1984 Summer Paralympics
|Host city||New York, United States
Stoke Mandeville, United Kingdom
|Nations participating||45 (USA)
|Athletes participating||1800 (USA)
|Events||~300 in 15 sports (USA)
603 in 10 sports (UK)
|Opening ceremony||June 17 (USA)
July 22 (UK)
|Closing ceremony||June 30 (USA)
August 1 (UK)
|Officially opened by||President Ronald Reagan (USA)
Charles, Prince of Wales (UK)
|Paralympic Stadium||Mitchel Athletic Complex (USA)
Stoke Mandeville Stadium (UK)
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The 1984 International Games for the Disabled, canonically the 1984 Summer Paralympics were the seventh Paralympic Games to be held. They were in fact two separate competitions - one in Stoke Mandeville, United Kingdom for wheelchair athletes with spinal cord injuries and the other at the Mitchel Athletic Complex and Hofstra University in Long Island, New York, United States of America for wheelchair and ambulatory athletes with cerebral palsy, amputees, and les autres [the others] (conditions as well as blind and visually impaired athletes). Stoke Mandeville had been the location of the Stoke Mandeville Games from 1948 onwards, seen as the precursors to the Paralympic Games. As with the 1984 Summer Olympics, the Soviet Union and other communist countries except China, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Yugoslavia boycotted the Paralympic Games.
These were the last Summer Paralympics not held in the venues of the Summer Olympic Games.
The 1984 Summer Paralympics has become known as "The last minute games". These Games were originally intended to be hosted by the University of Illinois but financial problems caused the university to pull out of hosting them three months before they were set to begin, "...without doubt resulting in a setback to the disability sports movement". On short notice, Long Island and Stoke Mandeville took up the task of hosting the Games.
Competitors were divided into five disability-specific categories: amputee, cerebral palsy, visually impaired, wheelchair, and les autres (athletes with physical disabilities that had not been eligible to compete in previous Games). The wheelchair category was for those competitors who used a wheelchair due to a spinal cord disability. However some athletes in the amputee and cerebral palsy categories also competed in wheelchairs. Within the sport of athletics, a wheelchair marathon event was held for the first time. The Trails for the first wheelchair event to be held at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games was held in conjunction with the New York Games. However, despite the long and established history of using "paralympic" terminology, in the United States the US Olympic Committee prohibited the Games organizers from using the term. The seventeen contested sports are listed below, along with the disability categories which competed in each.
- Archery - Cerebral palsy, wheelchair, and les autres
- Athletics - All
- Boccia - Cerebral palsy
- Cycling - Cerebral palsy
- Equestrian - Cerebral palsy
- Football 7-a-side - Cerebral palsy
- Goalball - Visually impaired
- Lawn bowls - Amputee and wheelchair
- Lifting - Amputee, cerebral palsy, wheelchair, and les autres
- Shooting - Amputee, cerebral palsy, wheelchair, and les autres
- Snooker - Wheelchair
- Swimming - All
- Table tennis - Amputee, cerebral palsy, wheelchair, and les autres
- Volleyball - Amputee and les autres
- Wheelchair basketball - Wheelchair and les autres
- Wheelchair fencing - Wheelchair
- Wrestling - Visually impaired
The host nations, Great Britain and the United States, are highlighted.
|29||Trinidad and Tobago||2||0||1||3|
|Papua New Guinea||0||0||0||0|
|Total (54 NPCs)||973||946||848||2767|
Fifty-four delegations took part in the 1984 Paralympics.
- "2012 – The Paralympics come home", BBC, July 4, 2008
- Bailey, Steve (2008). Athlete First: A history of the paralympic movement. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 35–26. ISBN 9780470058244.
- "Wednesday 29 August 2012 UK Paralympic archive: Last-minute Games (1984)". Channel 4. August 29, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- "Stoke Mandeville 1984: The last-minute Paralympics". Mandeville Legacy: Celebrating Buckinghamshire as the birthplace of the Paralympic movement. 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- "Mandeville Legacy: Stoke Mandeville 1984". Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Stoke Mandeville & New York 1984". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- "Medal Standings - New York / Stoke Mandeville 1984 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008.