1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

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1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed April 30, 1982
Last system dissipated November 9, 1982
Seasonal statistics
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984

The 1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was part of the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) releases unofficial advisories. An average of five tropical cyclones form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November.[1] Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.[2]

Systems[edit]

Cyclone One (1B)[edit]

Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
01B May 04 1982 0000Z.png Cyclone 01B 1982 track.png
Duration April 30 – May 5
Peak intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)  914 hPa (mbar)

On April 30 the monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression in the western Bay of Bengal. It tracked northeastward, becoming a tropical storm on the 1st and a cyclone on the 2nd. Its movement became more to the east, and the cyclone continued to quickly intensify, reaching a peak of 145 mph winds just before landfall. The small and compact cyclone hit southern Myanmar on the 4th, and it dissipated the next day over land. Moderate to heavy damage was experienced, but advance warning kept the death toll at only five in an area where hundreds to thousands of deaths are relatively common.

Tropical Storm Two (2B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
2B Jun 2 1982 0915Z.png Cyclone 02B 1982 track.png
Duration May 30 – June 4
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  983 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 2B developed from the monsoon trough in the central Bay of Bengal on May 30. It headed northeastward, becoming a tropical storm later that day and reaching a peak of 65 mph winds on the 31st. The storm turned to the northwest, where it weakened to a tropical depression. It restrengthened, and hit near Paradip, India on the 3rd as a 65 mph tropical storm. The storm brought heavy flooding amounting to 140 casualties and destroying over 500,000 homes.

Tropical Storm Three (3B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
3B Oct 16 1982 0900Z.png Cyclone 03B 1982 track.png
Duration October 13 – October 16
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  986 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Three, which formed in the central Bay of Bengal on October 13, hit eastern India on the 16th as a 60 mph tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Four (4B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
4B Oct 18 1982 2112Z.png Cyclone 04B 1982 track.png
Duration October 17 – October 19
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  987 hPa (mbar)

An area of convection south of the previous storm slowly organized into a tropical storm on October 17. It tracked northwestward, reaching a peak of 60 mph winds before hitting southeastern India on the 18th as a weakened 50 mph storm. 5 casualties can be attributed to this system.

Cyclone Five (5A)[edit]

Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
5A Nov 8 1982 0928Z.png Cyclone 05A 1982 track.png
Duration November 4 – November 9
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  952 hPa (mbar)

The final storm of the season developed on November 4 in the central Arabian Sea. It tracked northeastward, strengthening into a tropical storm on the 6th and a cyclone on the 7th. The system peaked at 95 mph winds before hitting Veraval, India on the 8th. The cyclone rapidly dissipated, after resulting in 341 casualties and heavy flooding.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: What is the annual frequency of Cyclones over the Indian Seas? What is its intra-annual variation?". Indian Meteorological Department. 2012. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Bulletins Issued by Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) - Tropical Cyclones, New Delhi" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. May 25, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2012. 

External links[edit]