1983 Tour de France

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1983 Tour de France
Route of the 1983 Tour de France.png
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 1–24 July
Stages 22 + Prologue
Distance 3,809 km (2,367 mi)
Winning time 105h 07' 52"
Palmares
Winner  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
Second  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) (Reynolds)
Third  Peter Winnen (NED) (TI–Raleigh)

Points  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Mavic–Reydel)
Mountains  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) (Metauromobili–Pinarello)
Youth  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
Sprints  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Mavic–Reydel)
Team TI–Raleigh
Team Points TI–Raleigh
1982
1984

The 1983 Tour de France was the 70th edition of the Tour de France, run from 1 to 24 July, with 22 stages and a prologue covering a total distance of 3,809 km (2,367 mi) The race was won by French rider Laurent Fignon. Sean Kelly of Ireland won the green jersey, and Lucien Van Impe of Belgium won the polka dot jersey.

Teams[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the 1983 Tour de France.

The Tour organisation wanted to globalize cycling by having cyclist from the Eastern Bloc in the Tour. Because they only rode as amateurs, the 1983 Tour was also opened for amateur teams. In the end, only the Colombian and Portuguese national amateur teams applied for a place,[1] and the Portuguese team later withdrew. The 1983 Tour started with 140 cyclists, divided into 14 teams of 10 cyclists.[2]

The teams entering the race were:[2]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1983 Tour de France started on 1 July, and had one rest day, after the finish on the Alpe d'Huez.[3]

Stage characteristics and winners[2][4]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 1 July Fontenay-sous-Bois 6 km (3.7 mi) Individual time trial  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)
1 2 July Nogent-sur-Marne to Créteil 163 km (101 mi) Plain stage  Frits Pirard (NED)
2 3 July Soissons to Fontaine-au-Pire 100 km (62 mi) Team time trial  Coop–Mercier–Mavic
3 4 July Valenciennes to Roubaix 152 km (94 mi) Hilly stage  Rudy Matthijs (BEL)
4 5 July Roubaix to Le Havre 300 km (190 mi) Plain stage  Serge Demierre (SUI)
5 6 July Le Havre to Le Mans 257 km (160 mi) Plain stage  Dominique Gaigne (FRA)
6 7 July Châteaubriant to Nantes 58 km (36 mi) Individual time trial  Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
7 8 July Nantes to Île d'Oléron 216 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Riccardo Magrini (ITA)
8 9 July La Rochelle to Bordeaux 222 km (138 mi) Plain stage  Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
9 10 July Bordeaux to Pau 207 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Philippe Chevallier (FRA)
10 11 July Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon 201 km (125 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Robert Millar (GBR)
11 12 July Bagnères-de-Luchon to Fleurance 177 km (110 mi) Plain stage  Régis Clère (FRA)
12 13 July Fleurance to Roquefort-sur-Soulzon 261 km (162 mi) Plain stage  Kim Andersen (DEN)
13 14 July Roquefort-sur-Soulzon to Aurillac 210 km (130 mi) Hilly stage  Henk Lubberding (NED)
14 15 July Aurillac to Issoire 149 km (93 mi) Hilly stage  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)
15 16 July Clermont-Ferrand to Puy de Dôme 16 km (9.9 mi) Individual time trial  Ángel Arroyo (ESP)
16 17 July Issoire to Saint-Étienne 144 km (89 mi) Hilly stage  Michel Laurent (FRA)
17 18 July La Tour-du-Pin to Alpe d'Huez 223 km (139 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Peter Winnen (NED)
18 July Alpe d'Huez Rest day
18 20 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine 247 km (153 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jacques Michaud (FRA)
19 21 July Morzine to Avoriaz 15 km (9.3 mi) Individual time trial  Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
20 22 July Morzine to Dijon 291 km (181 mi) Plain stage  Philippe Leleu (FRA)
21 23 July Dijon 50 km (31 mi) Individual time trial  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
22 24 July Alfortville to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 195 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Gilbert Glaus (SUI)
Total 3,809 km (2,367 mi)[5]

Race overview[edit]

Laurent Fignon (pictured at the 1993 Tour), winner of the general classification

In 1983, Fignon was a part of the team that helped Bernard Hinault to win the 1983 Vuelta a España. Guimard did not want to send Fignon to the Tour de France, because two grand tours could be too much for a 22-year-old rider.[6] When Hinault, winner of four of five previous Tours, announced that he would not start due to injury, the Renault team was without team captain. Fignon was added to the 1983 Tour de France selection for the Renault team, and the team decided to go for stage wins, with hopes of having Fignon or Marc Madiot compete for the young rider classification.[7] After stage nine, the first mountain stage, Fignon was in second place, behind Pascal Simon,[8] and he was allowed to be team leader.[9] In the eleventh stage, Simon crashed and broke his shoulder blade. Simon continued, and only lost little time the next stages. In the fifteenth stage, a mountain time trial, Fignon was able to win back so much time that he was within one minute of Simon.[10]

