1983 Tour de France

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1983 Tour de France
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
Race details
Dates1–24 July
Stages22 + Prologue
Distance3,809 km (2,367 mi)
Winning time105h 07' 52"
Results
Winner  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Second  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) (Reynolds)
  Third  Peter Winnen (NED) (TI–Raleigh)

Points  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Reydel–Mavic)
Mountains  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) (Metauro Mobili–Pinarello)
Youth  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Combination  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Sprints  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Reydel–Mavic)
  Combativity  Serge Demierre (SUI) (Cilo–Aufina)
  Team TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
  Team points TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
← 1982
1984 →

The 1983 Tour de France was the 70th edition of the Tour de France, run from 1 to 24 July, with 22 stages and a prologue covering a total distance of 3,809 km (2,367 mi) The race was won by French rider Laurent Fignon. Sean Kelly of Ireland won the points classification, and Lucien Van Impe of Belgium won the mountains classification.

Teams[edit]

The Tour organisation wanted to globalize cycling by having cyclist from the Eastern Bloc in the Tour. Because they only rode as amateurs, the 1983 Tour was also opened for amateur teams. In the end, only the Colombian and Portuguese national amateur teams applied for a place,[1] and the Portuguese team later withdrew. The 1983 Tour started with 140 cyclists, divided into 14 teams of 10 cyclists.[2]

The teams entering the race were:[2]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1983 Tour de France started on 1 July, and had one rest day, after the finish on the Alpe d'Huez.[3]

Stage characteristics and winners[2][3][4]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 1 July Fontenay-sous-Bois 6 km (3.7 mi) Individual time trial  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)
1 2 July Nogent-sur-Marne to Créteil 163 km (101 mi) Plain stage  Frits Pirard (NED)
2 3 July Soissons to Fontaine-au-Pire 100 km (62 mi) Team time trial  COOP–Mercier–Mavic
3 4 July Valenciennes to Roubaix 152 km (94 mi) Hilly stage  Rudy Matthijs (BEL)
4 5 July Roubaix to Le Havre 300 km (190 mi) Plain stage  Serge Demierre (SUI)
5 6 July Le Havre to Le Mans 257 km (160 mi) Plain stage  Dominique Gaigne (FRA)
6 7 July Châteaubriant to Nantes 58 km (36 mi) Individual time trial  Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
7 8 July Nantes to Île d'Oléron 216 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Riccardo Magrini (ITA)
8 9 July La Rochelle to Bordeaux 222 km (138 mi) Plain stage  Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
9 10 July Bordeaux to Pau 207 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Philippe Chevallier (FRA)
10 11 July Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon 201 km (125 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Robert Millar (GBR)
11 12 July Bagnères-de-Luchon to Fleurance 177 km (110 mi) Plain stage  Régis Clère (FRA)
12 13 July Fleurance to Roquefort-sur-Soulzon 261 km (162 mi) Plain stage  Kim Andersen (DEN)
13 14 July Roquefort-sur-Soulzon to Aurillac 210 km (130 mi) Hilly stage  Henk Lubberding (NED)
14 15 July Aurillac to Issoire 149 km (93 mi) Hilly stage  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)
15 16 July Clermont-Ferrand to Puy de Dôme 16 km (9.9 mi) Individual time trial  Ángel Arroyo (ESP)
16 17 July Issoire to Saint-Étienne 144 km (89 mi) Hilly stage  Michel Laurent (FRA)
17 18 July La Tour-du-Pin to Alpe d'Huez 223 km (139 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Peter Winnen (NED)
19 July Alpe d'Huez Rest day
18 20 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine 247 km (153 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jacques Michaud (FRA)
19 21 July Morzine to Avoriaz 15 km (9.3 mi) Individual time trial  Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
20 22 July Morzine to Dijon 291 km (181 mi) Plain stage  Philippe Leleu (FRA)
21 23 July Dijon 50 km (31 mi) Individual time trial  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
22 24 July Alfortville to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 195 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Gilbert Glaus (SUI)
Total 3,809 km (2,367 mi)[5]

Race overview[edit]

