1984 San Diego Padres season
|1984 San Diego Padres|
|1984 National League Champions
1984 NL West Champions
|Major League affiliations|
|Owner(s)||Ray Kroc and Joan Kroc|
|General manager(s)||Jack McKeon|
(Dave Campbell, Jerry Coleman, Bob Chandler, Ted Leitner)
|Local radio||KFMB (AM)
(Dave Campbell, Jerry Coleman)
(Gustavo Lopez, Mario Thomas Zapiain)
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The 1984 San Diego Padres season was the 16th season in franchise history. San Diego won the National League (NL) championship and advanced to the World Series, which they lost to the Detroit Tigers four games to one. The Padres were led by manager Dick Williams and third-year player Tony Gwynn, who won the NL batting title and finished third in voting for the NL Most Valuable Player Award.
In their first 15 seasons, the Padres had an overall won–lost record of 995–1372 for a .420 winning percentage, and finished with a winning record just once. They had never finished higher than fourth in the NL West division, and eight times they had finished in last place. However, they were coming off consecutive 81–81 seasons in Williams' two years as San Diego's manager. They won the NL West in 1984 with a 92–70 record, and set a then-franchise record in attendance, drawing nearly two million fans (1,985,895). They defeated the Chicago Cubs in the National League Championship Series (NLCS), three games to two, becoming the first NL team to win the pennant after being down 2–0. Steve Garvey was named the NLCS Most Valuable Player.
- 1 Offseason
- 2 Regular season
- 3 Player stats
- 4 NLCS
- 5 World series
- 6 Award winners
- 7 Farm system
- 8 References
- 9 External links
- October 21, 1983: Sandy Alomar, Jr. was signed by the Padres as an amateur free agent.
- December 6, 1983: Joe Pittman and a player to be named later were traded by the Padres to the San Francisco Giants for Champ Summers. The Padres completed the deal by sending Tommy Francis (minors) to the Giants on December 7.
- December 7: Gary Lucas was traded by the Padres to the Montreal Expos as part of a three-team trade. The Expos sent Al Newman to the Padres, and the Chicago Cubs sent Carmelo Martínez, Craig Lefferts, and Fritzie Connally to the Padres. The Expos traded Scott Sanderson to the Cubs.
- January 6, 1984: Rich Gossage was signed as a free agent by the Padres.
- January 14: Owner Ray Kroc dies. Ownership passes to his wife, Joan B. Kroc.
- January 17: Rodney McCray was drafted by the Padres in the 9th round of the 1984 amateur draft.
- March 25: Second baseman Juan Bonilla waived.
- March 30: Dennis Rasmussen and a player to be named later were traded by the Padres to the New York Yankees for Graig Nettles. The Padres completed the deal by sending Darin Cloninger (minors) to the Yankees on April 26.
After spending $6 million to acquire free-agent first baseman Steve Garvey in 1983, the Padres signed free-agent reliever Goose Gossage to a five-year contract for $6.25 million in January 1984. The deal made Gossage the highest-salaried pitcher in baseball at the time. Manager Dick Williams, who had asked General Manager Jack McKeon to obtain a strikeout-type reliever, declared that the acquisition made San Diego a playoff contender. Eight days after signing Gossage, Padres owner Ray Kroc died at the age of 81. The season was dedicated in his memory with the team wearing his initials, "RAK" on their jersey's left sleeve during the entire season. Ownership of the team passed to his wife, Joan Kroc.