In the seventeenth stage, Simon had to give up, and Fignon became the new leader. In the next stages, Fignon was able to answer all attacks from his opponents, and he even won the time trial in the 21st stage. At 22 years old, Fignon was the youngest man to win the Tour since 1933.

Fignon later said that he was lucky to have won the 1983 Tour: if Hinault would have been present, Fignon would have helped Hinault, as Hinault was the team leader.[11]

Classification leadership[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1983 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[12]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[12]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[12]

The team classification changed; in 1982 it was calculated with the times of the best four cyclists in every stage, and in 1983 this changed to the times of the best three cyclists.[1] The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[13]

Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[12]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1983, this classification had no associated jersey.[14]

Final standings[edit]

Legend
A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification A white jersey. Denotes the winner of the young rider classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3  Peter Winnen (NED) TI Raleigh–Campagnolo + 4' 09"
4  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) A white jersey with red polka dots. Metauromobili–Pinarello + 4' 16"
5  Robert Alban (FRA) La Redoute + 7' 53"
6  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber + 8' 59"
7  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Mavic–Reydel + 12' 09"
8  Marc Madiot (FRA) Renault–Elf + 14' 55"
9  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 16' 56"
10  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI Raleigh–Campagnolo + 18' 55"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[15][16]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Mavic–Reydel 360
2  Frits Pirard (NED) Metauromobili–Pinarello 144
3  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 126
4  Gilbert Glaus (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 122
5  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) Coop–Mercier–Mavic 103
6  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI Raleigh–Campagnolo 101
7  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 97
8  Adrie van der Poel (NED) J.Aernoudt–Hoonved–Marc Zeep 96
9  Kim Andersen (DEN) Coop–Mercier–Mavic 93
10  Serge Demierre (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 84

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[15][16]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) A white jersey with red polka dots. Metauromobili–Pinarello 272
2  José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Colombia–Varta 195
3  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 157
4  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds 133
5  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber 125
6  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds 121
7  Jacques Michaud (FRA) Coop–Mercier–Mavic 117
8  Edgar Corredor (COL) Colombia–Varta 110
9  Peter Winnen (NED) TI Raleigh–Campagnolo 105
10  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 94

Young rider classification[edit]

Young rider classification (1–5)[15]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3  Stephen Roche (IRE) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 21' 30"
4  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 23' 29"
5  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds + 25' 44"

Intermediate sprints classification[edit]

Intermediate sprints classification (1–5)[15]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Sean Kelly (IRE) A green jersey. Sem–Mavic–Reydel 151
2  Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) Coop–Mercier–Mavic 77
3  Laurent Fignon (FRA) A yellow jersey. A white jersey. Renault–Elf 54
4  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 48
5  Frits Pirard (NED) Metauromobili–Pinarello 42

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[16]
Rank Team Time
1 TI Raleigh–Campagnolo 322h 39' 07"
2 Coop–Mercier–Mavic + 4' 02"
3 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 9' 03"
4 Renault–Elf + 36' 39"
5 Sem–Mavic–Reydel + 40' 13"
6 Wolber + 1h 01' 36"
7 Reynolds + 1h 19' 11"
8 La Redoute + 1h 56' 48"
9 Cilo–Aufina + 2h 04' 47"
10 Colombia–Varta + 2h 09' 16"

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Alleen Portugese en Colombiaanse amateurs in Ronde van Frankrijk". Amigoe (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 13 January 1983. p. 6. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "70ème Tour de France 1983" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 4 (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 82. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). Guide Historique, Part 6 (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. p. 115. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  6. ^ McGann, p. 143–144
  7. ^ McGann, p. 139
  8. ^ McGann, p. 141
  9. ^ "Rider biographies: Laurent Fignon". Cycling hall of fame. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  10. ^ McGann, p. 142
  11. ^ Pickering, Edward (31 August 2010). "Laurent Fignon: My way or the fairway". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0-679-72936-4. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 25 July 1983. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c "Eindklassement". Leidsch Dagblad (in Dutch). Regionaal Archief Leiden. 25 July 1983. p. 10. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 

External links[edit]