1984 (Van Halen album)
|Studio album by|
|Released||January 9, 1984|
|Studio||5150 Studios in Studio City, California|
|Van Halen chronology|
|Singles from 1984|
1984 (stylized as MCMLXXXIV) is the sixth studio album by American rock band Van Halen, released on January 9, 1984. It was the last Van Halen studio album until A Different Kind of Truth (2012) to feature lead singer David Lee Roth, who left the band in 1985 following creative differences. This is the final full-length album to feature all four original members (Van Halen brothers, Roth, and Michael Anthony), although they reunited briefly in 2000 to start work on what would much later become 2012's A Different Kind of Truth. Roth returned in 2007, but Eddie's son Wolfgang replaced Anthony in 2006. 1984 and Van Halen's debut are Van Halen's bestselling albums, each having sold more than 10 million copies.
1984 was well received by music critics. Rolling Stone ranked the album number 81 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s. It reached number two on the Billboard 200 album chart and remained there for five weeks, behind Michael Jackson's Thriller, on which guitarist Eddie Van Halen made a guest performance. 1984 produced four singles, including "Jump", Van Halen's only number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100; the top-20 hits "Panama" and "I'll Wait"; and the MTV favorite "Hot for Teacher". The album was certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1999, signifying ten million shipped copies.
Background and recording
Following the tour in support of their fourth studio album, Fair Warning, the band initially wanted to slow down and take a break. They released just one song, "(Oh) Pretty Woman," intended to be a stand-alone song. However, the band's label asked for another album due to the song's success and the band recorded their fifth studio album, Diver Down very quickly. Following the recording of the album, guitarist Eddie Van Halen was dissatisfied by the concessions he had made to Van Halen frontman David Lee Roth and Warner Bros. producer Ted Templeman. Both discouraged Eddie from making keyboards a prominent instrument in the band's music.
By 1983, Eddie was in the process of building his own studio, naming it 5150 after the California law code for the temporary, involuntary psychiatric commitment of individuals (who present a danger to themselves or others due to signs of mental illness,) with Donn Landee, the band's longtime engineer (and later, producer on the 5150 and OU812 recordings). While boards and tape machines were being installed, Eddie began working on synthesizers to pass the time. "There were no presets," said Templeman. "He would just twist off until it sounded right." There, he composed Van Halen's follow-up to Diver Down without as much perceived "interference" from Roth or Templeman. The result was a compromise between the two creative factions in the band: a mixture of keyboard-heavy songs, and the intense hard rock for which the band was known. Unlike the first five albums, 1984 took almost a year to create and produce. Most of their previous LPs had taken less than 2 weeks, while their first LP was recorded in just 5 days, all at Sunset Studios.
In Rolling Stone's retrospective review of 1984 in its '100 Best Albums of the Eighties' list, Templeman said, "It's real obvious to me [why 1984 won Van Halen a broader and larger audience]. Eddie Van Halen discovered the synthesizer."
The album's original release credits all songs to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen, Michael Anthony, and David Lee Roth. The UK single release for "I'll Wait" credited Michael McDonald as a co-writer, but he was not credited on the US version. The ASCAP entry for "I'll Wait" lists Michael McDonald as co-writer with Roth and the Van Halens. Like many bands starting out on their career, Van Halen shared songwriting credit equally between all members (including guitar instrumentals), but subsequent claims would lend credibility to the view that all songs were entirely or predominantly written by Eddie Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with little input from Van Halen's rhythm section.
After the release of Best Of – Volume I (1996), Van Halen renegotiated their royalties with their label Warner Bros. In 2004, Roth discovered that the rest of the band had renegotiated a royalty rate five times greater than his for releases made during his time as lead singer.
Songs from 1984 that appear on compilations after the royalty renegotiation and Roth's lawsuit were credited to Edward Van Halen, Alex Van Halen and David Lee Roth, with Michael Anthony's name removed from the credits, as evident in the end song credits of the 2007 film Superbad.
Michael Anthony's longstanding bass technician Kevin Dugan has noted that the opening title track instrumental from the album originates from a Roland bass synthesizer passage created as an intro for Anthony's in-concert bass solos, and has claimed that he and Anthony wrote and programmed it together.