In February, All-Star catcher Terry Kennedy underwent arthroscopic surgery on his left knee after being bothered by continuous inflammation since the middle of 1983. During spring training, Alan Wiggins was named the team's new second baseman over incumbent Juan Bonilla, who was subsequently waived. In a gamble to generate offense, Wiggins had been moved from the outfield to make room in left field for Carmelo Martínez, who was moved from first base after being acquired in the offseason from the Chicago Cubs. The Padres were hoping to bolster their starting outfield, which produced just 23 homers in 1983. The rookie Martinez and center fielder Kevin McReynolds, whose 140 at-bats during the prior season disqualified him from being considered a rookie in 1984, were hyped by the media as the M&M Boys, alluding to the Yankees' 1960s power-hitting duo of Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris. The two Padre outfielders along with Garvey, Nettles, and Kennedy supplied San Diego with five regulars who had the potential to hit at least 20 home runs. Third-year right fielder Tony Gwynn entered the season with a .302 lifetime batting average, the highest on the club. Gwynn, McReynolds, and Martinez formed the youngest outfield in the majors. Shortstop Garry Templeton was relieved of pain from a left knee that had bother him for years, and was expected to anchor the infield, especially with Wiggins moving to second base. Templeton was also projected to bat leadoff for the Padres, but he was dropped to No. 8 in the order after he took a spike to his right knee toward the end of spring training. Three days before the season opener, 39-year-old third baseman Graig Nettles, a San Diego native, approved a trade from the New York Yankees to the Padres. A left-handed batter who had hit 333 career home runs, he was open to platooning with incumbent Luis Salazar, although Nettles was expected to get the majority of playing time given the larger number of right-handed starting pitchers in the majors. Heading into the season, Williams' biggest concern was their pitching. The starters largely relied on finesse and off-speed pitches, and none of them had ever won more than 16 games.
The Padres won their first four games of the season, and were 9–2 before leaving on their first road trip. They were 18–11 before losing seven in a row, their longest losing streak of the season. The streak was snapped on May 17, when Wiggins tied an NL record with five stolen bases, and the club swiped a team record of seven in a 5–4 home win over Montreal. They were tied for first in the West at the end of May, and were 2 1⁄2 games up by the end of June. After moving back into first place on June 9, they did not relinquish the lead the rest of the season. San Diego played at a steady pace, never falling below .500, while their longest winning streak was only six. San Diego clinched the division on September 20, when they beat San Francisco 5–4 behind a three-run homer by pitcher Tim Lollar, and Houston lost to Los Angeles 6–2 three hours later. The Padres finished the season with a 92–70 record, winning the NL West division by 12 games. It was just the second winning season in the franchise's history. The future Hall-of-Famer Gwynn batted .351 to capture the first of his eight NL batting titles, while also gathering 213 hits to shatter the Padres record of 194 established by Gene Richards in 1980. Eric Show (15–9, 3.40 ERA) was the only starting pitcher with 15 wins, though the four main starters all recorded at least 11. The acquisition of Gossage, who finished the season 10–6 with a 2.90 ERA and 25 saves, was a strong factor in San Diego's 34–24 record in one-run games.
The team relied on small ball and moving runners over. With the exception of Gwynn, who finished third in balloting for the NL Most Valuable Player Award, no Padre enjoyed an outstanding season individually. Nettles and McReynolds tied for the team lead in home runs with 20, and only two others exceeded 10. Garvey led the club with 86 RBIs, the only Padre with more than 75. Coming off his thumb injury from 1983, he hit only eight home runs, but had 175 hits and did not commit an error. Wiggins' move to second base proved successful, as he exhibited excellent range with his quickness in spite of his 32 fielding errors. Offensively as the leadoff hitter, he batted .258 and drew 75 walks for an on-base percentage of .342, while setting club records by stealing 70 bases and scoring 106 runs. Benefitting from the higher number of fastballs opposing pitchers threw in response to Wiggins' speed, Gwynn batted above .400 when his speedy teammate was on base. According to Williams, Wiggins "was absolutely the most valuable player in the National League in 1984." No longer a .300 hitter like in his earlier days with St. Louis, Templeton enjoyed his most successful season since 1981. Hitting eighth in the lineup, he did not receive many pitches to hit. He batted .258 with 24 extra-base hits and six game-winning RBI, and was praised by Williams for his defense. Both Templeton and Gwynn were honored by The Sporting News with Silver Slugger Awards, and Martinez (.249, 13 HR) was named to the Topps All-Star Rookie Team. Martinez however, hit only three homers in the second half, and just one after July 18, after hitting 10 in the first half. Troubled by his knees, Kennedy slumped to .240 while his RBIs fell to 57 from 98 a year earlier. Nettles hit .222, which was 29 points below his career average, and most of his homers came in two hot streaks.
