1982 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1982.

Plants[edit]

Pteridophyta[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Osmunda wehrii[2]

sp nov

Valid

  • Miller jr

Middle Miocene

Roza-Priest Rapids Basalts contact, Columbia River Basalt Group.

 USA

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arstanosaurus[4]

gen et sp nov

Nomen dubium.

  • Suslov
  • Shilin

Upper Cretaceous

Bostobinskaya Formation

 Kazakhstan

Dandakosaurus[5]

gen et sp nov

Nomen dubium.

  • Yadagiri

Early Jurassic

Kota Formation

 India

Goyocephale[6]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Unnamed unit

 Mongolia

Huayangosaurus[7]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Dong, Tang, & Zhou

Middle Jurassic

Lower Shaximiao Formation

 China

Hulsanpes[8]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

Osmólska

Late Cretaceous

Barun Goyot Formation

 Mongolia

Pectinodon[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Carpenter

Late Cretaceous

Lance Formation

 USA

A troodontid.

Tawasaurus[10]

gen et sp nov

Valid taxon

  • Yang

Early Jurassic

 China

"Vectensia"[11]

gen et sp nov

Nomen nudum

Delair

Early Cretaceous

Referred to Polacanthus.

Birds[edit]

Some remarks on newly named birds[edit]

  • Hulsanpes perlei Osmolska, 1982 was described as a Troodontidae, it is sometimes seen as an Avialae because of having a ginglymoid metatarsal II.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alectoris peii [12]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Early Pleistocene

Zhoukoudian

 China

A Phasianidae.

Ambiortus dementjevi [13]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Early Cretaceous

Neocomian,

Unduruhinskaya Formatie

 Mongolia

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Ambiortiformes Kurochkin, 1982. Ambiortidae Kurochkin, 1982, this is the type species of the new genus.

Anhinga hadarensis [14]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Pierce Brodkorb

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene

Hadar Formation,

± 3 My BP

 Ethiopia

An Anhingidae.

Athene cretensis [15]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Peter D. M. Weesie

Late Pleistocene

Crete,

MQ 2C

 Greece

A Strigidae.

Bantamyx georgicus [16][17]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Miocene

Khirgis Nur Formation, Khirgis Nur 2

 Mongolia

A Phasianidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Caspiodontornis kobystanicus [18][19]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Sevil M. Aslanova

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

Middle Oligocene

Maykopian Formation

 USSR:

 Azerbaijan

An Odontopterygiformes Howard, 1957, family Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Cepphus olsoni [20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

San Mateo Formation,

San Luis Rey River Local Fauna

 USA

 California

An Alcidae.

Ciconia lucida [16]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Middle Pliocene

Large Lakes Basin

 Mongolia

A Ciconiidae.

Columba congi [12]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pleistocene

Zhoukoudian

 China

A Columbidae.

Crossoptilon jiai [12]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pleistocene

Zhoukoudian

 China

A Phasianidae.

Ephippiorhynchus pakistanensis [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Miocene

Upper Dokh Pathan Formation, Siwalik Series

 Pakistan

A Ciconiidae.

Falco chowi [12]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pleistocene

Zhoukoudian

 China

A Falconidae.

Gavia egeriana [22]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Petr Švec

Early Miocene

MN 4b

 Czechoslovakia

A Gaviidae.

Lophura wayrei [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Miocene

Upper Nagri Formation, Chinji Formation, Siwalik Series

 Pakistan

A Phasianidae.

Minggangia changgouensis [23]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Late Eocene

Linzhuangqun

 China

A Threskiornithidae, placed in Aves Incerta Sedis by Olson, 1982, this is the type species of the new genus.

Miobaptus walteri [22]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Petr Švec

Early Miocene

MN 4b

 Czechoslovakia

A Podicipedidae, this is the type species of the new genus, Mlíkovský, 2000 transferred the species to the genus Podiceps.[24]

Ornimegalonyx acevedoi [25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Strigidae, probably a synonym of Ornimegalonyx oteroi Arredondo, 1958.

Ornimegalonyx gigas [25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Strigidae, probably a synonym of Ornimegalonyx oteroi Arredondo, 1958.

Ornimegalonyx minor [25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Oscar Arredondo

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Cuba

A Strigidae, probably a synonym of Ornimegalonyx oteroi Arredondo, 1958.

Palaeopsittacus georgei [26]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Early Eocene

London Clay

MP 8

 UK:

 England

Described as a Psittacidae, transferred by Mourer-Chauviré in 1992 to the Quercypsittidae, placed in Aves Incertae Sedis by Mayr et Daniels 1998, Mayr 2009 thought it might be a Fluvioviridavidae G. Mayr, 2005, this is the type species of the new genus.

