1983 Indianapolis 500

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67th Indianapolis 500
Indy500winningcar1983.JPG
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis 500
Sanctioning bodyUSAC
Season1983 CART season
1982-83 Gold Crown
DateMay 29, 1983
WinnerTom Sneva
Winning teamBignotti-Cotter Racing
Average speed162.117 mph (260.902 km/h)
Pole positionTeo Fabi
Pole speed207.395 mph (333.770 km/h)
Rookie of the YearTeo Fabi
Most laps ledTom Sneva (98)
Pre-race ceremonies
National anthemJames A. Hubert
"Back Home Again in Indiana"Jim Nabors
Starting CommandMary F. Hulman
Pace carBuick Riviera
Pace car driverDuke Nalon
StarterDuane Sweeney[1]
Estimated attendance325,000[2]
TV in the United States
NetworkABC
AnnouncersJim McKay, Sam Posey
Nielsen Ratings14.1 / 27
Chronology
Previous Next
1982 1984

The 67th Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana on Sunday, May 29, 1983. After finishing second three times (1977, 1978, 1980), winning the pole position twice (1977–1978), and being the fastest qualifier one additional time (1981), Tom Sneva finally shook his "bridesmaid" status and won his first Indianapolis 500. The win also represented the record seventh Indy victory that chief mechanic George Bignotti was involved with.

In the final twenty laps, three-time winner Al Unser Sr. was leading Tom Sneva. Unser was seeking his record-tying fourth Indy victory. His son, rookie Al Unser Jr. was several laps down, but was running right behind his father. Al Jr. created a firestorm of controversy when it appeared he was blocking Sneva intentionally to aid his father. After several anxious laps, Sneva finally slipped by both Unsers, pulled away, and claimed his long-awaited first and only Indy victory.

Rookie Teo Fabi headlined time trials by winning the pole position, and on race day he led the first 23 laps. Fabi's day was short, however, as he dropped out with a bad fuel gasket. The effort earned him the rookie of the year award. Fabi would go on to win four races during the season and finish second to Al Unser Sr. for the CART championship.

The 1983 Indy 500 ushered in a new era of civility and stability in the sport of Indy car racing. After four years of conflict and organizational disputes between USAC and CART, the two sanctioning bodies came to an amicable truce. The Indianapolis 500 would be sanctioned singly by USAC, and officially would be part of the ceremonial Gold Crown. However, the race was now recognized on the CART schedule, and counted towards the 1983 CART PPG Indy Car World Series points championship. The field for the Indy 500 going forward would consist primarily of CART-based teams, along with numerous one-off entries. This arrangement would remain in place through 1995.

Background[edit]

The USAC technical committee issued a rule change for 1983, scaling back side skirts and declaring that "all bodywork or aerodynamic devices must be at least one inch above the bottom of the car's tub." During time trials, a total of 15 cars in the qualifying line would fail pre-qualifying technical inspection, raising tempers and drawing the ire of competitors. Some teams charged that USAC was inconsistent in their enforcement and their measuring, since they used a different (and possibly less-accurate) tool than the CART series officials utilized at other races. In addition, some teams claimed the first several cars in line were not scrutinized as heavily as those deeper in line.

The evolving aerodynamic rules coincided with the emergence of the Robin Herd-designed March chassis becoming the vehicle of choice for the mid-1980s. Coupled with the widely used Cosworth DFX engine, the "customer car" era began to dominate the sport of Indy car racing. Penske, among other teams, elected to scale back, or even abandon their in-house chassis programs in favor of the English-built March for the next few seasons. The March's aerodynamic advancements, downforce, and affordable cost were among the reasons it emerged as the favorite among the competitors. The "customer car" era also was popular with the smaller-budget teams, as it allowed them access to top equipment, leveling the playing field, and shrinking the differences between haves and the have-nots. The 1983 race would be the first of five consecutive Indy 500 victories for March Engineering.