In addition to Show, the starting rotation included fellow 28-year-old Mark Thurmond (14–8, 2.97), as well as veterans Ed Whitson (14–8, 3.24) and Lollar (11–13, 3.91). Andy Hawkins (8–9, 4.68) and Dave Dravecky (9–8, 2.93) split time as the fifth starter. In the bullpen, Gossage and Craig Lefferts (2.13 ERA and 10 saves) each appeared in 62 games and logged over 100 innings apiece. Unlike modern closers, Gossage often entered games in the seventh or eighth innings, with Lefferts filling in as the stopper when Gossage needed a game off after working successive long stints. Dravecky also recorded eight saves. At age 33, Gossage experienced a decline in his fastball, and did not record a save after August 25.
Williams led the team with a tough, no-nonsense approach. He cited the advantage of having the experience of veterans Garvey, Nettles, and Gossage on the team. Prior to joining the Padres, Garvey and Nettles had advanced to the World Series four times, while Gossage had participated in two. Throughout the season, they stressed the value of consistency and an even temperament to youngsters like Gwynn, McReynolds, and Martinez, who were among the 11 players on the team with less than four years of major league experience. Gossage and Nettles, in particular, would stay after games and talk baseball and have a beer with the youngsters. Additionally, Templeton befriended Wiggins, helping his transition from the outfield to second base.
Brawl with the Atlanta Braves
The Padres' regular season is most remembered for an August 12 Sunday afternoon game at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium against the Atlanta Braves. The Braves were expected to be contenders for the division title, but were a disappointing 9 1/2 games out of first at gametime. The start of the game was delayed 2 hours by rain.
Braves starting pitcher Pascual Pérez hit Alan Wiggins with the very first pitch of the game, which seemed to put the Padres into retaliatory mode. The Braves went up 2-0 in the bottom of the first on a Claudell Washington homer.
When Perez came to bat in the bottom of the 2nd, Padres starter Ed Whitson threw at him as he squared to bunt. Perez responded by wielding his bat and starting toward Whitson, but home plate umpire Steve Rippley restrained him as both benches began to clear. Rippley issued a warning to both teams without any fighting ensuing. The Braves scored another run in the inning to go up 3–0.
In the bottom of the fourth, Whitson threw three straight inside fastballs at Perez, and Rippley ejected both Whitson and manager Dick Williams. Greg Booker replaced Whitson and gave up two more runs before facing Perez in the bottom of the sixth. Then, Booker also threw at Perez and Rippley proceeded to throw both him and acting manager Ozzie Virgil out of the game. In the top of the seventh, Graig Nettles hit a solo homer off Perez, which would incite later activity.
In the bottom of the eighth, Craig Lefferts threw at Perez and Rippley ejected both him and second acting manager Jack Krol, leaving only Harry Dunlop to manage the rest of the way. This time, both the Braves' and Padres' dugouts cleared and the brawl was on. First base umpire John McSherry and Padres first baseman Steve Garvey attempted to head off the onslaught, but both were caught in the middle as both teams exchanged punches. The brawl went on for 10 minutes before reserve infielder Champ Summers stormed towards Perez, who had retreated to the Braves' dugout. Bob Horner met Summers at the front of the dugout and he and the Braves' Rick Camp wrestled him to the ground along with a fan who leaped on top of Summers from the stands. Another fan doused Summers with a drink. On the side, the Padres' Bobby Brown and the Braves' Gerald Perry engaged in a fight of their own. Summers, Brown, Camp, and Perry were all ejected.
Finally, in the top of the ninth, Braves' reliever Donnie Moore intentionally plunked Nettles when he came to bat, sparking yet another fight. Rick Mahler and Steve Bedrosian intervened for the Braves and were ejected, while Goose Gossage joined in and was also ejected. Moore and Braves manager Joe Torre also joined the ranks of the ejected.
Once order was finally restored, Gene Garber pitched the remainder of the game for the Braves with Joe Pignatano acting for Torre. The Padres scored two in the ninth, but no more as the Braves won 5–3. Shortly after the final out, another fan threw a beer at the Padres' Kurt Bevacqua, causing Bevacqua to go into the stands after him. He was restrained by security guards.
