grahame 6 1 3 1 0 1 6 12
13 New Zealand (11) Ivan Mauger 6 0 2 2 0 2 6 13
14 Australia (15) Billy Sanders 5 3 1 0 1 0 5 14
15 United Kingdom (4) Chris Morton 5 1 0 2 2 0 5 15
16 United Kingdom (7) Phil Collins 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 16
R1 United Kingdom (R1) Michael Lee 0 0 R1
R2 United States (R2) Scott Autrey 0 0 R2
R3 Australia (R3) Gary Guglielmi 0 0 R3
R4 New Zealand (R4) Mitch Shirra 0 0 R4
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21

m - exclusion for exceeding two minute time allowance • t - exclusion for touching the tapes • x - other exclusion • e - retired or mechanical failure • f - fell • ns - non-starter • nc - non-classify

gate A - inside gate B gate C gate D - outside

Intercontinental Final[edit]

  • July 23, 1982
  • Sweden Vetlanda
  • First 11 to World final plus 1 reserve
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21
1 United Kingdom (7) Les Collins 12 3 2 3 3 1 12 1
2 United Kingdom (3) Kenny Carter 11 2 3 2 2 2 11 2
3 United States (8) Dennis Sigalos 10 2 3 3 2 0 10 3 3
4 Denmark (1) Hans Nielsen 10 3 1 2 2 2 10 4 2
5 United States (13) Kelly Moran 9 3 3 0 3 0 9 5
6 United States (10) Bruce Penhall 9 3 3 1 1 1 9 6
7 United Kingdom (16) Dave Jessup 8 2 0 3 3 0 8 7
8 Finland (9) Kai Niemi 7 0 2 0 3 2 7 8
9 Australia (12) Phil Crump 7 1 1 3 1 1 7 9
10 Sweden (2) Jan Andersson 7 1 1 1 1 3 7 10
11 United Kingdom (11) Peter Collins 6 2 1 0 0 3 6 11 3
12 United Kingdom (6) Andy Grahame 6 0 0 1 2 3 6 12 2
13 Denmark (4) Bo Petersen 6 0 2 2 0 2 6 13 1
14 New Zealand (15) Larry Ross 5 1 0 0 1 3 5 14
15 Denmark (14) Ole Olsen 4 0 2 1 0 1 4 15
16 Denmark (5) Erik Gundersen 3 1 0 2 0 0 3 16
R1 Denmark (R1) Tommy Knudsen 0 0 R1
R2 United States (R2) Shawn Moran 0 0 R2
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21

m - exclusion for exceeding two minute time allowance • t - exclusion for touching the tapes • x - other exclusion • e - retired or mechanical failure • f - fell • ns - non-starter • nc - non-classify

gate A - inside gate B gate C gate D - outside

Continental Round[edit]

Date Venue Winner Runner-up 3rd place
Preliminary Round
24 April NetherlandsAmsterdam Poland Alfred Siekierka Czechoslovakia Vaclav Verner Czechoslovakia Petr Kucera
25 April CzechoslovakiaPardubice Czechoslovakia Petr Ondrašík Soviet Union Viktor Kuznetsov Czechoslovakia Milan Špinka
25 April BulgariaTargovishte Poland Roman Jankowski Soviet Union Mikhail Starostin Czechoslovakia Jan Verner
26 April Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaOsijek West Germany Josef Aigner Soviet Union Valery Gordeev Bulgaria Nikolaj Manev
Quarter-Finals
9 May AustriaWiener Neustadt West Germany Karl Maier West Germany Josef Aigner Soviet Union Valery Gordeev
9 May West GermanyNorden West Germany Egon Muller West Germany Georg Hack Poland Zenon Plech
9 May East GermanyDiedenbergen Netherlands Henny Kroeze Poland Leonard Raba Czechoslovakia Vaclav Verner
9 May HungaryDebrecen Czechoslovakia Aleš Dryml, Sr. Soviet Union Mikhail Starostin Hungary Zoltan Hajdu
Semi-Finals
13 July West GermanyAbensberg Soviet Union Viktor Kuznetsov Poland Marek Kepa Soviet Union Rif Saitgareev
13 July ItalyLonigo Soviet Union Vladimir Gordeev Italy Francesco Biginato Czechoslovakia Jiří Štancl
Final
25 July PolandLeszno Czechoslovakia Jiří Štancl Poland Edward Jancarz Czechoslovakia Vaclav Verner

Continental Final[edit]