The cover art was created by graphic artist Margo Nahas. It was not specifically commissioned; Nahas had been asked to create a cover that featured four chrome women dancing, but declined due to the creative difficulties. Her husband brought her portfolio to the band anyway, and from that material they chose the painting of a putto stealing cigarettes that was used. The model was Carter Helm, who was the child of one of Nahas' best friends, whom she photographed holding a candy cigarette. The front cover was censored in the UK at the time of the album's release. It featured a sticker that obscured the cigarette in the putto's hand and the pack of cigarettes. The back cover features all four band members individually with 1984 in a green futuristic font.
Musically, 1984 has been described as glam metal, hard rock, heavy metal, synth rock, and pop rock. The album's first two singles, "Jump" and "I'll Wait", feature prominent synthesizers, as does the album's intro track, "1984", a one-minute instrumental. Eddie Van Halen played an Oberheim OB-Xa synthesizer on the album except for “I’ll Wait” which was recorded with the newer Oberheim OB-8. The reason for this is that Ed's OB-Xa was having an issue staying in tune and while it was being repaired he was sent the newer model OB-8 (which was featured prominently on future Van Halen albums).
1984 saw the release of the album's third single "Panama", which features a heavy guitar riff reminiscent of Van Halen's earlier work. The engine noise was from Eddie revving up his Lamborghini, with microphones used near the tailpipes. Later, a video of "Hot for Teacher" was released and played regularly on MTV, giving the band a fourth hit which sustained sales of the album. Other songs on 1984 included "Girl Gone Bad", parts of which previously had been played during the 1982 Tour amidst performances of "Somebody Get Me a Doctor" (most famously at the US Festival show), the hard rock "Drop Dead Legs" and "Top Jimmy", a tribute to James Paul Koncek of the band Top Jimmy & The Rhythm Pigs. The album concludes with "House of Pain", a fiery, heavy metal song that dates back to the band's early club days of the mid-1970s.
Eddie told an interviewer that "Girl Gone Bad" was written in a hotel room that he and then-wife Valerie Bertinelli had rented. Valerie was asleep, and Eddie woke up during the night with an idea he had to put on tape. Not wanting to wake Valerie, Eddie grabbed a cassette recorder and recorded himself playing guitar in the closet.
Eddie Van Halen stated he wrote the arrangement for "Jump" several years before 1984 was recorded. In a 1995 cover story in Rolling Stone, the guitarist said Roth had rejected the synth riff for "Jump" for at least two years before agreeing to write lyrics to it. In his memoir Crazy From The Heat, Roth confirms Eddie's account, admitting a preference for Van Halen's guitar work; however, he says he now enjoys the song. Additionally in his memoir, Roth writes that he wrote the lyrics to "Jump" after watching a man waffle as to whether to commit suicide by jumping off of a skyscraper.
1984 peaked at number 2 on the Billboard album charts, (behind Michael Jackson's Thriller, which featured an Eddie Van Halen guitar solo on "Beat It",) and remained there for 5 straight weeks. It contained the anthems "Jump", "Panama", "I'll Wait" and "Hot for Teacher". "Jump" reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100. 1984 is the second of two Van Halen albums to have achieved RIAA Diamond status, selling over ten million copies in the United States. Their debut Van Halen was the first. "Jump" went on to be certified Gold in April 1984, only months after the album's release.
The album's follow-up singles – the synth-driven "I'll Wait", and "Panama", each peaked at Billboard number 13 on the Pop charts, respectively, in March and June. "Hot for Teacher" was a moderate Billboard Hot 100 success, reaching number 56; the MTV video for "Hot for Teacher" became even more popular. The "Hot for Teacher" video, which was directed by Roth, stars preteen lookalikes of the four Van Halen band members; a stereotypical nerd named "Waldo"; David Lee Roth as Waldo's bus driver; and numerous teachers stripping.
