1983 Pan American Games

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IX Pan American Games
1983 Pan American Games logo.svg
Host cityCaracas, Venezuela
Nations36
Athletes3,426
Events269 in 23 sports
OpeningAugust 14
ClosingAugust 29
Opened by
StadiumEstadio Olímpico
1979 San Juan 1987 Indianapolis

The 1983 Pan American Games were held in Caracas, Venezuela from August 14 to August 29, 1983. The games were the first major international competition to include relatively accurate steroid testing.[1] After 15 athletes, mostly weightlifters, tested positive, many others — including 12 American track and field athletes[2] — came down with injuries, got sick, or found other reasons to withdraw from competition and avoid the test.[1]

Host city selection[edit]

Four cities submitted bids to host the 1983 Pan American Games that were recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO); however, only one city, Hamilton, Ontario submitted their bid on time. On April 23, 1977, Caracas, Venezuela was selected over Hamilton, Canada in a two-city vote to host the IX Pan American Games by the PASO at its general assembly in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[3][4]

Medal count[edit]

1 Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) a 137/148 92/101 56/53 285/302
2  Cuba (CUB) a 79/78/80 53/51/49 43/45 175/174
3  Canada (CAN) a 18/22 44/42 47/55 109/119
4  Brazil (BRA) 14 20 23 57
5  Venezuela (VEN) 1 a 12/14 26/25 35/37 73/76

Sports[edit]

Doping[edit]

Doping positives
Athlete Nation Sport Prohibited substance Note
Daniel Núñez  Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Alberto Blanco  Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Jeff Michaels  United States Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Guy Greavette  Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Jacques Oligier  Chile Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Michael Vian  Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Enrique Montiel  Nicaragua Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
José Adarmes  Venezuela Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Mario Durruty  Cuba Fencing Anabolic steroid [5]
Juan Núñez  Dominican Republic Athletics Fencamfamine [5][6][7]
Francisco López  Argentina Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Caballero Dolcey  Colombia Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Fernando Vera  Chile Cycling Anabolic steroid [5][8][9]
Lázaro Beltrán  Cuba Volleyball Ephedrine [5]
Juan De la Cruz  Dominican Republic Athletics Anabolic steroid [5]
José Lozada  Puerto Rico Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]

Mascot[edit]

The 1983 Games' mascot was a lion holding a 1983 sign named Santiaguito.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Taylor, William N., Anabolic Steroids and the Athlete, Second Edition, 2002, McFarland & Company, p. 150.
  2. ^ "Canadian women shine in softball win," Toronto Star, August 25, 1983, p. E4.
  3. ^ "Caracas hará Panamericanos" [Caracas has Pan American]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). San Juan, Puerto Rico. AFP. 23 April 1977. p. 2-B. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Caracas shaky as Games' site". Winnipeg Free Press. Hamilton, Canada. CP. 26 April 1977. p. 48. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Ernesto Rodrigues III: IGUALITO QUE CARACAS 1983 Archived 2015-07-27 at the Wayback Machine, olimpicosargentinos.com.ar, 26 July 2015
  6. ^ Games spoiled by controversy, The Cavalier Daily, 30 August 1983
  7. ^ Brigitte Berendonk: Doping-Dokumente. Von der Forschung zum Betrug. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-540-53742-2
  8. ^ Caracas Crackdown On Drugs Continue, The Palm Beach Post, 26 August 1983
  9. ^ Frank Litsky: Chilean Cyclist Is Disqualified, NY Times, 26 August 1983
  10. ^ "IX Pan American Games - Caracas (Venezuela) 1983". Quadro de Medalhas. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
Preceded by
San Juan
IX Pan American Games
Caracas

(1983)
Succeeded by
Indianapolis