Race schedule[edit]

Race schedule — April 1983
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
10
 
11
 
12
ROP
13
 
14
 
15
 
16
 
Race schedule — May 1983
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
Practice
8
Practice
9
Practice
10
Practice
11
Practice
12
Practice
13
Practice
14
Time Trials
15
Time Trials
16
Practice
17
Practice
18
Practice
19
Practice
20
Practice
21
Time Trials
22
Bump Day
23
 
24
 
25
 
26
Carb Day
27
Mini-Marathon
28
Parade
29
Indy 500
30
Memorial Day
31
 
       
Color Notes
Green Practice
Dark Blue Time trials
Silver Race day
Red Rained out*
Blank No track activity

* Includes days where track
activity was significantly
limited due to rain

ROP — denotes Rookie
Orientation Program

Time trials[edit]

Pole day time trials was scheduled for Saturday May 14. Rain, however, kept cars off the track nearly all day. At 4:15 p.m., the track finally opened for practice, but it was brief and interrupted by several yellow lights. Officials closed the track at 5:49 p.m., without a single car making a qualifying attempt. On Sunday May 15, rain washed out the entire day. It was the first time since 1978 that not a single car qualified on the first weekend. Pole day time trials was moved to the second weekend.

Three-time winner Johnny Rutherford was sidelined after two major crashes. On May 8, he crashed in turn one, suffering minor injuries. On May 18, he suffered a more serious crash in turn 3. He broke his left foot and left ankle, and was forced to sit out the 1983 race.

Pole Day – Saturday May 21[edit]

Pole day started with Mike Mosley (205.372 mph) taking the top spot early on. Rick Mears, a favorite for the pole, had his effort fall short, and he qualified at 204.301 mph.

Tom Sneva was the next shot at the front row, but his speed of 203.687 mph was only third-fastest at the moment. The next car out was rookie Teo Fabi, who had raised eyebrows during the week, posting practice speeds near the top of the speed chart. Fabi set a new one-lap track record of 208.049 mph, and set a four-lap record of 207.395 mph, securing the pole position. Fabi became the first rookie to win the pole since Walt Faulkner in 1950.

A very busy day saw 42 attempts and 33 cars complete qualifying runs. For the first time in modern history, the field was filled to 33 cars in one day.

On a sad note, Tony Foyt, Sr., the father of A. J. Foyt as well as his former chief mechanic, died after battling lung cancer. After qualifying on Saturday, A. J. Foyt flew to Houston to visit his ailing father. At 8 p.m., Tony Foyt, Sr. lapsed into a coma, and died at 10 p.m.[3]

Bump Day – Sunday May 22[edit]

The day opened with John Mahler (180.022 mph) on the bubble. Rain again hampered time trials, and the track did not open until nearly 2 p.m.

Phil Krueger wrecked during a practice run, and Gary Bettenhausen waved off a run after one lap over 193 mph.

At 4:14 p.m., Dennis Firestone completed a run of 190.888 mph, bumping Mahler. Moments later, rain began to fall, and the track was closed for the day. The 6 o'clock gun fired with several drivers, including Bettenhausen, Bill Alsup, Dick Ferguson all left sitting in line.

Starting grid[edit]

Row Inside Middle Outside
1 Italy Teo Fabi (R) United States Mike Mosley United States Rick Mears (W)
2 United States Tom Sneva United States Al Unser, Jr. (R) United States Bobby Rahal
3 United States Al Unser (W) United States Roger Mears United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr.
4 United States Gordon Johncock (W) United States Mario Andretti (W) United States Howdy Holmes
5 United States George Snider United States Pancho Carter United States Bill Whittington
6 United States Chip Ganassi United States Patrick Bedard (R) Mexico Josele Garza
7 United States Steve Chassey (R) United States Dick Simon United States Danny Ongais
8 United States Kevin Cogan United States Johnny Parsons United States A. J. Foyt (W)
9 United States Chris Kneifel (R) Australia Geoff Brabham United States Don Whittington
10 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly (R) United States Scott Brayton United States Mike Chandler
11 United States Steve Krisiloff United States Chet Fillip Australia Dennis Firestone

Alternates[edit]

  • First alternate: John Mahler (#92) – Bumped
  • Second alternate: none

Failed to qualify[edit]

Race summary[edit]

First half[edit]

Rookie Teo Fabi took the lead from the pole position and led the first 23 laps. A. J. Foyt, who earlier in the week had attended his father's funeral, dropped out early with a broken transmission u-joint linkage. At almost the same time, George Snider, Foyt's other team car, dropped out with ignition failure. Both Foyt cars were out just beyond the 50-mile mark.