To promote the album, the band ran a contest on MTV. The contest was called, "Lost Weekend" with Van Halen. Fans mailed over 1 million postcards to MTV in hopes of winning the contest. In the promo for MTV, David Lee Roth said, "You won't know where you are, you won't know what's going to happen, and when you come back, you're not gonna have any memory of it." Kurt Jeffries won the contest and was flown to Detroit to join the band. Jeffries was allowed to bring along his best friend. He was given a Lost Weekend T-shirt and a hat. He was also brought on stage and had a large sheet cake smashed in his face which was followed by about a dozen people pouring champagne on him.
|Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s||B+|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Great Rock Discography||7/10|
Reviews for 1984 were generally favorable. Robert Christgau rated the album a B+. He explained that "Side one is pure 'up', and not only that, it sticks to the ears" and that "Van Halen's pop move avoids fluff because they're heavy, and schlock because they're built for speed, finally creating an all-purpose mise-en-scene for Brother Eddie's hair-raising, stomach-churning chops." He also called side two "consolation for their loyal fans—a little sexism, a lot of pyrotechnics, and a standard HM bass attack on something called 'House of Pain'." J.D. Considine, a reviewer for Rolling Stone, rated 1984 four out of five stars. He called it "the album that brings all of Van Halen's talent into focus." He stated that ""Jump" is not exactly the kind of song you'd expect from Van Halen", but that "once Alex Van Halen's drums kick in and singer David Lee Roth starts to unravel a typically convoluted story line, things start sounding a little more familiar". Although he mentioned "Jump" as having "suspended chords and a pedalpoint bass in a manner more suited to Asia", he went on to state that "Eddie Van Halen manages to expand his repertoire of hot licks, growls, screams and seemingly impossible runs to wilder frontiers than you could have imagined." He concluded that "what really makes this record work is the fact that Van Halen uses all this flash as a means to an end—driving the melody home—rather than as an end in itself" and that "despite all the bluster, Van Halen is one of the smartest, toughest bands in rock & roll. Believe me, that's no newspeak."
In a 1984 review, Billboard states the album is "funnier and more versatile than most of their metal brethren", calling the production "typically strong". A retrospective review by AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine was extremely positive. He noted that the album caused "a hoopla that was a bit of a red herring since the band had been layering in synths since their third album, Women and Children First". He further stated that "Jump"'s "synths played a circular riff that wouldn't have sounded as overpowering on guitar", but that "the band didn't dispense with their signature monolithic, pulsating rock." He also stated that "where [previous] albums placed an emphasis on the band's attack, this places an emphasis on the songs, and they're uniformly terrific, the best set of original tunes Van Halen ever had." He concluded that "it's the best showcase of Van Halen's instrumental prowess as a band, the best showcase for Diamond Dave's glorious shtick, the best showcase for their songwriting, just their flat-out best album overall. [...] [T]here's no way Van Halen could have bettered this album with Dave around (and they didn't better it once Sammy [Hagar] joined, either)."
Guitar Player magazine writer Matt Blackett praises the "deeper cuts" of the album, "Drop Dead Legs", "House of Pain", and "Girl Gone Bad", calling the guitar work "fresh and vital", noting Eddie's "dark, complex sense of harmony and melody". Len Comaratta from Consequence of Sound felt Van Halen reached the pinnacle of its commercial and critical success. At the end of the 1980s, Rolling Stone, which had previously been critical of Van Halen, ranked 1984 at number 81 on its list of the 100 Greatest Albums of the 1980s. The album was also included in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Guitar World magazine placed the album on their list of "New Sensations: 50 Iconic Albums That Defined 1984".