Laurent Fignon (pictured at the 1993 Tour), winner of the general classification

In 1983, Fignon was a part of the team that helped Bernard Hinault to win the 1983 Vuelta a España. Guimard did not want to send Fignon to the Tour de France, because two grand tours could be too much for a 22-year-old rider.[6] When Hinault, winner of four of five previous Tours, announced that he would not start due to injury, the Renault team was without a team captain. Fignon was added to the 1983 Tour de France selection for the Renault team, and the team decided to go for stage wins, with hopes of having Fignon or Marc Madiot compete for the young rider classification.[7] After stage nine, the first mountain stage, Fignon was in second place, behind Pascal Simon,[8] and he was allowed to be team leader.[9] In the eleventh stage, Simon crashed and broke his shoulder blade. Simon continued, and only lost little time the next stages. In the fifteenth stage, a mountain time trial, Fignon was able to win back so much time that he was within one minute of Simon.[10]

In the seventeenth stage, Simon had to give up, and Fignon became the new leader. In the next stages, Fignon was able to answer all attacks from his opponents, and he even won the time trial in the 21st stage. At 22 years old, Fignon was the youngest man to win the Tour since 1933.

Fignon later said that he was lucky to have won the 1983 Tour: if Hinault would have been present, Fignon would have helped Hinault, as Hinault was the team leader.[11]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1983 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders.[12] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[13]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[14]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[15]

Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[16]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1983, this classification had no associated jersey.[17]

The team classification changed; in 1982 it was calculated with the times of the best four cyclists in every stage, and in 1983 this changed to the times of the best three cyclists.[1] The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified by yellow caps.[17] There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.[17]

Classification leadership by stage[18][19]
Stage Stage winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Combination classification Intermediate sprints classification Team classifications Combativity award
By time By points
P Eric Vanderaerden Eric Vanderaerden Eric Vanderaerden no award Eric Vanderaerden Eric Vanderaerden no award Peugeot–Shell–Michelin Peugeot–Shell–Michelin not awarded
1 Frits Pirard Frits Pirard Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle Eric Vanderaerden Renault–Elf Pierre Le Bigaut
2 COOP–Mercier–Mavic Jean-Louis Gauthier Claude Moreau Pascal Jules COOP–Mercier–Mavic not awarded
3 Rudy Matthijs Kim Andersen Eric Vanderaerden Eric Vanderaerden Rudy Matthijs
4 Serge Demierre Eric Vanderaerden Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle Serge Demierre
5 Dominique Gaigne Éric Dall'Armelina
6 Bert Oosterbosch not awarded
7 Riccardo Magrini La Redoute–Motobécane Bernard Vallet
8 Bert Oosterbosch Sean Kelly Kim Andersen Sean Kelly Henk Lubberding
9 Philippe Chevallier Sean Kelly Stephen Roche Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle Philippe Chevallier
10 Robert Millar Pascal Simon José Patrocinio Jiménez Laurent Fignon José Patrocinio Jiménez Peugeot–Shell–Michelin José Patrocinio Jiménez
11 Régis Clère Joaquim Agostinho
12 Kim Andersen Adri van der Poel
13 Henk Lubberding Robert Millar Pascal Simon COOP–Mercier–Mavic TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo Régis Clère
14 Pierre Le Bigaut Sean Kelly Pierre Le Bigaut
15 Ángel Arroyo José Patrocinio Jiménez not awarded
16 Michel Laurent Michel Laurent
17 Peter Winnen Laurent Fignon Lucien Van Impe Pedro Delgado Christian Jourdan
18 Jacques Michaud Lucien Van Impe Ángel Arroyo
19 Lucien Van Impe not awarded
20 Philippe Leleu Philippe Leleu
21 Laurent Fignon TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo not awarded
22 Gilbert Glaus Laurent Fignon Christian Jourdan
Final Laurent Fignon Sean Kelly Lucien Van Impe Laurent Fignon Laurent Fignon Sean Kelly TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo Serge Demierre

Final standings[edit]