After showing speed early, Fabi dropped out with a bad fuel gasket. During a pit stop, the refueling mechanism failed, and fuel spilled around the car, but did not ignite.

On lap 81, Johnny Parsons spun in front of Mario Andretti in turn one, and both cars crashed hard into the outside wall. It was Andretti's first ride at Indy with Newman/Haas Racing, and yet another misfortune at the 500.

Second half[edit]

First half contender Bobby Rahal dropped out with a punctured radiator. The lead in the second half was maintained by Tom Sneva and Al Unser, Sr. Sneva's teammate Kevin Cogan, as well as Geoff Brabham were also contenders for the top five.

On lap 172, Tom Sneva led, with Al Unser, Sr. second. Sneva was right behind the lapped car of Mike Mosley when his pit crew put out the sign board for him to make his final pit stop. Seconds later, Mosley spun right in front of Sneva coming out of turn one and crashed into the outside wall, suffering a bruised foot in the wreck.[5] Sneva veered to the inside and narrowly avoided the incident. Mosley's notable "Indy jinx" continued, and it would be his final lap at the Speedway - he was killed in a traffic accident less than a year later.

With the yellow out, Sneva pitted the next time around, his final pit stop of the day. Al Unser, Sr. was also in the pits. Unser had a much faster pit stop, electing not to change tires, and came out in the lead. Sneva was now second.

Finish[edit]

The green flag came back out on lap 176 with Al Unser, Sr. leading and Tom Sneva in second. As the cars were going through turn four, the 10th place car of rookie Al Unser, Jr. (five laps down at the time) jumped the restart, and passed both Sneva and his father Al Sr. One lap later, Al Jr. allowed his father by, and settled in between his father and second place Tom Sneva.

Over the next several laps, it became clear that Al Jr. was trying to play the role of "blocker" for his father. Al Jr. was known to openly root for his father, and incidentally it was Al Sr.'s 44th birthday. As the race hit lap 180, officials started giving Al Jr. the blue flag.

The blue "move over" courtesy flag.

While many feel Al Jr. did not actually make many onerous and intentional "blocking" moves, he did create a significant amount of "dirty air" for Sneva, and did not yield the preferred racing line. Despite the impedance, Al Sr. was not pulling away nor seemed able to extend his lead. The three cars continued to run very close together. As the laps dwindled, the controversy began to grow.

With 13 laps to go, Sneva pulled alongside Al Jr. on the frontstretch. The two cars went side-by-side into turn one, but Al Jr. refused to give up the ground.

With ten laps to go, the three cars started to catch up to lapped traffic. Al Jr. got stuck behind the car of Dick Simon, and Sneva immediately pounced on the moment. Sneva veered down low, passed Al Jr. and Simon at consecutive corners, and set his sights on the lead. Down the backstretch, Sneva set up his pass and easily got by Al Unser Sr. going into turn three. He passed two more cars before the end of the lap and immediately began pulling away. While Sneva began driving away from Al Sr., Al Jr. passed his dad in turn one.

With an open track ahead of him now, Tom Sneva picked up the pace and put considerable distance between himself and the Unsers. Sneva cruised to victory, by a margin of 11.174 seconds. It was Sneva's first Indy 500 victory (after three previous runner-up finishes) and chief mechanic George Bignotti's record 7th Indy 500 victory.

After stirring up all the controversy, Al Jr. ended up running out of fuel on the final lap, and stalled on the course before reaching the finish line, meaning he finished six laps down by distance.