Opening Day starters
- Steve Garvey
- Tony Gwynn
- Terry Kennedy
- Carmelo Martínez
- Kevin McReynolds
- Graig Nettles
- Eric Show
- Garry Templeton
- Alan Wiggins
|San Diego Padres||92||70||0.568||—||48–33||44–37|
|Los Angeles Dodgers||79||83||0.488||13||40–41||39–42|
|San Francisco Giants||66||96||0.407||26||35–46||31–50|
Record vs. opponents
1984 National League Records
Sources:            
- July 20, 1984: Al Newman was traded by the San Diego Padres to the Montreal Expos for Greg Harris.
|1984 San Diego Padres|
Starters by position
Note: Pos = position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in
In the 1984 NLCS, the Padres faced the NL East champion Chicago Cubs, who were making their first post-season appearance since 1945 and featured NL Most Valuable Player Ryne Sandberg and Cy Young Award winner Rick Sutcliffe. The Cubs would win the first two games at Wrigley Field, but the Padres swept the final three games at then-Jack Murphy Stadium (the highlight arguably being Steve Garvey's dramatic, game-winning home run off of Lee Smith in Game 4) to win the 1984 National League pennant. They became the first National League team to win a playoff series after being down 2–0. Garvey finished the series batting .400 with seven RBIs, and was named the NLCS Most Valuable Player for the second time in his career.
After returning from Chicago on a delayed flight, the team boarded buses from the airport, and was boosted by the surprising 2,000 fans waiting to greet them at the Jack Murphy Stadium parking lot at about 9:45 P.M. Gossage, a former New York Yankee, said the San Diego crowd at Game 3 was "the loudest crowd I've ever heard anywhere." Gwynn agreed as well. Jack Murphy Stadium played "Cub-Busters", a parody of the theme song from the 1984 movie Ghostbusters. Cub-Busters T-shirts inspired from the movie were popular attire for Padres fans.
San Diego won the series, 3–2.
|1||October 2||San Diego Padres – 0, Chicago Cubs – 13||Wrigley Field||2:49||36,282|
|2||October 3||San Diego Padres – 2, Chicago Cubs – 4||Wrigley Field||2:18||36,282|
|3||October 4||Chicago Cubs – 1, San Diego Padres – 7||Jack Murphy Stadium||2:19||58,346|
|4||October 6||Chicago Cubs – 5, San Diego Padres – 7||Jack Murphy Stadium||3:13||58,354|
|5||October 7||Chicago Cubs – 3, San Diego Padres – 6||Jack Murphy Stadium||2:41||58,359|
In the 1984 World Series, the Padres faced the powerful Detroit Tigers, who steamrolled through the regular season with 104 victories (and had started out with a 35-5 record, the best ever through the first 40 games). The Tigers were managed by Sparky Anderson and featured shortstop and native San Diegan Alan Trammell and outfielder Kirk Gibson, along with Lance Parrish and DH Darrell Evans. The pitching staff was bolstered by ace Jack Morris (19-11, 3.60 ERA), Dan Petry (18-8), Milt Wilcox (17-8), and closer Willie Hernández (9-3, 1.92 ERA with 32 saves). Jack Morris would win games 1 and 4 and the Tigers would go on to win the Series 4-games-to-1.
San Diego's starting pitchers crumbled in the postseason with a combined ERA of 9.09, including 13.94 against Detroit, surpassing the Cubs mark of 9.50 in 1932 as the worst in the then-82-year history of the World Series. Show, Thurmond, Lollar, and Whitson combined to throw only 10 2⁄3 innings versus the Tigers while surrendering 25 hits, eight walks, and 16 earned runs. Only once did a starter pitch at least five innings. Whitson (NLCS Game 3) was the only starter to earn a win in the playoffs. Out of the bullpen, Lefferts was excellent in the postseason with 10 scoreless innings in six appearances, while Hawkins and Dravecky pitched well in the playoffs as well.
After a disappointing season for 37-year-old journeyman Kurt Bevacqua, he hit .412 in the World Series as the Padres designated hitter, hitting the game-winning home run in Game 2 as well as an eighth-inning homer in the finale, which had cut San Diego's deficit to 5–4. Playing in place of the injured McReynolds, Bobby Brown had the team's only two RBIs by Padres outfielders against the Tigers, but he batted just 1-for-15.