Legend
A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification A white jersey. Denotes the winner of the young rider classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3  Peter Winnen (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 4' 09"
4  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) A white jersey with red polka dots. Metauro Mobili–Pinarello + 4' 16"
5  Robert Alban (FRA) La Redoute–Motobécane + 7' 53"
6  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber–Spidel + 8' 59"
7  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Reydel–Mavic + 12' 09"
8  Marc Madiot (FRA) Renault–Elf + 14' 55"
9  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 16' 56"
10  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 18' 55"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[20][21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Reydel–Mavic 360
2  Frits Pirard (NED) Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 144
3  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 126
4  Gilbert Glaus (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 122
5  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 103
6  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 101
7  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 97
8  Adrie van der Poel (NED) Jacky Aernoudt–Rossin–Campagnolo 96
9  Kim Andersen (DEN) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 93
10  Serge Demierre (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 84

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[20][21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) A white jersey with red polka dots. Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 272
2  José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Varta–Colombia 195
3  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 157
4  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds 133
5  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber–Spidel 125
6  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds 121
7  Jacques Michaud (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 117
8  Edgar Corredor (COL) Varta–Colombia 110
9  Peter Winnen (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 105
10  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 94

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[20][22]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3  Stephen Roche (IRE) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 21' 30"
4  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 23' 29"
5  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds + 25' 44"
6  Edgar Corredor (COL) Varta–Colombia + 26' 08"
7  José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Varta–Colombia + 28' 05"
8  Eric Caritoux (FRA) Sem–Reydel–Mavic + 52' 56"
9  Bernard Gavillet (SUI) Cilo–Aufina + 1h 21' 06"
10  Philippe Leleu (FRA) Wolber–Spidel + 1h 34' 08"

Combination classification[edit]

Final combination classification (1–10)[23]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 8
2  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) A white jersey with red polka dots. Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 7
3  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Reydel–Mavic 5
4  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds 4
5  José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Varta–Colombia 4
6  Frits Pirard (NED) Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 4
7  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 3
8  Peter Winnen (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 3
9  Gilbert Glaus (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 2
10  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds 2

Intermediate sprints classification[edit]

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–10)[20][24]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Reydel–Mavic 151
2  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 77
3  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 54
4  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 48
5  Frits Pirard (NED) Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 42
6  Christian Jourdan (FRA) La Redoute–Motobécane 40
7  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 39
8  Serge Demierre (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 37
9  Adri van der Poel (NED) Jacky Aernoudt–Rossin–Campagnolo 32
10  Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 31

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[21]
Rank Team Time
1 TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 322h 39' 07"
2 COOP–Mercier–Mavic + 4' 02"
3 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 9' 03"
4 Renault–Elf + 36' 39"
5 Sem–Reydel–Mavic + 40' 13"
6 Wolber–Spidel + 1h 01' 36"
7 Reynolds + 1h 19' 11"
8 La Redoute–Motobécane + 1h 56' 48"
9 Cilo–Aufina + 2h 04' 47"
10 Varta–Colombia + 2h 09' 16"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Alleen Portugese en Colombiaanse amateurs in Ronde van Frankrijk". Amigoe (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 13 January 1983. p. 6. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "70ème Tour de France 1983" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b Augendre 2016, p. 74.
  4. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  5. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  6. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, pp. 143–144.
  7. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, p. 139.
  8. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, p. 141.
  9. ^ "Rider biographies: Laurent Fignon". Cycling hall of fame. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  10. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, p. 142.
  11. ^ Pickering, Edward (31 August 2010). "Laurent Fignon: My way or the fairway". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  12. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
  13. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  14. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
  15. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  16. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
  17. ^ a b c Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  18. ^ "Dag na dag" [Day to day]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 25 July 1983. p. 21. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  19. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1983" [Information about the Tour de France from 1983]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 25 July 1983. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  21. ^ a b c "Eindklassement" [Final classification]. Leidsch Dagblad (in Dutch). 25 July 1983. p. 10. Retrieved 18 July 2013 – via Regionaal Archief Leiden.
  22. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Stand in het jongerenklassement – Etappe 22" [Standings in the youth classification – Stage 22]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  23. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Combinatieklassement" [Combination classification]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  24. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Sprintdoorkomsten in de Tour de France 1983" [Sprint results in the Tour de France 1983]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]