Post race[edit]

In post-race interviews, Al Unser, Jr. admitted to trying to run interference for his father, claiming he was trying to create "dirty air" and turbulence for Sneva. He stopped short, however, of calling it "blocking."[6] Unser, Jr. was highly criticized for the actions, by both competitors and media. However, after the race USAC examined the incident, and issued no penalty to Unser, Jr.,[6] citing the fact that he did not actually break any written rules. Al Unser, Sr. claimed he did not know what was going on behind him, and that he lost one rear-view mirror, and the other was broken.[6] Furthermore, Al Sr. noted that he made a miscalculation on his final pit stop, ordering his crew to not change tires. As a result, his handling went away in the closing laps. While Al Jr. was battling with Sneva, Al Sr. was mostly preoccupied with nursing his loose, ill-handling car.

Sneva charged Unser, Jr. with jumping the restart and illegally passing the two leaders before the green came out.[7] After the race Unser Jr. was issued a 2-lap penalty for passing two cars before the green, but the penalty did not cost him any positions and Unser still finished in the top ten.

Box score[edit]

Finish Start No Name Qual Rank Laps Led Time/Retired
1 4 5 United States Tom Sneva 203.687 4 200 98 3:05:03.066
2 7 7 United States Al Unser (W) 201.954 8 200 61 +11.174
3 3 2 United States Rick Mears (W) 204.300 3 200 2 +21.862
4 26 12 Australia Geoff Brabham 198.618 18 199 0 +1 lap
5 22 16 United States Kevin Cogan 201.528 9 198 0 +2 laps
6 12 30 United States Howdy Holmes 199.295 16 198 0 +2 laps
7 14 21 United States Pancho Carter 198.237 21 197 0 +3 laps
8 16 60 United States Chip Ganassi 197.608 24 195 0 +5 laps
9 29 37 United States Scott Brayton 196.713 25 195 0 +5 laps
10 5 19 United States Al Unser, Jr. (R)** 202.146 6 192 0 Out of fuel
11 19 56 United States Steve Chassey (R) 195.108 28 191 0 +9 laps
12 25 72 United States Chris Kneifel (R) 198.625 17 191 0 +9 laps
13 2 18 United States Mike Mosley 205.372 2 169 1 Crash T1
14 10 20 United States Gordon Johncock (W) 199.748 13 163 0 Gearbox
15 20 22 United States Dick Simon 192.993 30 161 0 +39 laps
16 30 29 United States Mike Chandler 194.934 29 153 0 Gearbox
17 9 10 United States Tony Bettenhausen, Jr. 199.894 12 152 0 Half shaft
18 15 94 United States Bill Whittington 197.755 22 144 0 Gearbox
19 28 34 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly (R) 197.658 23 126 0 Engine
20 6 4 United States Bobby Rahal 202.005 7 110 15 Radiator
21 21 25 United States Danny Ongais 202.320 5 101 0 Handling
22 23 66 United States Johnny Parsons 199.985 11 80 0 Crash T1
23 11 3 United States Mario Andretti (W)* 199.404 15 79 0 Crash T1
24 33 90 Australia Dennis Firestone 190.888 32 77 0 Oil leak
25 18 55 Mexico Josele Garza 195.671 27 64 0 Oil leak
26 1 33 Italy Teo Fabi (R) 207.395 1 47 23 Fuel gasket
27 27 91 United States Don Whittington 198.596 19 44 0 Ignition
28 8 9 United States Roger Mears 200.108 10 43 0 Crash T1
29 31 43 United States Steve Krisiloff 191.192 31 42 0 U-Joint
30 17 35 United States Patrick Bedard (R) 195.941 26 25 0 Crash FS
31 24 14 United States A. J. Foyt (W) 199.557 14 24 0 Shift linkage
32 13 1 United States George Snider 198.544 20 22 0 Ignition
33 32 38 United States Chet Fillip 183.145 33 11 0 Black flagged
References: [8]

* Mario Andretti was penalized one lap for running over Al Unser Jr's hose during a pit stop.[5] Parsons and Andretti collided with one another on lap 81; the penalty put Andretti into 23rd place one lap behind Parsons.

** Al Unser, Jr. was penalized two laps for passing cars under yellow before the lap 176 restart, taking him from +6 laps (where he ran out of fuel) to +8 laps.