Reporter Barry Bloom of MLB.com wrote in 2011 that "the postseason in ’84 is still the most exciting week of Major League Baseball ever played in San Diego." Gossage, who is mostly remembered as a Yankee, called it "special being a part of turning on a city for the first time, going to the World Series for the first time".
|1||October 9||Detroit Tigers – 3, San Diego Padres – 2||Jack Murphy Stadium||3:18||57,908|
|2||October 10||Detroit Tigers – 3, San Diego Padres – 5||Jack Murphy Stadium||2:44||57,911|
|3||October 12||San Diego Padres – 2, Detroit Tigers – 5||Tiger Stadium||3:11||51,970|
|4||October 13||San Diego Padres – 2, Detroit Tigers – 4||Tiger Stadium||2:20||52,130|
|5||October 14||San Diego Padres – 4, Detroit Tigers – 8||Tiger Stadium||2:55||51,901|
- Tony Gwynn, National League Batting Champion (.351)
- Tony Gwynn, National League Leader in Hits (213)
- Lockwood, Wayne (March 27, 1984). "This season, perhaps, the optimism will be rewarded". The San Diego Union. p. X-1.
- Center, Bill (May 19, 2014). "Remembering 1984 Going into Weekend of Celebration". mlblogs.com. Archived from the original on August 12, 2015.
- Bloom, Barry (April 3, 1984). "A new era? Padres are hoping to start one tonight against Pittsburgh". Evening Tribune. p. D-1.
- Slocum, Bob (October 24, 1984). "Padres, area reaped benefits, but much more could lie ahead". Evening Tribune. p. D-1.
- Sandy Alomar Jr. at Baseball-Reference
- Champ Summers at Baseball-Reference
- Scott Sanderson at Baseball-Reference
- Rich Gossage at Baseball-Reference
- Rodney McCray at Baseball-Reference
- Bloom, Barry (March 26, 1984). "Bonilla: 'I have nothing to say right now'". Evening Tribune. p. C-1.
- Graig Nettles at Baseball-Reference
- Collier, Phil (October 2, 1984). "Padres suffered quite a while". The San Diego Union. p. Baseball-1.
- "1984: A chronology". The San Diego Union-Tribune. December 30, 1984.
- Collier, Phil (January 7, 1984). "Padres: 'Goose' signs on for five-year stint". The San Diego Union. p. C-1.
- Hewitt, Brian (March 31, 1989). "PADRES 1989: 84' REVISITED? : MEMORIES : World Series Was a Disaster, but It Was Fun Getting There". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 14, 2015.
- Collier, Phil (April 3, 1984). "Power promised from the new M&M twins". The San Diego Union. p. D-1.
- Bloom, Barry (March 6, 1984). "The Kennedy era". Evening Tribune. p. C-1.
- Bloom, Barry (March 17, 1984). "Williams: Wiggins will start at 2b". Evening Tribune. p. B-1.
- Maisel, Ivan (April 2, 1984). "San Diego". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015.
- Bloom, Barry (April 5, 1984). "Padres are hoping M & Ms won't melt in their hands". Evening Tribune. p. D-3.
- Lorge, Barry (October 15, 1984). "A season to remember". The San Diego Union. p. A-1.
- Lorge, Barry (March 19, 1984). "Barry Lorge". The San Diego Union. p. C-1.
- Bloom, Barry (April 4, 1984). "Bonilla elects to take a little vacation". Evening Tribune. p. C-6.
- "NETTLES APPROVES TRADE TO PADRES". The New York Times. April 1, 1984. Archived from the original on August 13, 2015.
- Collier, Phil (April 1, 1984). "Nettles says it's OK to platoon him here". The San Diego Union. p. H-1.
- Bloom, Barry (March 27, 1984). "Too many question marks dot Padres' lineup". Evening Tribune. p. X-2.
- Bloom, Barry (October 23, 1984). "Here's a chronological look at Padre highlights of 1984". Evening Tribune. p. D-3.
- Schrotenboer, Brent (June 27, 2009). "1984: A classic season". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015.
- "'84 Padres postseason highlights". The San Diego Union-Tribune. October 26, 2004. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012.
- Center, Bill (October 7, 2001). "THE GREATEST PADRE: career timeline: '84". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012.
- Center, Bill (October 26, 2004). "Chemistry 101". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015.
- Paris, Jay (May 13, 2013). "To Goose Gossage, memories of the Padres' summer of '84 remain golden". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015.