Paludiavis richae [21]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Miocene

Siwalik Series

 Pakistan

A possible Balaenicipitidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Parvulivenator watteli [27]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Early Eocene

London Clay

MP 8

 UK:

 England

Described as a Falconidae, but Mlíkovský 2002 [28] placed it in Aves Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Physornis brasiliensis [29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Late Oligocene or Early Miocene

Upper Deseadean, Tremembé Formation

 Brazil

A Gruiformes, Phorusrhacidae Ameghino, 1889, Brontornitinae Moreno et Mercerat, 1891, in 1993 Alvarenga mede it the type species of his new genus Paraphysornis.[30]

Pleotis liui [12]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pleistocene

Zhoukoudian

 China

An Otididae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Porphyrio parvus [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Miocene

Upper Nagri Formatie, Siwalik Series

 Pakistan

A Rallidae.

Tachornis uranoceles [31]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Storrs L. Olson

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Puerto Rico

An Apodidae.

Uria paleohesperis [20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hildegarde Howard

Late Miocene

San Mateo Formation

San Luis Rey River Local Fauna

 USA

 California

An Alcidae.

Urmiornis cracrafti [21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Colin J. O. Harrison

Cyril A. Walker

Late Miocene

Near Kadirpur

 Pakistan

A Gruiformes, Ergilornithidae Kozlova, 1960. According to Karhu, 1997 not an Ergilornithidae. Olson, 1985 and Kurochkin, 1985 place the species in the genus Amphipelargus Lydekker, 1891.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bathyspondylus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Delair

Kimmeridgian

 England

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Huanhepterus

gen et sp nov

Valid

Dong

Late Jurassic

Huachihuanhe Formation

 China

Crocodylomorpha[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dianchungosaurus[32]

gen et sp nov

valid

  • Yang Z. J.

