1983 in the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1983 in the United Kingdom
Other years
1981 | 1982 | 1983 (1983) | 1984 | 1985
Individual countries of the United Kingdom
England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales
Sport, television and music

Events from the year 1983 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • 1 January – The British Nationality Act 1981 comes into effect creating five classes of British nationality.
  • 3 January – Children's ITV is launched as a new branding for the late afternoon programming block on the ITV network.
  • 6 January – Danish fishermen defy the British government's prohibition on non-UK boats fishing in its coastal waters.
  • 14 January – Stephen Waldorf shooting: Armed policeman shoot and severely injure an innocent car passenger in London, believing him to be escaped prisoner David Martin.
  • 17 January – First British breakfast time television programme, Breakfast Time, broadcast on BBC1.
  • 19 January – The two policemen who wounded Stephen Waldorf are charged with attempted murder and released on bail; they are suspended from duty pending further investigation.
  • 23 January – The prohibition on non-British boats fishing in British waters is lifted as the European Economic Community's Common Fisheries Policy comes into effect.[1]
  • 25 January – The Infrared Astronomical Satellite, the first-ever space-based observatory to perform a survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelengths, is launched. The satellite is a joint project between the American space agency NASA, the Netherlands Agency for Aerospace Programmes and the UK's Science and Engineering Research Council.[2]
  • 26 January – Red rain falls in the UK, caused by sand from the Sahara Desert in the droplets.
  • 28 January – Escaped prisoner David Martin is rearrested.
  • 31 January – Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory, 11 years after becoming compulsory equipment in new cars.[3]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

  • April – Vauxhall launches the Nova supermini with a range of three-door hatchbacks and two-door saloons. It is the first Vauxhall to be built outside the United Kingdom, being assembled at the Zaragoza plant in Spain where it was launched seven months ago as the Opel Corsa, but plans to launch it on the British market had been attacked by trade unions who were angry at the fact that it would not be built in Britain. Its launch is expected to result in the end of Vauxhall Chevette production in Britain.[7]
  • 1 April
    • Thousands of protesters form a 14-mile human chain in reaction to the siting of American nuclear weapons in British military bases.[8]
    • The government expels three Russians named as KGB agents by a Soviet defector.
  • 4 April – The biggest cash haul in British history sees gunmen escape with £7 million from a Security Express van in London.
  • 11 April – Richard Attenborough's 1982 film Gandhi wins eight Academy Awards.[3]
  • 21 April – The one pound coin introduced in England and Wales.[3]

May[edit]

  • 9 May – Margaret Thatcher calls a general election for 9 June. Opinion polls show her on course for victory with the Tories 8–12 points ahead of Labour, and they are widely expected to form a significant overall majority due to the split in left-wing votes caused by the Alliance, who are now aiming to take Labour's place in opposition.[9]
  • 16 May – Wheel clamps are first used to combat illegal parking in London.[10]
  • 21 May – Manchester United and Brighton & Hove Albion draw 2–2 in the FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium. The replay will be held in five days time.[11]
  • 26 May
    • Manchester United defeat Brighton & Hove Albion 4–0 in the FA Cup final replay at Wembley Stadium. Bryan Robson scores two of the goals, with the other two coming from Arnold Muhren and 18-year-old Norman Whiteside.[11]
    • Opinion polls suggest that the Conservatives are looking set to be re-elected with a landslide. A MORI poll puts them on 51%, 22 points ahead of Labour.[12]

June[edit]

July[edit]

  • 7 July – New chancellor Nigel Lawson announces public spending cuts of £500 million.
  • 13 July
  • 15 July – Much of the country embraces a heatwave as temperatures reach 33 °C in London.
  • 16 July – Twenty people are killed in the 1983 British Airways Sikorsky S-61 crash.
  • 19 July – A large new model of a flesh-eating dinosaur is erected at the Natural History Museum.[2]
  • 21 July – Former prime minister Harold Wilson is one of 17 life peerages announced today, having stood down from parliament last month after 38 years as MP for Huyton, near Liverpool.
  • 22 July – Production of the Ford Orion four-door saloon begins. The Orion is the saloon version of the Escort, but is also aimed at buyers of larger family saloon cars like the recently discontinued Cortina. It goes on sale this autumn, and is produced at the Halewood plant in Liverpool as well as the Valencia plant in Spain which also produces the smaller Fiesta.
  • 26 July – A Catholic mother of ten, Victoria Gillick, loses a case in the High Court of Justice against the DHSS. Her application sought to prevent the distribution of contraceptives to children under the age of 16 without parental consent. The case goes to the House of Lords in 1985 when it is decided that it is legal for doctors to prescribe contraceptives to under-16s without parental consent in exceptional circumstances ("Gillick competence").[19]
  • 1 to 31 July – The two hundredth anniversary of the previous hottest month in the CET series sees a new record for heat with a monthly mean CET of 19.5 °C or 67.1 °F – 0.7 °C or 1.3 °F hotter than July 1783.[20]