Broadcasting[edit]

Radio[edit]

The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network. Paul Page served as anchor for the seventh year. Lou Palmer reported from victory lane. The crew saw little change from 1982, but some of the assignments were shifted. Longtime radio veteran Luke Walton assumed his customary duty during the pre-race ceremonies of introducing the starting command.[9] However, he did not serve as a pit reporter during the race itself. Walton would continue on the broadcast, but only in a limited role, through 1988.

Bob Forbes rode in one of the pace cars during the parade lap.

Lou Palmer maintained his traditional location at the far south end of the pits. However, the other pit reporters appeared to have lesser-defined zones for 1983. During the first half of the race, all pit reporters congregated around the leaders' pits, including roving reporter Bob Forbes. During the second half of the race, Jerry Baker moved up to the north pits and Chuck Marlowe covered the center pits. Forbes then moved to the garage area and track hospital, while Palmer stayed in the south end. Sally Larvick returned for her second race, conducting interviews throughout the broadcast.

For 1983, after a brief one-year change, the famous commercial out-cue was restored back to "Now stay tuned for the Greatest Spectacle in Racing."[9]

Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network
Booth Announcers Turn Reporters Pit/garage reporters

Chief Announcer: Paul Page
Driver expert: Rodger Ward
Statistician: John DeCamp
Historian: Donald Davidson

Turn 1: Ron Carrell
Turn 2: Doug Zink
Backstretch: Howdy Bell
Turn 3: Larry Henry
Turn 4: Bob Jenkins

Luke Walton (pre-race)
Sally Larvick (interviews)
Bob Forbes (pits/garages)
Jerry Baker (north pits)
Chuck Marlowe (center pits)
Lou Palmer (south pits)

Television[edit]

The race was carried in the United States on ABC Sports on a same-day tape delay basis. Jim McKay returned as anchor, while Jackie Stewart reprised the host position in "ABC Race Central." Sam Posey returned to the booth as driver expert, while Jim Lampley made his first appearance, covering primarily the garages and medical center. Anne Simon, a sideline reporter at ABC Sports, joined the crew for in-depth features, and is believed to be the first female television reporter at Indy.

For the first time ever, the broadcast featured a RaceCam. On-board cameras were mounted in the cars of Rick Mears and Al Unser Sr., but both failed partway through the race.

The broadcast has re-aired on ESPN Classic starting in May 2011.

ABC Television
Booth Announcers Pit/garage reporters

Host: Jackie Stewart
Announcer: Jim McKay
Color: Sam Posey

Chris Economaki
Bill Flemming
Jim Lampley
Anne Simon (features)

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fox, Jack C. (1994). The Illustrated History of the Indianapolis 500 1911-1994 (4th ed.). Carl Hungness Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 0-915088-05-3.
  2. ^ Miller, Robin (May 30, 1983). "Sneva! At last!". The Indianapolis Star. p. 1. Retrieved June 2, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ Foyt, Sr. dies
  4. ^ "Waiting game! Amber is give heave-ho". The Madison Courier. 1983-04-23. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  5. ^ a b Ray, Pat (May 30, 1983). "Fabi and Foyt are finished by a Couple of Thingamabobs". Los Angeles Times. p. 14. Retrieved 2017-08-22 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ a b c "Son May Duplicate Indy Move of 1983". The Albany Herald. 1984-05-27. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
  7. ^ "Sneva Charges Illegal Passing". The Vindicator. 1983-05-30. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
  8. ^ "1983 Indianapolis 500". Motor Sport Magazine. 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-08-22.
  9. ^ a b Inman, Julia (May 28, 1983). "TV, radio coverage extensive". The Indianapolis Star. p. 50. Retrieved February 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.open access publication – free to read

5. https://www.nytimes.com/1983/05/30/sports/sneva-takes-indianapolis-500-with-al-unser-sr-2d.html

Works cited[edit]


1982 Indianapolis 500
Gordon Johncock
1983 Indianapolis 500
Tom Sneva
1984 Indianapolis 500
Rick Mears