Sinemurian

Lufeng Formation

 China

First described as a dinosaur

Trialestes[33]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Bonaparte

Late Triassic

Ischigualasto Formation

 Argentina

Sphenosuchian

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Miller, C.N. jr. (1982). "Osmunda wehrii, a New Species Based on Petrified Rhizomes from the Miocene of Washington". American Journal of Botany. 69 (1): 116–121. doi:10.2307/2442836. JSTOR 2442836. 
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Suslov vide Suslov, Y.V. 1982. Dromaeosaurid unguals from the Upper Cretaceous deposits of the Kzyl-Orda region. Akad. Nauk Kazokhskoy S.S.R. Inst. Zool. Mat. istorii fauny flory Kazakhstana 8: pp. 5-16.
  5. ^ Yadagiri, P. 1982. Osteological studies of a carnosaurian dinosaur from the Lower Jurassic Kota Formation: Andhra Pradesh. Geological Survey of India (Progress Report for Field Season Programme 1981-1982), Regional Palaeontological Laboratories, Southern Region: 7 pages.
  6. ^ Perle A., T. Maryanska, and H. Osmolska. 1982. Goyocephale lattimorei gen. et sp. n., a new flatheaded pachycephalosaur (Ornithischia, Dinosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia. Acta Palaeontol. Polonica 27: pp. 115-127.
  7. ^ Dong, Z., Z. Tang, and S. Zhou. 1982. Note on the new Mid-Jurassic stegosaur from Sichuan Basin, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 20: pp. 83-87.
  8. ^ Osmolska, H. 1982. Hulsanpes perlei n.g. n. sp. (Deinonychosauria, Saurischia, Dinosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous Barun Goyot Formation of Mongolia. N. Jb. Geol. Palaontol. Mh. 1982: pp. 440-448.
  9. ^ Carpenter, K. 1982. Baby dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous Lance and Hell Creek formations and a description of a new species of theropod. Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming. 20 (2): pp. 123-134.
  10. ^ Young , C.C. 1982. On a new genus of dinosaur from Lufeng, Yunnan. In: Selected works of Yang Zhung-jian. Science Press, Beijing: pp. 38-42.
  11. ^ Delair, J.B. 1982. Notes on an armoured dinosaur from Barnes High, Isle of Wight. Proceedings of the Isle of Wight Natural History and Archaeological Society for 1980, Volume 7(5): pp. 297-302.
  12. ^ a b c d e Hou Lianhai (1982). "Brief Report on "Avian Fossils of Pleistocene from Zhoukoudian, China"" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 20 (4): 366–368. 
  13. ^ Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1982). "New Order of Birds from the Lower Cretaceous of Mongolia". Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. 262: 215–218. 
  14. ^ Pierce Brodkorb & Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1982). "Fossil Anhingas (Aves: Anhingidae) from Early Man Sites of Hadar and Omo (Ethiopia) and Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)". Geobios. 15 (4): 505–515. doi:10.1016/s0016-6995(82)80071-5. 
  15. ^ Peter D. M. Weesie (1982). "A Pleistocene Endemic Island Form within the Genus Athene: Athene cretensis n. sp. (Aves: Strigiformes) from Crete" (PDF). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen B. 85 (3): 323–336. 
  16. ^ a b Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1982). "[New Birds from the Middle Pliocene of Mongolia.]". Ornithologiya. 17: 150–154. 
  17. ^ Nikita V. Zelenkov & Evgeny N. Kurochkin (2009). "Neogene Phasianids (Aves: Phasianidae) of Central Asia: 2. Genera Perdix, Plioperdix, and Bantamyx". Paleontological Journal. 43 (3): 318–326. doi:10.1134/s0031030109030113. 
  18. ^ Sevil M. Aslanova & Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich (1982). "Oligotsenovaya zubastaya ptitsa iz s. Perekishkyul' (Apsheronskiy poluostrov) - pervaya i yedinstvennaya nakhodka v SSSR i na vsem Aziatskom kontinente. [An Oligocene toothed bird from the village of Perekishkyul' (Apsheron Peninsula): The first and only such find in the USSR and in all of the Asiatic continent.] [in Russian, with Georgian, English summ.]". Sak'arthvelos SSR Mets'nierebatha Akademiis Matsne. Biologis Seria = Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Gruzinskoy SSR, Seriya Biologicheskaya. 8: 406–412. 
  19. ^ Sevil M. Aslanova & Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich (1999). "A Detailed Description of Caspiodontornis kobystanicus from the Oligocene of the Caspian Seashore". Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 42 (3): 423–433. 
  20. ^ a b Hildegarde Howard (1982). "Fossil Birds from Tertiary Marine Beds at Oceanside, San Diego County, California, with Descriptions of Two New Species of the Genera Uria and Cepphus (Aves: Alcidae)" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 341: 1–15. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Colin J. O. Harrison & Cyril A. Walker (1982). "Fossil Birds from the Upper Miocene of Northern Pakistan". Tertiary Research. 4 (2): 53–69. 
  22. ^ a b Petr Švec (1982). "Two New Species of Diving Birds from the Lower Miocene of Czechoslovakia". Casopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii. 27 (3): 243–260. 
  23. ^ Hou Lianhai (1982). "New form of the Threskiornithidae from the Upper Eocene of the Minggang, Henan" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 20 (3): 196–202. 
  24. ^ Jíří Mlikovský (1982). "Early Miocene Birds of Skyrice, Czech Republic" (PDF). Casopis Narodniho Muzea, Rada Prirodovedna. 169: 97–100. 
  25. ^ a b c Oscar Arredondo (1982). "Los Strigiformes Fósiles del Pleistoceno Cubano" (PDF). Boletin del Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales. 37: 33–55. 
  26. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1982). "The Earliest Parrot: A New Species from the British Eocene". Ibis. 124 (2): 203–210. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1982.tb03765.x. 
  27. ^ Colin J. O. Harrison (1982). "A New Tiny Raptor from the Lower Eocene of England". Ardea. 70 (1): 77–80. 
  28. ^ Jíří Mlíkovský (2002). "Cenozoic Birds of the World Part 1: Europe" (PDF). Praha Ninox Press. 13: 1–407. 
  29. ^ Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga (1982). "Uma Gigantesca Ave Fóssil do Cenozóico Brasileiro: Physornis brasiliensis Sp. N.". Anais da Academia Brasileira Ciências. 54: 697–712. 
  30. ^ Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga (1993). "Paraphysornis Novo Genero para Physornis brasiliensis Alvarenga, 1982 (Aves: Phorusrhacidae)". Anais da Academia Brasileira Ciências. 63: 403–406. 
  31. ^ Storrs L. Olson (1982). "A New Species of Palm Swift (Tachornis: Apodidae) from the Pleistocene of Puerto Rico" (PDF). Auk. 99 (2): 230–235. 
  32. ^ Young, C.-C. 1982. On a primitive crocodile from Lufeng, Yunnna. Selected Works on Yang, Zhungijang: pp. 26-28.
  33. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. 1982. Classification of the Thecodontia. Geobios Mem. Spec. 6: pp. 99-112.