|5.||"Drop Dead Legs"||4:14|
|6.||"Hot for Teacher"||4:42|
|7.||"I'll Wait"||E. Van Halen, A. Van Halen, Anthony, Roth, Michael McDonald||4:40|
|8.||"Girl Gone Bad"||4:35|
|9.||"House of Pain"||3:19|
- David Lee Roth – vocals
- Eddie Van Halen – guitars, keyboards, background vocals
- Michael Anthony – bass guitar, synth bass on "I'll Wait", background vocals
- Alex Van Halen – drums
- Pete Angelus – art direction
- Chris Bellman – mastering
- Ken Deane – engineering
- Gregg Geller – mastering
- Donn Landee – engineering
- Jo Motta – project coordination
- Margo Nahas – cover art
- Joan Parker – production coordination
- Richard Seireeni – art direction
- Ted Templeman – production
|"Jump"||Billboard Hot 100||1|
|UK Single Chart||7|
|Mainstream Rock Tracks||1|
|Hot Dance Music/Club Play||17|
|"I'll Wait"||Billboard Hot 100||13|
|UK Single Chart||85|
|Mainstream Rock Tracks||2|
|"Panama"||Billboard Hot 100||13|
|UK Single Chart||61|
|Mainstream Rock Tracks||2|
|"Hot for Teacher"||The Billboard Hot 100||56|
|UK Single Chart||87|
|Mainstream Rock Tracks||24|
|Canada (Music Canada)||5× Platinum||500,000^|
|Latvia (LaMPA)[unreliable source?]||Platinum|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Diamond||10,000,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
- "Coma Guy", an episode of Family Guy where Peter Griffin's life is transformed by borrowing the album from the library
- "BPI Certified Awards". bpi.co.uk. Archived from the original on September 17, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
- "Van Halen's '1984' At 30: Classic Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
- "Did van Halen Almost Finish a David Lee Roth Reunion LP in 2000?".
- "Top 100 Albums". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- Kielty, Martin (January 16, 2019). "Did One Song Force the Collapse of Van Halen's Original lineup?". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Christopher, Michael (January 9, 2019). "Van Halen '1984': A Track-by-Track Guide". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Renoff, Greg (January 26, 2015). "The History of Eddie Van Halen and Keyboards". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- "100 Best Albums of the Eighties". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- Renoff, Greg (2015). Van Halen Rising: How a Southern California Backyard Party Band Saved Heavy Metal. Toronto: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-77041-263-7. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- "Sunset Sound" (PDF). sunsetsound.com.
- Catalog #W9213
- Catalog #7-29307
- Giles, Jeff (March 2, 2014). "How Michael McDonald Ended Up Co-Writing Van Halen's 'I'll Wait'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
- Halbert, James. "The Gripes of Roth Archived August 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine". Classic Rock. April 13, 2004.
- "David Lee Roth Files Request To Have His Lawsuit Against Van Halen Dismissed". blabbermouth.net. October 3, 2003. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- "Van Halen Removing Bassist From Songwriting Credits?". blabbermouth.net. August 21, 2007. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- "Tech Kevin Dugan Talks His 30-Year History With Van Halen, Shares Stories of Nightmare Gigs and Memories of Eddie Van Halen" - article in UltimateGuitar.com by Justin Beckner
- "Where Are They Now: Kids from Album Covers". upvenue.com. 2012. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Stars of Album Covers... As They Look Today – NME". NME. July 18, 2012. Archived from the original on January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Feelnumb.com Exclusive Photo: Van Halen The 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) Album Cover". feelnumb.com. 2012. Archived from the original on June 11, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "10 banned album covers". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Download Van Halen - 1984 (1983) Retail CD Covers". www.allcdcovers.com. Archived from the original on August 11, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- "Top 20 Hair Metal Albums of the Eighties - Page 1 | Guitar World". October 4, 2012. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
- "The 10 Most Disappointing Follow-Up Albums". pastemagazine.com. June 22, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
the pop-metal smash 1984
- Popoff, Martin (2014). The Big Book of Hair Metal. USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760345467.
- Gill, Chris (October 6, 2020). "Eddie Van Halen revisits Van Halen's landmark '1984' album". Guitar World. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Considine, J.D. (March 1, 1984). "1984". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 3, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
- Comaratta, Len (January 7, 2012). "Dusting 'Em Off: Van Halen – 1984". Consequence. Archived from the original on November 2, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2016.
- Rivadavia, Eduardo (January 28, 2016). "When David Lee Roth Went Solo With 'Crazy From the Heat'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
- Handler, Shane (October 13, 2020). "Eddie Van Halen- The Keyboardist: Remembering The Guitar Hero's Greatest Synth Moments". Glide Magazine. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- classicvanhalen.com - 1984
- "Eddie Van Halen Smithsonian talk (full Interview, 2-12-2015) HD". Retrieved December 26, 2015.
