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runs a two-page spread on arcade game world record holders: "Video Game VIPs." Life magazine January,
labels Electronic Games , Donkey Kong , and other games with ladders as "climbing games." Space Panic [1 ] At the first
Golden Joystick Awards ceremony (held in 1984), takes Manic Miner Game of the Year. The fourth
Arcade Awards are held, for games released during 1981-1982, with winning best Tron arcade game, best Demon Attack console game, best David's Midnight Magic computer game, and best Galaxian standalone game. A major
shakeout of the North American video game industry ("the crash of 1983") begins. By 1986, total video games sales will decrease from US$3.2 billion to US$0.1 billion. [2 ]
Business [ edit ]
In the United States, arcade game revenues are worth $2.9 billion (equivalent to $6.89 billion in 2015). [3 ] In the United States, home video game sales are worth $3.2 billion, according to Nintendo
(equivalent to $7.6 billion in 2015). [2 ]
In Japan, home video game sales approach ¥400 billion (equivalent to $4.58 billion in 2015). [4 ]
MCA Universal files suit against Nintendo, claiming that the latter company's video arcade hit violated Universal's copyright on Donkey Kong King Kong. After a brief trial, the judge determined that the rights to the original Kong had passed into the public domain. The case was dismissed, and MCA Universal paid $1.8 million USD in damages to Nintendo., [5 ]
Atari files suit against Coleco, claiming violation of Atari's patents on the Atari 2600 video game console. The previous year, Coleco released a peripheral device that made it possible for Atari 2600 game cartridges to be run on the ColecoVision console. [6 ]
Aackosoft, Alligata, Beyond, Graftgold, Infogrames, [7 ] Origin Systems, [8 ] Interplay, [9 ] Navarre, [10 ] Mastertronic, Spectrum HoloByte, Tynesoft
Notable releases [ edit ]
Namco releases . Mappy May,
Sega releases in the Astron Belt Japanese market, the first laserdisc video game. It uses pre-rendered, computer-animated film footage as backdrops, overlaid with sprite graphics. 1 June,
Nintendo releases , which features the first appearance of Mario Bros. Mario's brother, Luigi. 19 June,
Cinematronics releases Advanced Microcomputer Systems's , Dragon's Lair the second [12 ] laserdisc video game, and the first in the American market. June,
Data East releases , an early laserdisc video game. Bega's Battle It uses [13 ] anime FMV cut scenes to develop a story between the game's shooting stages, which would later become the standard approach to video game storytelling. [14 ] July, Namco releases
exclusively in Japan. Pac & Pal August, Sega releases
in Astron Belt Europe, as the first laserdisc game in the region. [15 ] August, Namco releases
exclusively in Japan. Phozon October, Namco releases
. Libble Rabble November, Sega releases
in the United States. Astron Belt [16 ] December, Namco releases
, adding three additional tracks. Pole Position II
Bally/ Midway releases . Spy Hunter They also release [17 ] and Jr. Pac-Man without Professor Pac-Man Namco's authorization, and the latter of them was almost an immediate flop. Atari releases
, a color Star Wars vector graphics game based on the popular film franchise., and [18 ] Crystal Castles.
Konami releases in Japan. Gyruss Centuri distributes the game in North America. [19 ] Nintendo releases
in Japan. Punch-Out!! Williams releases
Blaster, which was originally programmed on an Atari 8-bit computer.
Yuji Horii releases for the The Portopia Serial Murder Case NEC PC-6001 in Japan. It is an influential adventure game that lays the foundations for the visual novel genre. [20 ] July 8,
Infocom releases Planetfall, which becomes one of their top sellers. August 23,
Origin Systems publishes , one of the first Ultima III: Exodus role-playing video games to use tactical, turn-based combat. It is released for the Apple II, Atari 800, Commodore 64, and IBM PC. [8 ]
ASCII releases for the Bokosuka Wars Sharp X1 in Japan. It is a precursor to the tactical role-playing game and [21 ] real-time strategy genres. [22 ]
Koei releases for Japanese computers. Its combination of role-playing, turn-based Nobunaga's Ambition grand strategy and management simulation elements sets a standard for the historical simulation and strategy RPG genres. [23 ]
Electronic Arts publishes its first titles: , Hard Hat Mack , Pinball Construction Set , Archon , M.U.L.E. , and Worms? . Murder on the Zinderneuf
Bug-Byte releases Matthew Smith's , a Manic Miner platform game, for the ZX Spectrum. [24 ]
Ultimate Play The Game, later known as Rare, releases its first video games, and Jetpac , for the ZX Spectrum. Atic Atac [25 ]
Hudson Soft releases for the Bomberman MSX and FM-7.
Psion release Chequered Flag, the first driving game published for the ZX Spectrum, one of the first computer [26 ] car simulators, and the first driving game with selectable cars. [27 ] The 4-player simultaneous
is released for the Dandy Atari 8-bit family. It directly inspires 1985's Gauntlet arcade game.
Hardware [ edit ]
Sega releases the SG-1000 console in Japan, on the same day as the Famicom. [30 ] 15 July,
Nintendo releases the Family Computer (Famicom) console in Japan. Shortly after its release, complaints begin to surface about rampant system instability, prompting Nintendo to issue a product recall and to rerelease the machine with a new motherboard. It would later be released worldwide as the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). [2 ]
GameLine, a combination modem and dialup game distribution service for the Atari 2600, is announced but never ships.
Apple Computer releases the Apple IIe, which becomes their most popular 8-bit machine. 16 June,
Microsoft Japan releases MSX, an early standardized home computer architecture. June, Mattel Electronics releases the
Aquarius home computer, originally designed by Radofin Electronics Far East. [31 ] October, Mattel discontinues the Aquarius.
Acorn Computers release the Acorn Electron, a cut down version of their BBC Micro to compete in the under £200 home computer market. Problems in manufacture see only 1 in 8 presales being delivered for the Christmas market. Atari releases the poorly received 1200XL computer. Late in the year it and the rest of the
Atari 8-bit family are replaced by the 600XL and 800XL.
Coleco releases the Adam home computer. [32 ] Sega releases the
SC-3000, a personal computer version of the SG-1000 console, in Japan. [30 ]
References [ edit ]