August[edit]

  • 1 August – The new A-prefix car registration plates are launched, helping spur on the recovery in car sales following the slump at the start of the decade caused by the recession.
  • 5 August – 22 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) members receive sentences totalling over 4,000 years from a Belfast Court.[3]
  • 19 August – Temperatures reach 30 °C in London, as hot weather embraces the United Kingdom.
  • 29 August – ITV launches Blockbusters, a gameshow hosted by Bob Holness and featuring sixth formers as its contestants.

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • 4 December – An SAS undercover operation ends in the shooting and killing of two IRA gunmen, a third is injured.[28]
  • 6 December – First heart and lung transplant carried out in Britain at Harefield.[29]
  • 8 December – The House of Lords votes to allow television broadcast of its proceedings.[30]
  • 10 December – William Golding wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today".[31]
  • 17 December – An IRA car bomb kills six, three police and three members of the public, and injures 90 outside Harrods in London.[32]
  • 25 December (Christmas Day) – a second IRA bomb explodes in Oxford Street, but this time nobody is injured.[17]

Undated[edit]

Publications[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1983: Danes raid British fishing grounds". On This Day. BBC News. 6 January 1983. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  2. ^ Gilliland, Ben (16 January 2009). "Science & Discovery". Metro.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  4. ^ Green, Oliver (1988). The London Underground – An Illustrated History. Ian Allan. p. 63. ISBN 0-7110-1720-4.
  5. ^ "Compact Disc: 1983". Electric Dreams. BBC. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 605–607. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "1983: Human chain links nuclear sites". BBC News. 1 April 1983. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
  9. ^ "Why wait? Thatcher calls election for June". The Montreal Gazette. 10 May 1983. p. A-9. Retrieved 20 April 2018 – via Google news.
  10. ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 448–449. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  11. ^ a b "FA Cup Final 1983". Archived from the original on 31 May 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2009.
  12. ^ "Voting Intention in Great Britain: 1976–present". Ipsos MORI. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2019 – via WebCite.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 2009-06-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "British General Elections". History Learning Site. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  16. ^ "1983: Thatcher wins landslide victory". BBC News. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  17. ^ a b c d "1983". Those were the days. Wolverhampton: Express & Star. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  18. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  19. ^ ""1983: Mother loses contraception test case", On This Day, 26 July 1983". BBC News. 26 July 1983. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  20. ^ "Hadley Centre Ranked Central England temperature". metoffice.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  21. ^ "1983: Dozens escape in Maze break-out". BBC News. 25 September 1983. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  22. ^ "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership". BBC News. 2 October 1983. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  23. ^ "FIA land speed records, Cat C" (PDF). FIA. Retrieved 12 July 2009.
  24. ^ "1983: CND march attracts biggest ever crowd", On This Day, 22 October 1983". BBC News. 22 October 1983. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  25. ^ "1983: Nilsen 'strangled and mutilated' victims". BBC News. 24 October 1983. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  26. ^ "1983: England fans rampage in Luxembourg". BBC News. 16 November 1983. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  27. ^ "1983: £25m gold heist at Heathrow". BBC News. 26 November 1983. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  28. ^ "1983: IRA gunmen shot dead in SAS ambush". BBC News. 4 December 1983. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  29. ^ "1983: Transplant makes British medical history". BBC News. 6 December 1983. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  30. ^ "1983: Television cameras allowed into Lords". BBC News. 8 December 1983. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  31. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1983". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  32. ^ "1983: Harrods bomb blast kills six". BBC News. 17 December 1983. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.
  33. ^ "Lord Hanson". The Times. London. 3 November 2004. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  34. ^ "The James Simpson, or Waddon, Engine". London: Kew Bridge Steam Museum. 1999. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  35. ^ "Inflation: the Value of the Pound 1750–1998" (PDF). Research Paper, 99/20. House of Commons Library. 23 February 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  36. ^ MP convicted of perverting the course of justice | The Crown Prosecution Service
  37. ^ "Naomi FOLKARD - Olympic Archery | Great Britain". International Olympic Committee. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  38. ^ "Nigel's WebSpace – English Football Cards, Player death notices". cards.littleoak.com.au. Retrieved 20 April 2018.

External links[edit]