- Dodds, Kevin (October 12, 2011). Edward Van Halen: A Definitive Biography. iUniverse. ISBN 978-1-4620-5481-7.
- "32 Years Ago: Van Halen Release '1984'". Loudwire. Archived from the original on January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Eddie Van Halen: Balancing Act". Rolling Stone. April 6, 1995. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- "Jump". Van Halen News Desk. May 23, 2013. Archived from the original on April 7, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- "Eddie van Halen". Archived from the original on September 17, 2007. Retrieved August 12, 2007.
- "Gold & Platinum – RIAA". RIAA. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- "Gold & Platinum – RIAA – Jump". RIAA. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Van Halen's 'Hot for Teacher' Appeals to the Student Body". Van Halen News Desk. September 6, 2010. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- "Van Halen's 5 Best Music Videos". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017.
- Hay, Carla. "Billboard Salutes Twenty Years of MTV". International Index to Music Periodicals Full Text [ProQuest]. Billboard- The International Newsweekly of Music, Video, and Home Entertainment, July 28, 2001
- Tannenbaum, Rob; Marks, Craig (October 27, 2011). I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-101-52641-5.
- "MTV Lost Weekend With Van Halen Promo (1984)". YouTube. December 30, 2014. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
- Bell, Geoffrey; Smith, Scott (1984). "Winner of MTV's "Lost Weekend With Van Halen" Tells His Story". The Inside: The International Van Halen Magazine. Archived from the original on January 26, 2015.
"Fear and Loathing in 1984″ A Savage Tale of Booze, Babes, Van Halen, and two unsuspecting men from Pennsylvania
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "1984 – Van Halen : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- "Consumer Guide Reviews: Van Halen". Robert Christgau. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
- C. Strong, Martin (2004). Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Canongate. ISBN 1841955515.
- Strong, Martin C. (2004). "AC/DC". The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Canongate U.S. ISBN 1841956155.
- "Spin Van Halen 1984". Spin. August 2006. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- "Billboard – Jan. 21, 1984" (PDF). Billboard. January 21, 1984. p. 95. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- "Ranking the Six Van Halen Albums". guitarplayer.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2017.
- "Van Halen: Album Guide | Rolling Stone Music". Rolling Stone. December 10, 2012. Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (February 7, 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- "New Sensations: 50 Iconic Albums That Defined 1984 | Guitar World". July 20, 2014. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
- Kevin, Rutherford (October 14, 2020). "Van Halen Songs Dominate Rock Charts After Eddie Van Halen's Death". Billboard. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. p. 319. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Austriancharts.at – Van Halen – 1984" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Van Halen – 1984" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Van Halen – 1984" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Charts.nz – Van Halen – 1984". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Van Halen – 1984". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Van Halen – 1984". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Swisscharts.com – Van Halen – 1984". Hung Medien. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Van Halen | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- "Van Halen – Chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Van Halen Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
- "Album Top 40 slágerlista – 2020. 48. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
- "Van Halen Chart History (Top Rock Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1984". hitparade.ch. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
- "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1985". Billboard. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
- "Top Rock Albums – Year-End 2020". Billboard. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
- "Van Halen – Chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Van Halen – Chart history | Official Charts". www.officialcharts.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- "Van Halen – Chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Van Halen JUMP Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
- "Van Halen Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
- "Canadian album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". Music Canada.
- "Van Halen" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- "Les Albums Or" (in French). Infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "French album certifications – Van Halen – 1984" (in French). InfoDisc. Select VAN HALEN and click OK.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Van Halen; '1984')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Japanese album certifications – Van Halen – 1984" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved February 27, 2020. Select 1993年9月 on the drop-down menu
- "International Latvian Certification Awards from 1998 to 2001". Latvian Music Producers Association. Directupload. 2001. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- "New Zealand album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- "British album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". British Phonographic Industry.
- "American album certifications – Van Halen – 1984". Recording Industry Association of America.
- Monk, Noel E.; Layden, Joe (2017). Runnin' With the Devil: A Backstage Pass to the Wild Times, Loud Rock, and the Down and Dirty Truth Behind the Making of Van Halen. New York: Dey Street Books. ISBN 978-0-06-247412-4.