1983 congressional page sex scandal
On July 14, 1983 the House Ethics Committee recommended that Rep. Dan Crane (R-IL) and Rep. Gerry Studds (D-MA) be reprimanded for having engaged in sexual relationships with minors, specifically 17-year-old congressional pages. Washington, D.C., law specifies an age of consent of 16, meaning that the relationships were legal; however the committee felt "any sexual relationship between a member of the House of Representatives and a congressional page, or any sexual advance by a member to a page, represents a serious breach of duty." The Congressional Report found that in 1980, a year after entering office, Crane had sex four or five times at his suburban apartment with a female page and in 1973, the year he entered office, Studds invited a male page, who testified he felt no ill will towards Studds, to his Georgetown apartment and later on a two-week trip to Portugal. Both representatives admitted to the charges.
On July 20, 1983, the House voted by a supermajority to revise the reprimand recommendation to censure, a more extreme measure. Censure had never previously been used in a case of sexual misconduct. The motion to censure the two House members was introduced by Rep. Robert H. Michel (R-IL), the Republican House Minority Leader. Aides later said that Michel proposed this bill to head off a move by Republicans to expel the two legislators. Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-GA) was one of the leaders of the calls for the expulsion of Crane and Studds.
At the beginning of the debate, Rep. Crane said, "I want the members to know I am sorry and that I apologize to one and all." When he was called to be censured, Rep. Crane stood facing the House. According to The New York Times, after the censure was read, Mr. Crane, escorted by a friend, quickly left the chamber. However, an Associated Press article says that Crane walked back to his seat in the rear of the House and slumped in it. Crane would go on to lose the 1984 election.
Studds gave up his right to a public hearing reluctantly, saying that he objected to the conclusions of the Ethics Committee but wanted to protect the privacy of the pages involved and that the affair was a "mutually voluntary, private relationship between adults." At the same time, Studds did admit to "a very serious error in judgment," saying that he should not have had sex with a congressional subordinate, regardless of the individual's age or sex. As his censure was read, Studds faced the Speaker who was reading the motion, with his back to the other House members. Studds continued to be re-elected until his retirement in 1997; he died in 2006.
Shortly after this scandal, the House Page Board was established for the purpose of protecting pages.
- Chandra Levy, a Congressional intern whose relationship with a House Member created a scandal
- Mark Foley scandal, a 2006 scandal involving a House Member's sexually explicit contact with minor pages
- Franklin Coverup Hoax, a 1989 scandal involving allegations of pedophilia by Nebraska State Senator Ernie Chambers
- Lewinsky scandal, a scandal involving President Bill Clinton's affair with intern Monica Lewinsky
- List of federal political sex scandals in the United States
- Committee on Standards of Official Conduct
- District of Columbia Official Code Division IV Title 22 Subtitle I Chapter 30 "Sexual Abuse"
- "Housecleaning". Time. 1983-07-25. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- Roberts, Steven V (1983-07-21). "House Censures Crane and Studds For Sexual Relations With Pages". New York Times. pp. A1, B22.
- Roberts, Steven V (1983-07-19). "Congressman Asks Expulsion of Two". New York Times.
- Reuters (1983-07-21). "House Censures Studds, Crane". The Deseret News.
- Politico: Sex scandals that still rattle from the cloakroom. June 8, 2011.
- Roberts, Steven V. (1983-07-15). "Ethics Panel Says 2 Congressmen Had Sexual Relations With Pages". New York Times.
- Washington Post: GOP Officials Brace for Loss Of Seven to 30 House Seats. October 10, 2006.
- Lindsay, Jay (2006-10-14). "Studds, First Openly Gay Person Elected to Congress, Dead at 69". AP. Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. Retrieved 2011-06-21.