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1983 in science and technology involved many significant events, as listed below.
Anthropology [ edit ]
Astronomy and space science [ edit ]
June 13 –
passes the orbit of Pioneer 10 Neptune, becoming the first man-made object to travel beyond the major planets of the solar system. September 26 – The
mission ends in a pad abort at the Soyuz T-10-1 Baikonur Cosmodrome, when a pad fire occurs at the base of the Soyuz U rocket during the launch countdown. The escape tower system, attached to the top of the capsule containing the crew and Soyuz spacecraft, fires immediately pulling the crew safe from the vehicle, a few seconds before the rocket explodes, destroying the launch complex.
Biology [ edit ]
Computer science [ edit ]
January 1 – The
ARPANET officially changes to use the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. August –
MIDI 1.0 specification for a Musical Instrument Digital Interface (originally devised by Dave Smith of Sequential Circuits) published. [5 ] September 27 –
Richard Stallman announces the GNU Project. [6 ] November 10 –
Fred Cohen demonstrates a self-replicating source code which his academic adviser at the University of Southern California, Leonard Adleman, likens to a virus. [7 ] December –
Yugoslav popular science magazine Galaksija releases a special (January 1984) issue, Računari u vašoj kući, with complete instructions on how to build a full-featured home computer, Galaksija. The
US Federal Government standardizes Ada (programming language), a strongly typed, comb-structured computer language, with exception handlers, for general-purpose programming.
Word processor software Multi-Tool Word, soon to become Microsoft Word, is released. [8 ] [9 ] Free demonstration copies on disk are distributed with the November issue of [10 ] magazine. PC World [11 ]
History of science [ edit ]
Mathematics [ edit ]
Metrology [ edit ]
Psychology [ edit ]
Organizations [ edit ]
Spain re-joins CERN after having left in 1969 (originally joined for the first time in 1961).
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References [ edit ]
^ Barre-Sinoussi, F.; Chermann, J.C.; Rey, F.; Nugeyre, M.T.; Chamaret, S.; Gruest, J.; Dauguet, C.; Axler-Blin, C.; Vezinet-Brun, F.; Rouzioux, C.; Rozenbaum, W.; Montagnier, L. (1983). "Isolation of a T-lymphotropic retrovirus from a patient at risk for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)". Science 220: 868–871. Bibcode: 1983Sci...220..868B. doi: 10.1126/science.6189183. PMID 6189183.
^ Greener, Mark (2005). "MAbs Turn 30". The Scientist 19 (3): 14–16.
^ Klotz S.A.; Drutz D.J.; Tam M.R.; Reed K.H. "Hemorrhagic proctitis due to lymphogranuloma venereum serogroup L2: Diagnosis by fluorescent monoclonal antibody". The New England Journal of Medicine 308 (26): 1563–1565. doi: 10.1056/NEJM198306303082604. PMID 6602293.
^ Hanukoglu, I.; Fuchs, E. (July 1983). "The cDNA sequence of a Type II cytoskeletal keratin reveals constant and variable structural domains among keratins". Cell 33 (3): 915–24. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(83)90034-X. PMID 6191871.
^ Chadabe, Joel (2000-05-01). "The Electronic Century, Part IV: The Seeds of the Future". Electronic Musician (Penton Media) 16 (5) . Retrieved . 2012-11-28
^ On the net.unix-wizards and net.usoft newsgroups.
^ Zetter, Kim (November 10, 2009). "This Day in Tech – Nov. 10, 1983: Computer ‘Virus’ Is Born". Wired . Retrieved . January 28, 2012
^ Allen, Roy A. (2001). "Chapter 12: Microsoft in the 1980s" (PDF). . Allan Publishing. pp. 12/25–12/26. A History of the Personal Computer: the People and the Technology ISBN 978-0-9689108-0-1 . Retrieved . November 7, 2010
^ "Microsoft Office online, Getting to know you...again: The Ribbon". Archived from the original on 11 May 2011 . Retrieved . 8 June 2011
^ "The history of branding, Microsoft history" . Retrieved . 8 June 2011
^ Pollack, Andrew (August 25, 1983). "Computerizing Magazines". . The New York Times Archived from the original on 12 May 2011 . Retrieved . 8 June 2011
^ Gorenstein, Daniel (1983). The classification of finite simple groups. Vol. 1. Groups of noncharacteristic 2 type. The University Series in Mathematics. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN 978-0-306-41305-6. MR 746470.