  • July 25, 1982
  • Poland Leszno
  • First 5 to World final plus 1 reserve
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21
1 Czechoslovakia (1) Jiří Štancl 15 3 3 3 3 3 15 1
2 Poland (10) Edward Jancarz 11 2 3 3 1 2 11 2 3
3 Czechoslovakia (5) Vaclav Verner 11 3 1 3 2 2 11 3 2
4 West Germany (16) Georg Hack 10 1 2 1 3 3 10 4
5 Soviet Union (13) Mikhail Starostin 9 2 0 2 2 3 9 5 3
6 Czechoslovakia (2) Emil Sova 9 1 2 1 3 2 9 6 2
7 Netherlands (15) Henny Kroeze 8 3 0 2 3 0 8 7
8 Czechoslovakia (9) Aleš Dryml, Sr. 8 1 2 3 2 X 8 8
9 Soviet Union (7) Valery Gordeev 7 2 3 0 2 X 7 9
10 Soviet Union (11) Viktor Kuznetsov 7 0 1 2 1 3 7 10
11 Czechoslovakia (4) Jiří Dominik 7 2 3 1 1 E 7 11
12 Poland (12) Marek Kepa 6 3 0 0 1 2 6 12
13 Poland (8) Leonard Raba 4 1 1 1 0 1 4 13
14 Italy (3) Francesco Biginato 3 0 2 0 0 1 3 14
15 Soviet Union (14) Rif Saitgareev 3 0 0 2 0 1 3 15
16 Italy (6) Gianni Famari 1 0 1 0 E 0 1 16
R1 West Germany (R1) Christian Brandt 0 0 R1
R2 Poland (R2) Roman Jankowski 0 0 R2
R3 Poland (R3) Wojciech Zabialowicz 0 0 R3
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos 21

m - exclusion for exceeding two minute time allowance • t - exclusion for touching the tapes • x - other exclusion • e - retired or mechanical failure • f - fell • ns - non-starter • nc - non-classify

gate A - inside gate B gate C gate D - outside

World Final[edit]

Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos
1 United States (13) Bruce Penhall 14 2 3 3 3 3 14 1
2 United Kingdom (15) Les Collins 13 3 3 1 3 3 13 2
3 United States (4) Dennis Sigalos 12 3 2 2 2 3 12 3
4 United States (1) Kelly Moran 11 2 1 3 3 2 11 4
5 United Kingdom (8) Kenny Carter 10 3 3 3 Fx 1 10 5
6 United Kingdom (10) Dave Jessup 8 3 2 0 3 0 8 6
7 Denmark (16) Hans Nielsen 8 1 0 2 2 3 8 7
8 Sweden (5) Jan Andersson 8 1 2 2 1 2 8 8
9 Czech Republic (12) Jiří Štancl 7 0 1 3 1 2 7 9
10 Poland (7) Edward Jancarz 7 2 2 1 2 0 7 10
11 Germany (9) Georg Hack 6 2 0 2 1 1 6 11
12 Finland (14) Kai Niemi 5 0 3 1 0 1 5 12
13 United Kingdom (2) Peter Collins 5 1 0 0 2 2 5 13
14 Australia (11) Phil Crump 4 1 1 1 1 0 4 14
15 Czech Republic (6) Vaclav Verner 2 0 1 0 x 1 2 15
16 Soviet Union (3) Michaił Starostin 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16
Czech Republic (17) Emil Sova 0 0
United Kingdom (18) Andy Grahame 0 0
Placing Rider Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pts Pos

m - exclusion for exceeding two minute time allowance • t - exclusion for touching the tapes • x - other exclusion • e - retired or mechanical failure • f - fell • ns - non-starter • nc - non-classify

gate A - inside gate B gate C gate D - outside

Television[edit]

During the meeting, scenes for an episode of the American television drama series CHiPs were filmed in the pits. One of the stars of CHiPs was World Champion Bruce Penhall who portrayed cadet–probationary officer Bruce Nelson. The episode centred on Nelson winning the World Final, with Penhall acting as Nelson in between races. Actual television coverage of the meeting was also used in the episode, with dubbed over commentary. The episode, which was episode 5 of season 6 ("Speedway Fever") aired in the USA on November 7, 1982, was Penhall's debut in the series.

Penhall later admitted that it felt strange having a body guard and having to do make up for shoots in between races, stating that he was nervous enough riding in the World Final in front of his home crowd without the pressure of a television acting debut.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1982 World Final Heat 14
  2. ^ Bamford, R. & Shailes, G. (2002). A History of the World Speedway Championship. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2402-5