- Lockwood, Wayne (October 2, 1984). "Ray Kroc's dream finally materializes". The San Diego Union. p. Baseball-12.
- Bloom, Barry (October 16, 1984). "Padres look to climb one more step". Evening Tribune. p. C-1.
- Appleman, Marc (February 12, 1985). "Padres' Wiggins Signs for Four Years". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2015.
- Berkow, Ira (January 15, 1991). "Wiggins Touched The Hot Iron". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2015.
- Will, George F. (2010). Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball. HarperCollins. pp. 178–180. ISBN 0061999814. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Weyler, John (June 27, 1986). "Starting over, again : Alan Wiggins, dogged by a troubled past, tries to establish a future With Baltimore". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015.
- Schoenfeld, Bruce (October 2, 1984). "Templeton's here to say he can still play the game". The San Diego Union. p. D-2.
- "Pirates put on the block after losses". The San Diego Union. November 21, 1984. p. C-3.
- Rains, Rob (July 15, 1985). "NETTLES, AT AGE 40, IS STILL STARRING". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 13, 2015.
- Jenkins, Chris (October 2, 1984). "Nettles' and Gossage's deeds still inspire former Yankees". The San Diego Union. p. Baseball-17.
- Lorge, Barry (October 2, 1984). "Barry Lorge". The San Diego Union. p. D-1.
- 1984 San Diego Padres Statistics and Roster Baseball-Reference.com
- Baseball-Reference.com 1984 NLCS
- Wulf, Steve (October 15, 1984). "You've Got To Hand It To The Padres". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015.
- Wallner, Peter J. (July 30, 2014). "Steve Garvey on facing '84 Tigers in World Series: They were a team of destiny". Mlive.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015.
- Anderson, Dave (October 8, 1984). "'Those Four To Martinez'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2015.
- Johnson, Jay; Hughes, Joe (October 5, 1984). "Full house beats 9 Cubs". Evening Tribune. p. A-1.
The scene was joyous pandemonium after the game, as long-suffering fans danced in the aisles, hugged total strangers, whooped and sang along as "Cub-Busters" played on the stadium's loudspeakers.
- Staples, Billy; Herschlag, Rich (2007). Before the Glory: 20 Baseball Heroes Talk about Growing Up and Turning Hard Times Into Home Runs. HCI. p. 386. ISBN 978-0-7573-0626-6. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
The home crowd had another weapon up its sleeve, a ditty called "Cub-busters", a parody of the theme from the Chicago-based 1984 hit movie Ghostbusters.
- Sauer, Mark (October 6, 1984). "With a toast from the host ... Padres' faithful primed for game 4 -- and maybe game 5". The San Diego Union. p. A-1.
'The Cub Busters T-shirts have been the hottest item, but stuff we hadn't sold in years suddenly started moving,' said Croasdale.
- Laurence, Robert P. (October 2, 1984). "'Busters' promoter Cub at heart". The San Diego Union. p. B-1.
Logan came up with the design after hearing the 'Ghostbusters' theme song at a Padres-Mets game in August, and his creation is without a doubt the hottest selling item in the Padres' inventory as excitement builds going into today's first game of the National League playoffs.
- "1984 NLCS Game 1 - San Diego Padres vs. Chicago Cubs". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 NLCS Game 2 - San Diego Padres vs. Chicago Cubs". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 NLCS Game 3 - Chicago Cubs vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 NLCS Game 4 - Chicago Cubs vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 NLCS Game 5 - Chicago Cubs vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Baseball-Reference.com Detroit Tigers 1984 season
- Baseball-Reference.com 1984 World Series stats
- Lorge, Barry (October 16, 1984). "Barry Lorge". The San Diego Union. p. D-1.
- Snyder, John (2004). The World Series' Most Wanted. Potomac Books. ISBN 9781612340524. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- Bloom, Barry M. (March 22, 2011). "Dark cloud hovers over 1984 Padres". MLB.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011.
- "1984 World Series Game 1 - Detroit Tigers vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 2 - Detroit Tigers vs. San Diego Padres". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 3 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 4 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1984 World Series Game 5 - San Diego Padres vs. Detroit Tigers". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Johnson, Lloyd, and Wolff, Miles, ed., The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball, 2nd and 3rd editions. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America, 1997 and 2007